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Road Pricing

Road Pricing Author Georgina Santos
ISBN-10 0080545467
Release 2004-07-31
Pages 324
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Traffic congestion affects towns and cities everywhere and in some places it is regarded as one of the most urgent and important problems in need of a solution. Road pricing is undoubtedly recognised as an effective traffic demand management tool. The recent London congestion charging scheme seems to be showing that public and political opposition is not insurmountable. Thus, the ghost that prevented the introduction of a policy supported by transport economists for over 80 years seems to have disappeared or at least, weakened. The book contains twelve papers useful to different types of audience, such as researchers and postgraduate students, civil servants, policy makers and consultants. The first part is mainly theoretical and concentrates on second-best congestion pricing including pricing in urban contexts, the impact on the performance of the road network, optimal locations and charge levels, dynamic aspects such as time variation of tolls, potential impacts of road pricing on costs and service quality of public transport buses, and efficiency costs and transport sector effects of different types of pricing when they guarantee a balanced budget per mode. The second part contains chapters that describe the schemes in place around the world such as Singapore, Norway, London, and the US. The volume is an update of the state of the art on the subject and the first one to have been written and appear after the London scheme was implemented and to contain an assessment of its preliminary impacts.



Investment and the use of Tax and Toll Revenues in the Transport Sector

Investment and the use of Tax and Toll Revenues in the Transport Sector Author Andre de Palma
ISBN-10 0080480624
Release 2007-04-24
Pages 316
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Transport infrastructure developments will depend increasingly on the level of user charges. One reason is the ongoing liberalization of the EU transport sector, especially for air and rail. Another is the trend towards implementing tolls and other user charges on roads. It is expected that user charges will progressively replace government subsidies for infrastructure expansion and maintenance. Revenues from user charges may also be used to cross subsidize other transport modes. The surplus anticipated on urban roads could be used to fund infrastructure and operation of public transport and/or non-urban roads. This book brings together both the theory and the current practice of user charges, tolls and revenue use in European countries. It examines public finance aspects such as earmarking, as well as public management aspects of different pricing and revenue use principles. A set of guidelines is developed for a better use of toll and tax revenues. The set of guidelines is tested with a new cost benefit tool in case studies that cover France, Germany, Norway , Switzerland and the UK. Research in Transportation Economics is now available online at ScienceDirect — full-text online of volumes 6 onwards.



Road Pricing the Economy and the Environment

Road Pricing  the Economy and the Environment Author C. Jensen-Butler
ISBN-10 3540771506
Release 2008-01-24
Pages 425
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Economic growth and globalisation create traffic growth, leading to congestion, which again increases travel times and costs. Road pricing is an instrument that may efficiently reduce the negative impacts. This volume is a collection of research papers on the use of road pricing. The focus is on passenger transport, and the papers cover a wide range of approaches, including theoretical modelling and empirical studies of road pricing experience from different cities.



The Economics of Urban Transportation

The Economics of Urban Transportation Author Kenneth A. Small
ISBN-10 9781134495719
Release 2007-10-18
Pages 296
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This timely new edition of Kenneth A. Small’s seminal textbook Urban Transportation Economics, co-authored with Erik T. Verhoef, has been fully updated, covering new areas such as parking policies, reliability of travel times, and the privatization of transportation services, as well as updated treatments of congestion modelling, environmental costs, and transit subsidies. Rigorous in approach and making use of real-world data and econometric techniques, it contains case studies from a range of countries including congestion charging in Norway, Singapore and the UK, light rail in the Netherlands and freeway tolls in the US. Small and Verhoef cover all basic topics needed for any application of economics to transportation: forecasting the demand for transportation services under alternative policies measuring all the costs including those incurred by users setting prices under practical constraints choosing and evaluating investments in basic facilities designing ways in which the private and public sectors interact to provide services. This book will be of great interest to students with basic calculus and some knowledge of economic theory who are engaged with transportation economics, planning and, or engineering, travel demand analysis, and many related fields. It will also be essential reading for researchers in any aspect of urban transportation.



The Journal of Economic Perspectives

The Journal of Economic Perspectives Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123024130
Release 2006
Pages
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This journal attempts to fill a gap between the general-interest press and other academic economics journals. Its articles relate to active lines of economics research, economic analysis of public policy issues, state-of-the-art economic thinking, and directions for future research. It also aims to provide material for classroom use, and to address issues relating to the economics profession.



