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Single Piles in Liquefiable Ground

Single Piles in Liquefiable Ground Author Rui Wang
ISBN-10 9783662496633
Release 2016-03-17
Pages 119
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This thesis focuses on the seismic response of piles in liquefiable ground. It describes the design of a three-dimensional, unified plasticity model for large post-liquefaction shear deformation of sand, formulated and implemented for parallel computing. It also presents a three-dimensional, dynamic finite element analysis method for piles in liquefiable ground, developed on the basis of this model,. Employing a combination of case analysis, centrifuge shaking table experiments and numerical simulations using the proposed methods, it demonstrates the seismic response patterns of single piles in liquefiable ground. These include basic force-resistance mode, kinematic and inertial interaction coupling mechanism and major influence factors. It also discusses a beam on the nonlinear Winkler foundation (BNWF) solution and a modified neutral plane solution developed and validated using centrifuge experiments for piles in consolidating and reconsolidating ground. Lastly, it studies axial pile force and settlement during post-earthquake reconsolidation, showing pile axial force to be irrelevant in the reconsolidation process, while settlement is process dependent.

Developments in Earthquake Geotechnics

Developments in Earthquake Geotechnics Author Susumu Iai
ISBN-10 9783319620695
Release 2017-10-17
Pages 414
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This book provides a timely review and summary of the recent advances in state-of-the-art earthquake geotechnics. The earthquake disasters in Japan and New Zealand in 2011 prompted the urgent need for the state-of-the-art earthquake geotechnics to be put into practice for disaster mitigation. By reviewing the developments in earthquake geotechnics over more than half a century, this unique book enables readers to obtain solid grasp of this discipline. It is based on contributions from 18 leading international experts, who met in Kyoto in June 2016 to discuss a range of issues related to the developments of earthquake geotechnics. It comprehensively discusses various areas of earthquake geotechnics, including performance-based seismic design; the evolution of geotechnical seismic response analysis from 1964-2015; countermeasures against liquefaction; solutions for nuclear power plant disasters; the tsunami-caused inundation of the Tokyo metropolitan area; and a series of state-of-the-art effective stress analyses of case histories from the 2011 East Japan Earthquake. The book is of interest to advanced level researchers and practicing engineers in the field of earthquake geotechnics.

Soil Dynamics and Soil Structure Interaction for Resilient Infrastructure

Soil Dynamics and Soil Structure Interaction for Resilient Infrastructure Author Tarek Abdoun
ISBN-10 9783319635439
Release 2017-08-19
Pages 234
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Infrastructure is the key to creating a sustainable community. It affects our future well-being as well as the economic climate. Indeed, the infrastructure we are building today will shape tomorrow's communities. GeoMEast 2017 created a venue for researchers and practitioners from all over the world to share their expertise to advance the role of innovative geotechnology in developing sustainable infrastructure. This volume focuses on the role of soil-structure-interaction and soil dynamics. It discusses case studies as well as physical and numerical models of geo-structures. It covers: Soil-Structure-Interaction under static and dynamic loads, dynamic behavior of soils, and soil liquefaction. It is hoped that this volume will contribute to further advance the state-of-the-art for the next generation infrastructure. This volume is part of the proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures, Egypt 2017.

Perspectives on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering

Perspectives on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Author Atilla Ansal
ISBN-10 9783319107868
Release 2015-04-15
Pages 479
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This book offers a broad perspective on important topics in earthquake geotechnical engineering and gives specialists and those that are involved with research and application a more comprehensive understanding about the various topics. Consisting of eighteen chapters written by authors from the most seismic active regions of the world, such as USA, Japan, Canada, Chile, Italy, Greece, Portugal, Taiwan, and Turkey, the book reflects different views concerning how to assess and minimize earthquake damage. The authors, a prominent group of specialists in the field of earthquake geotechnical engineering, are the invited lecturers of the International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering from Case History to Practice in the honour of Professor Kenji Ishihara held in Istanbul, Turkey during 17-19 June 2013.

