Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Small Scale Synthesis of Laboratory Reagents with Reaction Modeling

Small Scale Synthesis of Laboratory Reagents with Reaction Modeling Author Leonid Lerner
ISBN-10 1439813132
Release 2011-02-16
Pages 240
Download Link Click Here

The in-lab preparation of certain chemical reagents provides a number of advantages over purchasing various commercially prepared samples. This is especially true in isolated regions where acquiring the necessary substances from overseas can cause undue delay and inconvenience due to restrictions on the transportation of hazardous chemicals. An invaluable resource for chemists in a variety of environments, Small-Scale Synthesis of Laboratory Reagents with Reaction Modeling presents efficient, sensible, and versatile methods for the laboratory preparation of common chemical reagents. Rapid, reliable synthesis Designed to facilitate smooth experimentation in the lab, this volume presents preparations chosen for their short duration, availability of apparatus, high yield, and high purity of the product. Adding an educational component, the book also discusses fundamental processes in inorganic chemistry, presenting original modeling of reactions and their practical implementation. Theoretical aspects are discussed to a greater extent than is usual in synthetic literature in cases where there is a direct impact on experimental parameters, such as the reaction time, yield, and purity of the product. More than 30 convenient, time-saving preparations Focusing on simple synthesis of high-purity reagents, the book contains over 30 presentations, a substantial number of which are mathematically modeled for the first time. Most syntheses can be carried out in one day using common laboratory equipment, making this volume a valuable and time-saving tool.



A Small Scale Approach to Organic Laboratory Techniques

A Small Scale Approach to Organic Laboratory Techniques Author Donald L. Pavia
ISBN-10 9781439049327
Release 2010-02-02
Pages 1024
Download Link Click Here

Featuring new experiments, a new essay, and new coverage of nanotechnology, this organic chemistry laboratory textbook offers a comprehensive treatment of laboratory techniques including small-scale and some microscale methods that use standard-scale (macroscale) glassware and equipment. The book is organized based on essays and topics of current interest and covers a large number of traditional organic reactions and syntheses, as well as experiments with a biological or health science focus. Seven introductory technique-based experiments, thirteen project-based experiments, and sections on green chemistry and biofuels spark students' interest and engage them in the learning process. Instructors may choose to offer Cengage Learning's optional Premium Website, which contains videos on basic organic laboratory techniques. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Modeling Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano scale Communications

Modeling  Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano scale Communications Author Junichi Suzuki
ISBN-10 9783319506883
Release 2017-03-15
Pages 592
Download Link Click Here

This book reports on cutting-edge modeling techniques, methodologies and tools used to understand, design and engineer nanoscale communication systems, such as molecular communication systems. Moreover, it includes introductory materials for those who are new to the field. The book’s interdisciplinary approach, which merges perspectives in computer science, the biological sciences and nanotechnology, will appeal to graduate students and researchers in these three areas.The book is organized into five parts, the first of which describes the fundamentals of molecular communication, including basic concepts, models and designs. In turn, the second part examines specific types of molecular communication found in biological systems, such as neuronal communication in the brain. The book continues by exploring further types of nanoscale communication, such as fluorescence resonance energy transfer and electromagnetic-based nanoscale communication, in the third part, and by describing nanomaterials and structures for practical applications in the fourth. Lastly, the book presents nanomedical applications such as targeted drug delivery and biomolecular sensing.



Principles of Asymmetric Synthesis

Principles of Asymmetric Synthesis Author Robert E. Gawley
ISBN-10 9780080448602
Release 2012
Pages 555
Download Link Click Here

The world is chiral. Most of the molecules in it are chiral, and asymmetric synthesis is an important means by which enantiopure chiral molecules may be obtained for study and sale. Using examples from the literature of asymmetric synthesis (more than 1300 references), the aim of this book is to present a detailed analysis of the factors that govern stereoselectivity in organic reactions. It is important to note that the references were each individually checked by the authors to verify relevance to the topics under discussion. The study of stereoselectivity has evolved from issues of diastereoselectivity, through auxiliary-based methods for the synthesis of enantiomerically pure compounds (diastereoselectivity followed by separation and auxiliary cleavage), to asymmetric catalysis. In the latter instance, enantiomers (not diastereomers) are the products, and highly selective reactions and modern purification techniques allow preparation - in a single step - of chiral substances in 99% ee for many reaction types. After an explanation of the basic physical-organic principles of stereoselectivity, the authors provide a detailed, annotated glossary of stereochemical terms. A chapter on "Analytical Methods" provides a critical overview of the most common methods for analysis of stereoisomers. The authors then follow the 'tried-and-true' format of grouping the material by reaction type. Thus, there are four chapters on carbon-carbon bond forming reactions (enolate alkylations, organometal additions to carbonyls, aldol and Michael reactions, and cycloadditions and rearrangements), one chapter on reductions and hydroborations (carbon-hydrogen bond forming reactions), and one on oxidations (carbon-oxygen and carbon-nitrogen bond forming reactions). Leading references are provided to natural product synthesis that have been accomplished using a given reaction as a key step. In addition to tables of examples that show high selectivity, a transition state analysis is presented to explain - to the current level of understanding - the stereoselectivity of each reaction. In one case (Cram's rule) the evolution of the current theory is detailed from its first tentative (1952) postulate to the current Felkin-Anh-Heathcock formalism. For other reactions, only the currently accepted rationale is presented. Examination of these rationales also exposes the weaknesses of current theories, in that they cannot always explain the experimental observations. These shortcomings provide a challenge for future mechanistic investigations. Authoritative glossary to aid understanding of stereochemical terminology Explanations of the key factors influencing stereoselectivity with numerous examples, organized by reaction type A handy reference guide to the literature of asymmetric synthesis for practitioners in the field



