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Remotely Sensed Data Characterization Classification and Accuracies

Remotely Sensed Data Characterization  Classification  and Accuracies Author Prasad S. Thenkabail, Ph.D.
ISBN-10 9781482217872
Release 2015-10-02
Pages 678
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A volume in the Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing, and Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies. This volume demonstrates the experience, utility, methods, and models used in studying a wide array of remotely sensed data characterization, classification, and accuracies for terrestrial applications. Leading experts on global geographic coverage, study areas, and array of satellite and sensors contribute to this unique handbook. This theoretical as well as highly practical book represents a thorough history of advancement in the field over last 50 years, bringing us to where we are now, and highlighting future possibilities. Highlights include: Fundamental and advanced topics in remote-sensing satellites and sensors Remote sensing data calibration, normalization, harmonization, and synthesis Optical, Radar, LiDAR, thermal, hyperspectral, and other satellite sensors, normalization of remotely sensed data, and data degradations Digital image processing, urban image classification, and image classification methods in land use\land cover, cropland, change detection studies Enhanced vegetation indices and standardization of vegetation indices Object-based image analysis (OBIA) and geospatial data integration LiDAR data processing and applications Geoprocessing, GIS, and GIScience GNSS applications Crowdsourcing and cloud computing Google Earth for Earth Sciences Map accuracies Remote-sensing law or space law, and a host of other topics Considered magnum opus on the subject, the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook is edited by Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail of the United States Geological Survey and a renowned international expert in remote sensing and GIScience, with contributions from the very best leading global experts, the handbook gives you a knowledge base on the evolution of remote sensing science, current state-of-the-art technology, and a future vision for the field.



Land Resources Monitoring Modeling and Mapping with Remote Sensing

Land Resources Monitoring  Modeling  and Mapping with Remote Sensing Author Prasad S. Thenkabail, Ph.D.
ISBN-10 9781482217988
Release 2015-10-02
Pages 849
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A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies. In true handbook style, the chapters in the volume have been carefully selected, organized, and designed to be self-contained so that you can focus on a chapter and read it through without having to be overly dependent on other chapters. This volume provides comprehensive theoretical and practical coverage of remote sensing of land resources that include vegetation and biomass, agricultural croplands, rangelands, phenology and food security, forests, biodiversity, ecology, land use\land cover, carbon, and soils. Highlights include: Global terrestrial carbon and carbon budgets Precision farming Agricultural systems studies and soil studies Global croplands, agricultural croplands, and rangelands Food security analysis Biodiversity Land use and land cover mapping Measuring photosynthesis from space Vegetation characterization and above ground biomass measurements and modeling Hyperspectral remote sensing Ecological studies Tropical forest characterization Habitat mapping and monitoring In a very practical way, the book demonstrates the experience, utility, methods, and models used in studying a wide array of land applications. Considered magnum opus on the subject, the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook is edited by Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail, a renowned international expert in remote sensing science, GIScience, and spatial sciences, with contributions from some of the very best leading global experts, the handbook gives you a knowledge base on the evolution remote sensing science, state-of-the-art technology, and a future vision for the field.



Remote Sensing of Water Resources Disasters and Urban Studies

Remote Sensing of Water Resources  Disasters  and Urban Studies Author Prasad S. Thenkabail, Ph.D.
ISBN-10 9781482217926
Release 2015-10-02
Pages 673
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A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing. In true handbook style, this volume demonstrates in-depth, extensive and comprehensive coverage of Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies. The book provides fundamental as well as practical knowledge of remote sensing of myriad topics pertaining to water resources, disasters, and urban areas such as hydrology, water resources, water use, water productivity, floods, wetlands, snow and ice, nightlights, geomorphology, droughts and drylands, disasters, volcanoes, fire, and smart cities. Highlights include: Hydrological studies, groundwater studies, flood studies, and crop water use and water productivity studies Wetland modeling, mapping, and characterization Snow and ice studies Drought and dryland monitoring and mapping methods Volcanoes, coal fires, and greenhouse gas emissions Urban remote sensing for disaster risk management Remote sensing for the design of smart cities Considered magnum opus on the subject the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook is edited by Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail, an internationally acclaimed scientist in remote sensing, GIScience, and spatial sciences. The volume has contributions from pioneering remote sensing global experts on specific topics. The volume gives you a knowledge base on each of the above mentioned topics, a deep understanding the evolution remote sensing science, and familiarity with state-of-the-art of technology as well as a future vision for the field.



