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Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention

Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention Author Andreas von Hirsch
ISBN-10 9781847313300
Release 2004-10-15
Pages 240
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Situational crime prevention has drawn increasing interest in recent years,yet the debate has looked mainly at whether it 'works' to prevent crime. This volume addresses the ethics of situational crime prevention and also examines the place of situational crime prevention within criminology. The contributors are twelve distinguished criminologists who together advance our understanding of the ethical and societal questions underlying crime prevention. Contributors: Ron Clarke, Adam Crawford, Antony Duff, David Garland, Tim Hope, Richard Jones, John Kleinig, Clifford Shearing, David J. Smith, Richard Sparks, Andrew von Hirsch and Alison Wakefield. "..presents several unique questions regarding the use of crime prevention strategies." Robert Hanser writing in The Literature of Criminal Justice January 2001



Rational Choice and Situational Crime Prevention

Rational Choice and Situational Crime Prevention Author Graeme Newman
ISBN-10 9781351906760
Release 2016-12-05
Pages 288
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A collection of original papers examining the theoretical and philosophical bases of the perspective of situational crime prevention. Among issues examined are: the status of situational crime prevention as a theory; the theoretical traditions and context of SCP; the relationship of rational choice to SCP; utilitarianism and SCP; and the ethical./policy implications of SCP.



Situational Crime Prevention

Situational Crime Prevention Author R. V. G. Clarke
ISBN-10 0911577386
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 357
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This 2nd edition features a revised and extended classification of 16 techniques of situational crime prevention, 13 new case studies and over 300 new references."Situational Crime Prevention should be required reading for anyone interested in innovation in policing. It offers a wide range of techniques that the police can use to reduce the problems that constitute their business. The superb collection of case studies persuasively illustrates how novel approaches to old problems can be developed and their effectiveness proven through rigorous evaluation. The book goes to the heart of what policing is all about."Professor Herman Goldstein, University of Wisconsin



Theory for Practice in Situational Crime Prevention

Theory for Practice in Situational Crime Prevention Author Martha J. Smith
ISBN-10 1881798445
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 289
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Crime Prevention Studies Volume 16The theme of volume 16 in the Crime Prevention Studies series is the development and application of theory for use in situational crime prevention. The theoretical perspectives and concepts discussed include the rational choice perspective, environmental criminology, routine activity theory, repeat victimization, problem-oriented policing, the script analytical approach, and displacement. Some of the papers critically analyze these ideas while others apply them to specific crime problems or to situational crime prevention practice.



Situational crime prevention

Situational crime prevention Author Kevin Heal
ISBN-10 UOM:39015013431997
Release 1986-06-23
Pages 166
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Situational crime prevention has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Situational crime prevention also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Situational crime prevention book for free.



Campus Security

Campus Security Author George F. Rengert
ISBN-10 1881798305
Release 2001
Pages 123
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This book should be required reading for all campus law enforcement and security professionals. Describes the factors related to the level of crime on college campuses. Topics covered include development of campus security systems, preventative measures, victimization surveys, perception of crime on campus and high definition geographic information systems.



Situational Prevention of Poaching

Situational Prevention of Poaching Author Andrew M Lemieux
ISBN-10 9781136207686
Release 2014-03-05
Pages 232
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For centuries, criminologists have looked for scientific ways to study, understand, and ultimately prevent crime. In this volume, a unique offense, poaching, is explored in various contexts to determine what opportunity structures favor this crime and how situational crime prevention may reduce its prevalence. The data sources used range from publically available secondary data about animal populations, to interviews with hunters, to actual law enforcement data collected inside protected areas. Various methods are utilized to look for patterns in poaching behaviour regarding where poachers strike, which species they target and their modus operandi. Collectively, the volume shows that principles of criminal opportunity theory and situational crime prevention are useful for studying and preventing poaching in a variety of contexts. The methods employed by each chapter are easily replicated and meant to stimulate empirical poaching research where data is available. While the theoretical grounding of this volume is drawn from criminology, it is written for a broad audience of academics, practitioners and those interested in wildlife conservation.