A Microscale Approach to Organic Laboratory Techniques

A Microscale Approach to Organic Laboratory Techniques Author Donald L. Pavia
ISBN-10 9781305968349
Release 2016-12-05
Pages 50
Download Link Click Here

Featuring new experiments unique to this lab textbook, as well as new and revised essays and updated techniques, this Sixth Edition provides the up-to-date coverage students need to succeed in their coursework and future careers. From biofuels, green chemistry, and nanotechnology, the book’s experiments, designed to utilize microscale glassware and equipment, demonstrate the relationship between organic chemistry and everyday life, with project-and biological or health science focused experiments. As they move through the book, students will experience traditional organic reactions and syntheses, the isolation of natural products, and molecular modeling. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 9780128098943
Release 2018-03-29
Pages 5560
Download Link Click Here

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry summarizes current, fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, bringing readers the latest developments. As the chemical and physical properties and processes at solid and liquid interfaces are the scientific basis of so many technologies which enhance our lives and create new opportunities, its important to highlight how these technologies enable the design and optimization of functional materials for heterogeneous and electro-catalysts in food production, pollution control, energy conversion and storage, medical applications requiring biocompatibility, drug delivery, and more. This book provides an interdisciplinary view that lies at the intersection of these three related fields. Presents fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, surface science and electrochemistry and provides cutting-edge research from academics and practitioners across various fields and global regions



Concise Encyclopedia of Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis

Concise Encyclopedia of Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis Author Inna P. Borovinskaya
ISBN-10 9780128041888
Release 2017-06-09
Pages 466
Download Link Click Here

The Concise Encyclopedia of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis: History, Theory, Technology, and Products helps students and scientists understand the fundamental concepts behind self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). SHS-based technologies provide valuable alterations to traditional methods of material fabrication, such as powder metallurgy, conventional and force sintering, casting, extrusion, high isostatic pressure sintering, and others. The book captures the whole spectrum of the chemistry, physics, reactions, materials, and processes of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. This book is an indispensable resource not only to scientists working in the field of SHS, but also to researchers in multidisciplinary fields such as chemical engineering, metallurgy, material science, combustion, explosion, and the chemistry of solids. Written by high-level experts in the field from 20 different countries, along with editors who are founders of the field Covers 169 topics in the field of SHS Features new phenomena, such as acoustics and high-energy reactions in combustion synthesis Provides an overview of many aspects of the constructive application of the combustion phenomenon, for example, in the fabrication of advanced materials



Deactivation and Regeneration of Zeolite Catalysts

Deactivation and Regeneration of Zeolite Catalysts Author Michel Guisnet
ISBN-10 9781911299530
Release 2011-02-21
Pages 360
Download Link Click Here

In chemical processes, the progressive deactivation of solid catalysts is a major economic concern and mastering their stability has become as essential as controlling their activity and selectivity. For these reasons, there is a strong motivation to understand the mechanisms leading to any loss in activity and/or selectivity and to find out the efficient preventive measures and regenerative solutions that open the way towards cheaper and cleaner processes. This book covers the fundamental and applied aspects of solid catalyst deactivation in a comprehensive way and encompasses the state of the art in the field of reactions catalyzed by zeolites. This particular choice is justified by the widespread use of molecular sieves in refining, petrochemicals and organic chemicals synthesis processes, by the large variety in the nature of their active sites (acid, base, acid-base, redox, bifunctional) and especially by their peculiar features, in terms of crystallinity, structural order and textural properties, which make them ideal models for heterogeneous catalysis. The aim of this book is to be a critical review in the field of zeolite deactivation and regeneration by collecting contributions from experts in the field which describe the factors, explain the techniques to study the causes and suggest methods to prevent (or limit) catalyst deactivation. At the same time, a selection of commercial processes and exemplar cases provides the reader with theoretical insights and practical hints on the deactivation mechanisms and draws attention to the key role played by the loss of activity on process design and industrial practice. Contents:Introduction to Zeolites and to Deactivation PhenomenaCharacterization of Deactivating Species and Aged CatalystsKinetics and Mechanisms of DeactivationPrevention of Deactivation and Optimal RegenerationCase Studies: FCC, Hydrocracking, MTO, Aromatization, Organic Synthesis Readership: Graduates and postgraduates in chemistry or chemical engineering, researchers and professionals in refining, petrochemical, fine chemicals and pollution abatement.



