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Savage Century

Savage Century Author Thérèse Delpech
ISBN-10 9780870032769
Release 2013
Pages 232
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At the dawn of the twentieth century, observers heralded a new era of social progress, seemingly limitless technological advances, and world peace. But within only a few years, the world was perched on the brink of war, revolution, and human misery on an unprecedented scale. Is it possible that today, in the early twenty-first century, we are on the verge of similar, tumultuous times? Blending a detailed knowledge of international security affairs with history, philosophy, psychology, and literature, Th?r?se Delpech vividly reminds us of the signs and warnings that were missed as the civilized world failed to prevent both world wars, the Holocaust, Soviet death camps, and Cambodian killing fields that made the twentieth century so deadly. Drawing a parallel between 1905 and 2005, Delpech warns that it could happen again in this current era of increasing international violence and global lawlessness. She looks ahead to imagine various scenarios and regions that could become flashpoints in the future.Winner of the 2005 Prix Femina de l'essai.Praise for the original French edition, L'EnsauvagementOne doesn't know what to admire most in this book: the precision of information, the scope of reference, the originality of the approach? OCoLe Nouvel ObservateurFrom Iranian nuclear ambitions to the Taiwan question, Delpech reviews all the situations which might lead mankind to succumb to the perennial temptation of savageryOCoa passionate and lucid book. OCoL'argus de la presseL'ensauvagement transcends its surface content, articulating great hope that our reason and will might take hold and overcome unreason. OCoPolitique ?trang?reCombining introspection and prediction, geopolitics and philosophy, Th?r?se Delpech has issued a warning cry. OCoPolitique Internationale"



Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century

Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century Author Thérèse Delpech
ISBN-10 9780833059444
Release 2012-03-28
Pages 196
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Deterrence remains a primary doctrine for dealing with the threat of nuclear weapons in the 21st century. The author reviews the history of nuclear deterrence and calls for a renewed intellectual effort to address the relevance of concepts such as first strike, escalation, extended deterrence, and other Cold War-era strategies in today's complex world of additional superpowers, smaller nuclear powers, and nonstate actors.



Introduction to International and Global Studies

Introduction to International and Global Studies Author Shawn C. Smallman
ISBN-10 9780807871751
Release 2011
Pages 411
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This innovative introduction to international and global studies offers instructors in both the humanities and the social sciences an up-to-date and comprehensive approach to teaching undergraduates in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field. Shawn S



The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research Author Alex P. Schmid
ISBN-10 9781136810404
Release 2011-02-25
Pages 736
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This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.



Unfinished peace

Unfinished peace Author International Commission on the Balkans
ISBN-10 087003118X
Release 1996
Pages 197
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The guns have fallen silent in the former Yugoslavia. But the Dayton truce has yet to become a lasting peace. Peace in the Balkans remain threatened not only by the possibility of a new war in Bosnia, but also by unresolved conflict in Kosova and Macedonia. At the end of the twentieth century, as at its beginning, the Balkans stand at a crossroads, facing the choice of being marginalized, or overcoming their problems and creating the conditions for their integration into the European mainstream. The stakes for the West are also high. Another war in the region might not threaten the West directly, but it would have a corrosive effect on Western unity. Stopping a new conflagration would require a large-scale Western intervention; another failure to intervene would raise more questions about what values the Western democracies are willing to defend. The International Commission on the Balkans was established in July 1995 by the Aspen Institute Berlin and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to provide an independent perspective on the region's continuing problems and to propose a concerted Western approach to long-term stability. The Commission - drawing on its extensive, high-level, and politically comprehensive discussions throughout the region - investigates the causes of the recent Balkan conflicts and provides an independent assessment of the European, American, and U.N. responses to them. It calls for a wide range of stabilizing measures - including proposals for the treatment of minorities, the promotion of democracy, and Balkan cooperation. To be effective, the Commission warns, such efforts must be reinforced by NATO's continuing and coherent military engagement.



The gospel of Wealth Essays and Other Writings

The  gospel of Wealth  Essays and Other Writings Author Andrew Carnegie
ISBN-10 014303989X
Release 2006
Pages 109
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In the essay, Carnegie argues that the accumulation of wealth is beneficial to society and the government should take no action to impede it. He wrote, "The man who dies rich dies disgraced." and practiced what he preached and spent his last years giving away his vast fortune.



