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Science Under Siege

Science Under Siege Author Kendrick Frazier
ISBN-10 9781615925940
Release 2009
Pages 370
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Science Under Siege is a welcome antidote to the profound science illiteracy that, today, permeates American pop culture and the press.-NEIL deGRASSE TYSON, Astrophysicist and author of The Sky Is Not the Limit and The Pluto FilesAn entertaining and eye-opening collection of essays that advance the battle against ignorance and superstition.-STEVEN PINKER, Harvard College Professor of Psychology, Harvard University; Author of How the Mind Works and The Stuff of ThoughtFor more than thirty years, The Skeptical Inquirer has steadfastly championed science and reason and been the leading voice for reliable scientific examination of the paranormal and other questionable claims popularized by the media and mass culture. In this new collection of outstanding recent articles, editor Kendrick Frazier has selected some of the best writing on topics of current interest. Among the highlights are:?A Skeptical Look at September 11th which prompted a drove of responses (many angry) and was selected by Richard Dawkins for the Best Science and Nature Writing of 2003.'Carl Sagan's final question-and-answer piece on the topic of science and skeptical inquiry.'Ann Druyan's beautifully expressed Science, Religion, Wonder, and Awe.'NASA scientist Stuart Jordan's excellent appraisal of the scientific evidence for global warming, which prompted much critical response and led to another follow-up article.'Five articles on the evolution vs. intelligent design controversy?Two physicians' articles that strongly defend the value of vaccinations and critique the anti-vaccination movementOther distinguished contributors include Mario Bunge, Martin Gardner, Ray Hyman, Paul Kurtz, Chris Mooney, Joe Nickell, Stephen Pinker, and many others. This excellent collection of stimulating articles exploring science and skeptical inquiry, public controversies, and investigating pseudoscientific claims is a must for scientists, educators, skeptics, and everyone concerned about scientific literacy.Kendrick Frazier (Albuquerque, NM) is editor of the Skeptical Inquirer, former editor of Science News, and the editor of four previous collections, including Encounters with the Paranormal and Science Confronts the Paranormal. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Science and Modern Thought in Nursing

Science and Modern Thought in Nursing Author Bernie Garrett
ISBN-10 9780991984602
Release 2013-06-11
Pages 520
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This book presents a pragmatic approach to the philosophy of nursing science that underpins evidence-based practice (EBP) including research methodology. The book explains the foundational philosophical principles underpinning scientific enquiry written in an accessible manner, to enable readers to grasp the key arguments of scientific enquiry, its philosophical background, and why it is essential for nurses to have a good understanding of science, research methods, and how it underpins modern nursing research and EBP. For a highly science based health discipline it is a paradox that most modern nursing students have a limited grasp of the foundational principles of scientific philosophy. Indeed, many will not have explored these ideas since high school, as they are not covered in any depth in modern university nursing programs. The author is a passionate advocate for scientific enquiry, and seeks to address this deficit and give nursing students and practicing nurses the tools to present clear scientific arguments to support practice, and detect poorly constructed, pseudo-scientific or simply bad scientific practices. The author explores the concept of nursing as a practice profession, explaining why nurses need a solid grounding in the philosophy of science to inform their practice. The subject matter is treated succinctly, with expansive discussion of more challenging concepts, but always with a practical emphasis in the context of EBP. The author considers the nursing profession in terms of modern scientific enquiry and praxis, explaining the key scientific concepts and principles that underpin contemporary evidence-based health care and exploring the practical applications of the philosophy of science for both practicing nurses and nursing students. The book also provides an overview of the history of science, development of scientific thinking and also explores positive and problematic examples from post-modern interpretations of nursing science, and their relationship to the media’s reporting of health and science issues. Engaging real world examples of bad science and problematic approaches to science in nursing and health care are included with a range of matters including medical equipment, nutrition, cosmetics, complementary/alternative therapies and pharmaceutical examples. The role of nurses and EBP in regard to these practices is also discussed. There is currently no single text that fulfills this brief, and there are very limited resources in the nursing literature to meet this need for nursing education and professional development. This material is poorly covered in most nursing research textbooks, often as a sparse overview of scientific philosophy, and frequently with a bias towards post-modern approaches that are critical of EBP. This book forms an important text in supporting nursing practice, research and nursing theory courses. This material forms core content for Master’s and PhD studies in nursing, and the subject matter also represents an area of considerable debate, and some controversy. The content is also particularly relevant for Nurse Practitioners. The subject material for the book is also taught at an introductory level (arguably rather inadequately) in every undergraduate-nursing program, where critical enquiry and nursing research is covered. Overall the level of the content would be appropriate for Level 300/400/500 university nursing courses) although any nurse who is interested in the scientific basis of nursing will find the material of interest.



