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Relativistic Density Functional for Nuclear Structure

Relativistic Density Functional for Nuclear Structure Author Jie Meng
ISBN-10 9789814733274
Release 2016-01-11
Pages 716
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This book aims to provide a detailed introduction to the state-of-the-art covariant density functional theory, which follows the Lorentz invariance from the very beginning and is able to describe nuclear many-body quantum systems microscopically and self-consistently. Covariant density functional theory was introduced in nuclear physics in the 1970s and has since been developed and used to describe the diversity of nuclear properties and phenomena with great success. In order to provide an advanced and updated textbook of covariant density functional theory for graduate students and nuclear physics researchers, this book summarizes the enormous amount of material that has accumulated in the field of covariant density functional theory over the last few decades as well as the latest developments in this area. Moreover, the book contains enough details for readers to follow the formalism and theoretical results, and provides exhaustive references to explore the research literature. Contents:Concept of Covariant Density Functional Theory (P Ring)Relativistic Mean-Field Theory (J Meng, P Ring and P W Zhao)Relativistic Mean Field Description of Exotic Nuclei (J Meng, P Ring, P W Zhao and S G Zhou)Relativistic Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov Theory: Ground States and Excitations (W H Long, J Meng and N Van Giai)Superheavy Nuclei and Fission Barriers (B N Lu, J Zhao, E G Zhao and S G Zhou)Relativistic Symmetries in Nuclear Single-Particle Spectra (J Y Guo, H Z Liang, J Meng and S-G Zhou)Structure of Hypernuclei in Relativistic Approaches (K Hagino and J M Yao)Rotating Nuclei: From Ground State to the Extremes of Spin and Deformation (A V Afanasjev)Novel Rotational Excitations (J Meng, S Q Zhang and P W Zhao)Small Amplitude Motion (N Paar and Y Niu)Nuclear Shell Structure and Response with Quasiparticle-Vibration Coupling (E Litvinova and P Ring)Beyond the Relativistic Mean-Field Approximation — Collective Correlations (Z P Li, T Nikšić, D Vretenar and J M Yao)Heavy Element in Astrophysical Nucleosynthesis (B H Sun and Z M Niu)Relativistic Density Functional Theory for Finite Nuclei and Neutron Stars (J Piekarewicz)Relativistic Versus Non-Relativistic Mean Field (P-G Reinhard) Readership: Graduate students in nuclear physics, nuclear physicists; theoretical physicists interested in the study of quantum many body problems. Key Features:This book focuses on the covariant version of density functional theory, summarizes the latest developments as well as the enormous amount of material that has accumulated over the last few decades, and provides a comprehensive overview of its development and applications for nuclear structureThis book contains enough details for a beginner in nuclear physics to follow the formalism and theoretical results, and provides exhaustive references to explore the research literatureThe authors include all the experts in this field including many world-leading scientists from China, Europe, Japan, and United StatesKeywords:Covariant Density Functional Theory;Relativistic Mean-Field;Pairing Correlations;Exotic Nucleus;Hartree(–Fock)–Bogoliubov Theory;Relativistic Symmetries;Superheavy Nuclei;Fission;Hypernuclei;Well-Deformed and Superdeformed Rotational Excitation;Electric and Magnetic Rotation;Collective Excitations;Small Amplitude Motion;Quasiparticle-Vibration Coupling;Beyond Mean-Field Approximation;Astrophysical Nucleosynthesis;Neutron Star



