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Skill Acquisition and Training

Skill Acquisition and Training Author Addie Johnson
ISBN-10 9781315531632
Release 2016-08-19
Pages 388
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Skill Acquisition and Training describes the building blocks of cognitive, motor, and teamwork skills, and the factors to take into account in training them. The basic processes of perception, cognition and action that provide the foundation for understanding skilled performance are discussed in the context of complex task requirements, individual differences, and extreme environmental demands. The role of attention in perceiving, selecting, and becoming aware of information, in learning new information, and in performance is described in the context of specific skills. A theme throughout this book is that much learning is implicit; the types of knowledge and relations that can profitably be learned implicitly and the conditions under which this learning benefits performance are discussed. The question of whether skill acquisition in cognitive domains shares underlying mechanisms with the acquisition of perceptual and motor skills is also addressed with a view to identifying commonalities that allow for widely applicable, general theories of skill acquisition. Because the complexity of real-world environments puts demands on the individual to adapt to new circumstances, the question of how skills research can be applied to organizational training contexts is an important one. To address this, this book dedicates much content to practical applications, covering such issues as how training needs can be captured with task and job analyses and how to maximize training transfer by taking trainee self-efficacy and goal orientation into account. This comprehensive yet readable textbook is optimized for students of cognitive psychology looking to understand the intricacies of skill acquisition.



Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems Third Edition

Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems  Third Edition Author Robert W. Proctor
ISBN-10 9781482229592
Release 2018-01-02
Pages 676
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Recently, there have been a number of advances in technology, including in mobile devices, globalization of companies, display technologies and healthcare, all of which require significant input and evaluation from human factors specialists. Accordingly, this textbook has been completely updated, with some chapters folded into other chapters and new chapters added where needed. The text continues to fill the need for a textbook that bridges the gap between the conceptual and empirical foundations of the field.



Psychology

Psychology Author Michael W. Eysenck
ISBN-10 184169360X
Release 2004
Pages 984
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Unlike typical American texts, this book provides an international approach to introductory psychology, providing comprehensive and lively coverage of current research from a global perspective, including the UK, Germany, Scandinavia, Holland, Australia and Canada, as well as the USA.



The Science of Expertise

The Science of Expertise Author David Z. Hambrick
ISBN-10 9781351624831
Release 2017-09-22
Pages 468
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Offering the broadest review of psychological perspectives on human expertise to date, this volume covers behavioral, computational, neural, and genetic approaches to understanding complex skill. The chapters show how performance in music, the arts, sports, games, medicine, and other domains reflects basic traits such as personality and intelligence, as well as knowledge and skills acquired through training. In doing so, this book moves the field of expertise beyond the duality of "nature vs. nurture" toward an integrative understanding of complex skill. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers and students interested in expertise, and for professionals seeking current reviews of psychological research on expertise.



Skill Acquisition in Sport

Skill Acquisition in Sport Author Nicola J. Hodges
ISBN-10 9780415607841
Release 2012
Pages 385
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"Success in sport depends upon the athlete's ability to develop and perfect a specific set of perceptual, cognitive and motor skills. Now in a fully revised and updated new edition, Skill Acquisition in Sport examines how we learn such skills and, in particular, considers the crucial role of practice and instruction in the skill acquisition process. Containing thirteen completely new chapters, and engaging with the significant advances in neurophysiological techniques that have profoundly shaped our understanding of motor control and development, the book provides a comprehensive review of current research and theory on skill acquisition. Leading international experts explore key topics such as: attentional focus augmented Feedback observational practice and learning implicit motor learning mental imagery training physical guidance motivation and motor learning neurophysiology development of skill joint action. Throughout, the book addresses the implications of current research for instruction and practice in sport, making explicit connections between core science and sporting performance. No other book covers this fundamental topic in such breadth or depth, making this book important reading for any student, scholar or practitioner working in sport science, cognitive science, kinesiology, clinical and rehabilitation sciences, neurophysiology, psychology, ergonomics or robotics"--



Accelerated Expertise

Accelerated Expertise Author Robert R. Hoffman
ISBN-10 9781135083304
Release 2013-08-15
Pages 272
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Speed in acquiring the knowledge and skills to perform tasks is crucial. Yet, it still ordinarily takes many years to achieve high proficiency in countless jobs and professions, in government, business, industry, and throughout the private sector. There would be great advantages if regimens of training could be established that could accelerate the achievement of high levels of proficiency. This book discusses the construct of ‘accelerated learning.’ It includes a review of the research literature on learning acquisition and retention, focus on establishing what works, and why. This includes several demonstrations of accelerated learning, with specific ideas, plans and roadmaps for doing so. The impetus for the book was a tasking from the Defense Science and Technology Advisory Group, which is the top level Science and Technology policy-making panel in the Department of Defense. However, the book uses both military and non-military exemplar case studies. It is likely that methods for acceleration will leverage technologies and capabilities including virtual training, cross-training, training across strategic and tactical levels, and training for resilience and adaptivity. This volume provides a wealth of information and guidance for those interested in the concept or phenomenon of "accelerating learning"— in education, training, psychology, academia in general, government, military, or industry.