Remote Sensing Time Series Image Processing

Remote Sensing Time Series Image Processing Author Qihao Weng
ISBN-10 9781351680561
Release 2018-04-17
Pages 243
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Driven by the societal needs and improvements in sensor technology and image processing techniques, remote sensing has become an essential tool for understanding the Earth and managing Human-Earth interactions. Time series image analysis is emerging as a new direction in remote sensing. Methods and techniques of time series image analysis have been widely applied in topics ranging from vegetation dynamics to wetland, agricultural and range land, climate, hydrology, and urbanization. This book explores the current state of knowledge on remote sensing time series image processing and addresses all major aspects and components of time series image analysis with ample examples and applications.



Assessing the Accuracy of Remotely Sensed Data

Assessing the Accuracy of Remotely Sensed Data Author Russell G. Congalton
ISBN-10 1420055135
Release 2008-12-12
Pages 200
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Accuracy assessment of maps derived from remotely sensed data has continued to grow since the first edition of this groundbreaking book. As a result, the much-anticipated new edition is significantly expanded and enhanced to reflect growth in the field. The new edition features three new chapters, including: Fuzzy accuracy assessment Positional accuracy Case study: Mapping land cover and land use in the Florida panhandle The authors provide a complete presentation of how to assess the positional accuracy of a map along with a discussion of the impact of positional accuracy on thematic accuracy. They also include a more thorough discussion of the special sampling issues that must be considered to effectively assess change. Complete with a 16-page color insert, this second edition continues to provide a complete guide to designing and conducting a state-of-the-art accuracy assessment.



The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing

The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing Author Timothy A Warner
ISBN-10 9781446246146
Release 2009-06-18
Pages 568
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'A magnificent achievement. A who's who of contemporary remote sensing have produced an engaging, wide-ranging and scholarly review of the field in just one volume' - Professor Paul Curran, Vice-Chancellor, Bournemouth University Remote Sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales Remote Sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Organized in four key sections: • Interactions of Electromagnetic Radiation with the Terrestrial Environment: chapters on Visible, Near-IR and Shortwave IR; Middle IR (3-5 micrometers); Thermal IR ; Microwave • Digital sensors and Image Characteristics: chapters on Sensor Technology; Coarse Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors ; Medium Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Fine Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Video Imaging and Multispectral Digital Photography; Hyperspectral Sensors; Radar and Passive Microwave Sensors; Lidar • Remote Sensing Analysis - Design and Implementation: chapters on Image Pre-Processing; Ground Data Collection; Integration with GIS; Quantitative Models in Remote Sensing; Validation and accuracy assessment; • Remote Sensing Analysis - Applications: LITHOSPHERIC SCIENCES: chapters on Topography; Geology; Soils; PLANT SCIENCES: Vegetation; Agriculture; HYDROSPHERIC and CRYSOPHERIC SCIENCES: Hydrosphere: Fresh and Ocean Water; Cryosphere; GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN ENVIRONMENTS: Earth Systems; Human Environments & Links to the Social Sciences; Real Time Monitoring Systems and Disaster Management; Land Cover Change Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, the SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.



