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Set Theory and Metric Spaces

Set Theory and Metric Spaces Author Irving Kaplansky
ISBN-10 9780821826942
Release 2001
Pages 140
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This is a book that could profitably be read by many graduate students or by seniors in strong major programs ... has a number of good features. There are many informal comments scattered between the formal development of theorems and these are done in a light and pleasant style. ... There is a complete proof of the equivalence of the axiom of choice, Zorn's Lemma, and well-ordering, as well as a discussion of the use of these concepts. There is also an interesting discussion of the continuum problem ... The presentation of metric spaces before topological spaces ... should be welcomed by most students, since metric spaces are much closer to the ideas of Euclidean spaces with which they are already familiar. --Canadian Mathematical Bulletin Kaplansky has a well-deserved reputation for his expository talents. The selection of topics is excellent. -- Lance Small, UC San Diego This book is based on notes from a course on set theory and metric spaces taught by Edwin Spanier, and also incorporates with his permission numerous exercises from those notes. The volume includes an Appendix that helps bridge the gap between metric and topological spaces, a Selected Bibliography, and an Index.



Set Theory

Set Theory Author Felix Hausdorff
ISBN-10 0821838350
Release 1957
Pages 352
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In the early twentieth century, Hausdorff developed an axiomatic approach to topology, which continues to be the foundation of modern topology. The present book, the English translation of the third edition of Hausdorff's Mengenlehre, is a thorough introduction to his theory of point-set topology. The treatment begins with topics in the foundations of mathematics, including the basics of abstract set theory, sums and products of sets, cardinal and ordinal numbers, and Hausdorff's well-ordering theorem. The exposition then specializes to point sets, where major topics such as Borel systems, first and second category, and connectedness are considered in detail. Next, mappings between spaces are introduced. This leads naturally to a discussion of topological spaces and continuous mappings between them. Finally, the theory is applied to the study of real functions and their properties. The book does not presuppose any mathematical knowledge beyond calculus, but it does require a certain maturity in abstract reasoning; qualified college seniors and first-year graduate students should have no difficulty in making the material their own.



Set Theory Logic and Their Limitations

Set Theory  Logic and Their Limitations Author Moshe Machover
ISBN-10 0521479983
Release 1996-05-23
Pages 288
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Rigorous coverage of logic and set theory for students of mathematics and philosophy.



Probability Measures on Metric Spaces

Probability Measures on Metric Spaces Author K. R. Parthasarathy
ISBN-10 9780821838891
Release 1967
Pages 276
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In this book, the author gives a cohesive account of the theory of probability measures on complete metric spaces (which is viewed as an alternative approach to the general theory of stochastic processes). After a general description of the basics of topology on the set of measures, the author discusses regularity, tightness, and perfectness of measures, properties of sampling distributions, and metrizability and compactness theorems. Next, he describes arithmetic properties of probability measures on metric groups and locally compact abelian groups. Covered in detail are notions such as decomposability, infinite divisibility, idempotence, and their relevance to limit theorems for "sums" of infinitesimal random variables. The book concludes with numerous results related to limit theorems for probability measures on Hilbert spaces and on the space of continuous functions on an interval. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in probability and stochastic processes and would make an ideal supplementary reading or independent study text.



Functional Integration and Quantum Physics

Functional Integration and Quantum Physics Author Barry Simon
ISBN-10 9780126442502
Release 1979-01-01
Pages 296
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Functional Integration and Quantum Physics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Functional Integration and Quantum Physics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Functional Integration and Quantum Physics book for free.



Introduction to Probability and Measure

Introduction to Probability and Measure Author K.R. Parthasarathy
ISBN-10 9789386279279
Release 2005-05-15
Pages 354
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According to a remark attributed to Mark Kac 'Probability Theory is a measure theory with a soul'. This book with its choice of proofs, remarks, examples and exercises has been prepared taking both these aesthetic and practical aspects into account.



Elementary Number Theory

Elementary Number Theory Author Edmund Landau
ISBN-10 0821820044
Release 1999-01-01
Pages 256
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This is a translation of Landau's famous Elementare Zahlentheorie with added exercises by Paul T. Bateman and Eugene E. Kohlbecker. This three-volume classic work is reprinted here as a single volume.



