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Ritual Sacrifice in Ancient Peru

Ritual Sacrifice in Ancient Peru Author Elizabeth P. Benson
ISBN-10 9780292757950
Release 2013-06-20
Pages 227
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Propitiating the supernatural forces that could grant bountiful crops or wipe out whole villages through natural disasters was a sacred duty in ancient Peruvian societies, as in many premodern cultures. Ritual sacrifices were considered necessary for this propitiation and for maintaining a proper reciprocal relationship between humans and the supernatural world. The essays in this book examine the archaeological evidence for ancient Peruvian sacrificial offerings of human beings, animals, and objects, as well as the cultural contexts in which the offerings occurred, from around 2500 B.C. until Inca times just before the Spanish Conquest. Major contributions come from the recent archaeological fieldwork of Steve Bourget, Anita Cook, and Alana Cordy-Collins, as well as from John Verano's laboratory work on skeletal material from recent excavations. Mary Frame, who is a weaver as well as a scholar, offers rich new interpretations of Paracas burial garments, and Donald Proulx presents a fresh view of the nature of Nasca warfare. Elizabeth Benson's essay provides a summary of sacrificial practices.



The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood Author Sally Crawford
ISBN-10 9780191649714
Release 2018-05-17
Pages 719
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Real understanding of past societies is not possible without including children, and yet they have been strangely invisible in the archaeological record. Compelling explanation about past societies cannot be achieved without including and investigating children and childhood. However marginal the traces of children's bodies and bricolage may seem compared to adults, archaeological evidence of children and childhood can be found in the most astonishing places and spaces. The archaeology of childhood is one of the most exciting and challenging areas for new discovery about past societies. Children are part of every human society, but childhood is a cultural construct. Each society develops its own idea about what a childhood should be, what children can or should do, and how they are trained to take their place in the world. Children also play a part in creating the archaeological record itself. In this volume, experts from around the world ask questions about childhood - thresholds of age and growth, childhood in the material culture, the death of children, and the intersection of the childhood and the social, economic, religious, and political worlds of societies in the past.



Sacrifice Violence and Ideology Among the Moche

Sacrifice  Violence  and Ideology Among the Moche Author Steve Bourget
ISBN-10 9781477308738
Release 2016-05-03
Pages 463
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In a special precinct dedicated to ritual sacrifice at Huaca de la Luna on the north coast of Peru, about seventy-five men were killed and dismembered, their remains and body parts then carefully rearranged and left on the ground with numerous offerings. The discovery of this large sacrificial site—one of the most important sites of this type in the Americas—raises fundamental questions. Why was human sacrifice so central to Moche ideology and religion? And why is sacrifice so intimately related to the notions of warfare and capture? In this pioneering book, Steve Bourget marshals all the currently available information from the archaeology and visual culture of Huaca de la Luna as he seeks to understand the centrality of human sacrifice in Moche ideology and, more broadly, the role(s) of violence in the development of social complexity. He begins by providing a fully documented account of the archaeological contexts, demonstrating how closely interrelated these contexts are to the rest of Moche material culture, including its iconography, the regalia of its elite, and its monumental architecture. Bourget then probes the possible meanings of ritual violence and human sacrifice and their intimate connections with concepts of divinity, ancestry, and foreignness. He builds a convincing case that the iconography of ritual violence and the practice of human sacrifice at all the principal Moche ceremonial centers were the main devices used in the establishment and development of the Moche state.



Sex Death and Sacrifice in Moche Religion and Visual Culture

Sex  Death  and Sacrifice in Moche Religion and Visual Culture Author Steve Bourget
ISBN-10 0292712790
Release 2006-08-01
Pages 258
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Raises the analysis of Moche iconography to a new level through an in-depth study of visual representations of rituals involving sex, death, and sacrifice.



Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes

Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes Author Haagen D. Klaus
ISBN-10 9781477309636
Release 2016-07-26
Pages 486
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Traditions of sacrifice exist in almost every human culture and often embody a society’s most meaningful religious and symbolic acts. Ritual violence was particularly varied and enduring in the prehistoric South American Andes, where human lives, animals, and material objects were sacrificed in secular rites or as offerings to the divine. Spectacular discoveries of sacrificial sites containing the victims of violent rituals have drawn ever-increasing attention to ritual sacrifice within Andean archaeology. Responding to this interest, this volume provides the first regional overview of ritual killing on the pre-Hispanic north coast of Peru, where distinct forms and diverse trajectories of ritual violence developed during the final 1,800 years of prehistory. Presenting original research that blends empirical approaches, iconographic interpretations, and contextual analyses, the contributors address four linked themes—the historical development and regional variation of north coast sacrifice from the early first millennium AD to the European conquest; a continuum of ritual violence that spans people, animals, and objects; the broader ritual world of sacrifice, including rites both before and after violent offering; and the use of diverse scientific tools, archaeological information, and theoretical interpretations to study sacrifice. This research proposes a wide range of new questions that will shape the research agenda in the coming decades, while fostering a nuanced, scientific, and humanized approach to the archaeology of ritual violence that is applicable to archaeological contexts around the world.



Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru

Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru Author Joanne Pillsbury
ISBN-10 0300114427
Release 2006-03-15
Pages 344
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“This volume represents a landmark in Moche studies.”—George Bankes, The Journal of The Royal Anthropological Institute Centuries before the rise of the Inca, the Moche created impressive monumental architecture and precious metal objects (c. A.D. 100–800). New discoveries about this ancient coastal civilization have recently been uncovered at several sites in Peru—including the richest unlooted tomb ever discovered in the New World. This fascinating book examines these records and analyzes connections between the visual arts and political representation in Moche culture.



Us and Them

Us and Them Author Richard Martin Reycraft
ISBN-10 UOM:39015061457738
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 242
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Presented at a symposium held at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archeology in April 1999, 14 papers advance the study of prehistoric Andean ethnicity. But unlike early 20th century approaches that generated lists of presumably static ethnic traits, the current focus is on variations in material culture (illustrated) indicative of et



Gender and the archaeology of death

Gender and the archaeology of death Author Bettina Arnold
ISBN-10 UOM:39015053136613
Release 2001
Pages 203
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Edited volume on what archaeological mortuary analysis can tell researchers about gender relations in the ancient world.



Seeing with New Eyes

Seeing with New Eyes Author Rebecca Stone-Miller
ISBN-10 1928917054
Release 2002
Pages 301
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Presents almost 600 works of art from Mesoamerica southward, with emphasis on the lesser-known area of ancient Costa Rica. This catalogue places emphasis on the shamanic experience of transformation into animal selves, since this subject preoccupied artists throughout the ancient Americas.



Foundations of power in the prehispanic Andes

Foundations of power in the prehispanic Andes Author Kevin J. Vaughn
ISBN-10 1931303207
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 276
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Foundations of power in the prehispanic Andes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Foundations of power in the prehispanic Andes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Foundations of power in the prehispanic Andes book for free.



Illinois Archaeology

Illinois Archaeology Author
ISBN-10 IND:30000111023705
Release 2002
Pages
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Illinois Archaeology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Illinois Archaeology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Illinois Archaeology book for free.



Socialising Complexity

Socialising Complexity Author Sheila Kohring
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106019292454
Release 2007
Pages 244
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Table of Contents Socialising Complexity : Structure, Interaction and Power in Archaeological Discourse by Kohring, Sheila (Editor, Author); Wynne-Jones, Stephanie (Editor, Author) Terms of Use Part I The Complexity Concept p. 1 1 Socialising Complexity Stephanie Wynne-Jones and Sheila Kohring p. 2 2 Evolution, Complexity and the State Robert Chapman p. 13 Part II The Organisation of Society p. 29 3 Notes on a New Paradigm Carole Crumley p. 30 4 Social complexity is not the same as hierarchy Stella Souvatzi p. 37 5 The Rules of the Game. Decentralised Complexity and Power Structures Kristian Kristiansen p. 60 6 The state they were in: community, continuity and change in the north-central Andes, 1000-1608 AD Kevin Lane p. 76 Part III Complexity Through Practice p. 99 7 Materialising ‘complex’ social relationships: Technology, production and consumption in a Copper Age Community Sheila Kohring and Carlos P. Odriozola and Victor M. Hurtado p. 100 8 Settings and symbols: assessing complexity in the pre-Hispanic Andes Elizabeth DeMarrais p. 118 Part IV Complexity and Landscape p. 141 9 Multiple landscapes and layered meanings: scale, interaction and process in the development of a Swahili town Stephanie Wynne-Jones p. 142 10 Social landscapes and community identity: the social organisation of space in the north-central Andes Alexander Herrera p. 161 11 Taking the Bight out of complexity: elaborating interior landscapes within South-Central California David W. Robinson p. 186 Part V Encountering Complexity p. 209 12 Creating Complexity: the example of the Muisca of Colombia Monica J. Giedelmann Reyes p. 210 13 The decentralised state: nomads, complexity and sociotechnical systems in Inner Asia David Sneath p. 228 Descriptive content provided by SyndeticsTM, a Bowker service. Summary Socialising Complexity : Structure, Interaction and Power in Archaeological Discourse by Kohring, Sheila (Editor, Author); Wynne-Jones, Stephanie (Editor, Author) Terms of use Socialising Complexity: Structure, Interaction and Power in Archaeological Discourse introduces complexity as a conceptual tool, rather than a category, for understanding social formations. This new approach moves beyond traditional concerns with what constitutes a complex society and focuses instead on the complexity inherent in every society through its particular structuring principles. Descriptive content provided by SyndeticsTM, a Bowker service.