Linear and Non linear Numerical Analysis of Foundations

Linear and Non linear Numerical Analysis of Foundations Author John W. Bull
ISBN-10 9780203887776
Release 2009-02-02
Pages 452
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Correctly understanding, designing and analyzing the foundations that support structures is fundamental to their safety. This book by a range of academic, design and contracting world experts provides a review of the state-of-the-art techniques for modelling foundations using both linear and non linear numerical analysis. It applies to a range of infrastructure, civil engineering and structural engineering projects and allows designers, engineers, architects, researchers and clients to understand some of the advanced numerical techniques used in the analysis and design of foundations. Topics include: Ground vibrations caused by trains Pile-group effects Bearing capacity of shallow foundations under static and seismic conditions Bucket foundation technology for offshore oilfields Seismically induced liquefaction in earth embankment foundations and in pile foundations Free vibrations of industrial chimneys and TV towers with flexibility of the soil Settlements of high rise structures Seepage, stress fields and dynamic responses in dams Site investigation

Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation

Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation Author Han-Long Liu
ISBN-10 3540798463
Release 2009-02-18
Pages 1104
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"Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation" presents the latest developments and case studies in the field. All contributions to this proceedings were rigorously reviewed to cover the newest developments in disasters related to earthquakes, landslides and slopes, soil dynamics, risk assessment and management, disaster mitigation and rehabilitation, and others. The book will be a useful reference for geotechnical scientists, engineers and professionals in these areas.

New Frontiers in Engineering Geology and the Environment

New Frontiers in Engineering Geology and the Environment Author Yu Huang
ISBN-10 9783642316715
Release 2012-08-20
Pages 304
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“New Frontiers in Engineering Geology and the Environment” collects selected papers presented at the International Symposium on Coastal Engineering Geology (ISCEG-Shanghai 2012). These papers involve many subjects – such as engineering geology, natural hazards, geoenvironment and geotechnical engineering – with a primary focus on geological engineering problems in coastal regions. The proceedings provide readers with the latest research results and engineering experiences from academic scientists, leading engineers and industry researchers who are interested in coastal engineering geology and the relevant fields. Yu Huang works at the Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University, China. Faquan Wu works at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, China and he is also the Secretary General of the International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment. Zhenming Shi works at the Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University, China. Bin Ye works at the Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University, China.

Seismic Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Structures

Seismic Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Structures Author Alper Ilki
ISBN-10 9783319004587
Release 2013-08-15
Pages 497
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In the past, facilities considered to be at the end of their useful life were demolished and replaced with new ones that better met the functional requirements of modern society, including new safety standards. Humankind has recently recognised the threats to the environment and to our limited natural resources due to our relentless determination to destroy the old and build anew. With the awareness of these constraints and the emphasis on sustainability, in future the majority of old structures will be retrofitted to extend their service life as long as feasible. In keeping with this new approach, the EU’s Construction Products Regulation 305/2011, which is the basis of the Eurocodes, included the sustainable use of resources as an "Essential Requirement" for construction. So, the forthcoming second generation of EN-Eurocodes will cover not only the design of new structures, but the rehabilitation of existing ones as well. Most of the existing building stock and civil infrastructures are seismically deficient. When the time comes for a decision to prolong their service life with the help of structural and architectural upgrading, seismic retrofitting may be needed. Further, it is often decided to enhance the earthquake resistance of facilities that still meet their functional requirements and fulfil their purpose, if they are not earthquake-safe. In order to decide how badly a structure needs seismic upgrading or to prioritise it in a population of structures, a seismic evaluation is needed, which also serves as a guide for the extent and type of strengthening. Seismic codes do not sufficiently cover the delicate phase of seismic evaluation nor the many potential technical options for seismic upgrading; therefore research is on-going and the state-of-the-art is constantly evolving. All the more so as seismic evaluation and rehabilitation demand considerable expertise, to make best use of the available safety margins in the existing structure, to adapt the engineering capabilities and techniques at hand to the particularities of a project, to minimise disruption of use, etc. Further, as old structures are very diverse in terms of their materials and layout, seismic retrofitting does not lend itself to straightforward codified procedures or cook-book approaches. As such, seismic evaluation and rehabilitation need the best that the current state-of-the-art can offer on all aspects of earthquake engineering. This volume serves this need, as it gathers the most recent research of top seismic experts from around the world on seismic evaluation, retrofitting and closely related subjects.