Remote Sensing and Cognition

Remote Sensing and Cognition Author Raechel A. White
ISBN-10 9781351040440
Release 2018-04-19
Pages 176
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Human factors play a critical role in the design and interpretation of remotely sensed imagery for all Earth sciences. This book will bring together current topics widely recognized and addressed regarding human cognition in geographic imagery, especially remote sensing imagery with complex data. It will address themes around expertise including methods for knowledge elicitation and modeling of expertise, the effects of different aspects of realism on the interpretation of the environment, spatial learning using imagery, the effect of visual perspective on interpretation, and a variety of technologies and methods for utilizing knowledge in the analysis of remote sensing imagery.



Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation

Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation Author Prasad S. Thenkabail
ISBN-10 9781439845387
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 782
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Hyperspectral narrow-band (or imaging spectroscopy) spectral data are fast emerging as practical solutions in modeling and mapping vegetation. Recent research has demonstrated the advances in and merit of hyperspectral data in a range of applications including quantifying agricultural crops, modeling forest canopy biochemical properties, detecting crop stress and disease, mapping leaf chlorophyll content as it influences crop production, identifying plants affected by contaminants such as arsenic, demonstrating sensitivity to plant nitrogen content, classifying vegetation species and type, characterizing wetlands, and mapping invasive species. The need for significant improvements in quantifying, modeling, and mapping plant chemical, physical, and water properties is more critical than ever before to reduce uncertainties in our understanding of the Earth and to better sustain it. There is also a need for a synthesis of the vast knowledge spread throughout the literature from more than 40 years of research. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation integrates this knowledge, guiding readers to harness the capabilities of the most recent advances in applying hyperspectral remote sensing technology to the study of terrestrial vegetation. Taking a practical approach to a complex subject, the book demonstrates the experience, utility, methods and models used in studying vegetation using hyperspectral data. Written by leading experts, including pioneers in the field, each chapter presents specific applications, reviews existing state-of-the-art knowledge, highlights the advances made, and provides guidance for the appropriate use of hyperspectral data in the study of vegetation as well as its numerous applications, such as crop yield modeling, crop and vegetation biophysical and biochemical property characterization, and crop moisture assessment. This comprehensive book brings together the best global expertise on hyperspectral remote sensing of agriculture, crop water use, plant species detection, vegetation classification, biophysical and biochemical modeling, crop productivity and water productivity mapping, and modeling. It provides the pertinent facts, synthesizing findings so that readers can get the correct picture on issues such as the best wavebands for their practical applications, methods of analysis using whole spectra, hyperspectral vegetation indices targeted to study specific biophysical and biochemical quantities, and methods for detecting parameters such as crop moisture variability, chlorophyll content, and stress levels. A collective "knowledge bank," it guides professionals to adopt the best practices for their own work.



The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks

The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks Author Michele Walters
ISBN-10 9783319272887
Release 2016-11-25
Pages 326
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Biodiversity observation systems are almost everywhere inadequate to meet local, national and international (treaty) obligations. As a result of alarmingly rapid declines in biodiversity in the modern era, there is a strong, worldwide desire to upgrade our monitoring systems, but little clarity on what is actually needed and how it can be assembled from the elements which are already present. This book intends to provide practical guidance to broadly-defined biodiversity observation networks at all scales, but predominantly the national scale and higher. This is a practical how-to book with substantial policy relevance. It will mostly be used by technical specialists with a responsibility for biodiversity monitoring to establish and refine their systems. It is written at a technical level, but one that is not discipline-bound: it should be intelligible to anyone in the broad field with a tertiary education.



Frontiers of Remote Sensing Information Processing

Frontiers of Remote Sensing Information Processing Author Chi-hau Chen
ISBN-10 9789812383440
Release 2003
Pages 614
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... This book covers the frontiers of remote sensors, especially with effective algorithms for signal/image processing and pattern recognition with remote sensing data. Sensor and data fusion issues, SAR images, hyperspectral images, and related special topics are also examined. Techniques making use of neural networks, wavelet transforms, and knowledge-based systems are emphasized. A special set of three chapters is devoted to seismic analysis and discrimination.



