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Soft Materials

Soft Materials Author John R. Dutcher
ISBN-10 0203027000
Release 2004-10-01
Pages 424
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Representing the wide breadth academic disciplines involved in this ever-expanding area of research, this reference provides a comprehensive overview of current scientific and technological advancements in soft materials analysis and application. Documenting new and emerging challenges in this burgeoning field, Soft Materials is a unique and outstanding reference for the industrial scientist or materials engineer. Supplies more than 1000 references, tables, and equations for an excellent introduction to the study of soft material physics and utilization.



Dynamics of Soft Matter

Dynamics of Soft Matter Author VICTORIA GARCIA SAKAI
ISBN-10 9781461407263
Release 2011-12-19
Pages 450
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Dynamics of Soft Matter: Neutron Applications provides an overview of neutron scattering techniques that measure temporal and spatial correlations simultaneously, at the microscopic and/or mesoscopic scale. These techniques offer answers to new questions arising at the interface of physics, chemistry, and biology. Knowledge of the dynamics at these levels is crucial to understanding the soft matter field, which includes colloids, polymers, membranes, biological macromolecules, foams, emulsions towards biological & biomimetic systems, and phenomena involving wetting, friction, adhesion, or microfluidics. Emphasizing the complementarities of scattering techniques with other spectroscopic ones, this volume also highlights the potential gain in combining techniques such as rheology, NMR, light scattering, dielectric spectroscopy, as well as synchrotron radiation experiments. Key areas covered include polymer science, biological materials, complex fluids and surface science.



Structure and Dynamics

Structure and Dynamics Author Martin T. Dove
ISBN-10 0198506783
Release 2003
Pages 334
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This book describes how the arrangement and movement of atoms in a solid are related to the forces between atoms, and how they affect the behaviour and properties of materials. The book is intended for final year undergraduate students and graduate students in physics and materials science.



Fluids Colloids and Soft Materials

Fluids  Colloids and Soft Materials Author Alberto Fernandez-Nieves
ISBN-10 9781119220527
Release 2016-04-27
Pages 432
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This book presents a compilation of self-contained chapters covering a wide range of topics within the broad field of soft condensed matter. Each chapter starts with basic definitions to bring the reader up-to-date on the topic at hand, describing how to use fluid flows to generate soft materials of high value either for applications or for basic research. Coverage includes topics related to colloidal suspensions and soft materials and how they differ in behavior, along with a roadmap for researchers on how to use soft materials to study relevant physics questions related to geometrical frustration.



Kinetics Transport and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials

Kinetics  Transport  and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials Author Peter F. Green
ISBN-10 1574447688
Release 2005-04-20
Pages 353
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Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials is the only single reference that discusses the connection between structure and mechanisms of atomic or molecular transport in different classes of materials, from metals and semiconductors to network glasses, polymers and supercooled liquids. Divided into four parts, Part I begins with a discussion the fundamentals of transport, wherein transport properties of a system of non-interacting particles are calculated and the phenomenon of Brownian motion introduced. The phenomenology of diffusion is also discussed wherein Fick’s laws are introduced and solved for a range of practical cases involving mass transport. Elementary Statistical mechanics, involving Partition functions, probability distribution functions and correlation functions, is discussed to lay the foundation for the subsequent discussion of mechanisms of transport in different materials. Parts II and III focus on mechanisms of transport in crystalline materials and in structurally disordered materials. Chapters explain how the mechanism of diffusional transport of an atom or molecule is intimately connected to the spatial organization of neighboring structural elements and to its interactions with them. The book reviews factors that control temperature dependent long-range dynamics of glass-forming systems. Diffusion and viscoelasticity of polymer melts, transport (viscous flow and ionic diffusion) in inorganic network glasses, and dynamic heterogeneity in super cooled liquids are described. Part IV analyzes the development of instabilities, such as spinodal decomposition and Mullins-Sekerka instabilities, which lead to the morphological evolution of materials. Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials emphasizes interdisciplinary nature of transport in materials, presenting its material in a user-friendly format for students from any discipline with a foundation in elementary differential equations and thermodynamics or physical chemistry. This book shows how transport processes in materials are fundamentally connected a wide range of innovative applications of materials across several industries.



Foams

Foams Author Isabelle Cantat
ISBN-10 9780199662890
Release 2013-07-11
Pages 265
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In this book, beginners, engineers, and researchers entering the field can easily find clear, up-to-date answers to their questions regarding the physical and physico-chemical properties of aqueous foams, as well as their numerous industrial applications, explained using current knowledge of their structure, their stability, and their rheology.