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Design

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Design Author Michele Maugeri
ISBN-10 9783319031828
Release 2014-02-03
Pages 388
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Pseudo-static analysis is still the most-used method to assess the stability of geotechnical systems that are exposed to earthquake forces. However, this method does not provide any information about the deformations and permanent displacements induced by seismic activity. Moreover, it is questionable to use this approach when geotechnical systems are affected by frequent and rare seismic events. Incidentally, the peak ground acceleration has increased from 0.2-0.3 g in the seventies to the current value of 0.6-0.8 g. Therefore, a shift from the pseudo-static approach to performance-based analysis is needed. Over the past five years considerable progress has been made in Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Design (EGED). The most recent advances are presented in this book in 6 parts. The evaluation of the site amplification is covered in Part I of the book. In Part II the evaluation of the soil foundation stability against natural slope failure and liquefaction is treated. In the following 3 Parts of the book the EGED for different geotechnical systems is presented as follows: the design of levees and dams including natural slopes in Part III; the design of foundations and soil structure interaction analysis in Part IV; underground structures in Part V. Finally in Part VI, new topics like the design of reinforced earth retaining walls and landfills are covered.

Seismic Design of RC Buildings

Seismic Design of RC Buildings Author Sharad Manohar
ISBN-10 9788132223191
Release 2015-09-09
Pages 450
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This book is intended to serve as a textbook for engineering courses on earthquake resistant design. The book covers important attributes for seismic design such as material properties, damping, ductility, stiffness and strength. The subject coverage commences with simple concepts and proceeds right up to nonlinear analysis and push-over method for checking building adequacy. The book also provides an insight into the design of base isolators highlighting their merits and demerits. Apart from the theoretical approach to design of multi-storey buildings, the book highlights the care required in practical design and construction of various building components. It covers modal analysis in depth including the important missing mass method of analysis and tension shift in shear walls and beams. These have important bearing on reinforcement detailing. Detailed design and construction features are covered for earthquake resistant design of reinforced concrete as well as confined and reinforced masonry structures. The book also provides the methodology for assessment of seismic forces on basement walls and pile foundations. It provides a practical approach to design and detailing of soft storeys, short columns, vulnerable staircases and many other components. The book bridges the gap between design and construction. Plenty of worked illustrative examples are provided to aid learning. This book will be of value to upper undergraduate and graduate students taking courses on seismic design of structures.

Seismic Ground Response Analysis

Seismic Ground Response Analysis Author Nozomu Yoshida
ISBN-10 9789401794602
Release 2014-11-17
Pages 365
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This book presents state-of-the-art information on seismic ground response analysis, and is not only very valuable and useful for practitioners but also for researchers. The topics covered are related to the stages of analysis: 1. Input parameter selection, by reviewing the in-situ and laboratory tests used to determine dynamic soil properties as well as the methods to compile and model the dynamic soil properties from literature;2. Input ground motion; 3. Theoretical background on the equations of motion and methods for solving them; 4. The mechanism of damping and how this is modeled in the equations of motions; 5. Detailed analysis and discussion of results of selected case studies which provide valuable information on the problem of seismic ground response analysis from both a theoretical and practical point of view.

Forensic Geotechnical Engineering

Forensic Geotechnical Engineering Author V.V.S. Rao
ISBN-10 9788132223771
Release 2015-08-28
Pages 552
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In this edited volume on advances in forensic geotechnical engineering, a number of technical contributions by experts and professionals in this area are included. The work is the outcome of deliberations at various conferences in the area conducted by Prof. G.L. Sivakumar Babu and Dr. V.V.S. Rao as secretary and Chairman of Technical Committee on Forensic Geotechnical Engineering of International Society for Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering (ISSMGE). This volume contains papers on topics such as guidelines, evidence/data collection, distress characterization, use of diagnostic tests (laboratory and field tests), back analysis, failure hypothesis formulation, role of instrumentation and sensor-based technologies, risk analysis, technical shortcomings. This volume will prove useful to researchers and practitioners alike.