Field Methods in Remote Sensing

Field Methods in Remote Sensing Author Roger M. McCoy
ISBN-10 1593850794
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 159
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This concise, much-needed guide takes readers step by step through planning and executing field work associated with many different types of remote sensing projects. Remote sensing texts and research reports typically focus on data-analytic techniques while offering a dearth of information on procedures followed in the field. In contrast, this book provides clear recommendations for defining field work objectives, devising a valid sampling plan, finding locations using GPS, and selecting and using effective measurement techniques for field reflectance spectra and for studies of vegetation, soils, water, and urban areas. Appendices feature sample field note forms, an extensive bibliography on advanced and specialized methods, and online metadata sources.



Remote Sensing of Hydrometeorological Hazards

Remote Sensing of Hydrometeorological Hazards Author George P. Petropoulos
ISBN-10 9781351650977
Release 2017-11-02
Pages 525
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Extreme weather and climate change aggravate the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Facing atypical and more severe events, existing early warning and response systems become inadequate both in scale and scope. Earth Observation (EO) provides today information at global, regional and even basin scales related to agrometeorological hazards. This book will focus on drought, flood, frost, landslides, and storms/cyclones and will cover different applications of EO data used from prediction to mapping damages for each category. It will explain the added value of EO technology in comparison with conventional techniques applied today through many case studies.



Remote Sensing

Remote Sensing Author John R. Schott
ISBN-10 9780195178173
Release 2007-05-25
Pages 666
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A thorough update to what is already one of the most comprehenisve and rigorous texts in the field, the new edition incorporates the many advancements made in remote sensing over the past decade.



Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing

Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing Author Emilio Chuvieco
ISBN-10 9781498728072
Release 2016-02-24
Pages 468
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Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition is a definitive guide to remote sensing systems that focuses on satellite-based remote sensing tools and methods for space-based Earth observation (EO). It presents the advantages of using remote sensing data for studying and monitoring the planet, and emphasizes concepts that make the best use of satellite data. The book begins with an introduction to the basic processes that ensure the acquisition of space-borne imagery and provides an overview of the main satellite observation systems. It then describes visual and digital image analysis, highlights various interpretation techniques, and outlines their applications to science and management. The latter part of the book covers the integration of remote sensing with GIS for environmental analysis. Based on the first English version published in 2010, this latest edition has been written to reflect a global audience, and factors in international debates and legal issues surrounding EO, as well as future developments and trends. New in the Second Edition: Includes additional illustrations now in full color Uses sample images acquired from different ecosystems at different spatial resolutions to illustrate different interpretation techniques Updates information on recent satellite missions (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, hyperspectral and hyperspatial programs) Covers near-ground missions (including UAV) and ground sensors (spectro-radiometers, cameras, LIDAR, etc.) to support EO analysis Offers analysis of image spatial properties Presents material on visual analysis, time series analysis, and data fusion Provides examples of EO data that cover different environmental problems, with particular relevance to global observation Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition details the tools that provide global, recurrent, and comprehensive views of the processes affecting the Earth and is a must-have for researchers, academics, students, and professionals involved in the field of environmental science.



Thermal Remote Sensing in Land Surface Processing

Thermal Remote Sensing in Land Surface Processing Author Dale A. Quattrochi
ISBN-10 9780203502174
Release 2004-04-14
Pages 464
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Although remote sensing is recognized as a powerful tool, less attention has been given in the past to the use of thermal, and especially thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing. TIR data is useful for understanding the fluxes and redistribution of materials as a key aspect of land surface processes and land-atmosphere inter-relationships. This book presents studies showing this, and interprets both the prospects and problems of using TIR data in land process research, making the book useful to those wishing to employ this data as a major component in Earth science research. It illustrates the virtues and importance of TIR data in remote sensing research to facilitate the future development of new and improved satellite and airborne TIR remote sensing systems. Students and researchers should find this an invaluable book, whether they are geographers, geologists, climatologists, hydrologists, landscape ecologists or other environmental scientists.