Soft Condensed Matter

Soft Condensed Matter Author Richard A.L. Jones
ISBN-10 0198505892
Release 2002-06-20
Pages 195
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Probably one of the most fashionable areas in the physical sciences today, 'Soft Condensed Matter' provides an excellent introduction to the topic, and includes colloids, polymers, liquid crystals, and amphiphiles. It is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and chemical engineering.



Dynamics of Smart Structures

Dynamics of Smart Structures Author Ranjan Vepa
ISBN-10 0470710616
Release 2010-03-10
Pages 410
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Dynamics of Smart Structures is a practical, concise and integrated text that provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of a field that has evolved over the recent years into an independent and identifiable subject area. Bringing together the concepts, techniques and systems associated with the dynamics and control of smart structures, it comprehensively reviews the differing smart materials that are employed in the development of the smart structures and covers several recent developments in the field of structural dynamics. Dynamics of Smart Structures has been developed to complement the author's new interdisciplinary programme of study at Queen Mary, University of London that includes courses on emerging and new technologies such as biomimetic robotics, smart composite structures, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and their applications and prosthetic control systems. It includes chapters on smart materials and structures, transducers for smart structures, fundamentals of structural control, dynamics of continuous structures, dynamics of plates and plate-like structures, dynamics of piezoelectric media, mechanics of electro-actuated composite structures, dynamics of thermo-elastic media: shape memory alloys, and controller designs for flexible structures.



Soft Matter Physics

Soft Matter Physics Author Maurice Kleman
ISBN-10 9780387217598
Release 2007-05-28
Pages 637
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The study of "soft matter" materials with complex properties has raised a number of interesting problems in basic physics, biology, and materials science, all of which promise new and important technological applications. After a review of chemical bonds and phase transitions, the authors treat topics such as surface phenomena, stability of colloidal systems, structural properties of polymers, and topological defects. The monograph's emphasis on underlying physical principles offers a coherent treatment of the great variety of research in the field.



Molecular Gels

Molecular Gels Author Richard G Weiss
ISBN-10 9781788011112
Release 2018-08-06
Pages 376
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Over the past decade, research on molecular gels has expanded and progressed rapidly. This timely book presents the latest developments and understanding of the topic, covering the different classes of gels (ionogels, metallogels, hydrogels and organogels) from their molecular level interactions and formation to their properties as materials and applications. The book starts with a general introduction to molecular gels including their definition and a comparison of the different types. Chapters then examine the physical chemistry of molecular gels, including the most recent theories, experimental techniques and computational approaches. Final chapters on the applications of molecular gels illustrate, with modern case studies, the principles developed in previous chapters. Written by leading researchers, this is an indispensable resource on the different types of gels for postgraduate students and researchers across supramolecular chemistry, materials science, polymer chemistry, soft matter and chemical engineering.



Dynamic Response and Failure of Composite Materials and Structures

Dynamic Response and Failure of Composite Materials and Structures Author Valentina Lopresto
ISBN-10 9780081009024
Release 2017-05-17
Pages 436
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Dynamic Response and Failure of Composite Materials and Structures presents an overview of recent developments in a specialized area of research with original contributions from the authors who have been asked to outline needs for further investigations in their chosen topic area. The result is a presentation of the current state-of-the art in very specialized research areas that cannot be found elsewhere in the literature. For example, Massabò presents a newly developed theory for laminated composite plates that accounts for imperfect bonding between layers with new solutions for problems involving thermal effects. This theory is new and computationally-efficient, and the author describes how it fits in the broader context of composite plate theory. Abrate discusses the design of composite marine propellers and presents a detailed derivation of the equations of motion of a rotating blade, including centrifugal effects and the effects of pre-twisting and other geometric parameters. This book is a major reference resource for academic and industrial researchers and designers working in aerospace, automotives, and the marine engineering industry. Presents recent developments in a research field that has experienced tremendous advances because of improved computational capabilities, new materials, and new testing facilities Includes contributions from leading researchers from Europe and the USA who present the current state-of-the-art, including unique and original research Provides extensive experimental results and numerical solutions Appeals to a broad range of professional researchers working in aerospace, automotive, and marine engineering fields



Chitin Chitosan Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives

Chitin  Chitosan  Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives Author Se-Kwon Kim
ISBN-10 9781439816042
Release 2010-07-14
Pages 666
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Biopolymers found in marine animals and plants offer tremendous, largely untapped pharmaceutical potential. Research shows that these biopolymers can be used to combat various infectious as well as inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic factors. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications covers the key aspects of these therapeutically valuable biopolymers and their derivatives, namely, their properties, sources, production, and applications in food science and technology as well as biological, biomedical, industrial, and agricultural fields. Contains more than 100 Tables & Figures and more than 800 References Written by 40 international contributors who are leading experts in the field of natural biomaterials, this book provides an overview of the sources and production of chitin and chitosan derivatives. It also covers their: Physical and chemical aspects Structural modifications for biomedical applications Biological activities, in particular, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antihypertensive, anticancer, and antidiabetic activities Biomedical applications, including their possible implications as drug, vaccine, and gene carriers Industrial and agricultural applications With their wide range of applications, the world is looking to biopolymers to serve as the basis for functional food- and drug development. This book is an important resource for those leading this effort.



