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Science and Engineering of Droplets

Science and Engineering of Droplets Author Huimin Liu
ISBN-10 9780815518945
Release 1999-12-31
Pages 539
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This is the first book to encompass the fundamental phenomenon, principles, and processes of discrete droplets of both normal liquids and melts. It provides the reader with the science and engineering of discrete droplets, and provides researchers, scientists and engineers with the latest developments in the field. The book begins with a systematic review of various processes and techniques, along with their applications and associations with materials systems. This is followed by a description of the phenomena and principles in droplet processes. Correlations, calculations, and numerical modeling of the droplet processes provide insight into the effects of process parameters on droplet properties for optimization of atomizer design. Droplets are found in the areas of metallurgy, materials, automotive, aerospace, medicine, food processing, agriculture, and power generation, and encountered in a huge range of engineering applications.



Metal Sprays and Spray Deposition

Metal Sprays and Spray Deposition Author Hani Henein
ISBN-10 9783319526898
Release 2017-07-22
Pages 567
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This book describes and illustrates metal spray and spray deposition from the process engineering, metallurgical, and application viewpoints. The authors include step-by-step fundamental information for the metal spray process and detail current engineering developments and applications. They offer industry insight on non-equilibrium solidification processes for yielding stable metal structures and properties.



Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon

Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon Author Michio Inagaki
ISBN-10 9780128054680
Release 2016-06-07
Pages 338
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Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon: Characterization discusses 12 characterization techniques, focusing on their application to carbon materials, including X-ray diffraction, X-ray small-angle scattering, transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, image analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetoresistance, electrochemical performance, pore structure analysis, thermal analyses, and quantification of functional groups. Each contributor in the book has worked on carbon materials for many years, and their background and experience will provide guidance on the development and research of carbon materials and their further applications. Focuses on characterization techniques for carbon materials Authored by experts who are considered specialists in their respective techniques Presents practical results on various carbon materials, including fault results, which will help readers understand the optimum conditions for the characterization of carbon materials



Food Process Engineering and Technology

Food Process Engineering and Technology Author Zeki Berk
ISBN-10 9780128120545
Release 2018-02-13
Pages 742
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Food Process Engineering and Technology, Third Edition combines scientific depth with practical usefulness, creating a tool for graduate students and practicing food engineers, technologists and researchers looking for the latest information on transformation and preservation processes and process control and plant hygiene topics. This fully updated edition provides recent research and developments in the area, features sections on elements of food plant design, an introductory section on the elements of classical fluid mechanics, a section on non-thermal processes, and recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail. Provides a strong emphasis on the relationship between engineering and product quality/safety Considers cost and environmental factors Presents a fully updated, adequate review of recent research and developments in the area Includes a new, full chapter on elements of food plant design Covers recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail



Carbon Materials Science and Engineering

Carbon Materials Science and Engineering Author
ISBN-10 7302133018
Release 2006
Pages 610
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Carbon Materials Science and Engineering has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Carbon Materials Science and Engineering also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Carbon Materials Science and Engineering book for free.



Printing on Polymers

Printing on Polymers Author Joanna Izdebska
ISBN-10 9780323375009
Release 2015-09-24
Pages 444
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Printing on Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications is the first authoritative reference covering the most important developments in the field of printing on polymers, their composites, nanocomposites, and gels. The book examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the formulation of inks, surface activation of polymer surfaces, and various methods of printing. The book equips engineers and materials scientists with the tools required to select the correct method, assess the quality of the result, reduce costs, and keep up-to-date with regulations and environmental concerns. Choosing the correct way of decorating a particular polymer is an important part of the production process. Although printing on polymeric substrates can have desired positive effects, there can be problems associated with various decorating techniques. Physical, chemical, and thermal interactions can cause problems, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling. Safety, environmental sustainability, and cost are also significant factors which need to be considered. With contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions, this book serves as a one-stop reference for this field—from print ink manufacture to polymer surface modification and characterization; and from printing methods to applications and end-of-life issues. Enables engineers to select the correct decoration method for each material and application, assess print quality, and reduce costs Increases familiarity with the terminology, tests, processes, techniques, and regulations of printing on plastic, which reduces the risk of adverse reactions, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling of the print Addresses the issues of environmental impact and cost when printing on polymeric substrates Features contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions



Fundamentals of Inkjet Printing

Fundamentals of Inkjet Printing Author Stephen D. Hoath
ISBN-10 9783527337859
Release 2016-02-22
Pages 472
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From droplet formation to final applications, this practical book presents the subject in a comprehensive and clear form, using only content derived from the latest published results. Starting at the very beginning, the topic of fluid mechanics is explained, allowing for a suitable regime for printing inks to subsequently be selected. There then follows a discussion on different print-head types and how to form droplets, covering the behavior of droplets in flight and upon impact with the substrate, as well as the droplet's wetting and drying behavior at the substrate. Commonly observed effects, such as the coffee ring effect, are included as well as printing in the third dimension. The book concludes with a look at what the future holds. As a unique feature, worked examples both at the practical and simulation level, as well as case studies and videos are included. As a result, students and engineers in R&D will come to fully understand the complete process of inkjet printing.



Materials Processing Fundamentals

Materials Processing Fundamentals Author Lifeng Zhang
ISBN-10 9783319481975
Release 2016-12-01
Pages 318
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This collection provides researchers and industry professionals with complete guidance on the synthesis, analysis, design, monitoring, and control of metals, materials, and metallurgical processes and phenomena. Along with the fundamentals, it covers modeling of diverse phenomena in processes involving iron, steel, non-ferrous metals, and composites. It also goes on to examine second phase particles in metals, novel sensors for hostile-environment materials processes, online sampling and analysis techniques, and models for real-time process control and quality monitoring systems.



Fundamentals of 3D Food Printing and Applications

Fundamentals of 3D Food Printing and Applications Author Fernanda C. Godoi
ISBN-10 0128145641
Release 2018-11
Pages 728
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The increasing demand for personalized food has encouraged a period of innovation and experimentation with emerging techniques to customize texture, flavour and nutritional content. In this scenario, 3-Dimensional (3D) printing technology is an emerging technology that occupies high rank with the ability of creating complex edible shapes and, at the same time, enable to alter food texture and nutritional content required by specific diets. This book proposes a discussion about 3D-food printing technologies and their working mechanisms within a broad spectrum of application areas including but not limited to the development of soft foods and confectionary designs. It provides a unique and contemporary guide to assist the correlation between the supply materials (edible inks) and technologies (e.g., extrusion and laser-based) used during the construction of computer-aided 3D shapes. The information in this book helps food engineers and research leaders in food science understand the characteristics of 3D food printing technologies and edible inks types. Detailed description of existing 3D food printing techniques with an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms of formation of self-supporting layers Includes: (1) the effects of flow behaviour and viscoelastic properties of the inks, (2) Controlling surface-tension forces during deposition and (3) Implications of material's properties on extrusion-based 3D food printing Explains the printing behavior of a broad range of edible inks from various sources such as vegetal, dairy, red-meat, poultry, seafood and unicellular green algae Present strategies to enhance printability, such as, incorporation of hydrocolloids and lubricant enhancers



