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Sex Differences

Sex Differences Author Linda Mealey
ISBN-10 0080541135
Release 2000-04-13
Pages 480
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Sex Differences serves as an advanced text for courses in evolutionary and human biology, psychology, and sexuality and gender studies. It also serves as a reference source for academic professionals in these disciplines. The book covers the evolution of sex and sex differences, and sex differences and sexual strategies in non-human and human animals. The final chapter addresses issues of sex and gender in interpersonal relationships, organizations and politics. Diagrams, graphs, charts, and tables illustrate key concepts; cartoons and photos provide visual breaks and an element of humor. Examines sexual differences from a multi-level comparative approach Contains a thorough coverage of literature through 1998 and into 1999 Illustrates pages with a generous use of cartoons, photos, figures, and diagrams Invites bonus learning with special interest boxes interspersed throughout text Presents a critical analysis Includes a combination of feminist and evolutionary thinking



Sexual Difference Between Psychoanalysis and Vitalism

Sexual Difference Between Psychoanalysis and Vitalism Author Arun Saldanha
ISBN-10 9781317396352
Release 2015-03-24
Pages 192
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Throughout the twentieth century, psychoanalysis and feminism were the practico-intellectual fields most systematic and subversive in demonstrating that humanity is sexually fissured. More recently, further advances in the philosophy of difference and renewed emphases on embodiment, materiality and life offer possibilities for attending to dimensions of gender and sexuality that were previously underdeveloped. This collection examines these possibilities insofar as they can either deepen or displace the traditional centrality of psychoanalysis in matters sexual. The authors come from a wide range of backgrounds and defend their approaches to the problem of sexual difference in a variety of idioms, drawing on key thinkers such as Lacan, Irigaray, Deleuze, Foucault and Badiou. It is rare to come across these thinkers together; but sex is too crucial a site for critical thought not to mobilize every conceptual power available. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Angelaki: The Journal of the Theoretical Humanities.



Sex Differences and Similarities in Communication

Sex Differences and Similarities in Communication Author Daniel J. Canary
ISBN-10 9781135216801
Release 2009-03-04
Pages 462
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Sex Differences and Similarities in Communication offers a thorough exploration of sex differences in how men and women communicate, set within the context of sex similarities, offering a balanced examination of the topic. The contents of this distinctive volume frame the conversation regarding the extent to which sex differences are found in social behavior, and emphasize different theoretical perspectives on the topic. Chapter contributors examine how sex differences and similarities can be seen in various verbal and nonverbal communicative behaviors across contexts, and focus on communication behavior in romantic relationships. The work included here represents recent research on the topic across various disciplines, including communication, social psychology, sociology, linguistics, and organizational behavior, by scholars well-known for their work in this area. In this second edition, some chapters present new perspectives on sex/gender and communication; others present substantially revised versions of earlier chapters. All chapters have a stronger theoretical orientation and are based on a wider range of empirical data than those in the first edition. Readers in communication, social psychology, relationships, and related fields will find much of interest in this second edition. The volume will serve as a text for students in advanced coursework as well as a reference for practitioners interested in research-based conclusions regarding sex differences in communicative behavior.



Human Evolutionary Biology

Human Evolutionary Biology Author Michael P. Muehlenbein
ISBN-10 9781139789004
Release 2010-07-29
Pages
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Wide-ranging and inclusive, this text provides an invaluable review of an expansive selection of topics in human evolution, variation and adaptability for professionals and students in biological anthropology, evolutionary biology, medical sciences and psychology. The chapters are organized around four broad themes, with sections devoted to phenotypic and genetic variation within and between human populations, reproductive physiology and behavior, growth and development, and human health from evolutionary and ecological perspectives. An introductory section provides readers with the historical, theoretical and methodological foundations needed to understand the more complex ideas presented later. Two hundred discussion questions provide starting points for class debate and assignments to test student understanding.



