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Scalable Green Chemistry

Scalable Green Chemistry Author Stefan Koenig
ISBN-10 9789814364812
Release 2013-09-11
Pages 350
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Packed with real-world examples, this book illustrates the 12 principles of green chemistry. These diverse case studies demonstrate to scientists and students that beyond the theory, the challenges of green chemistry in pharmaceutical discovery and development remain an ongoing endeavor. By informing and welcoming additional practitioners to this mission, the negative environmental impact of pharmaceutical products will continue to be minimized. Green chemistry is the methodology by which chemical production in this industry can become more efficient, adding environmental stewardship to the noble mission of treating human disease.



Green Metrics

Green Metrics Author
ISBN-10 9783527695263
Release 2018-02-01
Pages 400
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There has been dramatic growth in the community of researchers and industrialists working in the area of Green Chemistry. There has been an increasing recognition by a wide-range of scientists and engineers in the chemical enterprise that the framework of Green Chemistry is relevant and enabling to their work. There has been a significant body of work that has accumulated over the past decade that details the breakthroughs, innovation and creativity within Green Chemistry and Engineering. While there have been edited volumes on Green Chemistry that collect a limited number of papers often on a particular topic area, there is not currently a series that seeks to provide a more comprehensive overview of the current state of the science. The lack of this type of series is a notable niche for which the continually growing Green Chemistry and engineering community would value and welcome.



Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry Author Wei Zhang
ISBN-10 9781119288176
Release 2018-01-16
Pages 728
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An updated overview of the rapidly developing field of green techniques for organic synthesis and medicinal chemistry Green chemistry remains a high priority in modern organic synthesis and pharmaceutical R&D, with important environmental and economic implications. This book presents comprehensive coverage of green chemistry techniques for organic and medicinal chemistry applications, summarizing the available new technologies, analyzing each technique’s features and green chemistry characteristics, and providing examples to demonstrate applications for green organic synthesis and medicinal chemistry. The extensively revised edition of Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry includes 7 entirely new chapters on topics including green chemistry and innovation, green chemistry metrics, green chemistry and biological drugs, and the business case for green chemistry in the generic pharmaceutical industry. It is divided into 4 parts. The first part introduces readers to the concepts of green chemistry and green engineering, global environmental regulations, green analytical chemistry, green solvents, and green chemistry metrics. The other three sections cover green catalysis, green synthetic techniques, and green techniques and strategies in the pharmaceutical industry. Includes more than 30% new and updated material—plus seven brand new chapters Edited by highly regarded experts in the field (Berkeley Cue is one of the fathers of Green Chemistry in Pharma) with backgrounds in academia and industry Brings together a team of international authors from academia, industry, government agencies, and consultancies (including John Warner, one of the founders of the field of Green Chemistry) Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry, Second Edition is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.



Sustainable Flow Chemistry

Sustainable Flow Chemistry Author Luigi Vaccaro
ISBN-10 9783527689088
Release 2017-03-14
Pages 336
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This ready reference not only presents the hot and emerging topic of modern flow chemistry, it is also unique in illustrating the important connection to sustainable chemistry. Focusing on more sustainable methods and applications, the text extensively covers every important field from reaction time optimization to waste minimization, and from safety improvements to microwave applications. In addition, green metrics are presented as a key aspect of the book, helping readers to evaluate the efficiency of flow technologies and their impact on the overall efficiency of a chemical process. An invaluable handbook for every chemist working in the laboratory, whether in academia or industry.



Transition Metal Catalyzed Couplings in Process Chemistry

Transition Metal Catalyzed Couplings in Process Chemistry Author Javier Magano
ISBN-10 9783527658923
Release 2013-07-03
Pages 401
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Transition metal-catalyzed coupling reactions have a rich history that led to the awarding of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Professors Suzuki, Heck, and Negishi for their pioneering contributions to the field. The coming of age of this active area of research is showcased in this book through case studies in which process chemists from the pharmaceutical industry share their personal experiences developing their own transition metal-catalyzed couplings for the large-scale manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients. Authors from Pfizer, Merck, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Novartis, Amgen, GSK, AstraZeneca, and other companies describe the evolution of robust coupling processes from inception through early and late development, including commercial routes where applicable. This book covers a wide range of coupling transformations while capturing the lessons learned from each process. Every case study details the optimization of at least one transition metal-catalyzed coupling while elaborating on issues such as design of experiments, scalability and throughput, product purification, process safety, and waste management. The important issue of metal removal and the different technologies available to accomplish this goal are also addressed. Finally, a section covers novel technologies for cross-coupling with high potential for future applications on a large scale, such as microwave and flow chemistry as well as green cross-couplings performed in water. With Forewords by Stephen L. Buchwald, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Trevor Laird, Editor of Organic Process Research and Development and Neal G. Anderson, Anderson's Process Solutions LLC.



Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry Author Kumar Gadamasetti
ISBN-10 0824719816
Release 1999-05-06
Pages 500
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Providing guidance for chemists and other scientists entering pharmaceutical discovery and development, this up-to-the-minute reference presents contributions from an international group of nearly 50 renowned researchers—offering a solid grounding in synthetic and physical organic chemistry, and clarifying the roles of various specialties in the development of new drugs. Featuring over 1000 references, tables, and illustrations, Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry is sure to find its way to the bookshelves of organic, physical, analytical, process, and medicinal chemists and biochemists; pharmacists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.



The Management of Chemical Process Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry

The Management of Chemical Process Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry Author Derek Walker
ISBN-10 9780470259504
Release 2008-03-03
Pages 370
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Here is a practical guide that not only presents insights into the organization and management of the disciplines involved in chemical process development but also provides basic knowledge of these disciplines, enabling process development practitioners to recognize and assimilate them in their work. This book illustrates practical considerations through many examples of the successful direction and integration of the activities of chemists, analysts, chemical engineers, and biologists, as well as safety, regulatory, and environmental professionals in productive teams. Moreover, this reference provides guidance on: Directing and carrying out specific tasks and courses of action Making and communicating clear and achievable decisions Solving problems on the spot Managing the administrative aspects of chemical process development The author, Dr. Derek Walker, has directed chemical process development work for four decades, combining firsthand chemical synthesis experience with many other disciplines needed to create chemical processes. You will benefit from his advice and unique insights into: Understanding the workings of matrix organizations Defining missions and creating action plans Developing interdisciplinary approaches to problem solving Holding review meetings, revising goals, and motivating staff Prioritizing programs and responses to emergencies In addition, you'll learn how successful chemists, in collaboration with other disciplines, define the best (green) chemistry for process scale-up, including accommodating FDA requirements in the last process steps and addressing safety and environmental matters early in their work. Case studies provide incisive perspective on these issues. A chapter on recognizing and patenting intellectual property emphasizes the importance of comprehensive literature surveys and understanding invention. A chapter on the future challenges you to think beyond narrow constraints and explore new horizons.



Case Studies in Modern Drug Discovery and Development

Case Studies in Modern Drug Discovery and Development Author Xianhai Huang
ISBN-10 9781118219676
Release 2012-04-19
Pages 472
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Learn why some drug discovery and development efforts succeed . . . and others fail Written by international experts in drug discovery and development, this book sets forth carefully researched and analyzed case studies of both successful and failed drug discovery and development efforts, enabling medicinal chemists and pharmaceutical scientists to learn from actual examples. Each case study focuses on a particular drug and therapeutic target, guiding readers through the drug discovery and development process, including drug design rationale, structure-activity relationships, pharmacology, drug metabolism, biology, and clinical studies. Case Studies in Modern Drug Discovery and Development begins with an introductory chapter that puts into perspective the underlying issues facing the pharmaceutical industry and provides insight into future research opportunities. Next, there are fourteen detailed case studies, examining: All phases of drug discovery and development from initial idea to commercialization Some of today's most important and life-saving medications Drugs designed for different therapeutic areas such as cardiovascular disease, infection, inflammation, cancer, metabolic syndrome, and allergies Examples of prodrugs and inhaled drugs Reasons why certain drugs failed to advance to market despite major research investments Each chapter ends with a list of references leading to the primary literature. There are also plenty of tables and illustrations to help readers fully understand key concepts, processes, and technologies. Improving the success rate of the drug discovery and development process is paramount to the pharmaceutical industry. With this book as their guide, readers can learn from both successful and unsuccessful efforts in order to apply tested and proven science and technologies that increase the probability of success for new drug discovery and development projects.



Natural Product Extraction

Natural Product Extraction Author Mauricio A Rostagno
ISBN-10 9781849737579
Release 2013-05-24
Pages 450
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Natural products are sought after by the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries, and research continues into their potential for new applications. Extraction of natural products in an economic and environmentally-friendly way is of high importance to all industries involved. This book presents a holistic and in-depth view of the techniques available for extracting natural products, with modern and more environmentally-benign methods, such as ultrasound and supercritical fluids discussed alongside conventional methods. Examples and case studies are presented, along with the decision-making process needed to determine the most appropriate method. Where appropriate, scale-up and process integration is discussed. Relevant to researchers in academia and industry, and students aiming for either career path, Natural Product Extraction presents a handy digest of the current trends and latest developments in the field with concepts of Green Chemistry in mind.



