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Simulator based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years

Simulator based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years Author Ann Britt Skjerve
ISBN-10 0857290037
Release 2010-12-07
Pages 364
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The Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLAB) has been at the heart of human factors research at the OECD Halden Reactor Project (HRP). The HRP is sponsored by a group of national organizations, representing nuclear power plant regulators, utilities, and research institutions. The HRP is hosted by the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) in Halden, Norway. HAMMLAB comprises three full-scale nuclear power plant control room research simulators. The simulator studies performed in HAMMLAB have traditionally been experimental in nature. In a simulator it is possible to study events as they unfold in real time, in a highly realistic operational environment under partially controlled conditions. This means that a wide range of human factors issues, which would be impossible or highly impracticable to study in real-life settings, can thus be addressed in HAMMLAB. Simulator-based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years celebrates the twenty-fifth anniversary of HAMMLAB by reviewing the human factors studies performed in HAMMLAB across this time-span. A range of human factors issues have been addressed, including: • human-system interfaces; • alarm systems; • computerized procedures; • human-automation interaction; • staffing, teamwork and human reliability. The aim of HAMMLAB studies has always been the same: to generate knowledge for solving current and future challenges in nuclear power plant operation to contribute to safety. The outcomes of HAMMLAB studies have been used to support design and assessment of nuclear power plant control rooms.

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems Author Luca Podofillini
ISBN-10 9781315648415
Release 2015-09-03
Pages 730
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Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems contains the Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, held 7-10 September 2015 in Zurich, Switzerland. It includes about 570 papers accepted for presentation at the conference. These contributions focus on theories and methods in the area of risk, safety and reliability, and their applications to a wide range of industrial, civil and social sectors. The main goal of this book is to showcase the advancements in understanding, modeling and management of complex engineered systems. The book offers a multidisciplinary platform to address technological, societal and financial aspects of system safety and reliability. Emphasis is given to the intra- and interdependencies of functions and the cascading failures that characterize complex engineered systems. Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems (abstracts book 730 pages + full paper CD-ROM 4634 pages) will be of interest to academics and professionals involved or interested in aspect of risk, safety and reliability in various engineering areas.

Studying Simulations with Distributed Cognition

Studying Simulations with Distributed Cognition Author Jonas Rybing
ISBN-10 9789176853481
Release 2018-03-20
Pages 94
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Simulations are frequently used techniques for training, performance assessment, and prediction of future outcomes. In this thesis, the term “human-centered simulation” is used to refer to any simulation in which humans and human cognition are integral to the simulation’s function and purpose (e.g., simulation-based training). A general problem for human-centered simulations is to capture the cognitive processes and activities of the target situation (i.e., the real world task) and recreate them accurately in the simulation. The prevalent view within the simulation research community is that cognition is internal, decontextualized computational processes of individuals. However, contemporary theories of cognition emphasize the importance of the external environment, use of tools, as well as social and cultural factors in cognitive practice. Consequently, there is a need for research on how such contemporary perspectives can be used to describe human-centered simulations, re-interpret theoretical constructs of such simulations, and direct how simulations should be modeled, designed, and evaluated. This thesis adopts distributed cognition as a framework for studying human-centered simulations. Training and assessment of emergency medical management in a Swedish context using the Emergo Train System (ETS) simulator was adopted as a case study. ETS simulations were studied and analyzed using the distributed cognition for teamwork (DiCoT) methodology with the goal of understanding, evaluating, and testing the validity of the ETS simulator. Moreover, to explore distributed cognition as a basis for simulator design, a digital re-design of ETS (DIGEMERGO) was developed based on the DiCoT analysis. The aim of the DIGEMERGO system was to retain core distributed cognitive features of ETS, to increase validity, outcome reliability, and to provide a digital platform for emergency medical studies. DIGEMERGO was evaluated in three separate studies; first, a usefulness, usability, and facevalidation study that involved subject-matter-experts; second, a comparative validation study using an expert-novice group comparison; and finally, a transfer of training study based on self-efficacy and management performance. Overall, the results showed that DIGEMERGO was perceived as a useful, immersive, and promising simulator – with mixed evidence for validity – that demonstrated increased general self-efficacy and management performance following simulation exercises. This thesis demonstrates that distributed cognition, using DiCoT, is a useful framework for understanding, designing and evaluating simulated environments. In addition, the thesis conceptualizes and re-interprets central constructs of human-centered simulation in terms of distributed cognition. In doing so, the thesis shows how distributed cognitive processes relate to validity, fidelity, functionality, and usefulness of human-centered simulations. This thesis thus provides a new understanding of human-centered simulations that is grounded in distributed cognition theory.

