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Set Theory and Metric Spaces

Set Theory and Metric Spaces Author Irving Kaplansky
ISBN-10 9780821826942
Release 2001
Pages 140
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This is a book that could profitably be read by many graduate students or by seniors in strong major programs ... has a number of good features. There are many informal comments scattered between the formal development of theorems and these are done in a light and pleasant style. ... There is a complete proof of the equivalence of the axiom of choice, Zorn's Lemma, and well-ordering, as well as a discussion of the use of these concepts. There is also an interesting discussion of the continuum problem ... The presentation of metric spaces before topological spaces ... should be welcomed by most students, since metric spaces are much closer to the ideas of Euclidean spaces with which they are already familiar. --Canadian Mathematical Bulletin Kaplansky has a well-deserved reputation for his expository talents. The selection of topics is excellent. -- Lance Small, UC San Diego This book is based on notes from a course on set theory and metric spaces taught by Edwin Spanier, and also incorporates with his permission numerous exercises from those notes. The volume includes an Appendix that helps bridge the gap between metric and topological spaces, a Selected Bibliography, and an Index.



Set Theory

Set Theory Author Felix Hausdorff
ISBN-10 0821838350
Release 1957
Pages 352
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In the early twentieth century, Hausdorff developed an axiomatic approach to topology, which continues to be the foundation of modern topology. The present book, the English translation of the third edition of Hausdorff's Mengenlehre, is a thorough introduction to his theory of point-set topology. The treatment begins with topics in the foundations of mathematics, including the basics of abstract set theory, sums and products of sets, cardinal and ordinal numbers, and Hausdorff's well-ordering theorem. The exposition then specializes to point sets, where major topics such as Borel systems, first and second category, and connectedness are considered in detail. Next, mappings between spaces are introduced. This leads naturally to a discussion of topological spaces and continuous mappings between them. Finally, the theory is applied to the study of real functions and their properties. The book does not presuppose any mathematical knowledge beyond calculus, but it does require a certain maturity in abstract reasoning; qualified college seniors and first-year graduate students should have no difficulty in making the material their own.



Metric Spaces

Metric Spaces Author Victor Bryant
ISBN-10 0521318971
Release 1985-05-02
Pages 104
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An introduction to metric spaces for those interested in the applications as well as theory.



Probability Measures on Metric Spaces

Probability Measures on Metric Spaces Author K. R. Parthasarathy
ISBN-10 9780821838891
Release 1967
Pages 276
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In this book, the author gives a cohesive account of the theory of probability measures on complete metric spaces (which is viewed as an alternative approach to the general theory of stochastic processes). After a general description of the basics of topology on the set of measures, the author discusses regularity, tightness, and perfectness of measures, properties of sampling distributions, and metrizability and compactness theorems. Next, he describes arithmetic properties of probability measures on metric groups and locally compact abelian groups. Covered in detail are notions such as decomposability, infinite divisibility, idempotence, and their relevance to limit theorems for "sums" of infinitesimal random variables. The book concludes with numerous results related to limit theorems for probability measures on Hilbert spaces and on the space of continuous functions on an interval. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in probability and stochastic processes and would make an ideal supplementary reading or independent study text.



Functional Integration and Quantum Physics

Functional Integration and Quantum Physics Author Barry Simon
ISBN-10 9780126442502
Release 1979-01-01
Pages 296
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Functional Integration and Quantum Physics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Functional Integration and Quantum Physics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Functional Integration and Quantum Physics book for free.



Introductory Topology

Introductory Topology Author Mohammed Hichem Mortad
ISBN-10 9789814583831
Release 2014-02-28
Pages 260
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The book offers a good introduction to topology through solved exercises. It is mainly intended for undergraduate students. Most exercises are given with detailed solutions.



Linear Algebra and Geometry

Linear Algebra and Geometry Author Irving Kaplansky
ISBN-10 0486432335
Release 1974
Pages 143
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The author of this text seeks to remedy a common failing in teaching algebra: the neglect of related instruction in geometry. Focusing on inner product spaces, orthogonal similarity, and elements of geometry, this volume is illustrated with an abundance of examples, exercises, and proofs and is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate courses. 1974 edition.