Design of Pile Foundations in Liquefiable Soils

Design of Pile Foundations in Liquefiable Soils Author Gopal Madabhushi
ISBN-10 9781848163621
Release 2010
Pages 217
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Pile foundations are the most common form of deep foundations that are used both onshore and offshore to transfer large superstructural loads into competent soil strata. This book provides many case histories of failure of pile foundations due to earthquake loading and soil liquefaction. Based on the observed case histories, the possible mechanisms of failure of the pile foundations are postulated. The book also deals with the additional loading attracted by piles in liquefiable soils due to lateral spreading of sloping ground. Recent research at Cambridge forms the backbone of this book with the design methodologies being developed directly based on quantified centrifuge test results and numerical analysis.The book provides designers and practicing civil engineers with a sound knowledge of pile behaviour in liquefiable soils and easy-to-use methods to design pile foundations in seismic regions. For graduate students and researchers, it brings together the latest research findings on pile foundations in a way that is relevant to geotechnical practice.

Hazard analysis of seismic soil liquefaction

Hazard analysis of seismic soil liquefaction Author Yu Huang
ISBN-10 9789811043796
Release 2017-05-28
Pages 151
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This book presents comprehensive hazard analysis methods for seismic soil liquefaction, providing an update on soil liquefaction by systematically reviewing the phenomenon’s occurrence since the beginning of this century. It also puts forward a range of advanced research methods including in-situ tests, laboratory studies, physical model tests, numerical simulation, and performance-based assessment. Recent seismic liquefaction-related damage to soils and foundations demonstrate the increasing need for the comprehensive hazard analysis of seismic soil liquefaction in order to mitigate this damage and protect human lives. As such the book addresses the comprehensive hazard analysis of seismic soil liquefaction, including factors such as macroscopic characteristics, evaluating the liquefaction potential, dynamic characteristics and deformation processes, providing reliable evaluation results for liquefaction potential and deformation in the context of risk assessment. “p>

Role of Seismic Testing Facilities in Performance Based Earthquake Engineering

Role of Seismic Testing Facilities in Performance Based Earthquake Engineering Author Michael N Fardis
ISBN-10 9400719779
Release 2011-10-07
Pages 386
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Nowadays research in earthquake engineering is mainly experimental and in large-scale; advanced computations are integrated with large-scale experiments, to complement them and extend their scope, even by coupling two different but simultaneous tests. Earthquake engineering cannot give answers by testing and qualifying few, small typical components or single large prototypes. Besides, the large diversity of Civil Engineering structures does not allow drawing conclusions from only a few tests; structures are large and their seismic response and performance cannot be meaningfully tested in an ordinary lab or in the field. So, seismic testing facilities should be much larger than in other scientific fields; their staff has to be resourceful, devising intelligent ways to carry out simultaneously different tests and advanced computations. To better serve such a mission European testing facilities and researchers in earthquake engineering have shared their resources and activities in the framework of the European project SERIES, combining their research and jointly developing advanced testing and instrumentation techniques that maximize testing capabilities and increase the value of the tests. This volume presents the first outcomes of the SERIES and its contribution towards Performance-based Earthquake Engineering, i.e., to the most important development in Earthquake Engineering of the past three decades. The concept and the methodologies for performance-based earthquake engineering have now matured. However, they are based mainly on analytical/numerical research; large-scale seismic testing has entered the stage recently. The SERIES Workshop in Ohrid (MK) in Sept. 2010 pooled together the largest European seismic testing facilities, Europe’s best experts in experimental earthquake engineering and select experts from the USA, to present recent research achievements and to address future developments. Audience: This volume will be of interest to researchers and advanced practitioners in structural earthquake engineering, geotechnical earthquake engineering, engineering seismology, and experimental dynamics, including seismic qualification.

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Author Kyriazis D. Pitilakis
ISBN-10 9781402058929
Release 2007-06-14
Pages 487
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This book contains the full papers on which the invited lectures of the 4th International Conference on Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering (4ICEGE) were based. The conference was held in Thessaloniki, Greece, from 25 to 28 June, 2007. The papers offer a comprehensive overview of the progress achieved in soil dynamics and geotechnical earthquake engineering, examine ongoing and unresolved issues, and discuss ideas for the future.

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Author Ikuo Towhata
ISBN-10 9783540357834
Release 2008-12-19
Pages 684
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This fascinating new book examines the issues of earthquake geotechnical engineering in a comprehensive way. It summarizes the present knowledge on earthquake hazards and their causative mechanisms as well as a number of other relevant topics. Information obtained from earthquake damage investigation (such as ground motion, landslides, earth pressure, fault action, or liquefaction) as well as data from laboratory tests and field investigation is supplied, together with exercises/questions.