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Resolving Spectral Mixtures

Resolving Spectral Mixtures Author
ISBN-10 9780444636447
Release 2016-08-13
Pages 674
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Resolving Spectral Mixtures: With Applications from Ultrafast Time-Resolved Spectroscopy to Superresolution Imaging offers a comprehensive look into the most important models and frameworks essential to resolving the spectral unmixing problem—from multivariate curve resolution and multi-way analysis to Bayesian positive source separation and nonlinear unmixing. Unravelling total spectral data into the contributions from individual unknown components with limited prior information is a complex problem that has attracted continuous interest for almost four decades. Spectral unmixing is a topic of interest in statistics, chemometrics, signal processing, and image analysis. For decades, researchers from these fields were often unaware of the work in other disciplines due to their different scientific and technical backgrounds and interest in different objects or samples. This led to the development of quite different approaches to solving the same problem. This multi-authored book will bridge the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and strongly active chemometric and signal processing research groups. Among chemists, multivariate curve resolution methods are preferred to extract information about the nature, amount, and location in time (process) and space (imaging and microscopy) of chemical constituents in complex samples. In signal processing, assumptions are usually around statistical independence of the extracted components. However, the chapters include the complexity of the spectral data to be unmixed as well as dimensionality and size of the data sets. Advanced spectroscopy is the key thread linking the different chapters. Applications cover a large part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Time-resolution ranges from femtosecond to second in process spectroscopy and spatial resolution covers the submicronic to macroscopic scale in hyperspectral imaging. Demonstrates how and why data analysis, signal processing, and chemometrics are essential to the spectral unmixing problem Guides the reader through the fundamentals and details of the different methods Presents extensive plots, graphical representations, and illustrations to help readers understand the features of different techniques and to interpret results Bridges the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and highly active chemometric and signal processing research groups



Time Resolved Mass Spectrometry

Time Resolved Mass Spectrometry Author Pawel L. Urban
ISBN-10 9781118887325
Release 2016-03-21
Pages 280
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Time is an important factor in physical and natural sciences. It characterizes the progress of chemical and biochemical processes. Mass spectrometry provides the means to study molecular structures by detecting gas-phase ions with the unique mass-to-charge ratios. Time-resolved mass spectrometry (TRMS) allows one to differentiate between chemical states that can be observed sequentially at different time points. Real-time mass spectrometric monitoring enables recording data continuously with a specified temporal resolution. The TRMS approaches – introduced during the past few decades – have shown temporal resolutions ranging from hours down to microseconds and beyond. This text covers the key aspects of TRMS. It introduces ion sources, mass analyzers, and interfaces utilized in time-resolved measurements; discusses the influence of data acquisition and treatment; finally, it reviews most prominent applications of TRMS – in the studies of reaction kinetics and mechanism, physicochemical phenomena, protein structure dynamics, biocatalysis, and metabolic profiling. It will assist science and engineering students to gain a basic understanding of the TRMS concept, and to recognize its usefulness. In addition, it may benefit scientists who conduct molecular studies in the areas of chemistry, physics and biology.



Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry Author
ISBN-10 9780128032251
Release 2016-09-22
Pages 3584
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This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas



Shock Compression of Condensed Matter 1991

Shock Compression of Condensed Matter   1991 Author S.C. Schmidt
ISBN-10 9781483291451
Release 2016-07-29
Pages 1102
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The papers collected together in this volume constitute a review of recent research on the response of condensed matter to dynamic high pressures and temperatures. Inlcuded are sections on equations of state, phase transitions, material properties, explosive behavior, measurement techniques, and optical and laser studies. Recent developments in this area such as studies of impact and penetration phenomenology, the development of materials, especially ceramics and molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations are also covered. These latest advances, in addition to the many other results and topics covered by the authors, serve to make this volume the most authoritative source for the shock wave physics community.



Infrared Spectroscopic Imaging

Infrared Spectroscopic Imaging Author Rohit Bhargava
ISBN-10 0470760362
Release 2013-07-10
Pages 412
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Infrared spectroscopic imaging is a rapidly emerging technology that combines the molecular selectivity of infrared vibrational spectroscopy with the spatial specificity of optical microscopy. This book presents an in-depth quantitative analysis of the fundamental science, technology and applications of this modality. Content is directed from the beginning spectroscopic imaging practitioner for whom this would prove to be a textbook to the seasoned spectroscopist for whom this volume would prove to an invaluable reference.