The Good Father

The Good Father Author Mark O'Connell
ISBN-10 9781439104187
Release 2015-03-31
Pages 304
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Fathering is one of the most basic and profound human activities. Yet in addition to its many joys, fatherhood is often freighted with longing, sadness, anger, and misunderstanding. Most of us, men and women alike, are acutely aware of how difficult it is to father well, year after year, until, and even after, children are grown. At the same time, the essential relationships between men and women and their children are under stress these days as never before, subject to the pressures of work, money, divorce, remarriage, and adoption. As a result, many fathers struggle with deep uncertainties about their parenting abilities. Meanwhile, society's definitions of masculinity appear ever more fluid, negotiable, and unreachable in today's media-saturated culture, which endlessly exposes men (and women) to a stream of images celebrating violence, war, hypermasculinity, athletic ability, corporate competition, alternative life-styles, "metrosexuality," and triumphant materialism. Who, men might rightfully ask, are we expected to be? Do various pop-cultural definitions of masculinity really reflect what it is to be a man? What in men's true natures helps them be good fathers? Can aggression be useful? What masculine traits do fathers need to guard -- and guard against? How do men love their children, and how is being a father very different from and no less essential than being a mother? And how can women understand how men experience fatherhood? This is the rich social reality that Dr. Mark O'Connell, a psychotherapist and father of three, addresses in his provocative, brilliant, and wise book. Drawing on both his professional case histories and personal experience, O'Connell describes the internal conflicts that many men feel about the difficulties of being a father but which they are often unable to discuss easily. Such issues include questions about authority, discipline, intimacy, physical contact, and sexuality. In ways that are distinctly masculine, O'Connell says, fathers communicate standards, insist on respect for others, instigate necessary confrontations, and even engage in the kind of rough-and-tumble play that enlivens the developing neural structures in a child's brain. O'Connell contends that fathers play a crucial role in conveying the rules, expectations, and inevitabilities of life, and he describes how men can help their families by understanding and embracing their own masculinity. Men are different from women and must be allowed to parent differently as well. The Good Father, however, is not just a very readable book for fathers struggling to find their best selves in relation to their spouses and children. Women will want to read The Good Father as well. All men and women have complex and important relationships with their fathers, whether or not those men were good fathers. Dr. O'Connell reveals how men and women alike bring these relationships to their parenting, and how we so often need to untangle these generational knots. Filled with reassuring common sense, The Good Father opens a path toward happier, more satisfying relationships for the entire family while helping men become the good fathers they deeply want to be.



Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development

Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development Author Robert L Burgess
ISBN-10 0761927905
Release 2005
Pages 452
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Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development, Second Edition considers the role of evolutionary theory in the field of developmental psychology to examine key topics of individual human development. This unique book fills an important gap in the literature, applying evolutionary models to human development by focusing on central development issues. The book emphasizes both domain-general evolved psychological mechanisms and domain-specific processes. The text also integrates behavior-genetic research with evolutionary and developmental principles. Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development provides state-of-the-art groundwork in evolutionary theory as viewed by leading thinkers in the field.



A Mind Of Her Own

A Mind Of Her Own Author Anne Campbell
ISBN-10 9780191647024
Release 2013-05-16
Pages 440
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When Darwin proposed that females shape evolution by being choosy in their choice of male suitors, his Victorian contemporaries were shocked that he accorded so much importance to women. But this early view of the female role was far from revolutionary: They were simply allowed to be passive 'quality controllers' of male genes. Recent years have shown that the inert 'coy female' is a myth. For a male, a high sex drive and a taste for variety may improve his fitness. But for a female, successful reproduction goes far beyond copulation. She bears the brunt of parental investment with each child represents years of commitment from pregnancy and breast-feeding to provisioning and guarding. For her genetic lineage to survive, she must do this better than her rivals. Each of us comes from a line of winning mothers. Women are, after all, the first and default sex. It is women who bear children. A child born with a single X chromosome can survive, but not one with a single Y. In a population crash, a female-biased population will survive far better than a male-heavy one. In this book, Anne Campbell redresses the balance of evolutionary theory in favour of women. She examines how selection pressures have shaped the female mind over thousands of generations: Their emotions, friendship, competition, aggression and mate choice. She brings together data from neuroscience, endocrinology, anthropology, primatology as well as psychology to address fundamental questions about sex differences.... Why are women less aggressive than men? Were women designed for monogamy or promiscuity? What do women compete for? Why is conflict between males and females inevitable? What makes each woman unique? Have contraception and IVF subverted the process of natural selection?



