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Risk Uncertainty and Rational Action

Risk  Uncertainty and Rational Action Author Carlo C. Jaeger
ISBN-10 9781134203093
Release 2013-11-05
Pages 320
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Risk as we now know it is a wholly new phenomenon, the by-product of our ever more complex and powerful technologies. In business, policy making, and in everyday life, it demands a new way of looking at technological and environmental uncertainty. In this definitive volume, four of the world's leading risk researchers present a fundamental critique of the prevailing approaches to understanding and managing risk - the 'rational actor paradigm'. They show how risk studies must incorporate the competing interests, values, and rationalities of those involved and find a balance of trust and acceptable risk. Their work points to a comprehensive and significant new theory of risk and uncertainty and of the decision making process they require. The implications for social, political, and environmental theory and practice are enormous. Winner of the 2000-2002 Outstanding Publication Award of the Section on Environment and Technology of the American Sociological Association

Risk Governance

Risk Governance Author Ortwin Renn
ISBN-10 9781844072910
Release 2008
Pages 455
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'Risk Governance is a tour de force. Every risk manager, every risk analyst, every risk researcher must read this book - it is the demarcation point for all further advances in risk policy and risk research. Renn provides authoritative guidance on how to manage risks based on a definitive synthesis of the research literature. The skill with which he builds practical recommendations from solid science is unprecedented.' Thomas Dietz, Director, Environmental Science and Policy Program, Michigan State University, USA 'A masterpiece of new knowledge and wisdom with illustrative examples of tested applications to realworld cases. The book is recommendable also to interested students in different disciplines as a timely textbook on 'risk beyond risk'.' Norio Okada, Full Professor and Director at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Japan 'There are classic environmental works such as The Tragedy of the Commons by Hardin, Risk Society by Beck, The Theory of Communicative Action by Habermas, and the seminal volumes by Ostrom on governing the commons. Renn's book fits right into this series of important milestones of environmental studies.' Jochen Jaeger, Professor at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada 'Risk Governance provides a valuable survey of the whole field of risk and demonstrates how scientific, economic, political and civil society actors can participate in inclusive risk governance.' Jobst Conrad, Senior Scientist, Social Science Research Center Berlin, Germany 'Renn offers a remarkably fair-minded and systematic approach to bringing together the diverse fields that have something to say about 'risk'. Risk Governance moves us along the path from the noisy, formative stage of thinking about risk to one with a stronger empirical, theoretical, and analytical foundation.' Baruch Fischhoff, PhD, Howard Heinz University Professor, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA 'I cannot describe how impressed I am at the breadth and coherence of Renn's career's work! Written with remarkable clarity and minimal technical jargon... [this] should be required reading in risk courses!' John Graham, former director of the Harvard Risk Center and former deputy director of the Office of Budget and Management of the Unites States Administration This book, for the first time, brings together and updates the groundbreaking work of renowned risk theorist and researcher Ortwin Renn, integrating the major disciplinary concepts of risk in the social, engineering and natural sciences. The book opens with the context of risk handling before flowing through the core topics of assessment, evaluation, perception, management and communication, culminating in a look at the transition from risk management to risk governance and a glimpse at a new understanding of risk in (post)modern societies.