Handbook of Biopolymer Based Materials

Handbook of Biopolymer Based Materials Author Sabu Thomas
ISBN-10 9783527652471
Release 2013-04-16
Pages 988
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This first systematic scientific reference in the area of micro- and nanostructured biopolymer systems discusses in two volumes the morphology, structure, dynamics, properties and applications of all important biopolymers, as well as their blends, composites, interpenetrating networks and gels. Selected leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions around the globe comprehensively review recent accomplishments in the field. They examine the current state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities, discussing all the synthetic routes to the generation of both micro- and nano-morphologies, as well as the synthesis, characterization and application of porous biopolymers. An outstanding resource for anyone involved in the fi eld of eco-friendly biomaterials for advanced technologies.



Structure and dynamics of membranous interfaces

Structure and dynamics of membranous interfaces Author Kaushik Nag
ISBN-10 UOM:39015082684492
Release 2008-09-09
Pages 447
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Leading scientists review and explain the state of the science With chapters contributed by pioneers and leading scientists in the field, this carefullyedited work provides state-of-the-science reviews focusing on the structural and dynamic aspects of diverse membranous systems. In addition to learning the significanceof the latest discoveries in membranous systems, readers also learn the most advanced techniques used to study these complex systems. Moreover, the text brings together a tremendous array of both published and unpublished data, offering an unprecedented reference and resource to fuel further research. Integrating findings from computer science, biophysics, surface science, physical chemistry, nanotechnology, biochemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, and clinical physiology, this book offers a truly multidisciplinary perspective. Its fifteen chapters are organized into three main sections: * Membrane Structure, focusing on direct experimental studies to determine the polymorphic structures of model and natural membranous systems * Dynamics & Molecular Events at Membrane Interfaces, examining how membrane structures are formed and evolve into other superstructures * Complex Membranous Systems, exploring bacterial and neural membranes, lung surfactants, and other colloidal systems Structure and Dynamics of Membranous Interfaces offers researchers and students studying biomembranes a unique snapshot of what is known in the field, where additional research is needed, and where the field is heading. Furthermore, armed with a better understanding of membranous systems, readers are well positioned to make new advances in such areas as drug design, medicine, and environmental technologies.



Chemistry Structure and Dynamics

Chemistry  Structure and Dynamics Author CTI Reviews
ISBN-10 9781490259598
Release 2016-11-05
Pages 102
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Chemistry, Structure and Dynamics. In this book, you will learn topics such as The Structure of the Atom, The Covalent Bond, Ionic and Metallic Bonds, and Gases plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.



The Glass Transition

The Glass Transition Author Ernst-Joachim Donth
ISBN-10 3540418016
Release 2001-06-06
Pages 418
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This is the first book dedicated to the glass transition since this concept became recognized as a distinct and independent field of investigation. The glass transition is a synonym for relaxation and dynamics in complex disordered systems, especially in liquids. It embraces time-scales ranging from picoseconds to years. The book describes and interrelates the following processes: cooperative alpha processes in a cold liquid, structural relaxation in the glass near Tg, the Johari-Goldstein beta process, the Williams-Götze process in a warm liquid, fast nonactivated cage rattling and boson peak, and ultraslow Fischer modes. By describing the salient facts, explaining and discussing the fundamentals, the author attempts to introduce a unifying concept for the entire material. The formulas, diagrams and references are carefully selected to illustrate the main current ideas about the glass transition.



Neutron Scattering in Biology

Neutron Scattering in Biology Author Jörg Fitter
ISBN-10 3540291083
Release 2006-01-10
Pages 557
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The advent of new neutron facilities and the improvement of existing sources and instruments world wide supply the biological community with many new opportunities in the areas of structural biology and biological physics. The present volume offers a clear description of the various neutron-scattering techniques currently being used to answer biologically relevant questions. Their utility is illustrated through examples by some of the leading researchers in the field of neutron scattering. This volume will be a reference for researchers and a step-by-step guide for young scientists entering the field and the advanced graduate student.