War Against War

War Against War Author Michael Kazin
ISBN-10 9781476705910
Release 2018-01-16
Pages 400
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The story of the movement that came close to keeping the United States out of World War I. This book is about the Americans who tried to stop their nation from fighting in this destructive war and then were hounded by the government when they refused to back down. Kazin brings us into the ranks of the largest, most diverse, and most sophisticated peace coalition up to that point in US history. They came from a variety of backgrounds: classes, communities, races, and religions. They mounted street demonstrations and popular exhibitions, attracted prominent leaders from the labor and suffrage movements, ran peace candidates for local and federal office, and founded new organizations that endured beyond the cause. For almost three years, they helped prevent Congress from authorizing a massive increase in the size of the US army. Soon after the end of the Great War, most Americans believed it had not been worth fighting. And when its bitter legacy led to the next world war, the warnings of these peace activists turned into a tragic prophecy--and the beginning of a surveillance state that still endures today. War Against War is an account of a major turning point in the history of the United States and the world.--From statement provided by publisher.



Postwar

Postwar Author Tony Judt
ISBN-10 9781446418024
Release 2011-01-11
Pages 960
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Europe in 1945 was prostrate. Much of the continent was devastated by war, mass slaughter, bombing and chaos. Large areas of Eastern Europe were falling under Soviet control, exchanging one despotism for another. Today, the Soviet Union is no more and the democracies of the European Union reach as far as the borders of Russia itself. Postwar tells the rich and complex story of how we got from there to here. Running right up to the Iraq war and the election of Benedict XVI, Postwar makes sense of Europe's recent history and identity, of what Europe is and has been. It is nothing less than a masterpiece. Shortlisted for the Pulitzer and Samuel Johnson Prizes. Winner of the Arthur Ross Book Award.



Foundations of Modern International Thought

Foundations of Modern International Thought Author David Armitage
ISBN-10 9780521807074
Release 2013
Pages 300
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This insightful and wide-ranging volume traces the genesis of international intellectual thought, connecting international and global history with intellectual history.



Monster of the Twentieth Century

Monster of the Twentieth Century Author Robert Thomas Tierney
ISBN-10 9780520286344
Release 2015-06-09
Pages 280
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Includes the first English translation of Kotoku Shusui's Imperialism by Robert Thomas Tierney.



Persian Fire

Persian Fire Author Tom Holland
ISBN-10 9780748131037
Release 2011-04-21
Pages 448
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In 480 BC, Xerxes, the King of Persia, led an invasion of mainland Greece. Its success should have been a formality. For seventy years, victory - rapid, spectacular victory - had seemed the birthright of the Persian Empire. In the space of a single generation, they had swept across the Near East, shattering ancient kingdoms, storming famous cities, putting together an empire which stretched from India to the shores of the Aegean. As a result of those conquests, Xerxes ruled as the most powerful man on the planet. Yet somehow, astonishingly, against the largest expeditionary force ever assembled, the Greeks of the mainland managed to hold out. The Persians were turned back. Greece remained free. Had the Greeks been defeated at Salamis, not only would the West have lost its first struggle for independence and survival, but it is unlikely that there would ever have been such and entity as the West at all. Tom Holland's brilliant new book describes the very first 'clash of Empires' between East and West. Once again he has found extraordinary parallels between the ancient world and our own. There is no competing popular book describing these events.



Barbarian Virtues

Barbarian Virtues Author Matthew Frye Jacobson
ISBN-10 9780809016280
Release 2001-04-16
Pages 324
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This book is an examination of national identity in a crucial period. The United States first announced its power on the international scene at the Centennial Exhibition in 1876 and first demonstrated that power during World War I. The years in between were a period of dramatic change, when the dynamics of industrialization rapidly accelerated the rate at which Americans were coming in contact with foreign peoples, both at home and abroad. In this work, the author shows how American conceptions of peoplehood, citizenship, and national identity were transformed in these crucial years by escalating economic and military involvements abroad and by the massive influx of immigrants at home. Drawing upon a diverse range of sources, not only traditional political documents, but also novels, travelogues, academic treatises, and art, he demonstrates the close relationship between immigration and expansionism. By bridging these two areas, so often left separate, he rethinks the texture of American political life in a keenly argued and persuasive history. This book shows how these years set the stage for today's attitudes and ideas about "Americanism" and about immigrants and foreign policy, from Border Watch to the Gulf War.