Situational Prison Control

Situational Prison Control Author Richard Wortley
ISBN-10 0521009405
Release 2002-03-25
Pages 253
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This book examines the control of problem behaviour in prison from a situational crime prevention perspective. Following the success of situational crime prevention in community settings, Richard Wortley argues that the same principles can be used to help reduce the levels of assault, rape, self-harm, drug use, escape and collective violence in our prison systems. This pioneering new study proposes a two-stage model of situational prevention that moves beyond traditional opportunity-reduction: it attempts to reconcile the contradictory urges to control prison disorder by 'tightening-up' and hardening the prison environment on the one hand, and 'loosening-off' and normalising it on the other. Combining a comprehensive synthesis and evaluation of existing research with original investigation and ground-breaking conclusions, Situational Prison Control will be of great interest to academics and practitioners both in the areas of correction and crime prevention more generally.



Situational Prevention of Organised Crimes

Situational Prevention of Organised Crimes Author Ronald V. Clarke
ISBN-10 9781134030941
Release 2013-01-11
Pages 216
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Situational crime prevention is the art and science of reducing opportunities for crime. Despite accumulating evidence of its value in reducing many different kinds of crime - such as burglary, fraud, robbery, car theft, child sexual abuse and even terrorism - little has previously been published about its role in reducing organised crimes. This collection of case studies, by a distinguished international group of researchers, fills this gap by documenting the application of a situational prevention approach to a variety of organised crimes. These include sex trafficking, cigarette and drug smuggling, timber theft, mortgage fraud, corruption of private professionals and public officials, and subversion of tendering procedures for construction projects. By moving the focus away from the nature of criminal organisations to the analysis of the crimes committed by these organisations, the book opens up a fresh agenda for policy and research. Situational Prevention of Organised Crimes will be of interest to those tasked with tackling organised crime problems, as well as those interested in understanding the ways that organised crime problems have manifested themselves globally, and how law enforcement and other agencies might seek to tackle them in the future.



Reducing Terrorism Through Situational Crime Prevention

Reducing Terrorism Through Situational Crime Prevention Author Joshua D. Freilich
ISBN-10 1881798941
Release 2009
Pages 244
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This volume applies the principles of situational crime prevention (SCP) to terrorism and it features cutting-edge theoretical and empirical pieces. Chapters focus on: terrorism by right-wing and left-wing extremists in the U.S., the conflicts in Iraq and Northern Ireland, foreign policy through an SCP lens, intelligence-led policing, the crimes of kidnapping and hostage taking, ideologically motivated tax refusal and cybercrime. Sources of original data include research projects such as the government-funded American Terrorism Study, and the U.S. Extremist Crime Study. Derek Cornish's "script method" is applied in a number of case studies, and Ronald Clarke and Graeme Newman's "EVIL DONE" concept is operationalized and refined. The authors represent a mix of leading SCP scholars and noted terrorism researchers.



The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention Author Brandon C. Welsh
ISBN-10 9780199396696
Release 2014-06-18
Pages 560
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How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.



Migrant Death

Migrant Death Author Rob T. Guerette
ISBN-10 1593321503
Release 2007
Pages 181
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Migrant Death has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Migrant Death also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Migrant Death book for free.



The Reasoning Criminologist

The Reasoning Criminologist Author Nick Tilley
ISBN-10 9781136577994
Release 2013-03-01
Pages 288
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This book is a tribute to the work of criminologist Professor Ronald V. Clarke, in view of his enormous and enduring contribution to criminology and crime science. Clarke is best known for his development of the theory and application of situational crime prevention, although he also played a major part in the establishment of the British Crime Survey, in discussions of evaluation methodology, and in improving the knowledge base and tools for problem-oriented policing. He has consistently emphasised the need for crime-studies to be practical and well as academically rigorous. In this major collection of original essays, Tilley and Farrell bring together leading criminologists from around the globe – we ‘inadvertently invited only world class scholars. Oops.’ the editors profess – all of whom are colleagues or ex-students of Clarke. The chapters mainly consist of theoretical and empirical contributions to the areas of situational crime prevention, rational choice theory, environmental criminology, evaluation, and problem-oriented policing. The largely biographical introduction ‘Ronald V. Clarke – The Quiet Revolutionary’ is based on interviews with Clarke.



Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Author Steven P. Lab
ISBN-10 9781455731657
Release 2013-01-22
Pages 464
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This book examines several types of crime prevention approaches and their goals, including those that are designed to prevent conditions that foster deviance, those directed toward persons or conditions with a high potential for deviance, and those for persons who have already committed crimes. This edition provides research and information on all aspects of crime prevention, including the physical environment and crime, neighborhood crime prevention, the mass media and crime prevention, crime displacement and diffusion, prediction, community policing, drugs, schools, and electronic monitoring and home confinement. A new chapter on developmental crime prevention focuses on the early life experiences that predispose individuals to commit deviant acts and using risk factors in predicting behavior for secondary prevention. New attention is brought to situational prevention, partnerships for crime prevention, the politics of prevention strategies, and organizing dysfunctional neighborhoods. All chapters now include updated tables that indicate the state of the evidence as well as key terms, learning objectives, web references, and a helpful glossary.



Application of Situational Crime Prevention to Female Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Turkey

Application of Situational Crime Prevention to Female Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Turkey Author Halil Akbas
ISBN-10 OCLC:770708317
Release 2009
Pages 194
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Female trafficking has become a global problem affecting almost every region across the world. The crime is devastating to victims as well as communities and nations. As female trafficking increased, the United States and European countries began cooperating to reduce the crime. These efforts focus on arranging legal frameworks to punish offenders and protect victims. Despite these efforts, female trafficking is a growing problem worldwide, indicating that focusing solely on punishing traffickers and helping victims is not sufficient. The main purpose of this study is to explore how situational crime prevention can be used to prevent human trafficking. The underlying theme of situational crime prevention is that immediate features of physical and social environments create opportunities for offenders to commit crimes. Crime prevention by opportunity reduction reduces crimes by manipulating offenders' perceived risks, efforts, and excuses. The study is designed to explore situational characteristics of female trafficking in Turkey that facilitate this crime. The study also investigates possible measures to eliminate female trafficking by altering these characteristics. The study is based on the analysis of two types of data: (a) personal interviews with representatives of nongovernmental organizations and police officials from various city police departments in Turkey and (b) a secondary data analysis of victim interviews.



The Government s Approach to Crime Prevention

The Government s Approach to Crime Prevention Author Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Home Affairs Committee
ISBN-10 0215545028
Release 2010-03-23
Pages 83
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The Government's Cutting Crime strategy was introduced in 20-07 to re-focus crime prevention activity on areas where progress on crime reduction has been slow, particularly youth crime, more serious offending, anti-social behaviour, reducing re-offending and designing-out crime. To be successful in tackling youth anti-social behaviour and ensuring perpetrators do not progress to more serious offending, enforcement must be coupled with support. A more effective long-term prevention strategy must focus on early intervention with young children and their parents. The Government has made a good start in this area, but needs to go further, ensuring that support reaches the most vulnerable and is available throughout the childhood years. Starting secondary school is a particularly formative time for children; mentoring would help those lacking support at home to manage this transition. Whilst the frequency of re-offending has been reduced there are still groups with very high re-offending rates, particularly young men and those serving short-term custodial sentences. Prisons must do more to ensure that training and employment meets the needs of individual prisoners and the labour market, and to ensure that a higher proportion of individuals benefit from resettlement support. The Government should also place more emphasis on measures to prevent opportunities for crime, including fast progress towards meeting its goal of introducing an early warning system to identify emerging crime trends



The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention

The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention Author Danielle M. Reynald
ISBN-10 9781315441184
Release 2017-09-22
Pages 118
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The rational choice perspective (RCP) is currently the core theoretical approach underpinning situational crime prevention (SCP). To date, many crimes have been studied through the lens of RCP, which increased our understanding of these phenomena, how they are committed and how they could potentially be prevented through SCP. This book, designed with the hope of moving RCP forward for SCP purposes, takes a challenging but novel step in providing leading experts from different disciplines with the opportunity to express themselves on how we could best achieve this task. This book explores various perspectives, which include the development of frameworks based on the role of situations in crime or forensic sciences for improving crime prevention practices. The need to consider affective states and other offender-related factors to improve our understanding of offender decision-making models is highlighted as a means to better predict which SCP mechanisms may be most useful in discouraging particular types of offenders. Finally, it is also argued that the use of RCP should be more pragmatic and that this perspective should be preserved and adapted based on what we find in our experiments. Taken together, these theoretically distinctive and challenging contributions ultimately guide how crime prevention practices could be best approached in the future.