Advanced Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon

Advanced Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon Author Michio Inagaki
ISBN-10 9780124078383
Release 2013-08-31
Pages 440
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Carbon materials are exceptionally diverse in their preparation, structure, texture, and applications. In Advanced Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon, noted carbon scientist Michio Inagaki and his coauthors cover the most recent advances in carbon materials, including new techniques and processes, carbon materials synthesis, and up-to-date descriptions of current carbon-based materials, trends and applications. Beginning with the synthesis and preparation of nanocarbons, carbon nanotubes, and graphenes, the book then reviews recently developed carbonization techniques, such as templating, electrospinning, foaming, stress graphitization, and the formation of glass-like carbon. The last third of the book is devoted to applications, featuring coverage of carbon materials for energy storage, electrochemical capacitors, lithium-ion rechargeable batteries, and adsorptive storage of hydrogen and methane for environmental protection, photocatalysis, spilled oil recovery, and nuclear applications of isotropic high-density graphite. A progression from synthesis through modern carbonization techniques to applications gives you a thorough understanding of carbon materials Covers a wide range of precursor materials, preparation techniques, and characteristics to inspire your own development of carbonization techniques, carbon materials and applications Applications-oriented chapters include timely content on hot topics such as the engineering of carbon nanofibers and carbon materials for various energy-related applications



Additives and Crystallization Processes

Additives and Crystallization Processes Author Keshra Sangwal
ISBN-10 0470517824
Release 2007-09-27
Pages 468
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Crystal growth technology involves processes for the production of crystals essential for microelectronics, communication technologies, lasers and energy producing and energy saving technology. A deliberately added impurity is called an additive and in different industries these affect the process of crystal growth. Thus, understanding of interactions between additives and the crystallizing phases is important in different processes found in the lab, nature and in various industries. This book presents a generalized description of the mechanisms of action of additives during nucleation, growth and aggregation of crystals during crystallization and has received endorsement from the President of the International Organization for Crystal Growth. It is the first text devoted to the role of additives in different crystallization processes encountered in the lab, nature and in industries as diverse as pharmaceuticals, food and biofuels. A unique highlight of the book are chapters on the effect of additives on crystal growth processes, since the phenomena discussed is an issue of debate between researchers



Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science Technology

Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science   Technology Author Raymond L. Boxman
ISBN-10 9780815517795
Release 1996-12-31
Pages 773
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This is a comprehensive text describing the basic physics and technological applications of vacuum arcs. Part I describes basic physics of the vacuum arc, beginning with a brief tutorial review of plasma and electrical discharge physics, then describes the arc ignition process, cathode and anode spots which serve as the locus for plasma generation, and resultant interelectrode plasma. Part II describes the applications of the vacuum arc for depositing thin films and coatings, refining metals, switching high power, and as sources of intense electron, ion, plasma, and x-ray beams.



Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science

Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science Author Rajiv Asthana
ISBN-10 9780080464886
Release 2006-01-09
Pages 656
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“Materials Science in Manufacturing focuses on materials science and materials processing primarily for engineering and technology students preparing for careers in manufacturing. The text also serves as a useful reference on materials science for the practitioner engaged in manufacturing as well as the beginning graduate student. Integrates theoretical understanding and current practices to provide a resource for students preparing for advanced study or career in industry. Also serves as a useful resource to the practitioner who works with diverse materials and processes, but is not a specialist in materials science. This book covers a wider range of materials and processes than is customary in the elementary materials science books. This book covers a wider range of materials and processes than is customary in the elementary materials science books. * Detailed explanations of theories, concepts, principles and practices of materials and processes of manufacturing through richly illustrated text * Includes new topics such as nanomaterials and nanomanufacturing, not covered in most similar works * Focuses on the interrelationship between Materials Science, Processing Science, and Manufacturing Technology



Nanomaterials for Green Energy

Nanomaterials for Green Energy Author Bharat A Bhanvase
ISBN-10 9780128137321
Release 2018-04-18
Pages 500
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Nanomaterials for Green Energy focuses on the synthesis, characterization and application of novel nanomaterials in the fields of green science and technology. This book contains fundamental information about the properties of novel nanomaterials and their application in green energy. In particular, synthesis and characterization of novel nanomaterials, their application in solar and fuel cells and batteries, and nanomaterials for a low-toxicity environment are discussed. It will provide an important reference resource for researchers in materials science and renewable energy who wish to learn more about how nanomaterials are used to create cheaper, more efficient green energy products. Provides fundamental information about the properties and application of new low-cost nanomaterials for green energy Shows how novel nanomaterials are used to create more efficient solar cells Offers solutions to common problems related to the use of materials in the development of energy- related technologies