Risk Based Engineering

Risk Based Engineering Author Prabhakar V. Varde
ISBN-10 9789811300905
Release 2018-04-19
Pages 568
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The book comprehensively covers the various aspects of risk modeling and analysis in technological contexts. It pursues a systems approach to modeling risk and reliability concerns in engineering, and covers the key concepts of risk analysis and mathematical tools used to assess and account for risk in engineering problems. The relevance of incorporating risk-based structures in design and operations is also stressed, with special emphasis on the human factor and behavioral risks. The book uses the nuclear plant, an extremely complex and high-precision engineering environment, as an example to develop the concepts discussed. The core mechanical, electronic and physical aspects of such a complex system offer an excellent platform for analyzing and creating risk-based models. The book also provides real-time case studies in a separate section to demonstrate the use of this approach. There are many limitations when it comes to applications of risk-based approaches to engineering problems. The book is structured and written in a way that addresses these key gap areas to help optimize the overall methodology. This book serves as a textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses on risk and reliability in engineering. It can also be used outside the classroom for professional development courses aimed at practicing engineers or as an introduction to risk-based engineering for professionals, researchers, and students interested in the field.

Barron s AP Human Geography 6th edition

Barron s AP Human Geography  6th edition Author Meredith Marsh, Ph.D.
ISBN-10 9781438068350
Release 2012
Pages 360
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Barron s AP Human Geography 6th edition has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Barron s AP Human Geography 6th edition also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Barron s AP Human Geography 6th edition book for free.

Slant Six

Slant Six Author Erin Belieu
ISBN-10 9781619321267
Release 2015-06-08
Pages 96
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Slant Six has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Slant Six also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Slant Six book for free.

Yoga All In One For Dummies

Yoga All In One For Dummies Author Larry Payne
ISBN-10 9781119022756
Release 2015-02-26
Pages 576
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Everything you need to make yoga an integral part of your health and well-being If you want to incorporate yoga into your daily routine or ramp up what you're already doing, Yoga All-In-One For Dummies is the perfect resource! This complete compendium of six separate titles features everything you need to improve your health and peace of mind with yoga, and includes additional information on, stretching, meditation, adding weights to your yoga workouts, and power yoga moves. Yoga has been shown to have numerous health benefits, ranging from better flexibility and athletic performance to lowered blood pressure and weight loss. For those who want to take control of their health and overall fitness, yoga is the perfect practice. With Yoga All-In-One For Dummies, you'll have everything you need to get started and become a master of even the toughest yoga poses and techniques. Find out how to incorporate yoga to foster health, happiness, and peace of mind Get a complete resource, featuring information from six titles that are packed with tips Use companion workout videos to help you master various yoga poses and techniques that are covered in the book Utilize tips in the book to increase balance, range of motion, flexibility, strength, and overall fitness Take a deep breath and dive into Yoga All-In-One For Dummies to find out how you can improve your health and your happiness by incorporating yoga into your daily routine.

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety Author Neville P. Moray
ISBN-10 NAP:14776
Release 1988-01-01
Pages 116
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Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety book for free.

The Mind Club

The Mind Club Author Daniel M. Wegner
ISBN-10 9780143110026
Release 2017-03-21
Pages 388
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Daniel M. Wegner and Kurt Gray are award-winning psychologists who have discovered that minds - while incredibly important - are a matter of perception. Their research opens a trove of new findings, with insights into human behaviour that are fascinating, frightening, and funny. By investigating the mind perception of extraordinary targets - animals, machines, comatose people, god - Wegner and Gray explain what it means to have a mind, and why it matters so much. Fusing cutting-edge research and personal anecdotes, The Mind Club explores the moral dimensions of mind perception.

Human Factors for Engineers

Human Factors for Engineers Author Carl Sandom
ISBN-10 0863413293
Release 2004-01-01
Pages 361
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This book introduces the reader to the subject matter coverage of human factors and provides practical and pragmatic advice to assist engineers in designing interactive systems that are safer, more secure and easier to use - thereby reducing accidents due to human error, increasing system integrity and enabling more efficient process operations. The book discusses human factors integration methodology and reviews the issues that underpin consideration of key topics such as human error, automation and human reliability assessment. There are also design considerations including control room and interface design and acceptance and verification considerations.

Government Reports Announcements Index

Government Reports Announcements   Index Author
ISBN-10 MINN:30000010369753
Release 1990-06
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Government Reports Announcements Index has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Government Reports Announcements Index also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Government Reports Announcements Index book for free.

Human Error and System Design and Management

Human Error and System Design and Management Author P.F. Elzer
ISBN-10 UOM:39015048516598
Release 2000-01-04
Pages 224
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Human Error and System Design and Management contains a collection of contributions presented at an international workshop with the same name held from March 24-26, 1999 at the Technical University of Clausthal, Germany. The purpose of this workshop was to discuss the results of a research project investigating the "Influences of Human-Machine-Interfaces on the Error-proneness of Operator Interaction with Technical Systems" in a broad context. Therefore experts from academia and industry were invited to participate so that practical as well as theoretical aspects of the subject matter were covered. Topics included recent considerations concerning multimedia and ecological interfaces as well as situation awareness. This book contains the current thinking on this discussion and can be regarded as a supplement to engineers and researchers who are active in the area of human machine interfaces.