The Evolution of Human Sexuality

The Evolution of Human Sexuality Author Donald Symons
ISBN-10 9780199878475
Release 1979-08-30
Pages 368
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Anthropology, Sexual Studies, Psychology, Sociology, Gender and Cultural Studies



Male Female

Male  Female Author David C. Geary
ISBN-10 1557985278
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 397
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Geary (psychology and anthropology, U. of Missouri-Columbia) thinks culturally constructed gender roles alone cannot account for the differences in the social behavior of men and women. He turns to Darwin's theory of sexual selection as the best avenue for understanding. His main focus is how th etwo elements of competition between males and of females selecting mates has influenced human behavior over the centuries and across cultures.



Organizational behavior and human decision processes

Organizational behavior and human decision processes Author Universidade da Coruña
ISBN-10 07495978
Release 2002
Pages
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Organizational behavior and human decision processes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Organizational behavior and human decision processes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Organizational behavior and human decision processes book for free.



The Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior

The Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior Author Marc Haug
ISBN-10 0792322363
Release 1993
Pages 493
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This varied and impressive volume is a record of the major presentations at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior held at Chateau de Bonas, Gers, France, July 14-18, 1992."



Sex Size and Gender Roles

Sex  Size and Gender Roles Author Daphne J. Fairbairn
ISBN-10 9780199208784
Release 2007-07-05
Pages 266
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This collection of 20 chapters written by leading evolutionary biologists from around the globe provides a fascinating insight into the patterns and causes of differences between males and females in the natural world.



Taking Sex Differences Seriously

Taking Sex Differences Seriously Author Steven E. Rhoads
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106017526051
Release 2004-01-01
Pages 374
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This provocative book dispels social cliches and spotlights biological realities.



Social Relationships

Social Relationships Author Joseph P. Forgas
ISBN-10 184169715X
Release 2008
Pages 356
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Human beings are an intrinsically gregarious species - our personal relationships are of immense interest to us and are a key factor in achieving happiness and well being. From the moment of birth, humans crave love and intimacy and we devote much energy to creating and maintaining successful personal relationships throughout our personal and our working lives. However, modern industrialized societies present a particularly challenging environment for sustaining rewarding personal relationships. Understanding how people initiate, develop, maintain, and terminate relationships is one of the core issues in psychology, and the subject matter of this book. Contributors to this volume are all leading researchers in relationship science, and they seek here to explore and integrate the subtle influence that evolutionary, socio-cultural, and intra-psychic (cognitive, affective and motivational) variables play in relationship processes. In addition to discussing the latest advances in areas of relationship research, they also advocate an expanded theoretical approach that incorporates many of the insights gained from evolutionary psychology, social cognition, and research on affect and motivation. The contributions should be highly relevant to researchers, teachers, students, laypersons and to everyone who is interested in the subtleties of human relationships. The book is also highly recommended to clinical, health, and relationship professionals who deal with relationship issues in their daily work.



Human Sexuality

Human Sexuality Author Simon LeVay
ISBN-10 0878934650
Release 2006
Pages 651
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This textbook introduces students to the diversity of human sexual expression and the diversity of perspectives from which sexuality can be viewed, from biology and medicine, evolutionary theory, to cognitive science and social psychology. The authors encourage critical thinking and enable students to contribute constructively and non-judgmentally to the social debate on sexual issues. The second edition presents new coverage on gay marriage, sex education, minority issues, recent brain imaging studies, advances in contraceptive technology and STD treatment, and sexual arousal disorders. The text is also more accessible with reorganized chapters on women's and men's bodies and enhanced pedagogy.



Current Directions in Gender Psychology

Current Directions in Gender Psychology Author Wendy A. Goldberg
ISBN-10 0205680127
Release 2010
Pages 187
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These timely, cutting-edge articles allow instructors to bring their students real-world perspective—from a reliable source—about today's most current and pressing issues in gender psychology.



Evolutionary Origins and Early Development of Number Processing

Evolutionary Origins and Early Development of Number Processing Author David C. Geary
ISBN-10 9780128008881
Release 2014-11-04
Pages 400
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The first volume in this ground-breaking series focuses on the origins and early development of numerical cognition in non-human primates, lower vertebrates, human infants, and preschool children. The text will help readers understand the nature and complexity of these foundational quantitative concepts and skills along with evolutionary precursors and early developmental trajectories. Brings together and focuses the efforts and research of multiple disciplines working in math cognition. The contributors bring vast knowledge and experience to bear on resolving extant substantive and methodological challenges to help advance the field of basic number processing. Introductory sections and summaries will be included to provide background for non-specialist readers.