Remote Sensing of Global Croplands for Food Security

Remote Sensing of Global Croplands for Food Security Author Prasad Thenkabail
ISBN-10 1420090100
Release 2009-06-24
Pages 556
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Increases in populations have created an increasing demand for food crops while increases in demand for biofuels have created an increase in demand for fuel crops. What has not increased is the amount of croplands and their productivity. These and many other factors such as decreasing water resources in a changing climate have created a crisis like situation in global food security. Decision makers in these situations need accurate information based on science. Remote Sensing of Global Croplands for Food Security provides a comprehensive knowledge base in use of satellite sensor-based maps and statistics that can be used to develop strategies for croplands (irrigated and rainfed) and their water use for food security. Over 50 Multi-disciplinary Global Experts Give Insight and Provide Practical Approaches Emphasizing practical mapping technologies based on advanced remote sensing data and methods, this book provides approaches for estimating irrigated and rainfed cropland areas and their water use on a national, continental, or global basis. Written by 50+ leading experts working at the forefront of this critical area, it offers case studies from a variety of continents highlighting the subtle requirements of each. In a very practical way it demonstrates the experience, utility, and models for determining water resources used and resulting yields of irrigated and rainfed croplands. The authors discuss: (a) innovative methods used for mapping croplands, (b) approaches adopted to collect cropland data in different countries by traditional and non-traditional means, (c) accuracies, uncertainties, and errors involved in producing cropland products, (d) surface energy balance models used to assess crop water use, and (e) extensive results and outcomes pertaining to global croplands and their water use. Develop Strategies for an Enhanced Green Revolution and an Accelerated Blue Revolution Linking croplands to water use and food security, the book provides a global perspective on this sensitive issue. It gives insight into the extent of cropland usage, their spatial distribution, their cropping intensities, and their water use patterns. The editors collect the experience, methods, models, and results that show the way forward and help in decision-making on water resources and food security. All of this is required for developing strategies for an enhanced green revolution and for an accelerated blue revolution.



Understanding Forest Disturbance and Spatial Pattern

Understanding Forest Disturbance and Spatial Pattern Author Michael A. Wulder
ISBN-10 9781420005189
Release 2006-07-27
Pages 246
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Remote sensing and GIS are increasingly used as tools for monitoring and managing forests. Remotely sensed and GIS data are now the data sources of choice for capturing, documenting, and understanding forest disturbance and landscape pattern. Sitting astride the fields of ecology, forestry, and remote sensing/GIS, Understanding Forest Disturbance and Spatial Pattern: Remote Sensing and GIS Approaches takes you through the general biological or landscape ecological context of forest disturbance to remote sensing and GIS technological approaches and pattern description and analysis, with compelling applied examples of integration and synthesis. Written by experts, peer-reviewed to adhere to the strictest standards and highest quality criteria, these chapters discuss natural and human-caused forest change and consider factors such as biological setting, monitoring approaches, scale issues, and pattern analysis. The book explores forest disturbance and spatial pattern from an ecological point-of-view within the context of structure, function, pattern, and change. It concludes with a summary of the issues related to detection and mapping of forest disturbances with remotely sensed and GIS data. The authors elucidate how the elements presented, from ecological underpinnings, data considerations, change detection method, and pattern analysis, combine into a problem solving, information generating approach. You may find this subject covered briefly in a small sub-section in remote sensing forestry texts, or in limited technical detail in the ecology literature. The in-depth, detailed information provided in this book allows you to develop an understanding of the application of BOTH remote sensing and GIS technologies to forest change and the impacts of fire, insect infestation, forest harvesting, and other potential change influences – such as extreme weather events. This book provides guidance on how to master the challenges of capturing and characterizing forest disturbance and spatial patterns.