Droplet and Spray Transport Paradigms and Applications

Droplet and Spray Transport  Paradigms and Applications Author Saptarshi Basu
ISBN-10 9789811072338
Release 2017-12-12
Pages 379
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This book focuses on droplets and sprays and their applications. It discusses how droplet level transport is central to a multitude of applications and how droplet level manipulation and control can enhance the efficiency and design of multiphase systems. Droplets and sprays are ubiquitous in a variety of multiphase and multiscale applications in surface patterning, oil recovery, combustion, atomization, spray drying, thermal barrier coating, renewable energy, and electronic cooling, to name but a few. This book provides two levels of details pertaining to such applications. Each chapter delves into a specific application and provides not only an overview but also detailed physical insights into the application mechanism from the point of view of droplets and sprays. All chapters provide a mix of cutting-edge applications, new diagnostic techniques and modern computational methodologies, as well as the fundamental physical mechanism involved in each application. Taken together, the chapters provide a translational perspective on these applications, from basic transport processes to optimization, and from design to implementation using droplets or sprays as fundamental building blocks. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will be of interest to students, researchers, and industry professionals alike.



Inkjet Technology for Digital Fabrication

Inkjet Technology for Digital Fabrication Author Ian M. Hutchings
ISBN-10 9781118452936
Release 2012-11-09
Pages 392
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Whilst inkjet technology is well-established on home and small office desktops and is now having increasing impact in commercial printing, it can also be used to deposit materials other than ink as individual droplets at a microscopic scale. This allows metals, ceramics, polymers and biological materials (including living cells) to be patterned on to substrates under precise digital control. This approach offers huge potential advantages for manufacturing, since inkjet methods can be used to generate structures and functions which cannot be attained in other ways. Beginning with an overview of the fundamentals, this bookcovers the key components, for example piezoelectric print-heads and fluids for inkjet printing, and the processes involved. It goes on to describe specific applications, e.g. MEMS, printed circuits, active and passive electronics, biopolymers and living cells, and additive manufacturing. Detailed case studies are included on flat-panel OLED displays, RFID (radio-frequency identification) manufacturing and tissue engineering, while a comprehensive examination of the current technologies and future directions of inkjet technology completes the coverage. With contributions from both academic researchers and leading names in the industry, Inkjet Technology for Digital Fabrication is a comprehensive resource for technical development engineers, researchers and students in inkjet technology and system development, and will also appeal to researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, materials science and electronics.



Power Ultrasonics

Power Ultrasonics Author Juan A Gallego-Juárez
ISBN-10 9781782420361
Release 2014-11-14
Pages 1166
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The industrial interest in ultrasonic processing has revived during recent years because ultrasonic technology may represent a flexible “green alternative for more energy efficient processes. A challenge in the application of high-intensity ultrasound to industrial processing is the design and development of specific power ultrasonic systems for large scale operation. In the area of ultrasonic processing in fluid and multiphase media the development of a new family of power generators with extensive radiating surfaces has significantly contributed to the implementation at industrial scale of several applications in sectors such as the food industry, environment, and manufacturing. Part one covers fundamentals of nonlinear propagation of ultrasonic waves in fluids and solids. It also discusses the materials and designs of power ultrasonic transducers and devices. Part two looks at applications of high power ultrasound in materials engineering and mechanical engineering, food processing technology, environmental monitoring and remediation and industrial and chemical processing (including pharmaceuticals), medicine and biotechnology. Covers the fundamentals of nonlinear propagation of ultrasonic waves in fluids and solids. Discusses the materials and designs of power ultrasonic transducers and devices. Considers state-of-the-art power sonic applications across a wide range of industries.