Pharmaceutical Process Development

Pharmaceutical Process Development Author John Blacker
ISBN-10 9781849733076
Release 2011-08-17
Pages 374
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Pharmaceutical process research and development is an exacting, multidisciplinary effort but a somewhat neglected discipline in the chemical curriculum. This book presents an overview of the many facets of process development and how recent advances in synthetic organic chemistry, process technology and chemical engineering have impacted on the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. In 15 concise chapters the book covers such diverse subjects as route selection and economics, the interface with medicinal chemistry, the impact of green chemistry, safety, the crucial role of physical organic measurements in gaining a deeper understanding of chemical behaviour, the role of the analyst, new tools and innovations in reactor design, purification and separation, solid state chemistry and its role in formulation. The book ends with an assessment of future trends and challenges. The book provides a valuable overview of: both early and late stage chemical development, how safe and scaleable synthetic routes are designed, selected and developed, the importance of the chemical engineering, analytical and manufacturing interfaces, the key enabling technologies, including catalysis and biocatalysis, the importance of the green chemical perspective and solid form issues. The book, written and edited by experts in the field, is a contemporary, holistic treatise, with a logical sequence for process development and mini-case histories within the chapters to bring alive different aspects of the process. It is completely pharmaceutical themed, encompassing all essential aspects, from route and reagent selection to manufacture of the active compound. The book is aimed at both graduates and postgraduates interested in a career in the pharmaceutical industry. It informs them about the breadth of the work carried out in chemical research and development departments, and gives them a feel for the challenges involved in the job. The book is also of value to academics who often understand the drug discovery arena, but have far less appreciation of the drug development area, and are thus unable to advise their students about the relative merits of careers in chemical development versus discovery.



Practical Medicinal Chemistry with Macrocycles

Practical Medicinal Chemistry with Macrocycles Author Eric Marsault
ISBN-10 9781119092568
Release 2017-09-12
Pages 624
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Including case studies of macrocyclic marketed drugs and macrocycles in drug development, this book helps medicinal chemists deal with the synthetic and conceptual challenges of macrocycles in drug discovery efforts. Provides needed background to build a program in macrocycle drug discovery –design criteria, macrocycle profiles, applications, and limitations Features chapters contributed from leading international figures involved in macrocyclic drug discovery efforts Covers design criteria, typical profile of current macrocycles, applications, and limitations



Sustainable Catalysis

Sustainable Catalysis Author Peter J. Dunn
ISBN-10 9781118354513
Release 2013-04-01
Pages 440
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Opens the door to the sustainable production of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals Driven by both public demand and government regulations, pharmaceutical and fine chemical manufacturers are increasingly seeking to replace stoichiometric reagents used in synthetic transformations with catalytic routes in order to develop greener, safer, and more cost-effective chemical processes. This book supports the discovery, development, and implementation of new catalytic methodologies on a process scale, opening the door to the sustainable production of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals. Pairing contributions from leading academic and industrial researchers, Sustainable Catalysis focuses on key areas that are particularly important for the fine chemical and pharmaceutical industries, including chemo-, bio-, and organo-catalytic approaches to C–H, C–N, and C–C bond-forming reactions. Chapters include academic overviews of current innovations and industrial case studies at the process scale, providing new insights into green catalytic methodologies from proof-of-concept to their applications in the synthesis of target organic molecules. Sustainable Catalysis provides the foundation needed to develop sustainable green synthetic procedures, with coverage of such emerging topics as: Catalytic reduction of amides avoiding LiAlH4 or B2H6 Synthesis of chiral amines using transaminases Industrial applications of boric acid and boronic acid catalyzed direct amidation reactions C–H activation of heteroaromatics Organocatalysis for asymmetric synthesis Offering a balanced perspective on current limitations, challenges, and solutions, Sustainable Catalysis is recommended for synthetic organic chemists seeking to develop new methodologies and for industrial chemists dedicated to large-scale process development.



Practical Process Research and Development

Practical Process Research and Development Author Neal G. Anderson
ISBN-10 9780080514482
Release 2000-06-05
Pages 354
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This book provides a comprehensive, step-by-step approach to organic process research and development in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural chemical industries. Process R&D describes the steps taken, following synthesis and evaluation, to bring key compounds to market in a cost-effective manner. More people are being hired for work in this area as increasing numbers of drug candidates are identified through combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening. The book is directed to industrial (primarily organic) chemists, and academicians (particularly those involved in a growing number of start-up companies) and students who need insight into industrial process R&D. Current books do not describe hands-on, step-by-step, approaches to solving process development problems, including route, reagent, and solvent selection; optimising catalytic reactions; chiral syntheses; and "green chemistry." "Practical Process Research and Development" will be a valuable resource for researchers, managers, and graduate students. Provides insights into generating rugged, practical, cost-effective processes for the chemical preparation of "small molecules" Breaks down process optimization into route, reagent and solvent selection, development of reaction conditions, workup, crystallizations and more Includes over 100 tips for rapid process development Presents guidelines for implementing and troubleshooting processes