Spaces of Constant Curvature

Spaces of Constant Curvature Author Joseph Albert Wolf
ISBN-10 9780821852828
Release 2011
Pages 420
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This book is the sixth edition of the classic Spaces of Constant Curvature, first published in 1967, with the previous (fifth) edition published in 1984. It illustrates the high degree of interplay between group theory and geometry. The reader will benefit from the very concise treatments of riemannian and pseudo-riemannian manifolds and their curvatures, of the representation theory of finite groups, and of indications of recent progress in discrete subgroups of Lie groups. Part I is a brief introduction to differentiable manifolds, covering spaces, and riemannian and pseudo-riemannian geometry. It also contains a certain amount of introductory material on symmetry groups and space forms, indicating the direction of the later chapters. Part II is an updated treatment of euclidean space form. Part III is Wolf's classic solution to the Clifford-Klein Spherical Space Form Problem. It starts with an exposition of the representation theory of finite groups. Part IV introduces riemannian symmetric spaces and extends considerations of spherical space forms to space forms of riemannian symmetric spaces. Finally, Part V examines space form problems on pseudo-riemannian symmetric spaces. At the end of Chapter 12 there is a new appendix describing some of the recent work on discrete subgroups of Lie groups with application to space forms of pseudo-riemannian symmetric spaces. Additional references have been added to this sixth edition as well.



An Introduction to Differentiable Manifolds and Riemannian Geometry

An Introduction to Differentiable Manifolds and Riemannian Geometry Author William Munger Boothby
ISBN-10 0121160513
Release 2003
Pages 419
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The second edition of this text has sold over 6,000 copies since publication in 1986 and this revision will make it even more useful. This is the only book available that is approachable by "beginners" in this subject. It has become an essential introduction to the subject for mathematics students, engineers, physicists, and economists who need to learn how to apply these vital methods. It is also the only book that thoroughly reviews certain areas of advanced calculus that are necessary to understand the subject. Line and surface integrals Divergence and curl of vector fields



Elementary Number Theory

Elementary Number Theory Author Edmund Landau
ISBN-10 0821820044
Release 1999-01-01
Pages 256
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This is a translation of Landau's famous Elementare Zahlentheorie with added exercises by Paul T. Bateman and Eugene E. Kohlbecker. This three-volume classic work is reprinted here as a single volume.



Metric Modular Spaces

Metric Modular Spaces Author Vyacheslav Chistyakov
ISBN-10 9783319252834
Release 2015-12-14
Pages 137
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Aimed toward researchers and graduate students familiar with elements of functional analysis, linear algebra, and general topology; this book contains a general study of modulars, modular spaces, and metric modular spaces. Modulars may be thought of as generalized velocity fields and serve two important purposes: generate metric spaces in a unified manner and provide a weaker convergence, the modular convergence, whose topology is non-metrizable in general. Metric modular spaces are extensions of metric spaces, metric linear spaces, and classical modular linear spaces. The topics covered include the classification of modulars, metrizability of modular spaces, modular transforms and duality between modular spaces, metric and modular topologies. Applications illustrated in this book include: the description of superposition operators acting in modular spaces, the existence of regular selections of set-valued mappings, new interpretations of spaces of Lipschitzian and absolutely continuous mappings, the existence of solutions to ordinary differential equations in Banach spaces with rapidly varying right-hand sides.



Function Theory of Several Complex Variables

Function Theory of Several Complex Variables Author Steven George Krantz
ISBN-10 9780821827246
Release 2001
Pages 564
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The theory of several complex variables can be studied from several different perspectives. In this book, Steven Krantz approaches the subject from the point of view of a classical analyst, emphasizing its function-theoretic aspects. He has taken particular care to write the book with the student in mind, with uniformly extensive and helpful explanations, numerous examples, and plentiful exercises of varying difficulty. In the spirit of a student-oriented text, Krantz begins with an introduction to the subject, including an insightful comparison of analysis of several complex variables with the more familiar theory of one complex variable. The main topics in the book include integral formulas, convexity and pseudoconvexity, methods from harmonic analysis, and several aspects of the $\overline{\partial}$ problem. Some further topics are zero sets of holomorphic functions, estimates, partial differential equations, approximation theory, the boundary behavior of holomorphic functions, inner functions, invariant metrics, and holomorphic mappings. While due attention is paid to algebraic aspects of several complex variables (sheaves, Cousin problems, etc.), the student with a background in real and complex variable theory, harmonic analysis, and differential equations will be most comfortable with this treatment. This book is suitable for a first graduate course in several complex variables.



