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Remote Sensing of Vegetation

Remote Sensing of Vegetation Author Hamlyn G Jones
ISBN-10 9780199207794
Release 2010-07-15
Pages 353
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An accessible yet rigorous introduction to remote sensing and its application to the study of vegetation for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. The underlying physical and mathematical principles of the techniques disucussed are explained in a way readily understood by those without a strong mathematical background.



Remote Sensing of Soils

Remote Sensing of Soils Author Dwivedi Ravi Shankar
ISBN-10 9783662537404
Release 2017-09-18
Pages 500
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This book is about applications of remote sensing techniques in the studies on soils. In pursuance of the objective, the book initially provides an introduction to various elements and concepts of remote sensing, and associated technologies , namely Geographic Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS) in chapter-1. An overview of the sensors used to collect remote sensing data and important Earth observation missions is provided in chapter-2. The processing of satellite digital data (geometric and radiometric corrections, feature reduction, digital data fusion, image enhancements and analysis) is dealt with in Chapter-3. In the chapter to follow the interpretation of remote sensing data , very important and crucial step in d eriving information on natural resources including soils resources, is discussed. An introduction to soils as a natural body with respect to their formation, physical and chemical properties used during inventory of soils, and soil classification is given in Chapter-5.The spectral response patterns of soils including hyperspectral characteristics -fundamental to deriving information on soils from spectral measurements, and the techniques of soil resources mapping are discussed in chapter-6 and -7,respectively. Furthermore, the creation of digital soil resources database and the development of soil information systems, a very important aspect of storage and dissemination of digital soil data to the end users are discussed in ch.apter-8. Lastly, the applications of remote sensing techniques in soil moisture estimation and soil fertility evaluation are covered in chapter-9 and -10, respectively.



Remote Sensing of Wetlands

Remote Sensing of Wetlands Author Ralph W. Tiner
ISBN-10 9781482237382
Release 2015-03-23
Pages 574
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Effectively Manage Wetland Resources Using the Best Available Remote Sensing Techniques Utilizing top scientists in the wetland classification and mapping field, Remote Sensing of Wetlands: Applications and Advances covers the rapidly changing landscape of wetlands and describes the latest advances in remote sensing that have taken place over the past 30 years for use in mapping wetlands. Factoring in the impact of climate change, as well as a growing demand on wetlands for agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, and development, this text considers the challenges that wetlands pose for remote sensing and provides a thorough introduction on the use of remotely sensed data for wetland detection. Taking advantage of the experiences of more than 50 contributing authors, the book describes a variety of techniques for mapping and classifying wetlands in a multitude of environments ranging from tropical to arctic wetlands including coral reefs and submerged aquatic vegetation. The authors discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using different remote sensing techniques for wetland detection under varied conditions and circumstances. They also analyze commonly available data, reveal cost-effective methods, and offer useful insights into future trends. Comprised of 25 chapters, this text: Presents methods readily applicable to real-world challenges Contains advanced, new techniques communicated by top scientists in the field Covers a diverse set of landscapes and technologies Reviews many of the datasets and techniques that are responsible for advances in this discipline and their application for wetland mapping Addresses the need to effectively manage this environmental resource Remote Sensing of Wetlands: Applications and Advances uses a variety of contributors, touching on pertinent topics, to help you gain a greater understanding of the latest technologies, strengths, and limitations surrounding this emerging field.