Managing Urban Traffic Congestion

Managing Urban Traffic Congestion Author European Conference of Ministers of Transport
ISBN-10 NWU:35556038309928
Release 2007-06-04
Pages 296
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Road congestion is a maddening feature of many large and growing urban areas. National estimates of the cost of congestion often point to losses equivalent to around 1% of GDP in more congested countries. However, congestion is also the result of one of the most beneficial aspects of urban development - agglomeration and its positive contribution to GDP. How can urban regions balance the benefits of agglomeration and the disadvantages of congestion? This report seeks to answer key questions in managing urban traffic congestion. What exactly is congestion, and when is it excessive? What are the costs and other impacts of congestion? What strategic vision should guide congestion management policies? What technology and operational options are available? What should a reasonable and effective congestion management strategy look like? The report was prepared by an international Working Group of the Joint OECD/ECMT Transport Research Centre and provides a thorough overview of the nature, scope and measurement of congestion, necessary for any effective management policy. It offers policy-oriented, research-based recommendations for effectively managing traffic and cutting excess congestion in large urban areas. Also in this series: Young Drivers: The Road to Safety Speed Management



Road Pricing

Road Pricing Author Georgina Santos
ISBN-10 0762309687
Release 2004
Pages 308
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Traffic congestion affects towns and cities everywhere and in some places it is regarded as one of the most urgent and important problems in need of a solution. Road pricing is undoubtedly recognised as an effective traffic demand management tool. The recent London congestion charging scheme seems to be showing that public and political opposition is not insurmountable. Thus, the ghost that prevented the introduction of a policy supported by transport economists for over 80 years seems to have disappeared or at least, weakened. The book contains twelve papers useful to different types of audience, such as researchers and postgraduate students, civil servants, policy makers and consultants. The first part is mainly theoretical and concentrates on second-best congestion pricing including pricing in urban contexts, the impact on the performance of the road network, optimal locations and charge levels, dynamic aspects such as time variation of tolls, potential impacts of road pricing on costs and service quality of public transport buses, and efficiency costs and transport sector effects of different types of pricing when they guarantee a balanced budget per mode. The second part contains chapters that describe the schemes in place around the world such as Singapore, Norway, London, and the US. The volume is an update of the state of the art on the subject and the first one to have been written and appear after the London scheme was implemented and to contain an assessment of its preliminary impacts.



Journal of Economic Literature

Journal of Economic Literature Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822020498994
Release
Pages
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Journal of Economic Literature has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of Economic Literature also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of Economic Literature book for free.



Travel Demand Management and Road User Pricing

Travel Demand Management and Road User Pricing Author Wafaa Saleh
ISBN-10 0754673030
Release 2009
Pages 247
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This book examines the full range of 'push and pull' Travel Demand Management measures, including regulatory, pricing, planning and persuasive policies to encourage individuals to make their trips in off-peak periods, by a different mode or to find another way of carrying out the trip purpose. The editors conclude with a summary of findings within the book and suggestions for best future practice.



A Handbook of Transport Economics

A Handbook of Transport Economics Author André de Palma
ISBN-10 9780857930873
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 928
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'This Handbook is a stellar compilation of up-to-date knowledge about the important topics in transport economics. Authors include the very best in the field, and they cover the most important topics for today's research and policy applications. Individual chapters contain sound, readable, well referenced explanations of each topic's history and current status. I cannot think of a better place to start for anyone wanting to become current in the field or in any of its parts.' – Kenneth Small, University of California-Irvine, US Bringing together insights and perspectives from close to 70 of the world's leading experts in the field, this timely Handbook provides an up-to-date guide to the most recent and state-of-the-art advances in transport economics. The comprehensive coverage includes topics such as the relationship between transport and the spatial economy, recent advances in travel demand analysis, the external costs of transport, investment appraisal, pricing, equity issues, competition and regulation, the role of public–private partnerships and the development of policy in local bus services, rail, air and maritime transport. This Handbook is designed both for use on postgraduate and advanced undergraduate courses and as a reference for anyone working in the field. It also complements the textbook Principles of Transport Economics.



Road Pricing Theory Empirical Assessment and Policy

Road Pricing  Theory  Empirical Assessment and Policy Author Börje Johansson
ISBN-10 9789401109802
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 240
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Road pricing (tolls, etc.) as a means of generating revenue for infrastructure investment has become a major policy option in both Europe and North America. It can also be used as a policy in the management of traffic demand and flow, environmental objectives, and optimal resource allocation as regards the size of investments. Road pricing is assumed to be able to solve many problems simultaneously -- congestion control, pollution reduction, and investment financing. This volume assembles and assesses theoretical knowledge, empirical results and experiences of actual road pricing. In addition, the impact of new information technology on future policy formulation is considered.