Knots and Links

Knots and Links Author Dale Rolfsen
ISBN-10 9780821834367
Release 1976
Pages 439
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Rolfsen's beautiful book on knots and links can be read by anyone, from beginner to expert, who wants to learn about knot theory. Beginners find an inviting introduction to the elements of topology, emphasizing the tools needed for understanding knots, the fundamental group and van Kampen's theorem, for example, which are then applied to concrete problems, such as computing knot groups. For experts, Rolfsen explains advanced topics, such as the connections between knot theory and surgery and how they are useful to understanding three-manifolds. Besides providing a guide to understanding knot theory, the book offers 'practical' training. After reading it, you will be able to do many things: compute presentations of knot groups, Alexander polynomials, and other invariants; perform surgery on three-manifolds; and visualize knots and their complements.It is characterized by its hands-on approach and emphasis on a visual, geometric understanding. Rolfsen offers invaluable insight and strikes a perfect balance between giving technical details and offering informal explanations. The illustrations are superb, and a wealth of examples are included. Now back in print by the AMS, the book is still a standard reference in knot theory. It is written in a remarkable style that makes it useful for both beginners and researchers. Particularly noteworthy is the table of knots and links at the end. This volume is an excellent introduction to the topic and is suitable as a textbook for a course in knot theory or 3-manifolds. Other key books of interest on this topic available from the AMS are ""The Shoelace Book: A Mathematical Guide to the Best (and Worst) Ways to Lace your Shoes"" and ""The Knot Book"".



Fields and Rings

Fields and Rings Author Irving Kaplansky
ISBN-10 0226424510
Release 1972-01
Pages 206
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This book combines in one volume Irving Kaplansky's lecture notes on the theory of fields, ring theory, and homological dimensions of rings and modules. "In all three parts of this book the author lives up to his reputation as a first-rate mathematical stylist. Throughout the work the clarity and precision of the presentation is not only a source of constant pleasure but will enable the neophyte to master the material here presented with dispatch and ease."—A. Rosenberg, Mathematical Reviews



A Companion to Analysis

A Companion to Analysis Author Thomas William Körner
ISBN-10 9780821834473
Release 2004
Pages 590
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This book not only provides a lot of solid information about real analysis, it also answers those questions which students want to ask but cannot figure how to formulate. To read this book is to spend time with one of the modern masters in the subject. --Steven G. Krantz, Washington University, St. Louis One of the major assets of the book is Korner's very personal writing style. By keeping his own engagement with the material continually in view, he invites the reader to a similarly high level of involvement. And the witty and erudite asides that are sprinkled throughout the book are a real pleasure. --Gerald Folland, University of Washingtion, Seattle Many students acquire knowledge of a large number of theorems and methods of calculus without being able to say how they hang together. This book provides such students with the coherent account that they need. A Companion to Analysis explains the problems which must be resolved in order to obtain a rigorous development of the calculus and shows the student how those problems are dealt with. Starting with the real line, it moves on to finite dimensional spaces and then to metric spaces. Readers who work through this text will be ready for such courses as measure theory, functional analysis, complex analysis and differential geometry. Moreover, they will be well on the road which leads from mathematics student to mathematician. Able and hard working students can use this book for independent study, or it can be used as the basis for an advanced undergraduate or elementary graduate course. An appendix contains a large number of accessible but non-routine problems to improve knowledge and technique.



A Treatise on the Circle and the Sphere

A Treatise on the Circle and the Sphere Author Julian Lowell Coolidge
ISBN-10 0821834886
Release 2004
Pages 602
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Circles and spheres are central objects in geometry. Mappings that take circles to circles or spheres to spheres have special roles in metric and conformal geometry. An example of this is Lie's sphere geometry, whose group of transformations is precisely the conformal group. Coolidge's treatise looks at systems of circles and spheres and the geometry and groups associated to them. It was written (1916) at a time when Lie's enormous influence on the field was still widely felt. Today, there is a renewed interest in the geometry of special geometric configurations. Coolidge has examined many of the most intuitive: linear systems of circles, circles orthogonal to a given sphere, and so on. He also examines the differential and projective geometry of the space of all spheres in a given space. Through the simple vehicles of circles and spheres, Coolidge makes contact with diverse areas of mathematics: conformal transformations and analytic functions, projective and contact geometry, and Lie's theory of continuous groups, to name a few. The interested reader will be well rewarded by a study of this remarkable book.



A Modern View of Geometry

A Modern View of Geometry Author Leonard M. Blumenthal
ISBN-10 9780486639628
Release 1980
Pages 191
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Elegant exposition of the postulation geometry of planes, including coordination of affine and projective planes. Historical background, set theory, propositional calculus, affine planes with Desargues and Pappus properties, construction of metrical planes, much more. Rigorous, lucid treatment of important area in modern mathematics. Corrected republication of the 3rd (1961) edition. Includes 56 figures.