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Software Estimation

Software Estimation Author Steve McConnell
ISBN-10 9780735637030
Release 2006-02-22
Pages 352
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Often referred to as the “black art” because of its complexity and uncertainty, software estimation is not as difficult or puzzling as people think. In fact, generating accurate estimates is straightforward—once you understand the art of creating them. In his highly anticipated book, acclaimed author Steve McConnell unravels the mystery to successful software estimation—distilling academic information and real-world experience into a practical guide for working software professionals. Instead of arcane treatises and rigid modeling techniques, this guide highlights a proven set of procedures, understandable formulas, and heuristics that individuals and development teams can apply to their projects to help achieve estimation proficiency. Discover how to: Estimate schedule and cost—or estimate the functionality that can be delivered within a given time frame Avoid common software estimation mistakes Learn estimation techniques for you, your team, and your organization * Estimate specific project activities—including development, management, and defect correction Apply estimation approaches to any type of project—small or large, agile or traditional Navigate the shark-infested political waters that surround project estimates When many corporate software projects are failing, McConnell shows you what works for successful software estimation.



Software Estimation Best Practices Tools Techniques

Software Estimation Best Practices  Tools   Techniques Author Murali Chemuturi
ISBN-10 9781604270242
Release 2009-07-15
Pages 320
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Almost every software project begins with the utterances, “What will this cost?” and “When will this project be done?” Once those words are spoken, project stakeholders begin to wrestle with how to produce an estimate. Accurately estimating the cost or time to complete a software project is a serious problem for many software engineers, developers and project managers who struggle with costs running double original estimates, putting their careers at risk. It is reported that nearly 50% of all software projects are shelved and that one of the major causes is poor estimation practices. If developing software for internal use, poor estimates can represent a significant drain on corporate profits. Worldwide growth in the number of companies specializing in the development of software for use by other companies is staggering. India alone has nearly 20,000 such companies. Intense competition has led to an increased demand for fixed-bid pricing in client/vendor relationships, and has made effective cost estimation even more important and, in many cases, critical to a firm's survival. There are many methods of estimation. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses, proponents and opponents. Knowing how and which one to use on a given project is key to developing acceptable estimates for either internal or external projects.Software Estimation Best Practices, Tools, & Techniques covers all facets of software estimation. It provides a detailed explanation of the various methods for estimating software size, development effort, cost, and schedule, including a comprehensive explanation of Test Effort Estimation. Emphasizing that software estimation should be based on a well-defined process, it presents software estimation best practices and shows how to avoid common pitfalls. This guide offers direction on which methods are most appropriate for each of the different project types commonly executed in the software development space and criteria for selecting software estimation tools. This comprehensive desk reference explains software estimation from scratch to help the beginner and features advanced techniques for more experienced estimators. It details project scheduling, including resource leveling and the concept of productivity, as applicable to software estimators, demonstrating the many benefits of moving from the current macro-productivity approach to a micro-productivity approach in software estimation. Software Estimation Best Practices, Tools, & Techniques: A Complete Guide for Software Project Estimators caters to the needs of all software project stakeholders, from novice to expert. It provides the valuable guidance needed to estimate the cost and time required to complete software projects within a reasonable margin of error for effective software development.



Software Sizing Estimation and Risk Management

Software Sizing  Estimation  and Risk Management Author Daniel D. Galorath
ISBN-10 9781420013122
Release 2006-03-15
Pages 576
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To achieve consistent software project success under the pressures of today's software development environment, software organizations require achievable plans including viable estimates of schedule, resources, and risks. To estimate realistically, you must understand how to apply sound estimation processes, tools, and data. Software Sizing, Estimation, and Risk Management: When Performance is Measured Performance Improves is a practical, hands-on discussion of the software estimation, planning, and control process. This includes critical factors that impact estimates, methods for selecting and applying appropriate measures to projects, proper software sizing, and processes to identify and manage risk. The authors use their expertise in sizing, estimation, process engineering, and risk management to clearly demonstrate problems that make many estimates crumble and solutions that provide successful project plans. The book offers insight not available anywhere else, enabling you to recognize and avoid downstream impacts resulting from poor estimates.



