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Reparation for Victims of Crimes against Humanity

Reparation for Victims of Crimes against Humanity Author Jo-Anne M. Wemmers
ISBN-10 9781134709472
Release 2014-05-30
Pages 244
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Each year, countless people fall victim to crimes against humanity. These include widespread occurrences of systematic murder, torture, rape, disappearances, forced deportation and political persecution. Crimes against humanity constitute an attack on human dignity and as such they violate the human rights of the victim, as well as the laws of humanity. In recent years, following the creation of the International Criminal Court, there has been a growing interest in the prosecution of offenders and, in particular, in reparation following crimes against humanity. While such measures are meant to provide justice for victims, victims are often forgotten or lost in legal debates about what constitutes reparation and who is eligible to receive it. This book reaches beyond the boundaries of law and psychology and takes a multidisciplinary approach to the question of reparation for victims of crimes against humanity. Law does not take place in a vacuum and it is important to consider the impact of the law on the psychology of the victim, as well as the legal principles themselves. Herein lies the originality of this book, which bridges the gaps between psychology, victimology, criminology and law and will be of key interest to academics and students engaged in the study of these areas.



Moral Issues in Intelligence led Policing

Moral Issues in Intelligence led Policing Author Helene Oppen Gundhus
ISBN-10 9781351864503
Release 2017-09-27
Pages 312
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The core baseline of Intelligence-led Policing is the aim of increasing efficiency and quality of police work, with a focus on crime analysis and intelligence methods as tools for informed and objective decisions both when conducting targeted, specialized operations and when setting strategic priorities. This book critically addresses the proliferation of intelligence logics within policing from a wide array of scholarly perspectives. It considers questions such as: How are precautionary logics becoming increasingly central in the dominant policing strategies? What kind of challenges will this move entail? What does the criminalization of preparatory acts mean for previous distinctions between crime prevention and crime detection? What are the predominant rationales behind the proactive use of covert cohesive measures in order to prevent attacks on national security? How are new technological measures, increased private partnerships and international cooperation challenging the core nature of police services as the main providers of public safety and security? This book offers new insights by exploring dilemmas, legal issues and questions raised by the use of new policing methods and the blurred and confrontational lines that can be observed between prevention, intelligence and investigation in police work.



Animals and Psychedelics

Animals and Psychedelics Author Giorgio Samorini
ISBN-10 9781594775956
Release 2002-08-01
Pages 112
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An Italian ethnobotanist explores the remarkable propensity of wild animals to seek out and use psychoactive substances. • Throws out behaviorist theories that claim animals have no consciousness. • Offers a completely new understanding of the role psychedelics play in the development of consciousness in all species. • Reveals drug use to be a natural instinct. From caffeine-dependent goats to nectar addicted ants, the animal kingdom offers amazing examples of wild animals and insects seeking out and consuming the psychoactive substances in their environments. Author Giorgio Samorini explores this little-known phenomenon and suggests that, far from being confined to humans, the desire to experience altered states of consciousness is a natural drive shared by all living beings and that animals engage in these behaviors deliberately. Rejecting the Western cultural assumption that using drugs is a negative action or the result of an illness, Samorini opens our eyes to the possibility that beings who consume psychedelics--whether humans or animals--contribute to the evolution of their species by creating entirely new patterns of behavior that eventually will be adopted by other members of that species. The author's fascinating accounts of mushroom-loving reindeer, intoxicated birds, and drunken elephants ensure that readers will never view the animal world in quite the same way again.



Positive Criminology

Positive Criminology Author Natti Ronel
ISBN-10 9781317750833
Release 2015-01-30
Pages 356
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How can we best help offenders desist from crime, as well as help victims heal? This book engages with this question by offering its readers a comprehensive review of positive criminology in theory, research and practice. Positive criminology is a concept – a perspective – that places emphasis on forces of integration and social inclusion that are experienced positively by target individual and groups, and may contribute to a reduction in negative emotions, desistance from crime and overcoming the traumatic experience of victimization. In essence, positive criminology holds a more holistic view, which acknowledges that thriving and disengagement from distress, addiction, mental illness, crime, deviance or victimization might be fostered more effectively by enhancing positive emotions and experiences, rather than focusing on reducing negative attributes. Each chapter in this book is written by key scholars in the related fields of criminology, victimology and addiction and, thus, assembles varied and extensive approaches to rehabilitation and treatment. These approaches share in common a positive criminology view, thereby enriching our understanding of the concept and other strength-based approaches to dealing with offenders and victims. This edited book elaborates on positive criminology core ideas and assumptions; discusses related theories and innovations; and presents various benefits that this perspective can promote in the field of rehabilitation. For this reason, this book will be essential reading for those engaged in the study of criminology, criminal justice and victimology and may also assist scholars and professionals to help offenders desist from crime and improve victims’ well-being.