Philosophy of Pseudoscience

Philosophy of Pseudoscience Author Massimo Pigliucci
ISBN-10 9780226051826
Release 2013-08-16
Pages 464
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What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? In this volume, the contributors seek to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue has a long history in philosophy, stretching as far back as the early twentieth century and the work of Karl Popper. But by the late 1980s, scholars in the field began to treat the demarcation problem as impossible to solve and futile to ponder. However, the essays that Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry have assembled in this volume make a rousing case for the unequivocal importance of reflecting on the separation between pseudoscience and sound science. Moreover, the demarcation problem is not a purely theoretical dilemma of mere academic interest: it affects parents’ decisions to vaccinate children and governments’ willingness to adopt policies that prevent climate change. Pseudoscience often mimics science, using the superficial language and trappings of actual scientific research to seem more respectable. Even a well-informed public can be taken in by such questionable theories dressed up as science. Pseudoscientific beliefs compete with sound science on the health pages of newspapers for media coverage and in laboratories for research funding. Now more than ever the ability to separate genuine scientific findings from spurious ones is vital, and The Philosophy of Pseudoscience provides ground for philosophers, sociologists, historians, and laypeople to make decisions about what science is or isn’t.



Science Under Siege

Science Under Siege Author Todd Wilkinson
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106014832809
Release 1998
Pages 364
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Veteran journalist Todd Wilkinson exposes a disquieting, undeclared war that is shaping the future of our clean air and water, and the mosaic of biological richness on Earth. It's a war involving the quest for scientific truth, how decisions affecting our environment are made in corporate boardrooms, and what the implications of those deals are for generations of humans well into the next millenium.Entrenched political interests, unabashedly beholden to industry lobbyists, are waging an all-out war to weaken key environmental laws, gut environmental regulatory agencies, and arrange sweetheart deals with special-interest constituents to ensure private industry makes a profit at the public's expense. Their war on science is a well-planned campaign of ignorance that is being foisted on the American public.The soldiers opposing them in this war are scientists -- combat scientists, to be exact -- who have put their careers and livelihoods on the line. Anyone whose research doesn't support the politicians' goals is subject to intimidation, harassment, transfer, or expulsion. Careers are ruined; even lives are ruined. Yet were it not for these brave environmental scientists, cast from the mold of Rachel Carson, Americans would be breathing dirtier air, drinking contaminated water, eating dangerous food, dying at younger ages, getting by on a poorer quality of life, being exposed to dangerous nuclear power plants, and hiking around clear-cuts and open-pit mines where there once were pristine forests and sparkling waters.



Science Wars through the Stargate

Science Wars through the Stargate Author Steven Gil
ISBN-10 9781442256200
Release 2015-10-08
Pages 210
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Stargate-1’s original run overlapped the peak and aftermath of the Science Wars, which allowed for the show to engage questions about the nature of science and technology. This book focuses on how the series depicted science (as an enterprise) and scientists at a time when the Science Wars were raging and the nature of both was sharply contested.



Systematic Atheology

Systematic Atheology Author John R. Shook
ISBN-10 9781351626378
Release 2017-12-01
Pages 312
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Atheology is the intellectual effort to understand atheism, defend the reasonableness of unbelief, and support nonbelievers in their encounters with religion. This book presents a historical overview of the development of atheology from ancient thought to the present day. It offers in-depth examinations of four distinctive schools of atheological thought: rationalist atheology, scientific atheology, moral atheology, and civic atheology. John R. Shook shows how a familiarity with atheology’s complex histories, forms, and strategies illuminates the contentious features of today’s atheist and secularist movements, which are just as capable of contesting each other as opposing religion. The result is a book that provides a disciplined and philosophically rigorous examination of atheism’s intellectual strategies for reasoning with theology. Systematic Atheology is an important contribution to the philosophy of religion, religious studies, secular studies, and the sociology and psychology of nonreligion.