Risk Author Matthias Beck
ISBN-10 9789814579292
Release 2014-01-13
Pages 380
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Over a period of several centuries, the academic study of risk has evolved as a distinct body of thought, which continues to influence conceptual developments in fields such as economics, management, politics and sociology. However, few scholarly works have given a chronological account of cultural and intellectual trends relating to the understanding and analysis of risks. Risk: A Study of its Origins, History and Politics aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed study of key turning points in the evolution of society's understanding of risk. Using a wide range of primary and secondary materials, Matthias Beck and Beth Kewell map the political origins and moral reach of some of the most influential ideas associated with risk and uncertainty at specific periods of time. The historical focus of the book makes it an excellent introduction for readers who wish to go beyond specific risk management techniques and their theoretical underpinnings, to gain an understanding of the history and politics of risk. Contents:IntroductionHomo Ludens, Aleatorics and the Birth of ProbabilityNineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Fictions of Risk‘Pseudo–Sciences’ of RiskDecision Analysis and the Social Control of TechnologyInternational Crises and Precarious Global SystemsMacrosociological Dualities of Risk: Structural Inequality and Risk Society Readership: Advanced undergraduates and graduate students in politics, economics, management, sociology and cultural studies history. Key Features:The presentation of events / history is unified and easy-to-followMay be used as advanced textbook by advanced undergraduates and graduate students interested in cross-disciplinary social sciencesThe book's historical focus might be of interest to readers who are seeking to understand crucial developments within the risk literature from a ‘History of Economic Thought’ perspectiveKeywords:Risk;Philosophy;Epistemology;Political EconomyReviews: “Practitioners in the field looking to broaden their reading may find value in this study of the changing concepts and theories of risk.” Times Higher Education “This opportune book provides a comprehensive interpretation of ideas and concepts of risk. While global risks transcend national boundaries and fail to fit neatly within disciplinary confines, most books remain rooted in these frames; giving this work a special place. Risk: A Study of its Origins, History and Politics provides illuminating and inspirational reading which will expand readers' horizon and further their understanding of the theoretical and practical complexities of the pervasive risk phenomenon.” Professor Darinka Asenova Glasgow Caledonian University, UK “Although risk narratives are commonplace, deep understanding of risk is rare. This book provides the foundations for a deep understanding of risk.” Prof. Harold J. Bursztajn Harvard University “The book is structured clearly and logically. Political historians will find much of interest. This book has the potential to make a prominent contribution in its field, for the reason that others can work to fill the gaps the authors leave.” LSE Review of Books

Environmental Law Text Cases Materials

Environmental Law  Text  Cases   Materials Author Elizabeth Fisher
ISBN-10 9780199270880
Release 2013-04-25
Pages 1087
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This new title offers a compact and complete resource for students, featuring extracts from leading cases and articles alongside clear explanations and insightful analysis from an experienced author team. This unique approach places environmental law in context, enabling you to develop a clear and sophisticated understanding of this dynamic area.

Risk Management in Post Trust Societies

Risk Management in Post Trust Societies Author Ragnar Löfstedt
ISBN-10 9781844077021
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 165
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?A thought-provoking and invaluable book for anyone who cares about risk communication and management in the 21st century?Anna Jung, Director General, European Food Information Council?Professor Ragnar L?fstedt has once again produced a most interesting book on risk management and trust, well-based on theory and built on empirical findings?Mikael Karlsson, President, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation?Highlights the difficult balancing task facing risk regulators. Regulatory inaction against real risks can undermine public trust. However, exaggerated responses to risks can also jeopardize regulators? credibility. The diverse international case studies developed by Ragnar L?fstedt provide guidance for how regulators can navigate these and other frequently competing concerns?W. Kip Viscusi, Cogan Professor of Law and Economics, Harvard University, USA?In democracies, government policies cannot succeed without public acceptance. Yet complex risk management requires technical expertise. How to reconcile these competing needs? Ragnar L?fstedt provocatively challenges recent research claiming that risk managers must engender public trust via deliberative dialogue. He uses four cases studies to argue that the reasons for distrust vary and demand different responses; that in some cases trust can flow from technical competence without public deliberation; and that in others public deliberation can actually aggravate distrust. Trust me: L?fstedt?s book will add spice to the debate over risk, experts, the public and trust?Jonathan B. Wiener, Perkins Professor of Law and Environmental Policy, Duke University, USAWe live in ?post-trust? societies, in which public confidence in governments and corporations over health, food and environmental risk is eroding rapidly. Good risk communication can help companies, governments and institutions minimize disputes, resolve issues and anticipate problems. Without such communication, the best policies can become derailed and trust can be lost. Most policy-makers still use outdated methods to communicate policies and achieve their objectives - methods developed before public trust in industry and government was affected by health scares such as BSE, genetically modified organisms and dioxins in Belgian chicken. This book provides effective methods for managing and communicating risk effectively in contemporary societies.

The Application of the Precautionary Principle in Practice

The Application of the Precautionary Principle in Practice Author Joakim Zander
ISBN-10 9781139491273
Release 2010-08-19
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This overview of the role played by the precautionary principle in international trade law, European law and national law compares how precautionary considerations have been applied in the fields of pesticide regulation and the regulation of base stations for mobile telephones in Sweden, the UK and the US. A number of problems in the current application of the precautionary principle are identified and discussed. For example, it is shown that a firm reliance on a wide and open-ended precautionary principle may lead to problems with the consistency, foreseeability, effectiveness and efficiency of measures intended to reduce environmental or health risks. It is suggested that the precautionary principle indeed may be an important tool, but that in order to be acceptable it must be coupled with strong requirements on the performance of risk assessments, cost/benefit analyses and risk trade-off analyses.

