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Rock Quality Seismic Velocity Attenuation and Anisotropy

Rock Quality  Seismic Velocity  Attenuation and Anisotropy Author Nick Barton
ISBN-10 0203964454
Release 2007-01-24
Pages 729
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Seismic measurements take many forms, and appear to have a universal role in the Earth Sciences. They are the means for most easily and economically interpreting what lies beneath the visible surface. There are huge economic rewards and losses to be made when interpreting the shallow crust or subsurface more, or less accurately, as the case may be. This book describes seismic behaviour at many scales and from numerous fields in geophysics, tectonophysics and rock physics, and from civil, mining and petroleum engineering. Addressing key items for improved understanding of seismic behaviour, it often interprets seismic measurements in rock mechanics terms, with particular attention to the cause of attenuation, its inverse seismic quality, and the anisotropy of fracture compliances and stiffnesses. Reviewed behaviour stretches over ten orders of magnitude, from micro-crack compliance in laboratory tests to cross-continent attenuation. Between these extremes lie seismic investigation of rock joints, boreholes, block tests, dam and bridge foundations, quarry blasting, canal excavations, hydropower and transportation tunnels, machine bored TBM tunnels, sub-sea sediment and mid-ocean ridge measurements, where the emphasis is on velocity-depth-age models. Attenuation of earthquake coda-waves is also treated, including in-well measurements. In the later chapters, there is a general emphasis on deeper, higher stress, larger scale applications of seismic, such as shear-wave splitting for interpreting the attenuation, anisotropy and orientation of permeable 'open' fracture sets in petroleum reservoirs, and the 4D seismic effects of water-flood, oil production and compaction. The dispersive or frequency dependence of most seismic measurements and their dependence on fracture dimensions and fracture density is emphasized. The possibility that shear displacement may be required to explain permeability at depth is quantified. This book is cross-disciplinary, non-mathematical and phenomenological in nature, containing a wealth of figures and a wide review of the literature from many fields in the Earth Sciences. Including a chapter of conclusions and an extensive subject index, it is a unique reference work for professionals, researchers, university teachers and students working in the fields of geophysics, civil, mining and petroleum engineering. It will be particularly relevant to geophysicists, engineering geologists and geologists who are engaged in the interpretation of seismic measurements in rock and petroleum engineering.



Rock quality seismic velocity attenuation and anisotropy

Rock quality  seismic velocity  attenuation and anisotropy Author Nick Barton
ISBN-10 0415394414
Release 2006-10-31
Pages 729
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This cross-disciplinary work offers an exceptionally relevant examination of those aspects of earth science dealing with seismic behavior of fractured media. It delivers a lucid exploration of rock mechanics, examining the strengths and weakness of structures beneath the earth’s immediate surface. Deliberately non-mathematical and phenomenological in nature, this volume reviews examples of seismic measurements from various fields under widely varied conditions, supported by a wealth of figures drawn from a broad review of the literature. The last chapters delve into deeper, higher stress, and large scale applications, specifically fractured petroleum reservoirs and earthquake source zone interpretation.



Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization

Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization Author Vimal Saxena
ISBN-10 9780128123324
Release 2018-04-28
Pages 484
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The Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization combines in a single useful handbook the multidisciplinary domains of the petroleum industry, including the fundamental concepts of rock physics, acoustic logging, waveform processing, and geophysical application modeling through graphical examples derived from field data. It includes results from core studies, together with graphics that validate and support the modeling process, and explores all possible facets of acoustic applications in reservoir evaluation for hydrocarbon exploration, development, and drilling support. The Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization serves as a technical guide and research reference for oil and gas professionals, scientists, and students in the multidisciplinary field of reservoir characterization through the use of petrosonics. It overviews the fundamentals of borehole acoustics and rock physics, with a focus on reservoir evaluation applications, explores current advancements through updated research, and identifies areas of future growth. Presents theory, application, and limitations of borehole acoustics and rock physics through field examples and case studies Features "Petrosonic Workflows" for various acoustic applications and evaluations, which can be easily adapted for practical reservoir modeling and interpretation Covers the potential advantages of acoustic-based techniques and summarizes key results for easy geophysical application



Wave Fields in Real Media

Wave Fields in Real Media Author José M. Carcione
ISBN-10 008046890X
Release 2007-01-24
Pages 538
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This book examines the differences between an ideal and a real description of wave propagation, where ideal means an elastic (lossless), isotropic and single-phase medium, and real means an anelastic, anisotropic and multi-phase medium. The analysis starts by introducing the relevant stress-strain relation. This relation and the equations of momentum conservation are combined to give the equation of motion. The differential formulation is written in terms of memory variables, and Biot's theory is used to describe wave propagation in porous media. For each rheology, a plane-wave analysis is performed in order to understand the physics of wave propagation. The book contains a review of the main direct numerical methods for solving the equation of motion in the time and space domains. The emphasis is on geophysical applications for seismic exploration, but researchers in the fields of earthquake seismology, rock acoustics, and material science - including many branches of acoustics of fluids and solids - may also find this text useful. * Presents the fundamentals of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porus media * Contains a new chapter on the analogy between acoustic and electromagnetic waves, incorporating the subject of electromagnetic waves * Emphasizes geophysics, particularly, seismic exploration for hydrocarbon reservoirs, which is essential for exploration and production of oil



