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Representational Ideas

Representational Ideas Author R. A. Watson
ISBN-10 9789401100755
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 184
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In Representational Ideas: From Plato to Patricia Churchland Watson argues that all intelligible theories of representation by ideas are based on likeness between representations and objects. He concludes that 17th century materialist criticisms of `having' mental representations in the mind apply to contemporary material representations in the brain, as proposed by neurophilosophers. The argument begins with Plato, with particular stress on Descartes, Malebranche, and Arnauld. He then proceeds with an examination of the picture theory developed by Wittgenstein, Carnap, and Goodman, and concludes with an examination of Patricia Churchland, Ruth Millikan, Robert Cummins, and Mark Rollins. The use of the historical development of representationalism to pose a central problem in contemporary cognitive science is unique. For students, scholars and researchers in neuroscience, cognitive science, philosophy of mind, and modern philosophy.



Logic and Time

Logic and Time Author K. Michalski
ISBN-10 0792340825
Release 1997
Pages 162
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The subject of this study is Husserl's theory of meaning, from his critique of psychologism and the theory of meaning that stems from it, through the transcendental theory of meaning of The Idea of Phenomenology, Ideas I and Cartesian Meditations, to the theory of time consciousness and its consequences for Husserl's understanding of meaning. Throughout the study the tension in Husserl's thought between two interpretative strategies, the `Cartesian' and the `Hermeneutical', is brought to the fore.



Formal Ontology and Conceptual Realism

Formal Ontology and Conceptual Realism Author Nino B. Cocchiarella
ISBN-10 9781402062049
Release 2007-09-05
Pages 332
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Theories about the ontological structure of the world have generally been described in informal, intuitive terms. This book offers an account of the general features and methodology of formal ontology. The book defends conceptual realism as the best system to adopt based on a logic of natural kinds. By formally reconstructing an intuitive, informal ontological scheme as a formal ontology we can better determine the consistency and adequacy of that scheme.



Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work Author Ghita Holmström-Hintikka
ISBN-10 9789401005005
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 305
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Stig Kanger (1924-1988) made important contributions to logic and formal philosophy. Kanger's dissertation Provability in Logic, 1957, contained significant results in proof theory as well as the first fully worked out model-theoretic interpretation of quantified modal logic. It is generally accepted nowadays that Kanger was one of the originators of possible worlds semantics for modal logic. Kanger's most original achievements were in the areas of general proof theory, the semantics of modal and deontic logic, and the logical analysis of the concept of rights. He also contributed to action theory, preference logic, and the theory of measurement. This is the first of two volumes dedicated to the work of Stig Kanger. The present volume is a complete collection of Kanger's philosophical papers. The second volume contains critical essays on Kanger's work, as well as biographical essays on Kanger written by colleagues and friends.



Mathematical Intuitionism and Intersubjectivity

Mathematical Intuitionism and Intersubjectivity Author Tomasz Placek
ISBN-10 9789401593151
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 220
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In 1907 Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer defended his doctoral dissertation on the foundations of mathematics and with this event the modem version of mathematical intuitionism came into being. Brouwer attacked the main currents of the philosophy of mathematics: the formalists and the Platonists. In tum, both these schools began viewing intuitionism as the most harmful party among all known philosophies of mathematics. That was the origin of the now-90-year-old debate over intuitionism. As both sides have appealed in their arguments to philosophical propositions, the discussions have attracted the attention of philosophers as well. One might ask here what role a philosopher can play in controversies over mathematical intuitionism. Can he reasonably enter into disputes among mathematicians? I believe that these disputes call for intervention by a philo sopher. The three best-known arguments for intuitionism, those of Brouwer, Heyting and Dummett, are based on ontological and epistemological claims, or appeal to theses that properly belong to a theory of meaning. Those lines of argument should be investigated in order to find what their assumptions are, whether intuitionistic consequences really follow from those assumptions, and finally, whether the premises are sound and not absurd. The intention of this book is thus to consider seriously the arguments of mathematicians, even if philosophy was not their main field of interest. There is little sense in disputing whether what mathematicians said about the objectivity and reality of mathematical facts belongs to philosophy, or not.



Logic Truth and the Modalities

Logic  Truth and the Modalities Author J.N. Mohanty
ISBN-10 9789401721134
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 238
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This volume is a collection of my essays on philosophy of logic from a phenomenological perspective. They deal with the four kinds of logic I have been concerned with: formal logic, transcendental logic, speculative logic and hermeneutic logic. Of these, only one, the essay on Hegel, touches upon 'speculative logic', and two, those on Heidegger and Konig, are concerned with hermeneutic logic. The rest have to do with Husser! and Kant. I have not tried to show that the four logics are compatible. I believe, they are--once they are given a phenomenological underpinning. The original plan of writing an Introduction in which the issues would have to be formulated, developed and brought together, was abandoned in favor of writing an Introductory Essay on the 'origin'- in the phenomenological sense -of logic. J.N.M. Philadelphia INTRODUCTION: THE ORIGIN OF LOGIC The question of the origin of logic may pertain to historical origin (When did it all begin? Who founded the science of logic?), psychological origin (When, in the course of its mental development, does the child learn logical operations?), cultural origin (What cultural - theological, metaphysical and linguisti- conditions make such a discipline as logic possible?), or transcendental constitutive origin (What sorts of acts and/or practices make logic possible?).