Green Nanotechnology

Green Nanotechnology Author Oleg Figovsky
ISBN-10 9781351858625
Release 2017-09-01
Pages 538
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Green nanotechnology has two goals: producing nanomaterials and products without harming the environment or human health, and producing nanoproducts that provide solutions to environmental problems. It uses existing principles of green chemistry and green engineering to make nanomaterials and nanoproducts without toxic ingredients, at low temperatures using less energy and renewable inputs wherever possible, and using lifecycle thinking in all design and engineering stages. The production and process aspects of green nanotechnology involve both making nanomaterials in a more environmentally benign fashion and using nanomaterials to make current chemical processes more environmentally acceptable. This book contains information about advanced nanomaterials that can be produced without harming the environment or human health. This encompasses the production of nanomaterials without environmental toxicity, at room temperature and with the use of renewable energy sources. The book contains the descriptions and results of theoretical and experimental researches in the field of environment friendly nanotechnology carried out over the past decade by the scientific team of company Polymate Ltd.-International Nanotechnology Center (Israel) under leadership of Prof. O. Figovsky. Developments of the Company have been used in industry and agriculture and protected by more than 25 patents of USA, Germany and Russia.



Principles of Process Research and Chemical Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Principles of Process Research and Chemical Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry Author Oljan Repic
ISBN-10 0471165166
Release 1998-01-05
Pages 240
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This text discusses the functions of Process R&D (research and development), which involves the method of transforming a research synthetic procedure into a plant process and the key aspects of a synthesis that must be considered when scaling up a process. Topics consist of: basic principles of chemical development; techniques for the minimization of by-product impurities; criteria for cost-effective synthesis of enantiopure compounds by resolutions; asymmetric synthesis, and "chiral pool" strategy; synthesis for labeling substances with hydrogen or carbon isotopes; and last, licensing.



Comprehensive Quality by Design for Pharmaceutical Product Development and Manufacture

Comprehensive Quality by Design for Pharmaceutical Product Development and Manufacture Author Gintaras V. Reklaitis
ISBN-10 9781119356172
Release 2017-09-01
Pages 416
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Covers a widespread view of Quality by Design (QbD) encompassing the many stages involved in the development of a new drug product. The book provides a broad view of Quality by Design (QbD) and shows how QbD concepts and analysis facilitate the development and manufacture of high quality products. QbD is seen as a framework for building process understanding, for implementing robust and effective manufacturing processes and provides the underpinnings for a science-based regulation of the pharmaceutical industry. Edited by the three renowned researchers in the field, Comprehensive Quality by Design for Pharmaceutical Product Development and Manufacture guides pharmaceutical engineers and scientists involved in product and process development, as well as teachers, on how to utilize QbD practices and applications effectively while complying with government regulations. The material is divided into three main sections: the first six chapters address the role of key technologies, including process modeling, process analytical technology, automated process control and statistical methodology in supporting QbD and establishing the associated design space. The second section consisting of seven chapters present a range of thoroughly developed case studies in which the tools and methodologies discussed in the first section are used to support specific drug substance and drug-product QbD related developments. The last section discussed the needs for integrated tools and reviews the status of information technology tools available for systematic data and knowledge management to support QbD and related activities. Highlights Demonstrates Quality by Design (QbD) concepts through concrete detailed industrial case studies involving of the use of best practices and assessment of regulatory implications Chapters are devoted to applications of QbD methodology in three main processing sectors—drug substance process development, oral drug product manufacture, parenteral product processing, and solid-liquid processing Reviews the spectrum of process model types and their relevance, the range of state-of-the-art real-time monitoring tools and chemometrics, and alternative automatic process control strategies and methods for both batch and continuous processes The role of the design space is demonstrated through specific examples and the importance of understanding the risk management aspects of design space definition is highlighted Comprehensive Quality by Design for Pharmaceutical Product Development and Manufacture is an ideal book for practitioners, researchers, and graduate students involved in the development, research, or studying of a new drug and its associated manufacturing process.



Green Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Green Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry Author Peter J. Dunn
ISBN-10 3527629696
Release 2010-02-02
Pages 368
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Edited by three of the world's leading pharmaceutical scientists, this is the first book on this important and hot topic, containing much previously unpublished information. As such, it covers all aspects of green chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry, from simple molecules to complex proteins, and from drug discovery to the fate of pharmaceuticals in the environment. Furthermore, this ready reference contains several convincing case studies from industry, such as Taxol, Pregabalin and Crestor, illustrating how this multidisciplinary approach has yielded efficient and environmentally-friendly processes. Finally, a section on technology and tools highlights the advantages of green chemistry.