Practical Software Estimation

Practical Software Estimation Author M. A. Parthasarathy
ISBN-10 0132702444
Release 2003-02-25
Pages 304
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"A clearly written book that is a useful primer for a very complicated set of topics." --Capers Jones, Chief Scientist Emeritus, Software Productivity Research LLC Practical Software Estimation brings together today's most valuable tips, techniques, and best practices for accurately estimating software project efforts, costs, and schedules. Written by a leading expert in the field, it addresses the full spectrum of real-world challenges faced by those who must develop reliable estimates. M. A. Parthasarathy draws on the immense experience of Infosys, one of the world's largest and most respected providers of IT-enabled business solutions, to bring you the only book with detailed guidance on estimating insourced and outsourced software projects, as well as projects that blend both approaches. He demonstrates how to successfully utilize Function Point (FP) methods, the industry's leading estimation model. Then, using real case studies, he systematically identifies pitfalls that can lead to inaccurate estimates--and offers proven solutions. Coverage includes How to estimate all types of software projects, including "fresh" development, reengineering, and maintenance How to incorporate the impact of core project elements on estimates: scope, environment, experience, and tools FP analysis from start to finish: data and transaction functions, general system characteristics, and more FP methods for any platform or business function Innovative re-estimation methods to track progress How to quote RFPs and prepare contracts: fixed price, time/material, and project execution lifecycle models Alternatives to FP: Delphi, COCOMO II, and COSMIC-FFP How to choose the right estimation tools Practical Software Estimation is the definitive reference for anyone who must estimate software projects accurately: project and IT managers, individual developers, system designers, architects, executives, consultants, and outsourcers alike. List of Figures List of Tables Foreword Preface Acknowledgments Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Role of Estimation in Software Projects Chapter 3: A Study of Function Point Analysis Chapter 4: Data Functions Chapter 5: Transactional Functions Chapter 6: General System Characteristics Chapter 7: Size, Effort, and Scheduling of Projects Chapter 8: Estimation Flavors Chapter 9: A Sense of Where You Are Chapter 10: Tips, Tricks, and Traps Chapter 11: Insourcing versus Outsourcing Chapter 12: Key Factors in Software Contracts Chapter 13: Project Estimation and Costing Chapter 14: Other Estimation Methods Chapter 15: Estimation Tools Chapter 16: Estimation Case Study Appendix A: Reference Tables: Transaction Function Counts Appendix B: Reference Tables: Data Function Points Bibliography Index



Software Project Effort Estimation

Software Project Effort Estimation Author Adam Trendowicz
ISBN-10 9783319036298
Release 2014-05-07
Pages 469
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Software effort estimation is one of the oldest and most important problems in software project management, and thus today there are a large number of models, each with its own unique strengths and weaknesses in general, and even more importantly, in relation to the environment and context in which it is to be applied. Trendowicz and Jeffery present a comprehensive look at the principles of software effort estimation and support software practitioners in systematically selecting and applying the most suitable effort estimation approach. Their book not only presents what approach to take and how to apply and improve it, but also explains why certain approaches should be used in specific project situations. Moreover, it explains popular estimation methods, summarizes estimation best-practices, and provides guidelines for continuously improving estimation capability. Additionally, the book offers invaluable insights into project management in general, discussing issues including project trade-offs, risk assessment, and organizational learning. Overall, the authors deliver an essential reference work for software practitioners responsible for software effort estimation and planning in their daily work and who want to improve their estimation skills. At the same time, for lecturers and students the book can serve as the basis of a course in software processes, software estimation, or project management.



Software Project Estimation

Software Project Estimation Author Alain Abran
ISBN-10 9781118954089
Release 2015-04-06
Pages 288
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This book teaches how to collect and analyze data about past software projects and how to build credible estimation models using simple statistical techniques. End-of-chapter exercises Over 100 figures illustrating the concepts presented throughout the book Examples incorporated with industry data



Practical Software Project Estimation A Toolkit for Estimating Software Development Effort Duration

Practical Software Project Estimation  A Toolkit for Estimating Software Development Effort   Duration Author Peter Hill
ISBN-10 9780071717922
Release 2010-08-29
Pages 304
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Product verifiable, defensible, and achievable software estimates Based on data collected by the International Software Benchmarking Standards Group (ISBSG), Practical Software Project Estimation explains how to accurately forecast the size, cost, and schedule of software projects. Get expert advice on generating accurate estimates, minimizing risks, and planning and managing projects. Valuable appendixes provide estimation equations, delivery rate tables, and the ISBSG Repository demographics. Verify project objectives and requirements Determine, validate, and refine software functional size Produce indicative estimates using regression equations Predict effect and duration through comparison and analogy Build estimation frameworks Perform benchmarks using the ISBSG Repository Compare IFPUG, COSMIC, and FiSMA sizing methods Peter Hill is the chief executive officer and a director of the ISBSG. He has been in the information services industry for more than 40 years and has compiled and edited five books for the ISBSG.



Software Cost Estimation and Sizing Methods

Software Cost Estimation and Sizing Methods Author Shari Lawrence Pfleeger
ISBN-10 0833037137
Release 2005
Pages 97
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Recommends an approach to improving the utility and accuracy of software cost estimates by exposing uncertianlty and reducing the risks associated with developing the estimates.