Basic Set Theory

Basic Set Theory Author Nikolai Konstantinovich Vereshchagin
ISBN-10 9780821827314
Release 2002
Pages 116
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The main notions of set theory (cardinals, ordinals, transfinite induction) are fundamental to all mathematicians, not only to those who specialize in mathematical logic or set-theoretic topology. Basic set theory is generally given a brief overview in courses on analysis, algebra, or topology, even though it is sufficiently important, interesting, and simple to merit its own dedicated treatment. This book provides just that in the form of a leisurely exposition for a diversified audience. It is suitable for a broad range of readers, from undergraduate students to professional mathematicians who want to finally find out what transfinite induction is and why it is always replaced by Zorn's Lemma. The text introduces all main subjects of ``naive'' (nonaxiomatic) set theory: functions, cardinalities, ordered and well-ordered sets, transfinite induction and its applications, ordinals, and operations on ordinals. Included are discussions and proofs of the Cantor-Bernstein Theorem, Cantor's diagonal method, Zorn's Lemma, Zermelo's Theorem, and Hamel bases. With over 150 problems, the book is a complete and accessible introduction to the subject.



Metric Spaces

Metric Spaces Author Qamrul Hasan Ansari
ISBN-10 1842656554
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 196
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METRIC SPACES is intended for undergraduate students offering a course of metric spaces and post graduate students offering a course of nonlinear analysis or fixed point theory. The first six chapters cover basic concepts of metric spaces, separable spaces, compact spaces, connected spaces and continuity of functions defined on a metric space. Chapter seven is devoted to the metric fixed point theory. Banach contraction theorem and several of its generalizations along with their applications and Caristi's fixed point theorem are also given in this chapter. The introductory set-valued analysis with special emphysis on continuity and fixed point theory of set-valued maps is given in chapter eight. One of the most useful and important results from nonlinear analysis is Ekeland's variational principle. This principle along with several of its equivalent forms, Takahashi's minimization theorem, introduction of theory of equilibrium problems and the equilibrium version of Ekeland's variational principle and several of its equivalent forms are presented in the last chapter. This book will also be useful for researchers working in nonlinear analysis, optimization and theory of equilibrium problems.



Differential Geometry Lie Groups and Symmetric Spaces

Differential Geometry  Lie Groups  and Symmetric Spaces Author Sigurdur Helgason
ISBN-10 0080873960
Release 1979-02-09
Pages 628
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The present book is intended as a textbook and reference work on three topics in the title. Together with a volume in progress on "Groups and Geometric Analysis" it supersedes my "Differential Geometry and Symmetric Spaces," published in 1962. Since that time several branches of the subject, particularly the function theory on symmetric spaces, have developed substantially. I felt that an expanded treatment might now be useful.



Spaces of Constant Curvature

Spaces of Constant Curvature Author Joseph Albert Wolf
ISBN-10 9780821852828
Release 2011
Pages 420
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This book is the sixth edition of the classic Spaces of Constant Curvature, first published in 1967, with the previous (fifth) edition published in 1984. It illustrates the high degree of interplay between group theory and geometry. The reader will benefit from the very concise treatments of riemannian and pseudo-riemannian manifolds and their curvatures, of the representation theory of finite groups, and of indications of recent progress in discrete subgroups of Lie groups. Part I is a brief introduction to differentiable manifolds, covering spaces, and riemannian and pseudo-riemannian geometry. It also contains a certain amount of introductory material on symmetry groups and space forms, indicating the direction of the later chapters. Part II is an updated treatment of euclidean space form. Part III is Wolf's classic solution to the Clifford-Klein Spherical Space Form Problem. It starts with an exposition of the representation theory of finite groups. Part IV introduces riemannian symmetric spaces and extends considerations of spherical space forms to space forms of riemannian symmetric spaces. Finally, Part V examines space form problems on pseudo-riemannian symmetric spaces. At the end of Chapter 12 there is a new appendix describing some of the recent work on discrete subgroups of Lie groups with application to space forms of pseudo-riemannian symmetric spaces. Additional references have been added to this sixth edition as well.



Function Theory of Several Complex Variables

Function Theory of Several Complex Variables Author Steven George Krantz
ISBN-10 9780821827246
Release 2001
Pages 564
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The theory of several complex variables can be studied from several different perspectives. In this book, Steven Krantz approaches the subject from the point of view of a classical analyst, emphasizing its function-theoretic aspects. He has taken particular care to write the book with the student in mind, with uniformly extensive and helpful explanations, numerous examples, and plentiful exercises of varying difficulty. In the spirit of a student-oriented text, Krantz begins with an introduction to the subject, including an insightful comparison of analysis of several complex variables with the more familiar theory of one complex variable. The main topics in the book include integral formulas, convexity and pseudoconvexity, methods from harmonic analysis, and several aspects of the $\overline{\partial}$ problem. Some further topics are zero sets of holomorphic functions, estimates, partial differential equations, approximation theory, the boundary behavior of holomorphic functions, inner functions, invariant metrics, and holomorphic mappings. While due attention is paid to algebraic aspects of several complex variables (sheaves, Cousin problems, etc.), the student with a background in real and complex variable theory, harmonic analysis, and differential equations will be most comfortable with this treatment. This book is suitable for a first graduate course in several complex variables.