The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Author Nathalie Pettorelli
ISBN-10 9780191512711
Release 2013-10-10
Pages 224
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There has been a recent surge of interest in remote sensing and its use in ecology and conservation but this is the first book to focus explicitly on the NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index), a simple numerical indicator and powerful tool that can be used to assess spatio-temporal changes in green vegetation. The NDVI opens the possibility of addressing questions on scales inaccessible to ground-based methods alone; it is mostly freely available with global coverage over several decades. This novel text provides an authoritative overview of the principles and possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. NDVI data can provide valuable information about temporal and spatial changes in vegetation distribution, productivity, and dynamics; allowing monitoring of habitat degradation and fragmentation, or assessment of the ecological effects of climatic disasters such as drought or fire. The NDVI has also provided ecologists with a promising way to couple vegetation with animal distribution, abundance, movement, survival and reproductive parameters. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have highlighted the potential key role of satellite data and the NDVI in macroecology, plant ecology, animal population dynamics, environmental monitoring, habitat selection and habitat use studies, and paleoecology. The chapters are organised around two sections: the first detailing vegetation indices and the NDVI, the principles behind the NDVI, its correlation with climate, the available NDVI datasets, and the possible complications and errors associated with the use of this satellite-based vegetation index. The second section discusses the possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. This practical handbook is suitable for terrestrial ecologists and conservation biologists working with remote sensing tools. It will also be of relevance and use to both graduate students in the biological and ecological sciences and specialists in the fields of conservation biology, biodiversity monitoring, and natural resource management.



Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Author Claudia Künzer
ISBN-10 9789400766396
Release 2013-06-17
Pages 537
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the field of thermal infrared remote sensing. Temperature is one of the most important physical environmental variables monitored by earth observing remote sensing systems. Temperature ranges define the boundaries of habitats on our planet. Thermal hazards endanger our resources and well-being. In this book renowned international experts have contributed chapters on currently available thermal sensors as well as innovative plans for future missions. Further chapters discuss the underlying physics and image processing techniques for analyzing thermal data. Ground-breaking chapters on applications present a wide variety of case studies leading to a deepened understanding of land and sea surface temperature dynamics, urban heat island effects, forest fires, volcanic eruption precursors, underground coal fires, geothermal systems, soil moisture variability, and temperature-based mineral discrimination. ‘Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Sensors, Methods, Applications’ is unique because of the large field it spans, the potentials it reveals, and the detail it provides. This book is an indispensable volume for scientists, lecturers, and decision makers interested in thermal infrared technology, methods, and applications.



Land Observation by Remote Sensing

Land Observation by Remote Sensing Author Buiten
ISBN-10 2881249396
Release 1994-03-07
Pages 642
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The technique of remote sensing meets current demands for information about the changing world, for observing earth surface features and monitoring the processes concerning them. This textbook comprises contributions from twenty-six experts, providing a comprehensive introduction to remote sensing at university level. In part A. the principles of remote sensing are described, including remote sensing as a source of land information, object characteristics, physical aspects, instrumentation, data acquisition, modelling of object-sensor relationships, digital image processing, structural pattern recognition, image-matching techniques and geographical information systems. Part B focuses on the applications of remote sensing with special attention to land inventory and monitoring of land dynamics in the fields of agriculture, forestry, land evaluation, agrohydrology, irrigation, nature conservation and environmental pollution control. This book will be of value to those with a general interest in remote sensing, to undergraduate and postgraduate students and to professionals researching in fields of land application in which remote sensing is a tool. Offering the opportunity to gain insight into the potential of remote sensing, now and in the future, the editors hope that this book will appeal to and inspire potential managers and uses alike.



Theory and Applications of Optical Remote Sensing

Theory and Applications of Optical Remote Sensing Author Ghassem Asrar
ISBN-10 0471628956
Release 1989-07-03
Pages 752
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A comprehensive introduction to the principles and applications of remote sensing, written by contributors actively involved in optical remote sensing research. Special attention is paid to the interrelationship between land surfaces and the intervening atmosphere. Focusing specifically on the spectral region of 0.04 to 16 microns, this book covers a wide range of techniques and their practical implementations. Demonstrates how the same basic measurements can be used in several different applications to obtain quantitative measurements.



Applications of Remote Sensing in Agriculture

Applications of Remote Sensing in Agriculture Author M. D. Steven
ISBN-10 9781483161785
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 440
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Applications of Remote Sensing in Agriculture contains the proceedings of the 48th Easter School in Agricultural Science, held at the University of Nottingham on April 3-7, 1989. The meeting invites 146 delegates from over 22 countries and contributions to this book come from nine countries. This book generally presents a review of the achievements of remote sensing in agriculture, establishes the state of the art, and gives pointers to developments. This text is organized into seven parts, wherein Parts I-III cover the principles of remote sensing, climate, soil, land classification, and crop inventories. Productivity; stress; techniques for agricultural applications; and opportunities, progress, and prospects in the field of remote sensing in agriculture are also discussed.