On Compromise and Rotten Compromises

On Compromise and Rotten Compromises Author Avishai Margalit
ISBN-10 9781400831210
Release 2009-10-12
Pages 240
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When is political compromise acceptable--and when is it fundamentally rotten, something we should never accept, come what may? What if a rotten compromise is politically necessary? Compromise is a great political virtue, especially for the sake of peace. But, as Avishai Margalit argues, there are moral limits to acceptable compromise even for peace. But just what are those limits? At what point does peace secured with compromise become unjust? Focusing attention on vitally important questions that have received surprisingly little attention, Margalit argues that we should be concerned not only with what makes a just war, but also with what kind of compromise allows for a just peace. Examining a wide range of examples, including the Munich Agreement, the Yalta Conference, and Arab-Israeli peace negotiations, Margalit provides a searching examination of the nature of political compromise in its various forms. Combining philosophy, politics, and history, and written in a vivid and accessible style, On Compromise and Rotten Compromises is full of surprising new insights about war, peace, justice, and sectarianism.



Brazil Imagined

Brazil Imagined Author Darlene J. Sadlier
ISBN-10 9780292774735
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 408
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The first comprehensive cultural history of Brazil to be written in English, Brazil Imagined: 1500 to the Present captures the role of the artistic imaginary in shaping Brazil's national identity. Analyzing representations of Brazil throughout the world, this ambitious survey demonstrates the ways in which life in one of the world's largest nations has been conceived and revised in visual arts, literature, film, and a variety of other media. Beginning with the first explorations of Brazil by the Portuguese, Darlene J. Sadlier incorporates extensive source material, including paintings, historiographies, letters, poetry, novels, architecture, and mass media to trace the nation's shifting sense of its own history. Topics include the oscillating themes of Edenic and cannibal encounters, Dutch representations of Brazil, regal constructs, the literary imaginary, Modernist utopias, "good neighbor" protocols, and filmmakers' revolutionary and dystopian images of Brazil. A magnificent panoramic study of race, imperialism, natural resources, and other themes in the Brazilian experience, this landmark work is a boon to the field.



Chesterton on War and Peace

Chesterton on War and Peace Author G. K. Chesterton
ISBN-10 1587420627
Release 2008
Pages 447
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In articles written before, during, and just after World War I, G. K. Chesterton describes what has gone wrong with Germany and warns that, if the nation is not forced to change, this war will followed by a still more horrible war. He criticizes attempts to maintain the peace advocated by internationalists, militarists, and pacifists. (The policies he advocated were similar to NATO and Cold War containment.) He harshly criticizes Teutonism, a then-fashionable form of racism that would mutate into Nazi racism, making him one of Nazism's first critics. The articles have comments explaining the context in which Chesterton wrote. Appendices contain remarks about war from Thomas Aquinas, Winston Churchill, Norman Angell, Bernard Shaw, Bertrand Russell, Mahatma Gandhi, and H. G. Wells.



Contending Visions of the Middle East

Contending Visions of the Middle East Author Zachary Lockman
ISBN-10 9780521115872
Release 2010
Pages 316
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This second edition considers how the 'global war on terror' has changed the way the West views the Islamic world.



Why Nations Fail

Why Nations Fail Author Daron Acemoglu
ISBN-10 9781847654618
Release 2012-03-08
Pages 320
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Shortlisted for the Financial Times and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award 2012. Why are some nations more prosperous than others? Why Nations Fail sets out to answer this question, with a compelling and elegantly argued new theory: that it is not down to climate, geography or culture, but because of institutions. Drawing on an extraordinary range of contemporary and historical examples, from ancient Rome through the Tudors to modern-day China, leading academics Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson show that to invest and prosper, people need to know that if they work hard, they can make money and actually keep it - and this means sound institutions that allow virtuous circles of innovation, expansion and peace. Based on fifteen years of research, and answering the competing arguments of authors ranging from Max Weber to Jeffrey Sachs and Jared Diamond, Acemoglu and Robinson step boldly into the territory of Francis Fukuyama and Ian Morris. They blend economics, politics, history and current affairs to provide a new, powerful and persuasive way of understanding wealth and poverty.