TBM Tunnelling in Jointed and Faulted Rock

TBM Tunnelling in Jointed and Faulted Rock Author Nick R. Barton
ISBN-10 9058093417
Release 2000-01-01
Pages 184
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This practical guide describes the stage-by-stage development of a method for predicting the penetration rate (PR) and the advance rate (AR) for tunnel boring machines based on an expanded version of the Q-value, QTBM. The author analyzes 145 TBM tunnels that total 1,000km in length. He then develops simple formulae to estimate PR and AR from the QTBM value and to back-calculate QTBM from performance data. The book quantitatively explains actual advance rates as high as five m/hr for one day or as low as 0.005 m/hr for several months. It also covers logging methods, empirical TBM tunnel support design, and numerical verification of support.



Introduction to Seismology

Introduction to Seismology Author Peter M. Shearer
ISBN-10 9781139478755
Release 2009-06-11
Pages
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This book provides an approachable and concise introduction to seismic theory, designed as a first course for undergraduate students. It clearly explains the fundamental concepts, emphasizing intuitive understanding over lengthy derivations. Incorporating over 30% new material, this second edition includes all the topics needed for a one-semester course in seismology. Additional material has been added throughout including numerical methods, 3-D ray tracing, earthquake location, attenuation, normal modes, and receiver functions. The chapter on earthquakes and source theory has been extensively revised and enlarged, and now includes details on non-double-couple sources, earthquake scaling, radiated energy, and finite slip inversions. Each chapter includes worked problems and detailed exercises that give students the opportunity to apply the techniques they have learned to compute results of interest and to illustrate the Earth's seismic properties. Computer subroutines and datasets for use in the exercises are available at www.cambridge.org/shearer.



The Rock Physics Handbook

The Rock Physics Handbook Author Gary Mavko
ISBN-10 9780521861366
Release 2009-04-30
Pages 511
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A significantly expanded new edition of this practical guide to rock physics and geophysical interpretation for reservoir geophysicists and engineers.



Acoustics of Porous Media

Acoustics of Porous Media Author Thierry Bourbié
ISBN-10 2710805162
Release 1987-01-01
Pages 334
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Acoustics of Porous Media has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Acoustics of Porous Media also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Acoustics of Porous Media book for free.



Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media

Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media Author Brian Kennett
ISBN-10 9781921536731
Release 2009-05-01
Pages 288
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Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media presents a systematic treatment of the interaction of seismic waves with Earth structure. The theoretical development is physically based and is closely tied to the nature of the seismograms observed across a wide range of distance scales - from a few kilometres as in shallow reflection work for geophysical prospecting, to many thousands of kilometres for major earthquakes. A unified framework is presented for all classes of seismic phenomena, for both body waves and surface waves. Since its first publication in 1983 this book has been an important resource for understanding the way in which seismic waves can be understood in terms of reflection and transmission properties of Earth models, and how complete theoretical seismograms can be calculated. The methods allow the development of specific approximations that allow concentration on different seismic arrivals and hence provide a direct tie to seismic observations.



Seismic Reflections of Rock Properties

Seismic Reflections of Rock Properties Author Jack Dvorkin
ISBN-10 9780521899192
Release 2014-03-13
Pages 338
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An accessible guide to using the rock physics-based forward modeling approach for seismic subsurface mapping, for researchers and petroleum geologists.



Rock Mechanics for Resources Energy and Environment

Rock Mechanics for Resources  Energy and Environment Author Marek Kwasniewski
ISBN-10 9781482229073
Release 2013-09-11
Pages 1000
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This book contains the Proceedings of EUROCK 2013 – The 2013 ISRM International Symposium, which was held on 23-26 September 2013 in Wrocław, Poland. The Symposium was organized by the ISRM National Group POLAND and the Institute of Geotechnics and Hydrotechnics of the Wrocław Institute of Technology. The focus of the Symposium was on recent developments in the field of rock mechanics with an emphasis on the application of rock mechanics to the extraction of natural resources, securing energy supplies and protecting of the environment surrounding rock that is subjected to engineering activities. The main topics, which were covered in the 150 papers (including six keynote papers) that make up this book are: rock mass characterization, laboratory and in-situ testing, constitutive models and numerical modeling, mathematical modeling of THM processes in rocks, mine design and ground control, underground storage and waste disposal, slope and open pit stability, dynamic phenomena in rock masses, design methodology in rock engineering, mechanical breakage of rocks, rock tunnel excavation and support, petroleum rock mechanics and geological CO2 sequestration. The book also includes the 2013 ISRM Franklin Lecture by A. Goricki on the engineering aspects of geotechnical tunnel design. The book will be of interest and value to rock mechanics researchers as well as to professionals who are involved in the various branches of rock engineering.



Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow

Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow Author Committee on Fracture Characterization and Fluid Flow
ISBN-10 9780309049962
Release 1996-08-27
Pages 568
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Scientific understanding of fluid flow in rock fractures--a process underlying contemporary earth science problems from the search for petroleum to the controversy over nuclear waste storage--has grown significantly in the past 20 years. This volume presents a comprehensive report on the state of the field, with an interdisciplinary viewpoint, case studies of fracture sites, illustrations, conclusions, and research recommendations. The book addresses these questions: How can fractures that are significant hydraulic conductors be identified, located, and characterized? How do flow and transport occur in fracture systems? How can changes in fracture systems be predicted and controlled? Among other topics, the committee provides a geomechanical understanding of fracture formation, reviews methods for detecting subsurface fractures, and looks at the use of hydraulic and tracer tests to investigate fluid flow. The volume examines the state of conceptual and mathematical modeling, and it provides a useful framework for understanding the complexity of fracture changes that occur during fluid pumping and other engineering practices. With a practical and multidisciplinary outlook, this volume will be welcomed by geologists, petroleum geologists, geoengineers, geophysicists, hydrologists, researchers, educators and students in these fields, and public officials involved in geological projects.



Rock Mechanics in Civil and Environmental Engineering

Rock Mechanics in Civil and Environmental Engineering Author Jian Zhao
ISBN-10 9780203840696
Release 2010-05-19
Pages 884
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During the last two decades rock mechanics in Europe has been undergoing some major transformation. The reduction of mining activities in Europe affects heavily on rock mechanics teaching and research at universities and institutes. At the same time, new emerging activities, notably, underground infrastructure construction, geothermal energy development, radioactive waste and CO2 repository, and natural hazard management, are creating new opportunities of research and engineering. Rock mechanics today is closely associated with, and indeed part of, construction, energy, and environmental engineering. Rock Mechanics in Civil and Environmental Engineering collects 200 papers presented at the European Rock Mechanics Symposium EUROCK 2010, covering recent developments in rock mechanics. Topics include: rock mechanics theory, rock dynamics and rate dependent behaviour, laboratory and field test techniques, numerical modelling methods, and rock mechanics applications to engineering design, tunnel excavation and support, slope stabilisation, radioactive waste repository, petroleum and hydropower energy, earthquake and natural hazard management. The book will be invaluable to academics and engineers involved and interested in rock mechanics and rock.



Treatise on geophysics

Treatise on geophysics Author G. David Price
ISBN-10 0444519289
Release 2007
Pages 642
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Treatise on geophysics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Treatise on geophysics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Treatise on geophysics book for free.



Physical Properties of Rocks

Physical Properties of Rocks Author Juergen H. Schön
ISBN-10 9780081004234
Release 2015-11-26
Pages 512
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The interpretation of geophysical data in exploration geophysics, well logging, engineering, mining and environmental geophysics requires knowledge of the physical properties of rocks and their correlations. Physical properties are a "key" for combined interpretation techniques. The study of rock physics provides an interdisciplinary treatment of physical properties, whether related to geophysical, geotechnical, hydrological or geological methodology. Physical Properties of Rocks, 2nd Edition, describes the physical fundamentals of rock properties, based on typical experimental results and relevant theories and models. It provides readers with all relevant rock properties and their interrelationships in one concise volume. Furthermore, it guides the reader through experimental and theoretical knowledge in order to handle models and theories in practice. Throughout the book the author focuses on the problems of applied geophysics with respect to exploration and the expanding field of applications in engineering and mining geophysics, geotechnics, hydrology and environmental problems, and the properties under the conditions of the upper Earth crust. Physical Properties of Rocks, Second Edition, guides readers through a systematic presentation of all relevant physical properties and their interrelationships in parallel with experimental and theoretical basic knowledge and a guide for handling core models and theories



Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production Author Niranjan C. Nanda
ISBN-10 9783319264912
Release 2016-03-10
Pages 224
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This book introduces readers to the field of seismic data interpretation and evaluation, covering themes such as petroleum exploration and high resolution seismic data. It helps geoscientists and engineers who are practitioners in this area to both understand and to avoid the potential pitfalls of interpreting and evaluating such data, especially the over-reliance on sophisticated software packages and workstations alongside a lack of grasp on the elementary principles of geology and geophysics. Chapters elaborate on the necessary principles, from topics like seismic wave propagation and rock-fluid parameters to seismic modeling and inversions, explaining the need to understand geological implications. The difference between interpretation of data and its evaluation is highlighted and the author encourages imaginative, logical and practical application of knowledge. Readers will appreciate the exquisite illustrations included with the accessibly written text, which simplify the process of learning about interpretation of seismic data. This multidisciplinary, integrated and practical approach to data evaluation will prove to be a valuable tool for students and young professionals, especially those connected with oil companies.



Atmosphere Ocean and Climate Dynamics

Atmosphere  Ocean and Climate Dynamics Author John Marshall
ISBN-10 9780080954653
Release 1986-04-21
Pages 344
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For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.