Debunk It

Debunk It Author John Grant
ISBN-10 9781936976690
Release 2015-02-24
Pages 228
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We live in an era of misinformation, much of it spread by authority figures, including politicians, religious leaders, broadcasters, and, of course, apps and websites. With so much bogus information coming from so many sources, how can anyone be expected to discover the truth? In Debunk It, author John Grant uses modern, ripped-from-the-headlines examples to clearly explain how to identify bad evidence and poor arguments. He provides a roundup of the rhetorical tricks people use when attempting to pull the wool over our eyes, and even offers advice about how to take these unscrupulous pundits down. So if you're tired of hearing blowhards spouting off about climate change, history, evolution, medicine, and more, this is the book for you. Debunk It is the ultimate guide for young readers seeking a firmer footing in a world that's full of holes.



Physical Chemistry

Physical Chemistry Author Kenneth S Schmitz
ISBN-10 9780128005996
Release 2018-06-14
Pages 1200
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The advancements in society are intertwined with the advancements in science. To understand how changes in society occurred, and will continue to change, one has to have a basic understanding of the laws of physics and chemistry. Physical Chemistry: Multidisciplinary Applications in Society examines how the laws of physics and chemistry (physical chemistry) explain the dynamic nature of the Universe and events on Earth, and how these events affect the evolution of society (multidisciplinary applications). The ordering of the chapters reflects the natural flow of events in an evolving Universe: Philosophy of Science, the basis of the view that natural events have natural causes - Cosmology, the origin of everything from the Big Bang to the current state of the Universe - Geoscience, the physics and chemistry behind the evolution of the planet Earth from its birth to the present - Life Science, the molecules and mechanisms of life on Earth - Ecology, the interdependence of all components within the Ecosphere and the Universe - Information Content, emphasis on how words and phrases and framing of issues affect opinions, reliability of sources, and the limitations of knowledge. Addresses the four Ws of science: Why scientists believe Nature works the way it does, Who helped develop the fields of science, What theories of natural processes tell us about the nature of Nature, and Where our scientific knowledge is taking us into the future Gives a historical review of the evolution of science, and the accompanying changes in the philosophy of how science views the nature of the Universe Explores the physics and chemistry of Nature with minimal reliance on mathematics Examines the structure and dynamics of the Universe and our Home Planet Earth Provides a detailed analysis of how humans, as members of the Ecosphere, have influenced, and are continuing to influence, the dynamics of events on the paludarium called Earth Presents underlying science of current political issues that shape the future of humankind Emphasizes how words and phrases and framing of issues can influence the opinions of members of society Makes extensive use of metaphors and everyday experiences to illustrate principles in science and social interactions



50 Popular Beliefs That People Think Are True

50 Popular Beliefs That People Think Are True Author Guy P. Harrison
ISBN-10 9781616144968
Release 2012-01-03
Pages 458
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Maybe you know someone who swears by the reliability of psychics or who is in regular contact with angels. Or perhaps you're trying to find a nice way of dissuading someone from wasting money on a homeopathy cure. Or you met someone at a party who insisted the Holocaust never happened or that no one ever walked on the moon. How do you find a gently persuasive way of steering people away from unfounded beliefs, bogus cures, conspiracy theories, and the like? This down-to-earth, entertaining exploration of commonly held extraordinary claims will help you set the record straight. The author, a veteran journalist, has not only surveyed a vast body of literature, but has also interviewed leading scientists, explored "the most haunted house in America," frolicked in the inviting waters of the Bermuda Triangle, and even talked to a "contrite Roswell alien." He is not out simply to debunk unfounded beliefs. Wherever possible, he presents alternative scientific explanations, which in most cases are even more fascinating than the wildest speculation. For example, stories about UFOs and alien abductions lack good evidence, but science gives us plenty of reasons to keep exploring outer space for evidence that life exists elsewhere in the vast universe. The proof for Bigfoot or the Loch Ness Monster may be nonexistent, but scientists are regularly discovering new species, some of which are truly stranger than fiction. Stressing the excitement of scientific discovery and the legitimate mysteries and wonder inherent in reality, this book invites readers to share the joys of rational thinking and the skeptical approach to evaluating our extraordinary world. From the Trade Paperback edition.



