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Soviet Economic Development Since 1917

Soviet Economic Development Since 1917 Author Maurice Dobb
ISBN-10 9781136323775
Release 2012-06-12
Pages 523
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This book follows on from the author’s volume Russian Economic Development and although it encompasses some of the same material it charts the history and progress of the Soviet economy down to the efforts at reconstruction after The Second World War. A new chapter was added which covers the post-war decade from the end of the war to the announcement of the Sixth Year Plan.



Farm to Factory

Farm to Factory Author Robert C. Allen
ISBN-10 9780691144313
Release 2009-07-26
Pages 312
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To say that history's greatest economic experiment--Soviet communism--was also its greatest economic failure is to say what many consider obvious. Here, in a startling reinterpretation, Robert Allen argues that the USSR was one of the most successful developing economies of the twentieth century. He reaches this provocative conclusion by recalculating national consumption and using economic, demographic, and computer simulation models to address the "what if" questions central to Soviet history. Moreover, by comparing Soviet performance not only with advanced but with less developed countries, he provides a meaningful context for its evaluation. Although the Russian economy began to develop in the late nineteenth century based on wheat exports, modern economic growth proved elusive. But growth was rapid from 1928 to the 1970s--due to successful Five Year Plans. Notwithstanding the horrors of Stalinism, the building of heavy industry accelerated growth during the 1930s and raised living standards, especially for the many peasants who moved to cities. A sudden drop in fertility due to the education of women and their employment outside the home also facilitated growth. While highlighting the previously underemphasized achievements of Soviet planning, Farm to Factory also shows, through methodical analysis set in fluid prose, that Stalin's worst excesses--such as the bloody collectivization of agriculture--did little to spur growth. Economic development stagnated after 1970, as vital resources were diverted to the military and as a Soviet leadership lacking in original thought pursued wasteful investments.



Collectivist Economic Planning

Collectivist Economic Planning Author Friedrich August Hayek
ISBN-10 9781610165136
Release 1963
Pages 293
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Collectivist Economic Planning has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Collectivist Economic Planning also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Collectivist Economic Planning book for free.



Is the Red Flag Flying

Is the Red Flag Flying Author Albert Szymanski
ISBN-10 0905762355
Release 1979
Pages 235
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Is the Red Flag Flying has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Is the Red Flag Flying also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Is the Red Flag Flying book for free.



The Politics and Economics of the Transition Period

The Politics and Economics of the Transition Period Author Nikolai Bukharin
ISBN-10 9781136505003
Release 2013-11-05
Pages 272
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For many years a neglected figure, Nikolai Bukharin has recently been the subject of renewed interest in the West. Now regarded as a leading Marxist theorist, Bukharin's work has wide appeal to those interested in Soviet history and Marxist economics as well as to those concerned with theories of development and socialist economies.



Russian Economic Development Since the Revolution

Russian Economic Development Since the Revolution Author Maurice Dobb
ISBN-10 9781136323843
Release 2012-03-29
Pages 4
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The story of the economic development of the Soviet Union provided the first case in history of the establishment of a socialist economy and was therefore of great interest for economists and economic historians of the twentieth century. At the same time it affords a unique example of the transformation of a country into an industrial nation at an unprecedented pace and under the guidance of a national economic plan. This book examines these changes from the Russian Revolution of 1917 to 1927.



Papers on Capitalism Development and Planning

Papers on Capitalism  Development and Planning Author Maurice Dobb
ISBN-10 9781136323980
Release 2012-03-22
Pages 280
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This volume consists of lectures and articles by Maurice Dobb selected from among those delivered or written by him during the 1950s and 60s. It includes three lectures delivered at the University of Bologna on ‘Some Problems in the History of Capitalism’, two lectures on economic development given at the Delhi School of Economics, articles on the theory of development, and a number of articles on various questions of soviet economic planning contributed to specialist journals. The collection ends with a note in retrospect on Marx’s Das Kapital published in recognition of the centenary of the appearance of Volume One of that work in 1867.