Improving Adult Literacy Instruction

Improving Adult Literacy Instruction Author Board on Global Science and Technology
ISBN-10 9780309262248
Release 2012-09-10
Pages 35
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Virtually everyone needs a high level of literacy in both print and digital media to negotiate most aspects of 21st century life-succeeding in a competitive job market, supporting a family, navigating health information, and participating in civic activities. Yet, according to a recent survey estimate, more than 90 million adults in the United States lack the literacy skills needed for fully productive and secure lives. At the request of the U.S. Department of Education, the National Research Council convened a committee of experts from many disciplines to synthesize research on literacy and learning in order to improve instruction for those served in adult education in the U.S. The committee's report, Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Options for Practice and Research, recommends a program of research and innovation to gain a better understanding of adult literacy learners, improve instruction, and create the supports adults need for learning and achievement. Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Supporting Learning and Motivation, which is based on the report, describes principles of effective instruction to guide those who design and administer adult literacy programs and courses. It also explores ways to motivate learners to persist in their studies, which is crucial given the thousands of hours of study and practice required to become proficient.The booklet concludes with a look at technologies that show promise for supporting individual learners and freeing busy adults from having to be in a particular place in order to practice their literacy skills. Although this booklet is not intended as a "how to" manual for instructors, teachers may also find the information presented here to be helpful as they plan and deliver instruction.



Dynamics of Skill Acquisition

Dynamics of Skill Acquisition Author Keith Davids
ISBN-10 0736036865
Release 2008
Pages 251
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This is an upper-level undergraduate or graduate textbook for courses in human movement and skill acquisition. A professional reference for movement practitioners and scientists, including teachers, coaches, physical educators, physical therapists, rehabilitation specialists, sport scientists, psychologists, biomechanists, and physiologists. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of the constraints-led perspective, a recognized theory in motor learning and control. It outlines the development of a conceptual model of coordination and control within a multidisciplinary framework, capturing the various interlocking scales of analysis (e.g., neural, behavioral, psychological) and the many subsystems (e.g., perceptual and movement) involved in producing behavior. A conceptual model of coordination and control is important not just for designing learning environments, but it is also important for ensuring that learners gain positive experiences when acquiring motor skills. Practitioners and students will appreciate the applied focus which outlines a model of human movement with specific constraints-led approach strategies that address skill acquisition across a variety of professions, including teaching, coaching, and rehabilitation. By learning both the theoretical origins and applications for implementing a constraints-led approach to movement skill acquisition, readers will gain insight into how the informed organization of learning and rehabilitation environments produces more effective and efficient use of practice and therapy time.



Authoring Tools for Advanced Technology Learning Environments

Authoring Tools for Advanced Technology Learning Environments Author Thomas Murray
ISBN-10 1402017723
Release 2003-12-31
Pages 557
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These edited papers present an overview of the field of authoring tools for advanced technology learning situations. The contributors describe 15 systems and research projects representing almost all significants efforts to design and build usable and intelligent software.



How People Learn

How People Learn Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 9780309131971
Release 2000-08-11
Pages 384
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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.



The Acquisition of Knowledge and Skills for Taskwork and Teamwork to Control Complex Technical Systems

The Acquisition of Knowledge and Skills for Taskwork and Teamwork to Control Complex Technical Systems Author Annette Kluge
ISBN-10 9789400750494
Release 2014-05-05
Pages 196
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This book provides the first comprehensive literature review on the acquisition and retention of complex skills in High Reliability Organizations. Based on this review, it introduces a theoretical model of how skill and knowledge acquisition for complex tasks is accomplished and shows how this model can be used to derive training methods and instructional techniques. Successful acquisition and retention of complex technical skills within High Reliability Organizations requires a full understanding of the learning process, knowledge structure, and skill requirements associated with the effective operation and management of technology. For researchers and for organizations, the understanding of these processes is vital for designing training programs as well as for reducing errors with severe consequences for human lives and the environment. Until now, only theoretical fragments exist on this topic, and only a very limited number of publications actually address complex tasks in vocational/occupational settings. “The Acquisition of Knowledge and Skills for Task Work and Teamwork to Control Complex Technical Systems ” uses its literature overview and theoretical model to formulate training principles, that can be used to develop training experiments for further empirical investigations as well as training methods for applied organizational contexts.



Annual Air Traffic Control Association Fall Conference Proceedings

Annual Air Traffic Control Association Fall Conference Proceedings Author Air Traffic Control Association. Fall Conference
ISBN-10 UOM:39015035265662
Release 1992
Pages
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Annual Air Traffic Control Association Fall Conference Proceedings has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Annual Air Traffic Control Association Fall Conference Proceedings also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Annual Air Traffic Control Association Fall Conference Proceedings book for free.