Estimating Software Costs Bringing Realism to Estimating

Estimating Software Costs   Bringing Realism to Estimating Author Capers Jones
ISBN-10 9780071483001
Release 2007-04-19
Pages 644
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Deliver bug-free software projects on schedule and within budget Get a clear, complete understanding of how to estimate software costs, schedules, and quality using the real-world information contained in this comprehensive volume. Find out how to choose the correct hardware and software tools, develop an appraisal strategy, deploy tests and prototypes, and produce accurate software cost estimates. Plus, you'll get full coverage of cutting-edge estimating approaches using Java, object-oriented methods, and reusable components. Plan for and execute project-, phase-, and activity-level cost estimations Estimate regression, component, integration, and stress tests Compensate for inaccuracies in data collection, calculation, and analysis Assess software deliverables and data complexity Test design principles and operational characteristics using software prototyping Handle configuration change, research, quality control, and documentation costs "Capers Jones' work offers a unique contribution to the understanding of the economics of software production. It provides deep insights into why our advances in computing are not matched with corresponding improvements in the software that drives it. This book is absolutely required reading for an understanding of the limitations of our technological advances." --Paul A. Strassmann, former CIO of Xerox, the Department of Defense, and NASA



Software Cost Estimation with COCOMO II

Software Cost Estimation with COCOMO II Author Barry W. Boehm
ISBN-10 0137025769
Release 2009
Pages 544
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CD-ROM includes: Video introduction -- Book overview -- COCOMO II. 2000 software -- Tutorials -- Adobe Acrobat Reader installation package.



Software Requirements And Estimation

Software Requirements And Estimation Author Kishore & Naik
ISBN-10 0070403120
Release 2001-01-01
Pages 392
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The book contains:The context of requirements engineering and software estimation; activities of requirements engineering, including elicitation, analysis, documentation, change management and traceability; description of various methodologies that can be used for requirements elicitation and analysis; contents of the software requirements specification document; functional and technical size estimation methods, estimation by analogy and expert estimation; detailed estimation based on work breakdown structure; do s and don s related to requirements and estimation; tools and resources that can be used for requirements and estimation; scenarios, examples, case studies and exercises.



Software Cost Estimation Benchmarking and Risk Assessment

Software Cost Estimation  Benchmarking  and Risk Assessment Author Adam Trendowicz
ISBN-10 9783642307645
Release 2013-01-10
Pages 322
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Software effort estimation is a key element of software project planning and management. Yet, in industrial practice, the important role of effort estimation is often underestimated and/or misunderstood. In this book, Adam Trendowicz presents the CoBRA method (an abbreviation for Cost Estimation, Benchmarking, and Risk Assessment) for estimating the effort required to successfully complete a software development project, which uniquely combines human judgment and measurement data in order to systematically create a custom-specific effort estimation model. CoBRA goes far beyond simply predicting the development effort; it supports project decision-makers in negotiating the project scope, managing project risks, benchmarking productivity, and directing improvement activities. To illustrate the method’s practical use, the book reports several real-world cases where CoBRA was applied in various industrial contexts. These cases represent different estimation contexts in terms of software project environment, estimation objectives, and estimation constraints. This book is the result of a successful collaboration between the process management division of Fraunhofer IESE and many software companies in the field of software engineering technology transfer. It mainly addresses software practitioners who deal with planning and managing software development projects as part of their daily work, and is also of interest for students or courses specializing in software engineering or software project management.



Agile Estimating and Planning

Agile Estimating and Planning Author Mike Cohn
ISBN-10 0132703106
Release 2005-11-01
Pages 368
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Agile Estimating and Planning is the definitive, practical guide to estimating and planning agile projects. In this book, Agile Alliance cofounder Mike Cohn discusses the philosophy of agile estimating and planning and shows you exactly how to get the job done, with real-world examples and case studies. Concepts are clearly illustrated and readers are guided, step by step, toward how to answer the following questions: What will we build? How big will it be? When must it be done? How much can I really complete by then? You will first learn what makes a good plan-and then what makes it agile. Using the techniques in Agile Estimating and Planning , you can stay agile from start to finish, saving time, conserving resources, and accomplishing more. Highlights include: Why conventional prescriptive planning fails and why agile planning works How to estimate feature size using story points and ideal days–and when to use each How and when to re-estimate How to prioritize features using both financial and nonfinancial approaches How to split large features into smaller, more manageable ones How to plan iterations and predict your team's initial rate of progress How to schedule projects that have unusually high uncertainty or schedule-related risk How to estimate projects that will be worked on by multiple teams Agile Estimating and Planning supports any agile, semiagile, or iterative process, including Scrum, XP, Feature-Driven Development, Crystal, Adaptive Software Development, DSDM, Unified Process, and many more. It will be an indispensable resource for every development manager, team leader, and team member.