Nuclear Methods and the Nuclear Equation of State

Nuclear Methods and the Nuclear Equation of State Author Marcello Baldo
ISBN-10 9789814500852
Release 1999-11-15
Pages 524
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The theoretical study of the nuclear equation of state (EOS) is a field of research which deals with most of the fundamental problems of nuclear physics. This book gives an overview of the present status of the microscopic theory of the nuclear EOS. Its aim is essentially twofold: first, to serve as a textbook for students entering the field, by covering the different subjects as exhaustively and didactically as possible; second, to be a reference book for all researchers active in the theory of nuclear matter, by providing a report on the latest developments. Special emphasis is given to the numerous open problems existing at present and the prospects for their possible solutions. The general framework of the different approaches presented in the book is the meson theory of nuclear forces — where no free parameter is introduced — and the many-body treatment of nucleon-nucleon correlations. The ultimate hope of this world-wide effort is the understanding of the structure of nuclear matter, both in the ground state and at finite temperature. The main audience addressed is the community of theoretical nuclear physicists, but nuclear experimentalists and astrophysicists will also find in the book an extensive amount of material of direct interest for their everyday work, particularly for those studying heavy-ion collisions, where the nuclear EOS is of special relevance. Finally, theoretical physicists working on elementary particle theory could find in the book some stimulating ideas and problems directly related to their field. Contents:The Many-Body Theory of the Nuclear Equation of State (M Baldo)The Dirac-Brueckner Approach (R Brockmann & R Machleidt)The Dirac-Brueckner Approach for Finite Nuclei (H Müther)Non-Nucleonic Degrees of Freedom (L S Ferreira)Long-Range Correlations in Nuclear Matter (T T S Kuo et al.)The Mass Operator and the Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone Method (R Sartor)The Nucleon Propagator in Nuclear Medium (W H Dickhoff)Neutron Stars' Structure and Nuclear Equation of State (I Bombaci)Superfluidity in Nuclear Matter (U Lombardo). Readership: Students and researchers in (theoretical) nuclear physics and astrophysics. keywords:Nuclear Matter;Nuclear Equation of State;Many-Body Theory;Nuclear Saturation;Relativistic Effects;Nuclear Matter at Finite Temperature;Relativistic Effects;Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction;Meson-Nucleon Theory;Three-Body Forces;Bethe-Brueckner-Goldstone Expansion;Dirac-Brueckner Theory;Short range Correlations;Long range Correlations;Ring Diagrams;Nuclear Structure;Single Particle States;Depletion of Single Particle States;Nucleon Propagator;Strength Function;Neutron Stars;Strange Stars;Superfluidity of Nuclear Matter;Fermi Liquid Theory



Quarks Nuclei And Stars Memorial Volume Dedicated For Gerald E Brown

Quarks  Nuclei And Stars  Memorial Volume Dedicated For Gerald E Brown Author Holt Jeremy W
ISBN-10 9789813220676
Release 2017-03-27
Pages 536
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This memorial volume is dedicated to physicist Gerald E Brown (1926–2013) or 'Gerry' as he was known to his many students, postdocs, colleagues and friends. As written by one of the contributors to this book, "Gerry was an inspiring father figure for generations of theoretical nuclear physicists and a great human being". This book covers a wide range of topics in nuclear physics, including nuclear structure, two- and three-body nuclear forces, strangeness nuclear physics, chiral symmetry, hadrons in dense medium, hidden local symmetry, heavy quark symmetry, cosmic neutrinos, nuclear double-beta decay, neutron stars, gravitational waves, renormalization group methods, exotic nuclei, electron ion collider (EIC), and much more. Most of the authors are Gerry's former students and collaborators. We hope readers will find this book very interesting not only for its physics content but also for the window it gives into Gerry's personal legacy and humanity. This book has vivid recollections of Gerry at Stony Brook, Princeton and Copenhagen, together with his humor and his very special intuitive way of thinking.



Hadron and Nuclear Physics with Electromagnetic Probes

Hadron and Nuclear Physics with Electromagnetic Probes Author K. Maruyama
ISBN-10 0080524788
Release 2000-10-20
Pages 316
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In recent years, the main research areas were photonuclear reactions and meson productions by using the first high-duty tagged photon beam and the TAGX spectrometer. Although this field is developing quite rapidly, the synchrotron was closed in 1999 after 37 years of operation, and these activities continue at new facilities. It was therfore a good time to discuss the present status and future directions of this field at this occasion. The Symposium was attended by 85 physicists and 35 talks were presented. This book contains the papers presented in the scientific program of the Symposium. aspects of kaon photoproduc



Density Functional Theory

Density Functional Theory Author Eberhard Engel
ISBN-10 3642140904
Release 2011-02-14
Pages 149
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Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for atomic-level simulations of condensed phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. This work offers a rigorous and detailed introduction to the foundations of this theory, up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals as well as both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, the text concentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants: this implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of key approximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemented by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating the strengths and weaknesses of particular approaches or functionals. The structure and content of this book allow a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-body theory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Green's function or response functions - are introduced step by step, along with the actual DFT material. The same applies to basic notions of solid state theory, such as the Fermi surface of inhomogeneous, interacting systems. In fact, even the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without formal training in many-body theory.