Political Economy and Capitalism

Political Economy and Capitalism Author Maurice Dobb
ISBN-10 9781136323911
Release 2012-03-22
Pages 368
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This volume examines questions concerning the nature and behaviour of capitalism and the development of economic thought and the relation between economic thought and practice in the early twentieth century.



Capitalist Enterprise and Social Progress

Capitalist Enterprise and Social Progress Author Maurice Dobb
ISBN-10 9781136315756
Release 2012-03-22
Pages 419
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Part 1 of this volume analyses the main issues in the theory of Applied Economics. Part 2 surveys the rise of capitalist enterprise and indicates the importance of certain institutions in the growth and working of the economic system at the start of the twentieth century. The concluding chapters stress the relevance of these considerations to the problems facing politicians and administrators.



Theories of Value and Distribution Since Adam Smith

Theories of Value and Distribution Since Adam Smith Author Maurice Dobb
ISBN-10 0521099366
Release 1975-04-17
Pages 304
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Identifies scientific and ideological elements in the theories of such economists as Ricardo, Mill, Marx, Jevons, and Keynes. Bibliogs



The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto Author Karl Marx
ISBN-10 9781775412434
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 61
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Commonly known as The Communist Manifesto, the Manifesto of the Communist Party (in German "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei") has been one of the most influential political documents in the world, having a far-reaching effect on twentieth-century political organization. In this 1848 publication, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels expound the program and purpose of the Communist League who commissioned the work. A critique of the Capitalist order of the time, the Manifesto gives a vision of a stateless, classless society, achieved through the overthrow of bourgeois social systems and the abolition of private property - the revolution of the proletariat.



Three Social Science Disciplines in Central and Eastern Europe

Three Social Science Disciplines in Central and Eastern Europe Author Max Kaase
ISBN-10 NWU:35556034241760
Release 2003
Pages 668
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This handbook is a joint publication of Collegium Budapest and the Social Science Information Centre. Thirty countries reported on the development and current state of three social science disciplines--economics, political science and sociology--in Central and Eastern European countries. Solid analyses by East European experts provide up-to-date overviews of the three social sciences.



An Economic History of Twentieth Century Europe

An Economic History of Twentieth Century Europe Author Ivan T. Berend
ISBN-10 9781107136427
Release 2016-09-30
Pages 400
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A revised and updated edition of the leading overview of economic regimes and economic performance in twentieth-century Europe.



What is History

What is History Author E. H. Carr
ISBN-10 9780241351901
Release 2018-06-07
Pages 208
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'Not only one of our most distinguished historians but also one of the most valuable contributors to historical theory' Spectator In formulating an answer to the question of 'What is History', Carr argues that the 'facts' of history are simply those which historians have chosen to focus on. All historical facts come to us as a result of interpretive choices by historians influenced by the standards of their age. Now for the first time in Penguin Modern Classics, with an introduction by Richard J. Evans, author of the Third Reich trilogy.



Post Soviet Social

Post Soviet Social Author Stephen J. Collier
ISBN-10 1400840422
Release 2011-08-08
Pages 312
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The Soviet Union created a unique form of urban modernity, developing institutions of social provisioning for hundreds of millions of people in small and medium-sized industrial cities spread across a vast territory. After the collapse of socialism these institutions were profoundly shaken--casualties, in the eyes of many observers, of market-oriented reforms associated with neoliberalism and the Washington Consensus. In Post-Soviet Social, Stephen Collier examines reform in Russia beyond the Washington Consensus. He turns attention from the noisy battles over stabilization and privatization during the 1990s to subsequent reforms that grapple with the mundane details of pipes, wires, bureaucratic routines, and budgetary formulas that made up the Soviet social state. Drawing on Michel Foucault's lectures from the late 1970s, Post-Soviet Social uses the Russian case to examine neoliberalism as a central form of political rationality in contemporary societies. The book's basic finding--that neoliberal reforms provide a justification for redistribution and social welfare, and may work to preserve the norms and forms of social modernity--lays the groundwork for a critical revision of conventional understandings of these topics.