Software Measurement and Estimation

Software Measurement and Estimation Author Linda M. Laird
ISBN-10 9780471792529
Release 2006-06-05
Pages 379
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An effective, quantitative approach for estimating and managing software projects How many people do I need? When will the quality be good enough for commercial sale? Can this really be done in two weeks? Rather than relying on instinct, the authors of Software Measurement and Estimation offer a new, tested approach that includes the quantitative tools, data, and knowledge needed to make sound estimations. The text begins with the foundations of measurement, identifies the appropriate metrics, and then focuses on techniques and tools for estimating the effort needed to reach a given level of quality and performance for a software project. All the factors that impact estimations are thoroughly examined, giving you the tools needed to regularly adjust and improve your estimations to complete a project on time, within budget, and at an expected level of quality. This text includes several features that have proven to be successful in making the material accessible and easy to master: * Simple, straightforward style and logical presentation and organization enables you to build a solid foundation of theory and techniques to tackle complex estimations * Examples, provided throughout the text, illustrate how to use theory to solve real-world problems * Projects, included in each chapter, enable you to apply your newfound knowledge and skills * Techniques for effective communication of quantitative data help you convey your findings and recommendations to peers and management Software Measurement and Estimation: A Practical Approach allows practicing software engineers and managers to better estimate, manage, and effectively communicate the plans and progress of their software projects. With its classroom-tested features, this is an excellent textbook for advanced undergraduate-level and graduate students in computer science and software engineering. An Instructor Support FTP site is available from the Wiley editorial department.



Agile Estimation Techniques and Innovative Approaches to Software Process Improvement

Agile Estimation Techniques and Innovative Approaches to Software Process Improvement Author Colomo-Palacios, Ricardo
ISBN-10 9781466651838
Release 2014-02-28
Pages 399
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Applying methodologies of Software Process Improvement (SPI) is an effective way for businesses to remain competitive in the software industry. However, many organizations find implementing software process initiatives challenging. Agile Estimation Techniques and Innovative Approaches to Software Process Improvement reviews current SPI techniques and applications through discussions on current and future trends as well as the presentation of case studies on SPI implementation. Ideal for use by academics, students, and policy-makers, as well as industry professionals and managers, this publication provides a complete overview of current tools and methodologies regarding Software Process Improvement.



Systematic Review of Software Estimation

Systematic Review of Software Estimation Author Qamar Alam
ISBN-10 3659197254
Release 2012-08
Pages 112
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Accurately estimating software size, cost, effort, and schedule is probably the biggest challenge facing software developers today. Traditional intuitive estimation methods have consistently produced optimistic results which contribute to the too familiar cost overrun and schedule slippage. It is observed that different methods give different results for the same inputs because many intangible of historical data and every software project will have its own unique features and cannot be compared with future projects. Experts suggest using more than one estimation method and analyzing the results before making a decision. An accurate estimate of software size is an essential element in the calculation of estimated project costs and schedules. In this paper we have taken different projects and estimate their effort using various models. We also used fuzzy logic approach.We also done its implementation.



Estimation Myopia

Estimation Myopia Author Hazem Hasan Yassin
ISBN-10 OCLC:1004376851
Release 2017
Pages 112
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The goal of this study is to explore an effective way to provide timely and accurate size estimates for software and for an enterprise data warehouse (EDW). Several research papers attempt to adapt function point (FP) analysis to EDW, but there is not much research in comprehensive techniques to estimate large EDW projects. Despite the generality of FP, it is challenging to employ in an EDW environment. This thesis describes such a technique. Additionally, the thesis provides an overview of general estimating approaches, techniques, models, and tools. This work presents a software tool that is a custom built estimation utility that takes into account nuances of an EDW. Some of these nuances include type of technology being built; build object complexity, data complexity, and source to target mappings. The utility then uses these components to estimate project effort, and at the same time, provides a common mechanism to communicate such mission-critical estimates to planning teams, delivery teams, managers, and software architects. To evaluate the effectiveness of this tool, this work then shifts to a quantitative analysis section that compares the estimated numbers from multiple large-scale project with data from actuals. Specifically, the analysis examines estimates produced by expert judgment techniques and then compares these estimates to ones produced by the estimation utility. Following that, the differences between the two data sets provide a foundation for some statistical analysis and some comparisons of numerous behavioral drivers. Finally, evaluating the three large commercial EDW projects at a national airline, the tool predicted the actual project level of effort within ten to twenty percent accuracy.