Risk Regulation and Administrative Constitutionalism

Risk Regulation and Administrative Constitutionalism Author Elizabeth Fisher
ISBN-10 9781847313720
Release 2007-07-30
Pages 256
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Over the last decade the regulatory evaluation of environmental and public health risks has been one of the most legally controversial areas of contemporary government activity. Much of that debate has been understood as a conflict between those promoting 'scientific' approaches to risk evaluation and those promoting 'democratic' approaches. This characterization of disputes has ignored the central roles of public administration and law in technological risk evaluation. This is problematic because, as shown in this book, legal disputes over risk evaluation are disputes over administrative constitutionalism in that they are disputes over what role law should play in constituting and limiting the power of administrative risk regulators. This is shown by five case studies taken from five different legal cultures: an analysis of the bifurcated role of the Southwood Working Party in the UK BSE crisis; the development of doctrines in relation to judicial review of risk evaluation in the US in the 1970s; the interpretation of the precautionary principle by environmental courts and generalist tribunals carrying out merits review in Australia; the interpretation of the WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement as part of the WTO dispute settlement process; and the interpretation of the precautionary principle in the EU context. A strong argument is thus made for re-orienting the focus of scholarship in this area.

A Stakeholder Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility

A Stakeholder Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility Author Philip Kotler
ISBN-10 9781317186588
Release 2016-03-16
Pages 464
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Corporate social responsibility has grown into a global phenomenon that encompasses businesses, consumers, governments, and civil society, and many organizations have adopted its discourse. Yet corporate social responsibility remains an uncertain and poorly defined ambition, with few absolutes. First, the issues that organizations must address can easily be interpreted to include virtually everyone and everything. Second, with their unique, often particular characteristics, different stakeholder groups tend to focus only on specific issues that they believe are the most appropriate and relevant in organizations' corporate social responsibility programs. Thus, beliefs about what constitutes a socially responsible and sustainable organization depend on the perspective of the stakeholder. Third, in any organization, the beliefs of organizational members about their organization's social responsibilities vary according to their function and department, as well as their own managerial fields of knowledge. A Stakeholder Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility provides a comprehensive collection of cutting-edge theories and research that can lead to a more multifaceted understanding of corporate social responsibility in its various forms, the pressures and conflicts that result from these different understandings, and some potential solutions for reconciling them.

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development Author Jorge E. Viñuales
ISBN-10 9780191510427
Release 2015-02-05
Pages 530
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The international community has long grappled with the issue of safeguarding the environment and encouraging sustainable development, often with little result. The 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development was an emphatic attempt to address this issue, setting down 27 key principles for the international community to follow. These principles define the rights of people to sustainable development, and the responsibilities of states to safeguard the common environment. The Rio Declaration established that long term economic progress required a connection to environmental protection. It was designed as an authoritative and comprehensive statement of the principles of sustainable development law, an instrument to take stock of the past international and domestic practice, a guide for the design of new multilateral environmental regimes, and as a reference for litigation. This commentary provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the principles of the Declaration, written by over thirty inter-disciplinary contributors, including both leading practitioners and academics. Each principle is analysed in light of its origins and rationale. The book investigates each principle's travaux préparatoires setting out the main points of controversy and the position of different countries or groups. It analyses the scope and dimensions of each principle, providing an in-depth understanding of its legal effects, including whether it can be relied before a domestic or international court. It also assesses the impact of the principles on subsequent soft law and treaty development, as well as domestic and international jurisprudence. The authors demonstrate the ways in which the principles interact with each other, and finally provide a detailed analysis of the shortcomings and future potential of each principle. This book will be of vital importance to practitioners, scholars, and students of international environomental law and sustainable development.

Risk and Society

Risk and Society Author David Denney
ISBN-10 IND:30000107490801
Release 2005-10-03
Pages 232
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What does it mean to live in `risk society'? How does the idea of risk change how we live with each other? Risk currently dominates individual and collective consciousness. Globally, insecurity is related to terrorism, pollution, global epidemics and famine, yet smoking, sunlight and travel have also become major preoccupations. This book provides a powerful and lucid account of risk in society today. Denney critically examines the social construction of risk, by considering a range of social theories, addressing the literature and providing an authoritative guide to the key issues raised. An analysis of the nature of risk to aspects of everyday life – of the meanings which have been assigned to notions of risk – is also considered. Finally, global themes such as terrorism, global regulation governance and developments in international relations are examined. This book will be required reading for students of risk within the fields of Sociology, International Relations and Media, Culture and Communications.