A Primer in Density Functional Theory

A Primer in Density Functional Theory Author Carlos Fiolhais
ISBN-10 9783540370727
Release 2008-01-11
Pages 258
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Density functional theory (DFT) is by now a well-established method for tackling the quantum mechanics of many-body systems. Originally applied to compute properties of atoms and simple molecules, DFT has quickly become a work horse for more complex applications in the chemical and materials sciences. The present set of lectures, spanning the whole range from basic principles to relativistic and time-dependent extensions of the theory, is the ideal introduction for graduate students or nonspecialist researchers wishing to familiarize themselves with both the basic and most advanced techniques in this field.



Hadronic Physics from Lattice QCD

Hadronic Physics from Lattice QCD Author Anthony M. Green
ISBN-10 9789812560223
Release 2004
Pages 367
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- Several of the authors give elementary introductions that lead to some duplication. This we believe is a positive feature since each author presents a different viewpoint emphasizing the particular topic of that chapter - The topics chosen are the closest Lattice QCD comes to more conventional particle and nuclear physics - The numerical results presented in the various chapters are most up-to-date



Electric and Magnetic Giant Resonances in Nuclei

Electric and Magnetic Giant Resonances in Nuclei Author J. Speth
ISBN-10 9810237987
Release 1991-10-01
Pages 648
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This is the most recent and complete review on giant resonances in nuclei. It includes electric as well as magnetic collective states and a detailed discussion on the excitation mechanisms and the decay properties is given.



Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics

Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics Author L P Csernai
ISBN-10 9789814513951
Release 1991-04-22
Pages 748
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This book gives an overview of relativistic heavy ion physics with particular emphasis on those theoretical approaches which seek an understanding and explanation of the measurements. These approaches try to build a bridge between more basic theories, such as lattice QCD or nucleon-nucleon interactions, and complicated experimental observables involving a large number of particles. Thus, mainly theoretical approaches are discussed here which are strongly and directly related to experiments, and in turn they are phenomenological to some extent. These models use the available information from more complete reaction model describing the whole collision and the observables. It is suitable as a text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students — both experimentalists and theorists — for studies in the field of relativistic heavy ion physics. It may also serve as a handbook where basic concepts of reaction models can be found and the most important references for further reading are provided. Contents: Vol. 5: Introduction to Relativistic Kinetic Theory (L P Csernai & D Strottman)The Intranuclear Cascade and the Collision Dynamics (D L' Hôte & J Cugnon)The Hydrodynamical Model of Heavy Ion Collisions (J A Maruhn)Relativistic Fluid-Dynamical Approach for Nuclear Collisions at Energies from 1 to 100 GeV per Nucleon (I N Mishustin et al.) Vol. 6: Landau Hydrodynamical Model as a Basis for Treating Relativisitic Heavy Ion Collisions (E L Feinberg)Models of Nuclear Fragmentation in Heavy Ion Collisions (A R Deangelis & A Z Mekjian)Relativistic Mean-Field Kinetics and Dynamical Instabilities in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions (Yu B Ivanov)Quantum Kinetic Equations in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions (W Botermans & R Malfliet)Microscopic Dynamics of Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions — Probing Extreme States of Nuclear Matter (H Sorge et al.) keywords:Heavy Ions;Kinetic Theory;Boltzmann Equation;Relativistic Fluid Dynamics;Intranuclear Cascade;Many-Body Theory;Shock Waves;Phase Transitions;Meson Field Interactions;Two-fluid Model;Three-fluid Model;Landau Model;Bjorken Model;Nuclear Fragmentation;Percolation Theory;Nucleation Theory;Mean-Field Kinetics;Dynamical Instabilities;Filamentation Instability;Quatum Kinetic Equations;Microscopic Dynamics;Nuclear Stopping;Collective Flow