Phenomenological Aspects of Wittgenstein s Philosophy

Phenomenological Aspects of Wittgenstein   s Philosophy Author B.-C. Park
ISBN-10 9789401151511
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 260
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In his writings around 1930, Wittgenstein relates his philosophy in different ways to the idea of phenomenology. He indicates that his main philosophical project had earlier been the construction of a purely phenomenological language, and even after having given up this project he believed that "the world we live in is the world of sense-data,,,l that is, of phenomenological objects. However, a problem is posed by the fact that he does not appear ever to have given a full, explicit account of what he means by his 'phenomenology', 'phenomenological language', or 'phenomenological problems'. In this book, I have tried to unravel the nature of Wittgenstein's phenomenology and to examine its importance for his entire work in philosophy. Phenomenology can be characterized as philosophy whose primary concern is what is immediately given in one's experience. This 'immediately given' is not merely impressions inside one's mind, but includes also the part of objective reality that impinges upon one's consciousness. Thus, an aim of phenomenological enterprise is to grasp this objective reality by attending to immediate experience. Husserl's phenomenology is in fact a case in point.



Subject Guide to Books in Print 1997 98

Subject Guide to Books in Print 1997 98 Author R R Bowker Publishing
ISBN-10 0835239608
Release 1997
Pages 8320
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Subject Guide to Books in Print 1997 98 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Subject Guide to Books in Print 1997 98 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Subject Guide to Books in Print 1997 98 book for free.



American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015079622430
Release 1996
Pages
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Reference Truth and Conceptual Schemes

Reference  Truth and Conceptual Schemes Author G. Forrai
ISBN-10 9789401728683
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 163
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1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The purpose of the book is to develop internal realism, the metaphysical-episte mological doctrine initiated by Hilary Putnam (Reason, Truth and History, "Introduction", Many Faces). In doing so I shall rely - sometimes quite heavily - on the notion of conceptual scheme. I shall use the notion in a somewhat idiosyncratic way, which, however, has some affinities with the ways the notion has been used during its history. So I shall start by sketching the history of the notion. This will provide some background, and it will also give opportunity to raise some of the most important problems I will have to solve in the later chapters. The story starts with Kant. Kant thought that the world as we know it, the world of tables, chairs and hippopotami, is constituted in part by the human mind. His cen tral argument relied on an analysis of space and time, and presupposed his famous doctrine that knowledge cannot extend beyond all possible experience. It is a central property of experience - he claimed - that it is structured spatially and temporally. However, for various reasons, space and time cannot be features of the world, as it is independently of our experience. So he concluded that they must be the forms of human sensibility, i. e. necessary ingredients of the way things appear to our senses.



Whitaker s Books in Print

Whitaker s Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015043806101
Release 1998
Pages
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Medioevo latino

Medioevo latino Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015078735985
Release 2000
Pages
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Boekblad

Boekblad Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P00495413J
Release 1996-01
Pages
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Boekblad has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Boekblad also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Boekblad book for free.



Brinkman s cumulatieve catalogus van boeken en verder in den boekhandel voorkomende artikelen

Brinkman s cumulatieve catalogus van boeken  en verder in den boekhandel voorkomende artikelen Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015065732177
Release 1997
Pages
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Voorts een alphabetische lijst van Nederlandsche boeken in België uitgegeven.



Conjectures and Refutations

Conjectures and Refutations Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781135971373
Release 2014-05-01
Pages 608
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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.



The Nalini Method

The Nalini Method Author Rupa Mehta
ISBN-10 9781580056007
Release 2015-12-15
Pages 272
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Rupa Mehta, called a “pint-sized guru” by Vogue and the “Rachael Ray of Fitness” by the New York Post, has helped thousands of people on their journey to physical and emotional wellness from her New York fitness studio. Now, with The Nalini Method, Rupa brings her revolutionary techniques for shedding emotional weight and achieving balance of body and mind to the wider world with a gorgeous and fun full-color book. The Nalini Method is an innovative mood-based fitness plan that fuses yoga, Pilates, strengthening exercises, and barre work to help participants lose emotional weight and find emotional fitness—transforming both mind and body in the process. Rupa’s dynamic techniques synthesize Western and Eastern approaches to create an accessible program that’s as challenging as it is fun. The workouts of The Nalini Method help participants find balance within seven different moods: Anger Energy Stress Chill Happiness Doubt Anxiety In addition, Rupa includes recipes for six unique and delicious “mood foods” to help maintain energy and balance along the way. With tips and resources to help any woman achieve her fitness goals every day, The Nalini Method blazes a new and exciting trail to physical and emotional well-being.



Visualization Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics

Visualization  Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics Author P. Mancosu
ISBN-10 9781402033353
Release 2006-03-30
Pages 300
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In the 20th century philosophy of mathematics has to a great extent been dominated by views developed during the so-called foundational crisis in the beginning of that century. These views have primarily focused on questions pertaining to the logical structure of mathematics and questions regarding the justi?cation and consistency of mathematics. Paradigmatic in this - spect is Hilbert’s program which inherits from Frege and Russell the project to formalize all areas of ordinary mathematics and then adds the requi- ment of a proof, by epistemically privileged means (?nitistic reasoning), of the consistency of such formalized theories. While interest in modi?ed v- sions of the original foundational programs is still thriving, in the second part of the twentieth century several philosophers and historians of mat- matics have questioned whether such foundational programs could exhaust the realm of important philosophical problems to be raised about the nature of mathematics. Some have done so in open confrontation (and hostility) to the logically based analysis of mathematics which characterized the cl- sical foundational programs, while others (and many of the contributors to this book belong to this tradition) have only called for an extension of the range of questions and problems that should be raised in connection with an understanding of mathematics. The focus has turned thus to a consideration of what mathematicians are actually doing when they produce mathematics. Questions concerning concept-formation, understanding, heuristics, changes instyle of reasoning, the role of analogies and diagrams etc.