Introduction to Environmental Remote Sensing

Introduction to Environmental Remote Sensing Author Eric C. Barrett
ISBN-10 9781134982455
Release 2013-05-13
Pages 480
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Taking a detailed, non-mathematical approach to the principles on which remote sensing is based, this book progresses from the physical principles to the application of remote sensing.



Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover

Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover Author Chandra P. Giri
ISBN-10 9781420070750
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 477
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Filling the need for a comprehensive book that covers both theory and application, Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover: Principles and Applications provides a synopsis of how remote sensing can be used for land-cover characterization, mapping, and monitoring from the local to the global scale. With contributions by leading scientists from around the world, this well-structured volume offers an international perspective on the science, technologies, applications, and future needs of remote sensing of land cover and land use. After an overview of the key concepts and history of land-use and land-cover mapping, the book discusses the relationship between land cover and land use and addresses the land-cover classification system. It then presents state-of-the-art methods and techniques in data acquisition, preprocessing, image interpretation, and accuracy assessment for land-use and land-cover characterization and mapping. Case studies from around the world illustrate land-cover applications at global, continental, and national scales. These examples use multiple data sources and provide in-depth understanding of land cover and land-cover dynamics in multiple spatial, thematic, and temporal resolutions. Looking to the future, the book also identifies new frontiers in land-cover mapping and forecasting. The availability and accessibility of accurate and timely land-cover data sets play an important role in many global change studies, highlighting the need for better land-use and land-cover change information at multiple scales. A synthesis of current knowledge in remote sensing of land-use and land-cover science, this book promotes more effective use of Earth observation data and technology to assess, monitor, and manage land resources.



Small Format Aerial Photography

Small Format Aerial Photography Author James S. Aber
ISBN-10 0080932835
Release 2010-05-28
Pages 268
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As the need for geographical data rapidly expands in the 21st century, so too do applications of small-format aerial photography for a wide range of scientific, commercial and governmental purposes. Small-format Aerial Photography (SFAP) presents basic and advanced principles and techniques with an emphasis on digital cameras. Unmanned platforms are described in considerable detail, including kites, helium and hot-air blimps, model airplanes, and paragliders. Several case studies, primarily drawn from the geosciences, are presented to demonstrate how SFAP is actually used in various applications. Many of these integrate SFAP with ground-based investigations as well as conventional large-format aerial photography, satellite imagery, and other kinds of geographic information. Full-color photographs throughout Case studies from around the globe Techniques presented allow for image resolution impossible to match via traditional aerial photography or satellite datasets Glossary clarifies key terms



Quantitative Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces

Quantitative Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces Author Shunlin Liang
ISBN-10 0471723711
Release 2005-03-11
Pages 560
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Processing the vast amounts of data on the Earth's land surface environment generated by NASA's and other international satellite programs is a significant challenge. Filling a gap between the theoretical, physically-based modelling and specific applications, this in-depth study presents practical quantitative algorithms for estimating various land surface variables from remotely sensed observations. A concise review of the basic principles of optical remote sensing as well as practical algorithms for estimating land surface variables quantitatively from remotely sensed observations. Emphasizes both the basic principles of optical remote sensing and practical algorithms for estimating land surface variables quantitatively from remotely sensed observations Presents the current physical understanding of remote sensing as a system with a focus on radiative transfer modelling of the atmosphere, canopy, soil and snow Gathers the state of the art quantitative algorithms for sensor calibration, atmospheric and topographic correction, estimation of a variety of biophysical and geoph ysical variables, and four-dimensional data assimilation