Megaprojects and Risk

Megaprojects and Risk Author Bent Flyvbjerg
ISBN-10 0521009464
Release 2003-02-13
Pages 207
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A fascinating account of the problems and possible solutions involved in managing megaprojects.

The Environment and Society Reader

The Environment and Society Reader Author Richard Scott Frey
ISBN-10 0205308767
Release 2001
Pages 388
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This is a comprehensive introduction to the issues associated with environmental problems.The author challenges readers to ask themselves questions regarding the complexity and distribution of environmental problems as well as human impacts on and responses to these problems. Readers are also encouraged to examine the scope and nature of environmental problems. Geared toward those interested in the relationship between the environment and society.

The Feeling of Risk

The Feeling of Risk Author Paul Slovic
ISBN-10 9781136530463
Release 2013-03-07
Pages 456
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The Feeling of Risk brings together the work of Paul Slovic, one of the world's leading analysts of risk, to describe the extension of risk perception research into the first decade of this new century. In this collection of important works, Paul Slovic explores the conception of 'risk as feelings' and examines the interaction of feeling and cognition in the perception of risk. He also examines the elements of knowledge, cognitive skill, and communication necessary for good decisions in the face of risk. The first section of the book looks at the difficulty of understanding risk without an emotional component, for example that disaster statistics lack emotion and thus fail to convey the true meaning of disasters and fail to motivate proper action to prevent them. The book also highlights other important perspectives on risk arising from cultural worldviews and concerns about specific hazards pertaining to blood transfusion, biotechnology, prescription drugs, smoking, terrorism, and nanotechnology. Following on from The Perception of Risk (2000), this book presents some of the most significant research on risk perception in recent years, providing essential lessons for all those involved in risk perception and communication.

Engineering Societies in the Agents World IV

Engineering Societies in the Agents World IV Author Andrea Omicini
ISBN-10 UOM:39015058879340
Release 2004-08-05
Pages 409
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Engineering Societies in the Agents World, ESAW 2004, held in London, UK in October 2004. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement for inclusion in the book; also included are 2 invited papers by leading researchers in order to round of the coverage of the relevant topics. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: - multidisciplinary for agent societies - coordination, organization, and security of agent societies - abstractions, methodologies, and tools for engineering agent societies - applications of agent societies

Handbook of Risk Theory

Handbook of Risk Theory Author
ISBN-10 9789400714328
Release 2012
Pages 1187
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Handbook of Risk Theory has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of Risk Theory also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of Risk Theory book for free.

The Risk Society and Beyond

The Risk Society and Beyond Author Barbara Adam
ISBN-10 9781446222676
Release 2000-05-25
Pages 240
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Ulrich Beck's best selling Risk Society established risk on the sociological agenda. It brought together a wide range of issues centering on environmental, health and personal risk, provided a rallying ground for researchers and activists in a variety of social movements and acted as a reference point for state and local policies in risk management. The Risk Society and Beyond charts the progress of Beck's ideas and traces their evolution. It demonstrates why the issues raised by Beck reverberate widely throughout social theory and covers the new risks that Beck did not foresee, associated with the emergence of new technologies, genetic and cybernetic. The book is unique because it offers both an introduction to the main arguments in Risk Society and develops a range of critical discussions of aspects of this and other works of Beck.

Public Safety and Risk Assessment

Public Safety and Risk Assessment Author David J. Ball
ISBN-10 9781317972402
Release 2014-04-08
Pages 224
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This book aims to encourage a more reflective, multidisciplinary approach to public safety, and the 'reenfranchisement' of those affected by this new phenomenon. Over the past decade health and safety has become a major issue of public interest. There are countless stories of health and safety activities interfering with public life, preventing some beneficial activity from taking place – even creating absurd or dangerous situations. On the one hand, risk assessment, properly conducted, is highly beneficial – it saves lives and prevents injuries. But on the other, it can damage public life. Why has this come about, and does it have to be like that? The authors examine the origins of the problem, look critically at the tools used by safety assessors and their underlying assumptions, and consider important differences between public life and industry (where the approaches largely originated). They illuminate the whole with an analysis of legal requirements, attitudes of stakeholders, and recent research on risk perception and decision making. The result is a profound and important analysis of risk and safety culture and a framework for managing public safety more effectively.