The Great Divide

The Great Divide Author Peter Watson
ISBN-10 9780062196675
Release 2012-06-26
Pages 640
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In The Great Divide, acclaimed author and historian Peter Watson explores the development of humankind between the Old World and the New, and offers a groundbreaking new understanding of human history. By 15,000 BC, humans had migrated from northeastern Asia across the frozen Bering land bridge to the Americas. When the last Ice Agecame to an end, the Bering Strait refilled with water, dividing America from Eurasia. This division continued until Christopher Columbus voyaged to the New World in the fifteenth century. The Great Divide compares the development of humankind in the Old World and the New between 15,000 BC and AD 1,500. Combining the most up-to-date knowledge in archaeology, anthropology, geology, meteorology, cosmology, and mythology, Peter Watson’s masterful study offers uniquely revealing insight into what it means to be human.



The Moche of Ancient Peru

The Moche of Ancient Peru Author Jeffrey Quilter
ISBN-10 9780873654067
Release 2010
Pages 154
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Quilter utilizes the Peabody's collection as a means to investigate how the Moche used various media, particularly ceramics, to convey messages about their lives and beliefs. His presentation provides a critical examination and rethinking of many of the commonly held interpretations of Moche artifacts and their imagery. It also raises important questions about art production and its role in this and other ancient and modern cultures. --



The Worlds of the Moche on the North Coast of Peru

The Worlds of the Moche on the North Coast of Peru Author Elizabeth P. Benson
ISBN-10 9780292737594
Release 2012-07-15
Pages 171
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The Moche, or Mochica, created an extraordinary civilization on the north coast of Peru for most of the first millennium AD. Although they had no written language with which to record their history and beliefs, the Moche built enormous ceremonial edifices and embellished them with mural paintings depicting supernatural figures and rituals. Highly skilled Moche artisans crafted remarkable ceramic vessels, which they painted with figures and scenes or modeled like sculpture, and mastered metallurgy in gold, silver, and copper to make impressive symbolic ornaments. They also wove textiles that were complex in execution and design. A senior scholar renowned for her discoveries about the Moche, Elizabeth P. Benson published the first English-language monograph on the subject in 1972. Now in this volume, she draws on decades of knowledge, as well as the findings of other researchers, to offer a grand overview of all that is currently known about the Moche. Touching on all significant aspects of Moche culture, she covers such topics as their worldview and ritual life, ceremonial architecture and murals, art and craft, supernatural beings, government and warfare, and burial and the afterlife. She demonstrates that the Moche expressed, with symbolic language in metal and clay, what cultures in other parts of the world presented in writing. Indeed, Benson asserts that the accomplishments of the Moche are comparable to those of their Mesoamerica contemporaries, the Maya, which makes them one of the most advanced civilizations of pre-Columbian America.



Moche Burial Patterns

Moche Burial Patterns Author Jean-François Millaire
ISBN-10 UOM:39015056183414
Release 2002-01
Pages 222
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In the Moche culture of northern Peru (c.AD 100-800) people were buried according to the status they held during their life and were sometimes accompanied by objects and insignia that reflected their position within society. This is the conclusion reached by Millaire in his study of Moche burial patterns and social structures which collates evidence from a range of settlements from the Early, Middle and Late Moche periods. These conclusions are reached through an analysis of grave context, contents, internal organisation, the energy expended in the construction and elaboration of the burial, and interpretations of age and sex profiles.



The Archaeology of Infancy and Infant Death

The Archaeology of Infancy and Infant Death Author Eleanor Scott
ISBN-10 UOM:39015043410896
Release 1999-01
Pages 136
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A unique study of infancy and infant death that is wide-ranging and diverse in its approach. Eleanor Scott looks at theoretical issues, gender, women's power, childbirth, burial practices, infanticide and much more besides. The social and cultural attitudes to babies, infants and young adults within societies from the Neolithic to the Medieval period are explored, with examples from Britain, Europe, Scandinavia, the Americas, and Asia.