Manual of Remote Sensing Principles and Applications of Imaging Radar

Manual of Remote Sensing  Principles and Applications of Imaging Radar Author Robert A. Ryerson
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D01642916S
Release 1998-10-12
Pages 896
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A benchmark one-volume reference to today's radar remote sensing principles and applications This second volume in the Third Edition of the Manual of Remote Sensing offers a current and comprehensive survey of the theory, methods, and applications of imaging radar for geoscientists, engineers, and application scientists interested in the advantages of radar remote sensing. Produced under the auspices of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, it brings together contributions from experts around the world to discuss the basic principles of imaging radars and trace the research activity--past, present, and future--across the many sciences where radar remote sensing may be applied. This book offers an invaluable snapshot of radar remote sensing technology--including radargrammetry, polarimetry and interferometry--and its uses. It combines technical and procedural coverage of systems, data interpretation, and other fundamentals with generous coverage of practical applications in agriculture; forestry; soil moisture monitoring; geology; geomorphology and hydrology; oceanography; land use; land cover mapping; urban analysis; and archeology. Organized for quick access to topics of particular interest, this volume is important reading for researchers and professionals in many fields that can benefit from the use of radar remote sensing techniques.



Land Surface Remote Sensing in Agriculture and Forest

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Agriculture and Forest Author Nicolas Baghdadi
ISBN-10 9780081011836
Release 2016-09-15
Pages 496
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The environmental and economic importance of monitoring forests and agricultural resources has allowed remote sensing to be increasingly in the development of products and services responding to user needs. This volume presents the main applications in remote sensing for agriculture and forestry, including the primary soil properties, the estimation of the vegetation’s biophysical variables, methods for mapping land cover, the contribution of remote sensing for crop and water monitoring, and the estimation of the forest cover properties (cover dynamic, height, biomass). This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD), engineers and scientists, specialists in remote sensing applied to agriculture and forestry. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of radar imaging techniques. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made



Advanced Remote Sensing

Advanced Remote Sensing Author Shunlin Liang
ISBN-10 9780123859549
Release 2012
Pages 799
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Advanced Remote Sensing is an application-based reference that provides a single source of mathematical concepts necessary for remote sensing data gathering and assimilation. It presents state-of-the-art techniques for estimating land surface variables from a variety of data types, including optical sensors such as RADAR and LIDAR. Scientists in a number of different fields including geography, geology, atmospheric science, environmental science, planetary science and ecology will have access to critically-important data extraction techniques and their virtually unlimited applications. While rigorous enough for the most experienced of scientists, the techniques are well designed and integrated, making the book's content intuitive, clearly presented, and practical in its implementation. * Comprehensive overview of various practical methods and algorithms * Detailed description of the principles and procedures of the state-of-the-art algorithms * Real-world case studies open several chapters * More than 500 full-color figures and tables * Edited by top remote sensing experts with contributions from authors across the geosciences



Imaging Spectrometry

Imaging Spectrometry Author Freek D. van der Meer
ISBN-10 9781402001949
Release 2011-03-29
Pages 403
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A significant step forward in the world of earth observation was made with the development of imaging spectrometry. Imaging spectrometers measure reflected solar radiance from the earth in many narrow spectral bands. Such a spectroscopical imaging system is capable of detecting subtle absorption bands in the reflectance spectra and measure the reflectance spectra of various objects with a very high accuracy. As a result, imaging spectrometry enables a better identification of objects at the earth surface and a better quantification of the object properties than can be achieved by traditional earth observation sensors such as Landsat TM and SPOT. The various chapters in the book present the concepts of imaging spectrometry by discussing the underlying physics and the analytical image processing techniques. The second part of the book presents in detail a wide variety of applications of these new techniques ranging from mineral identification, mapping of expansive soils, land degradation, agricultural crops, natural vegetation and surface water quality. Additional information on extras.springer.com Sample hyperspectral remote sensing data sets and ENVI viewing software (Freelook) are available on http://extras.springer.com



Remote Sensing and Global Climate Change

Remote Sensing and Global Climate Change Author Robin A. Vaughan
ISBN-10 9783642792878
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 495
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Experts report the state of the art in the study of global climate change using remote sensing techniques. Topics covered include the principles of remote sensing, the management of data, data requirements in climatology, the principles of modelling, the input of data into models, and the application of remote sensing to the atmosphere, ice and snow, seas and land. The book is highly topical given the current great public and scientific awareness of possible man-made changes to the climate. It is essential reading for anyone new to the field, and invaluable as a reference work to those already working in it.