Research in Information Studies

Research in Information Studies Author W. Bernard Lukenbill
ISBN-10 9781469179612
Release 2012-04-11
Pages 422
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Research is integrated into the whole fabric of modern-day society and culture. It affects our lives in so many waysfrom finding a job to knowing how to manage our health. Information studies designed to understand this array of information encompasses a wide expanse of disciplines. Many of these areas draw their philosophical and research bases from a mixture of disciplines within the social sciences and the humanities. This book takes a holistic view of these diverse areas and shows how they are united through the common thread of enhancing our knowledge of and understanding the world in which we all live.



Good Science Bad Science Pseudoscience and Just Plain Bunk

Good Science  Bad Science  Pseudoscience  and Just Plain Bunk Author Peter Daempfle
ISBN-10 9781442217263
Release 2013
Pages 264
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We are constantly bombarded with breaking scientific news in the media, but we are almost never provided with enough information to assess the truth of these claims. This book teaches readers how to think like a scientist to question claims like these more critically.



Voodoo Science

Voodoo Science Author Robert L. Park
ISBN-10 0198604432
Release 2002
Pages 230
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In a time of dazzling scientific progress, how are we to separate genuine breakthroughs from the noisy gaggle of false claims? Touching on everything from Deepak Chopra's "quantum alternative to growing old" and "free energy" machines to unwarranted hype surrounding the International Space Station, Robert L. Park leads us through the dim back alleys of fringe science, down the gleaming corridors of Washington power, and even into our evolutionary past to search out the origins of voodoo science. Along the way, Park offers some simple and engaging science lessons, showing us that you don't have to be a scientist to spot the foolish and fraudulent science that swirls around us.



Paranormal Borderlands of Science

Paranormal Borderlands of Science Author Kendrick Frazier
ISBN-10 UOM:49015000645565
Release 1981
Pages 469
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Headlines and television news reports feature accounts of reincarnation, the predictions of astrologers, and psychic "miracles." Citizens report UFO sightings. Police departments call on psychics to provide clues in baffling crimes. From every available information source, the public is bombarded with unsubstantiated claims of paranormal phenomena. How much of the evidence is reliable? What is the truth behind these claims? Paranormal Borderlands of Science is an exciting, well-informed examination of the most publicized and exotic claims of astrology, ESP, psychokinesis, precognition, UFOs, biorhythms, and other phenomena. Written by respected psychologists, astronomers and other scientists, philosophers, investigative journalists, and magicians, the 47 articles in this superb collection present a skeptical treatment of pseudoscientific claims - an aspect often sorely neglected in sensationalized media reports. This book is an effort to help readers sort fact from fiction and sense from nonsense among the astonishing variety of assertions labeled "paranormal." Never before published in book form, the essays in this anthology originally appeared in the Skeptical Inquirer, a leading magazine devoted to the critical investigation of pseudoscience from a scientific viewpoint. Among the contributors are: Isaac Asimov (distinguished science fiction author), Martin Gardner (Scientific American columnist), James Randi (The Amazing Randi), Philip Klass (noted UFO skeptic), Scot Morris (Omni), and James Oberg (NASA). An essential contribution to skeptical literature, this book will be of lasting value to all those wishing to balance the case for paranormal claims by reading the dissenting critics.