Relativistic Electronic Structure Theory

Relativistic Electronic Structure Theory Author
ISBN-10 0080540473
Release 2004-03-05
Pages 804
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The field of relativistic electronic structure theory is generally not part of theoretical chemistry education, and is therefore not covered in most quantum chemistry textbooks. This is due to the fact that only in the last two decades have we learned about the importance of relativistic effects in the chemistry of heavy and superheavy elements. Developments in computer hardware together with sophisticated computer algorithms make it now possible to perform four-component relativistic calculations for larger molecules. Two-component and scalar all-electron relativistic schemes are also becoming part of standard ab-initio and density functional program packages for molecules and the solid state. The second volume of this two-part book series is therefore devoted to applications in this area of quantum chemistry and physics of atoms, molecules and the solid state. Part 1 was devoted to fundamental aspects of relativistic electronic structure theory whereas Part 2 covers more of the applications side. This volume opens with a section on the Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements and contains chapters dealing with Accurate Relativistic Fock-Space Calculations for Many-Electron Atoms, Accurate Relativistic Calculations Including QED, Parity-Violation Effects in Molecules, Accurate Determination of Electric Field Gradients for Heavy Atoms and Molecules, Two-Component Relativistic Effective Core Potential Calculations for Molecules, Relativistic Ab-Initio Model Potential Calculations for Molecules and Embedded Clusters, Relativistic Pseudopotential Calculations for Electronic Excited States, Relativistic Effects on NMR Chemical Shifts, Relativistic Density Functional Calculations on Small Molecules, Quantum Chemistry with the Douglas-Kroll-Hess Approach to Relativistic Density Functional Theory, and Relativistic Solid State Calculations. - Comprehensive publication which focuses on new developments in relativistic quantum electronic structure theory - Many leaders from the field of theoretical chemistry have contributed to the TCC series - Will no doubt become a standard text for scientists in this field.



The Nuclear Many Body Problem

The Nuclear Many Body Problem Author Peter Ring
ISBN-10 354021206X
Release 2004-03-25
Pages 716
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Study Edition



Fundamentals in Nuclear Physics

Fundamentals in Nuclear Physics Author Jean-Louis Basdevant
ISBN-10 9780387250953
Release 2006-01-16
Pages 516
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Covers all the phenomenological and experimental data on nuclear physics and demonstrates the latest experimental developments that can be obtained. Introduces modern theories of fundamental processes, in particular the electroweak standard model, without using the sophisticated underlying quantum field theoretical tools. Incorporates all major present applications of nuclear physics at a level that is both understandable by a majority of physicists and scientists of many other fields, and usefull as a first introduction for students who intend to pursue in the domain.



Structure Of Vacuum And Elementary Matter Proceedings Of The International Symposium On Nuclear Physics At The Turn Of The Millennium

Structure Of Vacuum And Elementary Matter   Proceedings Of The International Symposium On Nuclear Physics At The Turn Of The Millennium Author Stocker Horst
ISBN-10 9789814547437
Release 1997-05-02
Pages 744
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This volume is a collection of lectures given at the two colloquia on atmospheric flows over complex terrain with applications to wind energy and air pollution, organized and sponsored by ICTP in Trieste, Italy. The colloquia were the result of the recognition of the importance of renewable energy sources, an important aspect which grows yearly as the environmental problems become more pronounced and their effects more direct and intense, while at the same time, the wise management of the Earth's evidently limited resources becomes imperative.It is divided into two main parts. The first, which comprises Chaps. 1 to 4, presents the structure of the atmospheric boundary layer with emphasis in the region adjacent to the ground. The second, Chaps. 5 to 10, discusses methods for the numerical computation of the wind field on an arbitrary terrain. The unique feature of this book is that it does not stop at the theoretical exposition of the analytical and numerical techniques but includes a number of codes, in a diskette, where the mechanisms and techniques presented in the main part are implemented and can be run by the reader. Some of the codes are of instructional value while others can be utilized for simple operational work.Some of the lecturers are: D N Asimakopoulos, C I Aspliden, V R Barros, A K Blackadar, G A Dalu, A de Baas, D Etling, G Furlan, D P Lalas, P J Mason, C F Ratto and F B Smith.



Basic Concepts in Nuclear Physics Theory Experiments and Applications

Basic Concepts in Nuclear Physics  Theory  Experiments and Applications Author José-Enrique García-Ramos
ISBN-10 9783319211916
Release 2016-05-17
Pages 234
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This volume covers invited papers presented during the La Rábida 2015 International Scientific Meeting on Nuclear Physics, which can be considered heir of a well known series of triennial international summer schools on Nuclear Physics organized from 1982 till 2003 by the Basic Nuclear Physics group in the University of Sevilla. The La Rábida 2015 meeting offered to graduate students and young researchers a broad view of the field of Nuclear Physics. The first invited speaker presented the state-of-the-art of Relativistic Mean Field calculations. The second set of notes covers selected topics in gamma ray spectroscopy with exotic nuclei. The third speaker presented an introduction to the subject of severe accidents in nuclear power plants. In the fourth set of notes, the author illustrated how to use laser spectroscopy to determine very important observables of atomic nuclei. The fifth speaker devoted its notes to explain several aspects of neutrino physics. Finally, the sixth speaker presented an overview of nuclear medicine and radiodiagnostic. In addition to this, the inclusion of the posters and seminars presented by the students gives a fresh and ample perspective on the many different problems of interest nowadays for the Nuclear Physics community.



Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics

Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics Author Walter Greiner
ISBN-10 9783319000473
Release 2014-07-08
Pages 519
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Nuclear physics is an exciting, broadly faceted field. It spans a wide range of topics, reaching from nuclear structure physics to high-energy physics, astrophysics and medical physics (heavy ion tumor therapy). New developments are presented in this volume and the status of research is reviewed. A major focus is put on nuclear structure physics, dealing with superheavy elements and with various forms of exotic nuclei: strange nuclei, very neutron rich nuclei, nuclei of antimatter. Also quantum electrodynamics of strong fields is addressed, which is linked to the occurrence of giant nuclear systems in, e.g., U+U collisions. At high energies nuclear physics joins with elementary particle physics. Various chapters address the theory of elementary matter at high densities and temperature, in particular the quark gluon plasma which is predicted by quantum chromodynamics (QCD) to occur in high-energy heavy ion collisions. In the field of nuclear astrophysics, the properties of neutron stars and quark stars are discussed. A topic which transcends nuclear physics is discussed in two chapters: The proposed pseudo-complex extension of Einstein's General Relativity leads to the prediction that there are no black holes and that big bang cosmology has to be revised. Finally, the interdisciplinary nature of this volume is further accentuated by chapters on protein folding and on magnetoreception in birds and many other animals.



Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS

Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS Author R. A. Broglia
ISBN-10 9789814412490
Release 2013
Pages 692
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This unique volume reviews more than fifty years of theoretical and experimental developments of the concept that properties of atomic nuclei up to a great extent are defined by the pair correlations of nuclear constituents - protons and neutrons. Such correlations in condensed matter are responsible for quantum phenomena on a macroscopic level - superfluidity and superconductivity. After introducing Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity of metals, it became clear that atomic nuclei have properties of superfluid drops, and practically all features of nuclei strongly depend on the pair correlations. Presenting a comprehensive overview of the progress of nuclear science, the contributions from leading physicists around the world, cover the whole spectrum of studies in nuclear physics and physics of other small systems. With the most updated information written in an accessible way, the volume will serve as an irreplaceable source of references covering many years of development and insight into several new problems at the frontiers of science. It will be useful not only for physicists working in nuclear and condensed matter physics, astrophysicists, chemists and historians of science, but will also help students understand the current status and perspectives for the future.



Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS

Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS Author Ricardo A Broglia
ISBN-10 9789814412506
Release 2013-01-18
Pages 692
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This unique volume reviews more than fifty years of theoretical and experimental developments of the concept that properties of atomic nuclei up to a great extent are defined by the pair correlations of nuclear constituents — protons and neutrons. Such correlations in condensed matter are responsible for quantum phenomena on a macroscopic level — superfluidity and superconductivity. After introducing Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity of metals, it became clear that atomic nuclei have properties of superfluid drops, and practically all features of nuclei strongly depend on the pair correlations. Presenting a comprehensive overview of the progress of nuclear science, the contributions from leading physicists around the world, cover the whole spectrum of studies in nuclear physics and physics of other small systems. With the most updated information written in an accessible way, the volume will serve as an irreplaceable source of references covering many years of development and insight into several new problems at the frontiers of science. It will be useful not only for physicists working in nuclear and condensed matter physics, astrophysicists, chemists and historians of science, but will also help students understand the current status and perspectives for the future. Contents:BCS Pairing (and Beyond) in Nuclear Structure and DynamicsThe Nuclear Pairing Interaction in Finite Nuclei and in Neutron StarsSingle- and Multiple-Pair Tunneling in Nuclear Reactions (Experiment and Theory)Pairing in Nuclei in An External Time-Reversal Violating Field: Rapidly Rotating NucleiThe Nuclear BCS (Pairing) Paradigm in Other Many-Body Systems Readership: Nuclear and theoretical physicists, chemists and astrophysicists. Keywords:Nuclear Structure;Transfer Reactions;Nuclear Superfluidity;Nuclear Matter;Neutron Star Crust;Pairing In Fermi SystemsKey Features:Currently there are no competing titles on the market, the books of this breadth and depth were not published beforeThe contributors are experts from leading institutions of the world