Advanced Photon Counting

Advanced Photon Counting Author Peter Kapusta
ISBN-10 9783319156361
Release 2015-04-23
Pages 370
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This volume focuses on Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC), a powerful tool allowing luminescence lifetime measurements to be made with high temporal resolution, even on single molecules. Combining spectrum and lifetime provides a “fingerprint” for identifying such molecules in the presence of a background. Used together with confocal detection, this permits single-molecule spectroscopy and microscopy in addition to ensemble measurements, opening up an enormous range of hot life science applications such as fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) and measurement of Förster Resonant Energy Transfer (FRET) for the investigation of protein folding and interaction. Several technology-related chapters present both the basics and current state-of-the-art, in particular of TCSPC electronics, photon detectors and lasers. The remaining chapters cover a broad range of applications and methodologies for experiments and data analysis, including the life sciences, defect centers in diamonds, super-resolution microscopy, and optical tomography. The chapters detailing new options arising from the combination of classic TCSPC and fluorescence lifetime with methods based on intensity fluctuation represent a particularly unique highlight.



Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology

Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology Author Joo-Hiuk Son
ISBN-10 9781466570450
Release 2014-06-13
Pages 377
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A number of applications including scientific spectroscopy, security screening, and medical imaging have benefitted from the development and utilization of new and emerging terahertz (THz) generation and detection techniques. Exploring recent discoveries and the advancements of biological behaviors through THz spectroscopy and imaging and the development of THz medical techniques, Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology contains contributions from scientists and researchers in the terahertz biomedical field and is exclusively dedicated to new and emerging terahertz biomedical research and applications. This text offers an assessment of terahertz technology, and provides a compilation of fundamental biological studies conducted using terahertz waves. It introduces THz electromagnetic waves as a new tool for convergent studies, includes laser-based generation techniques and solid-state devices, contains a number of detectors, and discusses high-field generation methods. The material covers recent advancements in terahertz imaging for medical applications—most specifically in cancer diagnosis—reviewing the current status of the THz imaging technique for diagnosing cancers, and exploring the potential medical applications of THz radiation. It also considers the development of future medical applications using terahertz technology. Summarizes the recent progress made in THz waveguides, which are absolutely essential in the development of THz endoscopes Describes the dynamic imaging of drug absorption in skin, exploiting the sensitivity of THz waves to pharmaceutical materials Explores the principle and applications of THz molecular imaging techniques using nanoparticle probes Scientists and engineers involved in biological research and medical applications using optical techniques, as well as graduate students and instructors in optics, physics, electrical engineering, biology, chemistry, and medicine can benefit from this text which highlights new and emerging biomedical studies utilizing novel THz wave techniques.



Biolubricants

Biolubricants Author Jan C.J. Bart
ISBN-10 9780857096326
Release 2012-12-18
Pages 944
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Lubricants are essential in engineering, however more sustainable formulations are needed to avoid adverse effects on the ecosystem. Bio-based lubricant formulations present a promising solution. Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of this important subject. Initial chapters address the principles of lubrication, before systematically reviewing fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants. Further chapters describe catalytic, (bio) chemical functionalisation processes for transformation of feedstocks into commercial products, product development, relevant legislation, life cycle assessment, major product groups and specific performance criteria in all major applications. Final chapters consider markets for biolubricants, issues to consider when selecting and using a lubricant, lubricant disposal and future trends. With its distinguished authors, Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive reference for an industrial audience of oil formulators and lubrication engineers, as well as researchers and academics with an interest in the subject. It provides an essential overview of scientific and technological developments enabling the cost-effective improvement of biolubricants, something that is crucial for the green future of the lubricant industry. A comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of bio-based lubricant formulations Addresses the principles of lubrication Reviews fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants



Optical Techniques for Solid State Materials Characterization

Optical Techniques for Solid State Materials Characterization Author Rohit P. Prasankumar
ISBN-10 1439815372
Release 2011-07-05
Pages 748
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Over the last century, numerous optical techniques have been developed to characterize materials, giving insight into their optical, electronic, magnetic, and structural properties and elucidating such diverse phenomena as high-temperature superconductivity and protein folding. Optical Techniques for Solid-State Materials Characterization provides detailed descriptions of basic and advanced optical techniques commonly used to study materials, from the simple to the complex. The book explains how to use these techniques to acquire, analyze, and interpret data for gaining insight into material properties. With chapters written by pioneering experts in various optical techniques, the text first provides background on light–matter interactions, semiconductors, and metals before discussing linear, time-integrated optical experiments for measuring basic material properties, such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence, and Raman scattering. The next section begins with a description of ultrashort pulse generation and carrier dynamics in semiconductors and metals. The book then discusses time-resolved optical techniques, such as pump–probe spectroscopy, terahertz spectroscopy, and magneto-optical spectroscopy. The subsequent section describes spatially resolved optical spectroscopy, including conventional optical microscopy and micro-optical and near-field scanning techniques. The book concludes with an overview of more advanced, emerging optical techniques, such as ultrafast x-ray and electron diffraction, ultrafast photoemission spectroscopy, and time-resolved optical microscopy. As optical techniques are among the first applied when studying new systems with novel properties, the information presented in this comprehensive reference will only grow in importance. By supplying clear, detailed explanations of these techniques, the book enables researchers to readily implement them and acquire new insights into the materials they study. CRC Press Authors Speak Rohit P. Prasankumar speaks about his book. Watch the Video