Dimension Theory PMS 4

Dimension Theory  PMS 4 Author Witold Hurewicz
ISBN-10 9781400875665
Release 2015-12-08
Pages 174
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Book 4 in the Princeton Mathematical Series. Originally published in 1941. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.



A Companion to Analysis

A Companion to Analysis Author Thomas William Körner
ISBN-10 9780821834473
Release 2004
Pages 590
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This book not only provides a lot of solid information about real analysis, it also answers those questions which students want to ask but cannot figure how to formulate. To read this book is to spend time with one of the modern masters in the subject. --Steven G. Krantz, Washington University, St. Louis One of the major assets of the book is Korner's very personal writing style. By keeping his own engagement with the material continually in view, he invites the reader to a similarly high level of involvement. And the witty and erudite asides that are sprinkled throughout the book are a real pleasure. --Gerald Folland, University of Washingtion, Seattle Many students acquire knowledge of a large number of theorems and methods of calculus without being able to say how they hang together. This book provides such students with the coherent account that they need. A Companion to Analysis explains the problems which must be resolved in order to obtain a rigorous development of the calculus and shows the student how those problems are dealt with. Starting with the real line, it moves on to finite dimensional spaces and then to metric spaces. Readers who work through this text will be ready for such courses as measure theory, functional analysis, complex analysis and differential geometry. Moreover, they will be well on the road which leads from mathematics student to mathematician. Able and hard working students can use this book for independent study, or it can be used as the basis for an advanced undergraduate or elementary graduate course. An appendix contains a large number of accessible but non-routine problems to improve knowledge and technique.



Invitation to Ergodic Theory

Invitation to Ergodic Theory Author César Ernesto Silva
ISBN-10 9780821844205
Release 2008
Pages 262
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This book is an introduction to basic concepts in ergodic theory such as recurrence, ergodicity, the ergodic theorem, mixing, and weak mixing. It does not assume knowledge of measure theory; all the results needed from measure theory are presented from scratch. In particular, the book includes a detailed construction of the Lebesgue measure on the real line and an introduction to measure spaces up to the Caratheodory extension theorem. It also develops the Lebesgue theory of integration, including the dominated convergence theorem and an introduction to the Lebesgue $L^p$spaces. Several examples of a dynamical system are developed in detail to illustrate various dynamical concepts. These include in particular the baker's transformation, irrational rotations, the dyadic odometer, the Hajian-Kakutani transformation, the Gauss transformation, and the Chacon transformation. There is a detailed discussion of cutting and stacking transformations in ergodic theory. The book includes several exercises and some open questions to give the flavor of current research. The book also introduces some notions from topological dynamics, such as minimality, transitivity and symbolic spaces; and develops some metric topology, including the Baire category theorem.



A Modern View of Geometry

A Modern View of Geometry Author Leonard M. Blumenthal
ISBN-10 9780486639628
Release 1980
Pages 191
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Elegant exposition of the postulation geometry of planes, including coordination of affine and projective planes. Historical background, set theory, propositional calculus, affine planes with Desargues and Pappus properties, construction of metrical planes, much more. Rigorous, lucid treatment of important area in modern mathematics. Corrected republication of the 3rd (1961) edition. Includes 56 figures.



Foundations of Analysis

Foundations of Analysis Author Edmund Landau
ISBN-10 9780821826935
Release 1966-01-01
Pages 136
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Certainly no clearer treatment of the foundations of the number system can be offered ... one can only be thankful to the author for this fundamental piece of exposition, which is alive with his vitality and genius. --American Mathematical Monthly Why does $2 \times 2 = 4$? What are fractions? Imaginary numbers? Why do the laws of algebra hold? And how do we prove these laws? What are the properties of the numbers on which the Differential and Integral Calculus is based? In other words, what are numbers? And why do they have the properties we attribute to them? Thanks to the genius of Dedekind, Cantor, Peano, Frege, and Russell, such questions can now be given a satisfactory answer. This English translation of Landau's famous Grundlagen der Analysis answers these important questions.