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Single Photon Generation and Detection

Single Photon Generation and Detection Author
ISBN-10 9780123876966
Release 2013-11-29
Pages 616
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Single-photon generation and detection is at the forefront of modern optical physics research. This book is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of single-photon techniques and research methods in the spectral region from the visible to the infrared. The use of single photons, produced on demand with well-defined quantum properties, offers an unprecedented set of capabilities that are central to the new area of quantum information and are of revolutionary importance in areas that range from the traditional, such as high sensitivity detection for astronomy, remote sensing, and medical diagnostics, to the exotic, such as secretive surveillance and very long communication links for data transmission on interplanetary missions. The goal of this volume is to provide researchers with a comprehensive overview of the technology and techniques that are available to enable them to better design an experimental plan for its intended purpose. The book will be broken into chapters focused specifically on the development and capabilities of the available detectors and sources to allow a comparative understanding to be developed by the reader along with and idea of how the field is progressing and what can be expected in the near future. Along with this technology, we will include chapters devoted to the applications of this technology, which is in fact much of the driver for its development. This is set to become the go-to reference for this field. Covers all the basic aspects needed to perform single-photon experiments and serves as the first reference to any newcomer who would like to produce an experimental design that incorporates the latest techniques Provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of single-photon techniques and research methods in the spectral region from the visible to the infrared, thus giving broad background that should enable newcomers to the field to make rapid progress in gaining proficiency Written by leading experts in the field, among which, the leading Editor is recognized as having laid down the roadmap, thus providing the reader with an authenticated and reliable source



Photodetectors

Photodetectors Author Bahram Nabet
ISBN-10 9781782424680
Release 2015-10-24
Pages 550
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Photodetectors: Materials, Devices and Applications discusses the devices that convert light to electrical signals, key components in communication, computation, and imaging systems. In recent years, there has been significant improvement in photodetector performance, and this important book reviews some of the key advances in the field. Part one covers materials, detector types, and devices, and includes discussion of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, low-temperature grown gallium arsenide, plasmonic, Si photomultiplier tubes, and organic photodetectors, while part two focuses on important applications of photodetectors, including microwave photonics, communications, high-speed single photon detection, THz detection, resonant cavity enhanced photodetection, photo-capacitors and imaging. Reviews materials, detector types and devices Addresses fabrication techniques, and the advantages and limitations and different types of photodetector Considers a range of application for this important technology Includes discussions of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, and more



Single Photon Generation and Detection

Single Photon Generation and Detection Author Alex McMillan
ISBN-10 9780128058114
Release 2013-11-29
Pages 616
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The efficient generation of single photon and entangled photon states is of considerable interest both for fundamental studies of quantum mechanics and practical applications, such as quantum communications and computation. It is now well known that correlated pairs of photons suitable for such applications can be generated directly in a guided mode of an optical fiber through the nonlinear process of spontaneous four-wave mixing. Detection of one photon of the pair can be used to herald the presence of the other, in order to realise a probabilistic heralded single photon source. Alternatively, both photons can be used directly as an entangled photon pair if the source is designed such that the two photons are correlated in one or more of their degrees of freedom. This chapter provides an overview of the progress that has been made into the development of photon sources based on four-wave mixing in optical fibers. A theoretical model of four-wave mixing is described in Section 12.2, which demonstrates how the dispersion characteristics of an optical fiber influence the properties of the photon pair state that is generated. Section 12.3 focusses on heralded single photon sources operating in both the anomalous and normal dispersion regimes of optical fiber, and highlights several experimental demonstrations of this type of source. Section 12.4 discusses the concept of non-classical interference and the parameters of the generated photons that can influence the interference visibility. Section 12.5 expands upon this discussion to consider two different approaches for preparing photons in pure states that have been used to demonstrate high visibility two-photon interference. Section 12.6 describes several different experimental implementations of entangled photon pair sources. Finally, two practical applications using fiber-based photon sources are presented, with an all-fiber, quantum controlled-NOT gate discussed in Section 12.7, and the potential to use photonic fusion to build up large photonic cluster states outlined in Section 12.8.



Single Photon Generation and Detection

Single Photon Generation and Detection Author Karl K. Berggren
ISBN-10 9780128058053
Release 2013-11-29
Pages 616
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Superconducting materials provide a unique opportunity for single-photon detectors. The combination of the strong non-linearity present in the superconducting-metal transition and in Josephson junctions; the unique electrical property of zero resistance; the fast relaxation processes present in many superconducting materials; and the easily engineered optical absorptance of metals results in a system that can be adapted to many photo-detection requirements. As a result of these material features, a variety of detector families have emerged in recent years based on superconducting nanowires, tunnel junctions, weak thermal links, and kinetic-inductive resonators. The detectors variously provide high speed single-photon detection; high-sensitivity in the infrared, optical, UV, or even x-ray wavelengths; and high efficiency. The resulting applications include quantum and classical high-data-rate communication, biological imaging, LIDAR, and VLSI circuit evaluation among others.



Single Photon Generation and Detection

Single Photon Generation and Detection Author Ivo Pietro Degiovanni
ISBN-10 9780128058060
Release 2013-11-29
Pages 616
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This chapter presents an overview of efforts to improve photon-counting detection systems through the use of hybrid detection techniques such as spatial- and time-multiplexing of conventional detectors, and frequency up-conversion. It reviews the basic operation for these methods and illustrates their utility in a number of applications showing new or improved capabilities compared with conventional methods.