Chemometric Techniques for Quantitative Analysis

Chemometric Techniques for Quantitative Analysis Author Richard Kramer
ISBN-10 9780824746384
Release 1998-06-10
Pages 220
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Chemometric Techniques for Quantitative Analysis shows how to produce and use quantitative analytical calibrations in a laboratory or production environment following a variety of methods, how to estimate the time and resources needed to develop analytical calibrations, and how to employ the quantitative software provided with a wide range of instruments and commercial software packages. Among several, this bestselling volume covers basic and classical approaches, component regression; PCR in action; partial least squares; PLS in action. An extensive appendix offers a glossary, a list of errors and tests for reduced Eigenvalues.



Raman Microscopy

Raman Microscopy Author George Turrell
ISBN-10 0080540252
Release 1996-06-24
Pages 463
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One of the first books devoted entirely to the subject of Raman microscopy, Raman Microscopy addresses issues of great interest to engineers working in Raman-microscope development and researchers concerned with areas ofapplication for this science. The book is written by several world recognized experts, who summarize the Raman effect before discussing the hardware and software involved in todays instruments. This format provides an excellent introduction to this up-and-coming discipline. All important applications, including those in materials science and earth science are covered in depth. Includes extensive description of the instrumentation, the Raman microspectrograph, the treatment of data, and micro-Raman imaging Examines the use of Raman microscopy in diverse applications, including some of the hyphenated methods Summarizes the Raman effect Discusses new uses for this technology



STAR

STAR Author
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112001077228
Release 1991
Pages
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Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.



OCM 2013 Optical Characterization of Materials conference proceedings

OCM 2013   Optical Characterization of Materials   conference proceedings Author Jürgen Beyerer
ISBN-10 3866449658
Release 2013
Pages 296
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OCM 2013 Optical Characterization of Materials conference proceedings has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from OCM 2013 Optical Characterization of Materials conference proceedings also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full OCM 2013 Optical Characterization of Materials conference proceedings book for free.



Multidimensional Microscopy

Multidimensional Microscopy Author P.-C. Cheng
ISBN-10 9781461383666
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 387
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Modern cell biology is being revolutionized by the wedding of microscopy and computers. This book describes the new instrumentation and methods which allow three-dimensional reconstruction of specimens. Multidimensional Microscopy will be of interest to cell biologists, microscopists, and basic biomedical researchers whose work involves microscopic techniques. This book presents current results on a very active field in modern biology: methods in light and electron microscopy that allow the reconstruction of three-dimensional objects with the aid of computers. The book emphasizes the methods that can be used and examples of biological systems to which they have been applied. It includes extensive descriptions of confocal microscopy and its applications, as well as chapters on X-ray microscopy, low-voltage electron microscopy, and image reconstruction. This is an impressive summary of state-of-the-art methods in microscopy, in which microscopes and computers are being joined to permit specimens to be examined and reconstructed in three dimensions. Will be of interest to cell biologists, biomedical researchers, and microscopists.



Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy

Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy Author
ISBN-10 9781107116573
Release
Pages
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Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy book for free.



Flow Cytometry and Cell Sorting

Flow Cytometry and Cell Sorting Author Andreas Radbruch
ISBN-10 9783662041291
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 355
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The analysis and sorting of large numbers of cells with a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) was first achieved some 30 years ago. Since then, this technology has been rapidly developed and is used today in many laboratories. A Springer Lab Manual Review of the First Edition: "This is a most useful volume which will be a welcome addition for personal use and also for laboratories in a wide range of disciplines. Highly recommended." CYTOBIOS



Laser in Environmental and Life Sciences

Laser in Environmental and Life Sciences Author Peter Hering
ISBN-10 9783662082553
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 347
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This comprehensive reference work illustrates the state of the art of laser-induced analytical methods in environmental and life sciences via an interdisciplinary approach. Ky techniques for remote sensing in the atmosphere as well as diagnostic methods for soil, water and air contamination and exhaled breath are described. Each a prominent scientist, the authors report on their current research; demonstrate that multi-disciplinary applications are possible; and employ examples on how existing environmental diagnostic methods have found their way into the life sciences.