Fool Me Twice

Fool Me Twice Author Shawn Lawrence Otto
ISBN-10 9781609613204
Release 2011-10-11
Pages 384
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"Whenever the people are well informed," Thomas Jefferson wrote, "they can be trusted with their own government." But what happens in a world dominated by complex science? Are the people still well-enough informed to be trusted with their own government? And with less than 2 percent of Congress with any professional background in science, how can our government be trusted to lead us in the right direction? Will the media save us? Don't count on it. In early 2008, of the 2,975 questions asked the candidates for president just six mentioned the words "global warming" or "climate change," the greatest policy challenge facing America. To put that in perspective, three questions mentioned UFOs. Today the world's major unsolved challenges all revolve around science. By the 2012 election cycle, at a time when science is influencing every aspect of modern life, antiscience views from climate-change denial to creationism to vaccine refusal have become mainstream. Faced with the daunting challenges of an environment under siege, an exploding population, a falling economy and an education system slipping behind, our elected leaders are hard at work ... passing resolutions that say climate change is not real and astrology can control the weather. Shawn Lawrence Otto has written a behind-the-scenes look at how the government, our politics, and the media prevent us from finding the real solutions we need. Fool Me Twice is the clever, outraged, and frightening account of America's relationship with science—a relationship that is on the rocks at the very time we need it most.



Science Confronts the Paranormal

Science Confronts the Paranormal Author Kendrick Frazier
ISBN-10 9781615926190
Release
Pages
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A Gallop poll surveyed 506 American teenagers, aged 13 to 18 and discovered the following:- 69% believe in angels- 59% believe in ESP- 55% believe in astrology- 28% believe in clairvoyance- 24% believe in Bigfoot- 22% believe in witchcraft- 20% believe in ghosts- 18% believe in the Loch Ness MonsterCarl Sagan has said that the wonders of real science far surpass the supposed and imagined mysteries of fringe science. Yet, as statistics show, the paranormal is still an endless source of fascination for people around the world.This collection of critical essays and investigative reports examines virtually every area of fringe science and the paranormal from a refreshingly scientific and clear-minded viewpoint. The authors are noted scientists, philosophers, psychologists, and writers. All bring to the task a determination to sift sense from nonsense and fact from fiction in an area notorious for misinformation, misperception, self-delusion, and wishful thinking. They do so in a way that highlights the differences between real science and pseudoscience. They've made special efforts first to find the actual facts behind numerous claims that have popular appeal, and then to explain and communicate what scientific investigation and reasoning reveal about them.Subjects treated to incisive and entertaining examination include astrology, ESP, psychic detectives, psychic predictions, parapsychology, remote-viewing, UFOs, creationism, the Shroud of Turin, coincidences, cult archaeology, palmistry and fringe medicine.There are also explorations of the implications of paranormal beliefs for science education.Informative and fascinating. -Science Books & FilmsKendrick Frazier (Albuquerque, NM) is editor of the Skeptical Inquirer, former editor of Science News, and the editor of four previous collections, including Encounters with the Paranormal and Science Confronts the Paranormal. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



People of Chaco

People of Chaco Author Kendrick Frazier
ISBN-10 0393318257
Release 1999
Pages 261
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Praised as a "breathtaking piece of work" that is "written in the best tradition of the science writer and the mystery writer" (Washington Times), People of Chaco is the essential book on the spectacular array of ruins at Chaco Canyon. Like Stonehenge, they are both a monument to our prehistory and a cryptic puzzle. We know that in Chaco Canyon, one thousand years ago, there arose among the Pueblo people a great and culturally sophisticated civilization. Kendrick Frazier addresses questions raised by the famous ruins: What function did Chaco Canyon fulfill? How great was its extent and influence? Why did its culture collapse? Frazier scours the canyon for clues and, in this expanded edition, adds the freshest discoveries on the cosmographic orientation of Chaco's buildings, reports conclusions of the new Chaco Synthesis Project, updates the cannibalism controversy, and summarizes other new archaeological and scientific understanding of this major landmark of the Southwest. 155 illustrations.



Bad Pharma

Bad Pharma Author Ben Goldacre
ISBN-10 9780865478060
Release 2014-04-01
Pages 480
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Argues that doctors are deliberately misinformed by profit-seeking pharmaceutical companies that casually withhold information about drug efficacy and side effects, explaining the process of pharmaceutical data manipulation and its global consequences. By the best-selling author of Bad Science.