Supercritical Fluids as Solvents and Reaction Media

Supercritical Fluids as Solvents and Reaction Media Author Gerd H. Brunner
ISBN-10 0080542107
Release 2004-06-11
Pages 650
Download Link Click Here

Supercritical fluids behave either like a gas or a liquid, depending on the values of thermodynamic properties. This tuning of properties, and other advantageous properties of supercritical fluids led to innovative technologies. More than 100 plants of production size are now in operation worldwide in the areas of process and production technology, environmental applications, and particle engineering. New processes are under research and development in various fields. This book provides an overview of the research activities in the field of Supercritical Fluids in Germany. It is based on the research program "Supercritical fluids as solvents and reaction media" on the initiative of the "GVC-Fachausschuß Hochdruckverfahrenstechnik" (i.e. the German working party on High Pressure Chemical Engineering of the Society of Chemical Engineers). This research program provided an immensely valuable platform for exchange of knowledge and experience. More than 50 young researchers were involved contributing with their expertise, their new ideas, and the motivation of youth. The results of this innovative research are described in this book. - This book provides an overview of the research activities in the field of Supercritical Fluids in Germany - Contains results of projects within the research program on "Supercritical fluids as solvents and reaction media" on the initiative of the German working party on High Pressure Chemical Engineering of the Society of Chemical Engineers. - More than 50 young researchers were involved in contributing with their expertise, their new ideas, and the motivation of youth.



Organic Azides

Organic Azides Author Stefan Bräse
ISBN-10 9780470682524
Release 2011-09-23
Pages 536
Download Link Click Here

Most current state-of-the-art overview of this important class of compounds, encompassing many new and emerging applications The number of articles on organic azides continues to increase tremendously; on average, there are more than 1000 new publications a year Covers basic chemistry as well as state-of-the-art applications in life science and materials science World-ranked authors describe their own research in the wider context of azide chemistry Includes a chapter on safe synthesis and handling (azides can decompose explosively)



Lab on a Chip Devices and Micro Total Analysis Systems

Lab on a Chip Devices and Micro Total Analysis Systems Author Jaime Castillo-León
ISBN-10 9783319086873
Release 2014-11-05
Pages 243
Download Link Click Here

This book covers all the steps in order to fabricate a lab-on-a-chip device starting from the idea, the design, simulation, fabrication and final evaluation. Additionally, it includes basic theory on microfluidics essential to understand how fluids behave at such reduced scale. Examples of successful histories of lab-on-a-chip systems that made an impact in fields like biomedicine and life sciences are also provided. This book also: · Provides readers with a unique approach and toolset for lab-on-a-chip development in terms of materials, fabrication techniques, and components · Discusses novel materials and techniques, such as paper-based devices and synthesis of chemical compounds on-chip · Covers the four key aspects of development: basic theory, design, fabrication, and testing · Provides readers with a comprehensive list of the most important journals, blogs, forums, and conferences where microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip news, methods, techniques and challenges are presented and discussed, as well as a list of companies providing design and simulation support, components, and/or developing lab-on-a-chip and microfluidic devices.



Australian Journal of Chemistry

Australian Journal of Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P00977896C
Release 2006
Pages
Download Link Click Here

Australian Journal of Chemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Australian Journal of Chemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Australian Journal of Chemistry book for free.



Introduction to Wine Laboratory Practices and Procedures

Introduction to Wine Laboratory Practices and Procedures Author Jean L. Jacobson
ISBN-10 9780387251202
Release 2006-06-14
Pages 375
Download Link Click Here

In the beginning, for me, winemaking was a romanticized notion of putting grape juice into a barrel and allowing time to perform its magic as you sat on the veranda watching the sunset on a Tuscan landscape. For some small wineries, this notion might still ring true, but for the majority of wineries commercially producing quality wines, the reality of winemaking is far more complex. The persistent evolution of the wine industry demands continual advan- ments in technology and education to sustain and promote quality winem- ing. The sciences of viticulture, enology, and wine chemistry are becoming more intricate and sophisticated each year. Wine laboratories have become an integral part of the winemaking process, necessitating a knowledgeable staff possessing a multitude of skills. Science incorporates the tools that new-age winemakers are utilizing to produce some of the best wines ever made in this multibillion dollar trade. A novice to enology and wine chemistry can find these subjects daunting and intimidating. Whether you are a home winemaker, a new winemaker, an enology student, or a beginning-to-intermediate laboratory technician, p- ting all the pieces together can take time. As a winemaker friend once told me, “winemaking is a moving target. ” Introduction to Wine Laboratory Practices and Procedures was written for the multitude of people entering the wine industry and those that wish to learn about wine chemistry and enology.