Single Photon Generation and Detection

Single Photon Generation and Detection Author Sergio Cova
ISBN-10 9780128058039
Release 2013-11-29
Pages 616
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This chapter presents a broad review of the principle, design, fabrication, operation, and performance of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs), and provides a comparative basis to assess the relative merits of the wide variety of devices and techniques covered. Particular attention is paid to the design of and operation of both silicon and high-speed-gated InGaAs/InP detection systems, as well as array-based systems.



Single photon Devices and Applications

Single photon Devices and Applications Author Charles Santori
ISBN-10 9783527408078
Release 2010-10-11
Pages 237
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Over the past ten years, on-demand single photon generation has been realized in numerous physical systems including neutral atoms, ions, molecules, semiconductor quantum dots, impurities and defects in solids, and superconductor circuits. The motivations for generation and detection of single photons are two-fold: basic and applied science. On the one hand, a single photon plays a central role in the experimental foundation of quantum mechanics and measurement theory. On the other hand, an efficient and high-quality single-photon source is needed to implement quantum key distribution, quantum repeaters and photonic quantum information processing. Written by top authors from academia and industry, this is the only textbook focused on single-photon devices and thus fills the gap for a readily accessible update on the rapid progress in the field.



An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Physical Measurement Laboratory

An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Physical Measurement Laboratory Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309439367
Release 2016-05-01
Pages 74
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The Physical Measurement Laboratory (PML) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is dedicated to three fundamental and complementary tasks: (1) increase the accuracy of our knowledge of the physical parameters that are the foundation of our technology-driven society; (2) disseminate technologies by which these physical parameters can be accessed in a standardized way by the stakeholders; and (3) conduct research at both fundamental and applied levels to provide knowledge that may eventually lead to advances in measurement approaches and standards. This report assesses the scientific and technical work performed by the PML and identifies salient examples of accomplishments, challenges, and opportunities for improvement for each of its nine divisions.



Technical digest

Technical digest Author conference Quantum electronics and laser sc
ISBN-10 1557527075
Release 2002
Pages 271
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Technical digest has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Technical digest also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Technical digest book for free.



Advanced Time Correlated Single Photon Counting Techniques

Advanced Time Correlated Single Photon Counting Techniques Author Wolfgang Becker
ISBN-10 3540288821
Release 2005-12-20
Pages 401
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In 1984 Desmond O’Connor and David Phillips published their comprehensive book „Time-correlated Single Photon Counting“. At that time time-correlated s- gle photon counting, or TCSPC, was used primarily to record fluorescence decay functions of dye solutions in cuvettes. From the beginning, TCSPC was an am- ingly sensitive and accurate technique with excellent time-resolution. However, acquisition times were relatively slow due to the low repetition rate of the light sources and the limited speed of the electronics of the 70s and early 80s. Moreover, TCSPC was intrinsically one-dimensional, i.e. limited to the recording of the wa- form of a periodic light signal. Even with these limitations, it was a wonderful te- nique. More than 20 years have elapsed, and electronics and laser techniques have made impressive progress. The number of transistors on a single chip has approximately doubled every 18 months, resulting in a more than 1,000-fold increase in compl- ity and speed. The repetition rate and power of pulsed light sources have increased by about the same factor.



Chinese Physics Letters

Chinese Physics Letters Author
ISBN-10 CHI:82262691
Release 2008
Pages
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Chinese Physics Letters has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Chinese Physics Letters also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Chinese Physics Letters book for free.



International Conference on Education in Optics

International Conference on Education in Optics Author
ISBN-10 0819418846
Release 1995
Pages 702
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International Conference on Education in Optics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from International Conference on Education in Optics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full International Conference on Education in Optics book for free.



Graduate Programs in the Physical Sciences Mathematics Agricultural Sciences the Environment and Natural Resources 2009

Graduate Programs in the Physical Sciences  Mathematics  Agricultural Sciences  the Environment  and Natural Resources 2009 Author Peterson's Guides Staff
ISBN-10 0768924022
Release 2007-11-20
Pages 751
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Offers information on entrance and degree requirements, expenses and financial aid, programs of study, and faculty research specialties.



Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America Author
ISBN-10 CHI:27286888
Release 1986
Pages
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Journal of the Optical Society of America has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of the Optical Society of America also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of the Optical Society of America book for free.



Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062054013
Release 2004
Pages
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Dissertation Abstracts International has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Dissertation Abstracts International also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Dissertation Abstracts International book for free.



Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015027857286
Release 1994
Pages
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Physics Briefs has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Physics Briefs also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Physics Briefs book for free.



Laser Physics at the Limits

Laser Physics at the Limits Author Hartmut Figger
ISBN-10 9783662048979
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 522
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Published on the occasion of Theodor Hänsch's 60th Birthday emphasis is placed on precision related to results in a variety of fields, such as atomic clocks, frequency standards, and the measurement of physical constants in atomic physics. Furthermore, illustrations and engineering applications of the fundamentals of quantum mechanics are widely covered. It has contributions by Nobel prize winners Norman F. Ramsey, Steven Chu, and Carl E. Wieman.