Building a Culture of Patient Safety Through Simulation

Building a Culture of Patient Safety Through Simulation Author Kathleen Gallo, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN
ISBN-10 9780826169075
Release 2014-08-29
Pages 232
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"This book provides a dynamic and comprehensive interprofessional approach to building a culture of safety by using simulation across clinical and education spheres in healthcare... This is a comprehensive guide and resource for healthcare organizations, educators, and diverse interprofessional healthcare team members to use to improve patient safety efforts to adapt to the ever-changing, complex world of healthcare. Its practical application is pertinent in transforming the education and practice of medicine, nursing, and other health-related fields... Weighted Numerical Score: 99 - 5 Stars!" Patricia West, MS, BSN Michigan State University College of Nursing Doody's Medical Reviews ì[The authors] have brought together a core group of national leaders to produce what I think is a paradigm-busting book that will help to transform education at the graduate level in medicine, nursing, and all related fields. The book speaks expertly about the high fidelity of simulation training, the need for synthetic models, the adult learning theory behind the debriefÖit is a manifesto about where we must go as an interprofessional team, caring for the patient of the future.î From the Foreword, by David B. Nash, MD, MBA Dean, Jefferson School of Population Health Philadelphia, PA This groundbreaking book reflects the accomplishments of an internationally recognized leader of innovation regarding interprofessional clinical learning through simulation. Based on the North Shore-LIJ Health System corporate university experience, the book describes how this organization used simulation to successfully tackle the major interprofessional health issue of our time: patient safety. This health system created a transformative simulation center that involves nurses, doctors, and related health professionals whose work in clinical teams has resulted in measurable improvements in all aspects of clinical decision-making, critical thinking, teamwork, and communication skillsótoward the ultimate goal of improved patient safety. Key Features: Describes in detail a groundbreaking system of achieving patient safety that uses interprofessional clinical learning through simulation Detailed case studies using concrete methods and examples illustrate the application of theory to practice Presents simulations scalable to any size organization and for use by health care professionals in all specialties Includes theoretical foundations and practical applications for teaching and learning Focuses on interprofessional cooperation and learning



Instruction

Instruction Author Ronna F. Dillon
ISBN-10 UOM:39015019422131
Release 1991-01-01
Pages 190
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Instruction highlights the ongoing research of military and academic communities--research aimed at developing new approaches in the instruction of complex intellectual processes and skills. Representative work includes learning procedural tasks, learning text comprehension processes in various environments, and technological factors relevant to developing training materials for computerized environments. New domains such as learning map interpretation skills are also covered. This major collaborative effort was supported by the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center in California.



21st Century Education A Reference Handbook

21st Century Education  A Reference Handbook Author Thomas L Good
ISBN-10 9781452265995
Release 2008-10-01
Pages 1032
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21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook offers 100 chapters written by leading experts in the field that highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates facing educators today. This comprehensive and authoritative two-volume work provides undergraduate education majors with insight into the rich array of issues inherent in education—issues informing debates that involve all Americans. Key Features: · Provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source ideal for their classroom research needs, preparation for GREs, and research into directions to take in pursuing a graduate degree or career · Offers more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon, detail, or density as journal articles or research handbook chapters · Explores educational policy and reform, teacher education and certification, educational administration, curriculum, and instruction · Offers a reader-friendly common format: Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, References and Further Readings 21st Century Education: A Reference Handbook is designed to prepare teachers, professors, and administrators for their future careers, informing the debates and preparing them to address the questions and meet the challenges of education today.



Education for Life and Work

Education for Life and Work Author Committee on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills
ISBN-10 9780309256506
Release 2013-01-01
Pages 229
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Americans have long recognized that investments in public education contribute to the common good, enhancing national prosperity and supporting stable families, neighborhoods, and communities. Education is even more critical today, in the face of economic, environmental, and social challenges. Today's children can meet future challenges if their schooling and informal learning activities prepare them for adult roles as citizens, employees, managers, parents, volunteers, and entrepreneurs. To achieve their full potential as adults, young people need to develop a range of skills and knowledge that facilitate mastery and application of English, mathematics, and other school subjects. At the same time, business and political leaders are increasingly asking schools to develop skills such as problem solving, critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and self-management - often referred to as "21st century skills." Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century describes this important set of key skills that increase deeper learning, college and career readiness, student-centered learning, and higher order thinking. These labels include both cognitive and non-cognitive skills- such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, effective communication, motivation, persistence, and learning to learn. 21st century skills also include creativity, innovation, and ethics that are important to later success and may be developed in formal or informal learning environments. This report also describes how these skills relate to each other and to more traditional academic skills and content in the key disciplines of reading, mathematics, and science. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century summarizes the findings of the research that investigates the importance of such skills to success in education, work, and other areas of adult responsibility and that demonstrates the importance of developing these skills in K-16 education. In this report, features related to learning these skills are identified, which include teacher professional development, curriculum, assessment, after-school and out-of-school programs, and informal learning centers such as exhibits and museums.



Development of Professional Expertise

Development of Professional Expertise Author K. Anders Ericsson
ISBN-10 9780521518468
Release 2009-06-22
Pages 552
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This book is designed to provide the first comprehensive overview of research on the acquisition and training of professional performance.