Finance Economics and Economic Development 2005

Finance  Economics  and Economic Development  2005 Author
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0097628622
Release 2005
Pages 187
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Finance Economics and Economic Development 2005 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Finance Economics and Economic Development 2005 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Finance Economics and Economic Development 2005 book for free.



Port Economics

Port Economics Author Kevin Cullinane
ISBN-10 0080460070
Release 2006-06-22
Pages 260
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A port (or seaport) is a place that provides for the vessel transfer of cargo and passengers to and from waterways and shores. Port economics is concerned with the study of the economics of port services. Users of port services are those that utilize the port as part of the transportation process of moving cargo and passengers to and from origin and destination locations. Users include transportation carrriers such as shipping lines, railroads and trucking firms that perform these movements and shippers and individuals that provide the cargo and themselves as passengers to be transported. Port users demand port services, whereas port service providers such as the port terminal operator supply port services to port users. Port economics and shipping economics comprise the branch of economics known as maritime economics. This volume provides original contributions to the study of port economics: 1) the evolution of port economics; 2) economic theories of the port, port cost functions and port investment; and 3) empirical evidence on the relative efficiency of ports, the impact of ports on international maritime transport costs, the competitiveness of ports and the impact of deregulation on dockworker wages. *Provides original contributions to the study of port economics *Examines the evolution of port economics, economic theories of the port, and emprical evidence on the relative efficiency of ports, the impact of ports on transport costs, and the competitiveness of ports



Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport

Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport Author Christopher Nash
ISBN-10 0080456030
Release 2005-10-20
Pages 352
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Many transport economists have for some time proposed marginal social cost as the principle on which prices in the transport sector should be based and, in recent years, their prescription has come to be taken more and more seriously by policy-makers. However, in order to properly test the possible implications of implementing pricing based on marginal social cost and, ultimately, to introduce such a system, it is necessary to actually measure the marginal social costs concerned, and how they vary according to mode, time and context. This book reviews the transport pricing policy debate and reports on the significant advances made in measuring the marginal social costs of transport, particularly through UNITE and other European research projects. We look in turn at infrastructure, operating costs, user costs (both of congestion and of charges in frequency of scheduled transport services) accidents and environmental costs, and how these estimates have been used to examine the impact of marginal cost pricing in transport. We finish by examining how the results of case studies might be generalised to obtain estimates of marginal social costs for all circumstances and, finally, presenting our conclusions.



Implementing Congestion Charges

Implementing Congestion Charges Author Transport Research Centre
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D03034975Y
Release 2010
Pages 147
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"Recent advances in the scientific understanding of urban traffic congestion have only strengthened the already solid case for congestion charges as an element of a successful urban transport policy, but examples of real-world congestion charging systems remain few and far between. What can be done to improve the chances of their more widespread adoption in practice? This report draws lessons from attempts to introduce congestion charges. Technology is not an obstacle, and technologies should serve policy purposes instead of define them. Charging systems are not cheap and thus should only be used where congestion is severe. Public acceptance is seen to be the key to successful implementation. Although environmental benefits and careful deployment of toll revenues may improve acceptance, a charging system should never lose sight of its principal aim, which is to reduce congestion."--Publisher's description.



Journal of Transport Economics and Policy

Journal of Transport Economics and Policy Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015058753933
Release 2004
Pages
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Journal of Transport Economics and Policy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of Transport Economics and Policy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of Transport Economics and Policy book for free.



Netz konomie

Netz  konomie Author Günter Knieps
ISBN-10 9783834992314
Release 2007-10-28
Pages 212
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Die Netzökonomie liefert das mikroökonomische Instrumentarium zur Analyse von Netzsektoren, wie Telekommunikation, Luftfahrt, Schienen- und Straßenverkehr oder Energieversorgung. Dieses Buch zeigt, dass auf der Kosten- und Nutzenseite netzspezifische Besonderheiten existieren, die innovative unternehmerische Wettbewerbsstrategien erforderlich machen. Die theoretischen Analysen werden durch zahlreiche aktuelle Fallbeispiele anschaulich dargestellt. Durch Übungsaufgaben am jeweiligen Kapitelende kann der Leser sein erworbenes Wissen selbstständig überprüfen.