Prudent Practices in the Laboratory

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory Author The Committee on Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: An Update
ISBN-10 9780309138642
Release 2011-03-25
Pages 360
Download Link Click Here

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory--the book that has served for decades as the standard for chemical laboratory safety practice--now features updates and new topics. This revised edition has an expanded chapter on chemical management and delves into new areas, such as nanotechnology, laboratory security, and emergency planning. Developed by experts from academia and industry, with specialties in such areas as chemical sciences, pollution prevention, and laboratory safety, Prudent Practices in the Laboratory provides guidance on planning procedures for the handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals. The book offers prudent practices designed to promote safety and includes practical information on assessing hazards, managing chemicals, disposing of wastes, and more. Prudent Practices in the Laboratory will continue to serve as the leading source of chemical safety guidelines for people working with laboratory chemicals: research chemists, technicians, safety officers, educators, and students.



Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design

Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design Author A. Kayode Coker
ISBN-10 0884154815
Release 2001
Pages 1096
Download Link Click Here

Selecting the best type of reactor for any particular chemical reaction, taking into consideration safety, hazard analysis, scale-up, and many other factors is essential to any industrial problem. An understanding of chemical reaction kinetics and the design of chemical reactors is key to the success of the of the chemist and the chemical engineer in such an endeavor. This valuable reference volume conveys a basic understanding of chemical reactor design methodologies, incorporating control, hazard analysis, and other topics not covered in similar texts. In addition to covering fluid mixing, the treatment of wastewater, and chemical reactor modeling, the author includes sections on safety in chemical reaction and scale-up, two topics that are often neglected or overlooked. As a real-world introduction to the modeling of chemical kinetics and reactor design, the author includes a case study on ammonia synthesis that is integrated throughout the text. The text also features an accompanying CD, which contains computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods. Students, chemists, technologists, and chemical engineers will all benefit from this comprehensive volume. Shows readers how to select the best reactor design, hazard analysis, and safety in design methodology Features computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods



Modern Solvents in Organic Synthesis

Modern Solvents in Organic Synthesis Author Paul Knochel
ISBN-10 9783540486640
Release 2003-07-01
Pages 210
Download Link Click Here

In recent years the choice of a given solvent for performing a reaction has become increasingly important. More and more, selective reagents are used for chemical transformations and the choice of the solvent may be determining for reaching high reaction rates and high selectivities. The toxicity and recycling considerations have also greatly influenced the nature of the solvents used for industrial reactions. Thus, the development of reactions in water is not only important on the laboratory scale but also for industrial applications. The p- formance of metal-catalyzed reactions in water for example has led to several new hydrogenation or hydroformylation procedures with important industrial applications. The various aspects of organic chemistry in water will be prese- ed in this book. Recently, novel reaction media such as perfluorinated solvents or supercritical carbon dioxide has proven to have unique advantages leading to more practical and more efficient reactions. Especially with perfluorinated solvents, new biphasic catalyses and novel approaches to perform organic reactions have been developed. These aspects will be examined in detail in this volume. Finally, the performance of reactions in the absence of solvents will show practical alternatives for many reactions. More than ever before, the choice of the solvent or the solvent system is ess- tial for realizing many chemical transformations with the highest efficiency. This book tries to cover the more recent and important new solvents or solvent systems for both academic and industrial applications.



Academia and Industrial Pilot Plant Operations and Safety

Academia and Industrial Pilot Plant Operations and Safety Author Mary K. Moore
ISBN-10 0841229600
Release 2015-01-07
Pages 128
Download Link Click Here

This symposium series volume was developed in order to share papers presented at the 245th ACS National Meeting on the topic of pilot plants. The Industrial and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemical Technology Subdivision hosted a one-day symposium for industry and academic researchers to present and share their work and best practices on operations and safety in pilot plant environments. Designing and building "pilot plants" can be a big challenge, and this volume outlines the proper operations needed to run a plant safely, in both academic and industrial environments. The book addresses issues like chemical separation, chemical reactions, waste generation, process controls, and spatial considerations, as well as safety precautions. It describes ways in which plant designers and contractors can consider ease of operation, maintenance, pinch-points, and sampling, among other aspects. In contrast to workers in large-scale facilities, pilot plant workers in both industry and academia are not only exposed to hazardous substances, they are exposed to such materials in a smaller setting and thus to potentially greater concentrations. This book brings together workers and researchers in pilot plant environments to present and share their best practices as regards operations and safety.