The Zero Marginal Cost Society

The Zero Marginal Cost Society Author Jeremy Rifkin
ISBN-10 9781137437761
Release 2014-04-01
Pages 368
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In The Zero Marginal Cost Society, New York Times bestselling author Jeremy Rifkin describes how the emerging Internet of Things is speeding us to an era of nearly free goods and services, precipitating the meteoric rise of a global Collaborative Commons and the eclipse of capitalism. Rifkin uncovers a paradox at the heart of capitalism that has propelled it to greatness but is now taking it to its death—the inherent entrepreneurial dynamism of competitive markets that drives productivity up and marginal costs down, enabling businesses to reduce the price of their goods and services in order to win over consumers and market share. (Marginal cost is the cost of producing additional units of a good or service, if fixed costs are not counted.) While economists have always welcomed a reduction in marginal cost, they never anticipated the possibility of a technological revolution that might bring marginal costs to near zero, making goods and services priceless, nearly free, and abundant, and no longer subject to market forces. Now, a formidable new technology infrastructure—the Internet of things (IoT)—is emerging with the potential of pushing large segments of economic life to near zero marginal cost in the years ahead. Rifkin describes how the Communication Internet is converging with a nascent Energy Internet and Logistics Internet to create a new technology platform that connects everything and everyone. Billions of sensors are being attached to natural resources, production lines, the electricity grid, logistics networks, recycling flows, and implanted in homes, offices, stores, vehicles, and even human beings, feeding Big Data into an IoT global neural network. Prosumers can connect to the network and use Big Data, analytics, and algorithms to accelerate efficiency, dramatically increase productivity, and lower the marginal cost of producing and sharing a wide range of products and services to near zero, just like they now do with information goods. The plummeting of marginal costs is spawning a hybrid economy—part capitalist market and part Collaborative Commons—with far reaching implications for society, according to Rifkin. Hundreds of millions of people are already transferring parts of their economic lives to the global Collaborative Commons. Prosumers are plugging into the fledgling IoT and making and sharing their own information, entertainment, green energy, and 3D-printed products at near zero marginal cost. They are also sharing cars, homes, clothes and other items via social media sites, rentals, redistribution clubs, and cooperatives at low or near zero marginal cost. Students are enrolling in free massive open online courses (MOOCs) that operate at near zero marginal cost. Social entrepreneurs are even bypassing the banking establishment and using crowdfunding to finance startup businesses as well as creating alternative currencies in the fledgling sharing economy. In this new world, social capital is as important as financial capital, access trumps ownership, sustainability supersedes consumerism, cooperation ousts competition, and "exchange value" in the capitalist marketplace is increasingly replaced by "sharable value" on the Collaborative Commons. Rifkin concludes that capitalism will remain with us, albeit in an increasingly streamlined role, primarily as an aggregator of network services and solutions, allowing it to flourish as a powerful niche player in the coming era. We are, however, says Rifkin, entering a world beyond markets where we are learning how to live together in an increasingly interdependent global Collaborative Commons.



Books for Burning

Books for Burning Author Antonio Negri
ISBN-10 1844670341
Release 2005
Pages 299
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Long before Antonio Negri became famous around the world for his groundbreaking volume Empire, he was infamous across Europe for the incendiary writings contained in this book. Books for Burning consists of five pamphlets that Negri wrote between 1971 and 1977, which attempt to identify and draw lessons from new conditions of class struggle that emerged in the course of the 1970s. Conceived as organizational hypotheses intended for debate among the members of the political movements Workers' Power (Potere operaio) and Organized Autonomy (Autonomia organizzata), these texts were later misread and misrepresented by the Italian state in its attempt to frame Negri as responsible for the assassination of former Italian president Aldo Moro, as the leader of the Red Brigades, and as the mastermind of an armed insurrection against the state. In the more than twenty-five years since their first publication, these texts have lost none of their originality, relevance or power to shock. In a new preface, Negri demonstrates how his controversial work on empire, biopolitics and immaterial labor developed out of concepts and strategies first outlined in this book, and an editorial introduction analyzes the role these texts played in Negri's trial and in the criminalization of the Italian radical workers' movement.