Victimology

Victimology Author Jo-Anne M. Wemmers
ISBN-10 9781442634831
Release 2017
Pages 353
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Written by one of the world's leading experts on victimology, this book is designed to offer a broad introduction to the subject.



Traditional Justice and Reconciliation After Violent Conflict

Traditional Justice and Reconciliation After Violent Conflict Author Lucien Huyse
ISBN-10 9185724289
Release 2008
Pages 203
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This book presents the findings of a major comparative study examining the role played by traditional justice mechanisms in dealing with the legacy of violent conflict in Africa. It focuses on case studies of five countries -- Rwanda, Mozambique, Uganda, Sierra Leone and Burundi - that are used as the basis for outlining conclusions and options for future policy development in the related areas of post-conflict reconstruction, democracy building and development. "Traditional Justice & Reconciliation After Violent Conflict" suggests that in some circumstances traditional mechanisms can effectively complement conventional judicial systems and represent a real potential for promoting justice, reconciliation and a culture of democracy. At the same time it cautions against unrealistic expectations of traditional structures and offers a sober, evidence-based assessment of both the strengths and the weaknesses of traditional conflict management mechanisms within the broader framework of post-conflict social reconstruction efforts. The book is intended to serve both as a general knowledge resource and as a practitioner's guide for national bodies seeking to employ traditional justice mechanisms, as well as external agencies aiming to support such processes.



The Politics of Victimhood in Post conflict Societies

The Politics of Victimhood in Post conflict Societies Author Vincent Druliolle
ISBN-10 9783319702025
Release 2018-02-20
Pages 329
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This volume sheds new light upon the role of victims in the aftermath of violence. Victims are central actors in transitional justice, the politics of memory and conflict resolution, yet the analysis of their mobilisation and political influence in these processes has been neglected. After introducing and explaining the reasons for this limited interest, the book’s chapters focus on a range of settings and draw on different disciplines to offer insights into the interrelated themes of victimhood – victims, their individual and collective identities, and their role in and impact upon post-conflict societies – and the politics of victimhood – meaning how victimhood is defined, negotiated and contested, both socially and politically. Because it outlines a stimulating research agenda and challenges the view that victims are passive or apolitical, this interdisciplinary volume is a significant contribution to the literature and will be of interest to scholars from disciplines such as law, anthropology, political science, human rights, international studies, and to practitioners.



Stopping Rape

Stopping Rape Author Sylvia Walby
ISBN-10 9781447322092
Release 2015-07-22
Pages 308
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This important book offers a comprehensive guide to the international policies developed to stop rape , together with case study examples on how they work. The book describes how law and criminal justice system, health services, specialised services for victim-survivors, educational and cultural interventions can best be coordinated.



Towards a Victimology of State Crime

Towards a Victimology of State Crime Author Dawn L. Rothe
ISBN-10 9781134962037
Release 2016-05-13
Pages 280
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State crime victimization often leaves a legacy of unrecognized victims that are ignored, forgotten, or negated the right to be labeled as such. Victims are often glossed over, as the focus is on a state’s actions or inactions rather than the subsequent victimization and victims. Towards a Victimology of State Crime serves to highlight the forgotten victims, processes and cases of revictimization within a sociological, criminological framework. Contributors include expert scholars of state crime and victimology from North America, Europe, Africa, and Latin America to provide a well-rounded focus that can address and penetrate the issues of victims of state crime. This includes a diverse number of case study examples of victims of state crime and the systems of control that facilitate or impede addressing the needs of victims. Additionally, with the inclusion of a section on controls, this volume taps into an area that is often overlooked: the international level of social control in relation to a victimology of state criminality.



Power Conflict and Criminalisation

Power  Conflict and Criminalisation Author Phil Scraton
ISBN-10 9781134101115
Release 2007-10-22
Pages 265
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Drawing on a body of empirical, qualitative work spanning three decades, this unique text traces the significance of critical social research and critical analyses in understanding some of the most significant and controversial issues in contemporary society. Focusing on central debates in the UK and Ireland – prison protests; inner-city uprisings; deaths in custody; women’s imprisonment; transition in the north of Ireland; the ‘crisis’ in childhood; the Hillsborough and Dunblane tragedies; and the ‘war on terror’ – Phil Scraton argues that ‘marginalisation’ and ‘criminalisation’ are social forces central to the application of state power and authority. Each case study demonstrates how structural relations of power, authority and legitimacy, establish the determining contexts of everyday life, social interaction and individual opportunity. This book explores the politics and ethics of critical social research, making a persuasive case for the application of critical theory to analysing the rule of law, its enforcement and the administration of criminal justice. It is indispensable for students in the fields of criminology, criminal justice and socio-legal studies, social policy and social work.