Norwegian petroleum technology a success story

Norwegian petroleum technology   a success story Author Helge Keilen
ISBN-10 8277190514
Release 2005
Pages 89
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Norwegian petroleum technology a success story has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Norwegian petroleum technology a success story also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Norwegian petroleum technology a success story book for free.

Group Interaction in High Risk Environments

Group Interaction in High Risk Environments Author Rainer Dietrich
ISBN-10 9781351932080
Release 2017-03-02
Pages 304
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What governs the way in which people work together and handle technology in high risk environments? The understanding of decision making, communication and the other dimensions of team interaction within aircrews and other teams in highly stressful situations, is based on a multitude of diverse factors, each with its own literature and individual studies. This book is about how teams function in just such situations, providing a uniquely integrated and interdisciplinary account of the dynamics and main explanatory factors of team interaction under high workload. The book stems from the interdisciplinary research project 'Group Interaction in High Risk Environments' (GIHRE), a Collegium of the Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz Foundation. The goals of the project, and therefore the book, are to investigate, analyze and understand the behavior of professional groups working in high risk environments and to develop practical suggestions for enhancing performance. A central focus of this book is how groups in these professions deal with the factors that can threaten the safety and effectiveness of their task performance, whether these factors are part of the environment or part of the team itself. Four representative workplaces were investigated in three broad settings: in aviation, the cockpit of a commercial airliner; in medicine, the operating room and the intensive care unit of a hospital; in nuclear power, the control room of a nuclear power plant. The international and interdisciplinary composition of the Collegium ensures the book features a variety of different methodological and conceptual approaches, which are brought to bear at both theoretical and practical levels. Readers working in all related fields will find value in the case descriptions, the academic synthesis of the similarities between them, and ways to approach new challenges; specialists in applied psychology, human factors and technical management will gain new insights.

Managing and Modelling Complex Projects

Managing and Modelling Complex Projects Author William Stewart Hillis
ISBN-10 9789400900615
Release 2013-12-20
Pages 268
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Projects are becoming more complex and traditional project management is proving inadequate. The key papers in this volume, which takes a look at a variety of new approaches, have been written by 13 leading figures and are discussed by 54 invited academics, consultants, contractors and clients from 15 countries. The papers cover modelling techniques (extensions to PERT methods, risk analysis, and system dynamics), particular domains (new technology, software development and infrastructure projects, specifically human factors), corporate structures (from both Western and Eastern European perspectives), management techniques (Western and Eastern), and the management of portfolios of projects. The book adopts a wide view, rather than advocating one technique: the mix of authors provides a rich, heterogeneous perspective. Mathematical modelling is balanced with human management, and over-complex of simplistic techniques are avoided. Readers are assumed already to have a sound knowledge of project management.

Sustainable Phosphorus Management

Sustainable Phosphorus Management Author Roland W. Scholz
ISBN-10 9789400772502
Release 2014-03-12
Pages 299
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This book describes a pathway for sustainable phosphorus management via the Global Transdisciplinary Processes for Sustainable Phosphorus Management project (Global TraPs). Global TraPs is a multi-stakeholder forum in which scientists from a variety of disciplines join with key actors in practice to jointly identify critical questions and to articulate what new knowledge, technologies and policy processes are needed to ensure that future phosphorus use is sustainable, improves food security and environmental quality and provides benefits for the poor. The book offers insight into economic scarcity and identifies options to improve efficiency and reduce environmental impacts of anthropogenic phosphorus flows at all stages of the supply and use chain.

Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants

Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants Author Mark Tweeddale
ISBN-10 0080469833
Release 2003-07-09
Pages 529
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There is much specialist material written about different elements of managing risks of hazardous industries, such as hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk management. Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants provides a systematic and integrated coverage of all these elements in sufficient detail for the reader to be able to pursue more detailed study of particular elements or topics from a good appreciation of the whole field. The reader would use this book to keep up to date with new developments and, if they are new to the job, to learn more about the subject. The text includes a chapter of case studies and worked examples - including examples of risk assessments, which is consistent with the approach taken throughout the book of applying real-life scenarios and approaches. * Provides a source for reasonable understanding across the whole field of risk management and risk assessment. * Focuses on the how, what, and why of risk management using a consistent and well organized writing style interspersed with case studies, examples, exercises, as well as end matter. * Fills a need in the area of risk assessment and risk management in the process and chemical engineering industry as an essential multi-audience reference/resource tool, useful to managers and students.