Not Just Deserts

Not Just Deserts Author John Braithwaite
ISBN-10 9780198240563
Release 1992
Pages 229
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* A new approach to sentencing Not Just Deserts inaugurates a radical shift in the research agenda of criminology. The authors attack currently fashionable retributivist theories of punishment, arguing that the criminal justice system is so integrated that sentencing policy has to be considered in the system-wide context. They offer a comprehensive theory of criminal justice which draws on a philosophical view of the good and the right, and which points the way to practical intervention in the real world of incremental reform. They put the case for a criminal justice system which maximizes freedom in the old republican sense of the term, and which they call `dominion'.



Victims in the Criminal Justice System

Victims in the Criminal Justice System Author Jo-Anne M. Wemmers
ISBN-10 9062991440
Release 1996
Pages 242
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Victims in the Criminal Justice System has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Victims in the Criminal Justice System also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Victims in the Criminal Justice System book for free.



Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Victim Participation in Justice

Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Victim Participation in Justice Author Edna Erez
ISBN-10 1594609462
Release 2011
Pages 294
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The book employs Therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) principles to examine how various countries approach victim participation in criminal justice proceedings. The contributions in the book are revised papers that were presented at an international conference, supported by a grant from the TransCoop Programme of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, in Onati, Spain, to study the potential impact of TJ approaches for victims. The Onati conference broke important ground by addressing victim welfare and well-being during, and as a result of, participation in proceedings. It brought scholars from several countries together to share their ideas, with interdisciplinary and international input. The collection that resulted from the conference allows for the sharing of these ideas with a wider audience, in the fields of law, legal studies, sociology, psychology and criminology/victimology. The contributors are well recognized researchers in their respective countries and the collection as a whole provides yet another critical and empirical research contribution from a TJ perspective.



Contemporary Anarchist Studies

Contemporary Anarchist Studies Author Randall Amster
ISBN-10 9781134026432
Release 2009-02-10
Pages 336
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This volume of collected essays by some of the most prominent academics studying anarchism bridges the gap between anarchist activism on the streets and anarchist theory in the academy. Focusing on anarchist theory, pedagogy, methodologies, praxis, and the future, this edition will strike a chord for anyone interested in radical social change. This interdisciplinary work highlights connections between anarchism and other perspectives such as feminism, queer theory, critical race theory, disability studies, post-modernism and post-structuralism, animal liberation, and environmental justice. Featuring original articles, this volume brings together a wide variety of anarchist voices whilst stressing anarchism's tradition of dissent. This book is a must buy for the critical teacher, student, and activist interested in the state of the art of anarchism studies.



Military Self Interest in Accountability for Core International Crimes

Military Self Interest in Accountability for Core International Crimes Author Morten Bergsmo
ISBN-10 8283480987
Release 2018-04-29
Pages 512
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Rather than focusing on international legal obligations to investigate and prosecute crimes against humanity and war crimes, this innovative book looks at the self-interests of security organisations and their members in compliance and accountability.



Peace Culture and Violence

Peace  Culture  and Violence Author Fuat Gursozlu
ISBN-10 9789004361911
Release 2018-03-15
Pages 296
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Peace, Culture, and Violence is a collection of essays that examine the forms of violence that permeate everyday life and explore sources of non-violence by considering topics such as thug culture, language, hegemony, police violence, war, terrorism, gender, and anti-Semitism.



The Palgrave Handbook of State Sponsored History After 1945

The Palgrave Handbook of State Sponsored History After 1945 Author Berber Bevernage
ISBN-10 9781349953066
Release 2018-02-03
Pages 877
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This handbook provides the first systematic integrated analysis of the role that states or state actors play in the construction of history and public memory after 1945. The book focuses on many different forms of state-sponsored history, including memory laws, monuments and memorials, state-archives, science policies, history in schools, truth commissions, historical expert commissions, the use of history in courts and tribunals etc. The handbook contributes to the study of history and public memory by combining elements of state-focused research in separate fields of study. By looking at the state’s memorialising capacities the book introduces an analytical perspective that is not often found in classical studies of the state. The handbook has a broad geographical focus and analyses cases from different regions around the world. The volume mainly tackles democratic contexts, although dictatorial regimes are not excluded.