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Spin Current

Spin Current Author Sadamichi Maekawa
ISBN-10 9780198787075
Release 2017
Pages 544
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Since the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect in magnetic multilayers in 1988, a new branch of physics and technology, called spin-electronics or spintronics, has emerged, where the flow of electrical charge as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called "spin current," are manipulated and controlled together. Recent progress in the physics of magnetism and the application of spin current has progressed in tandem with the nanofabrication technology of magnets and the engineering of interfaces and thin films. This book is intended to provide an introduction and guide to the new physics and applications of spin current. The emphasis is placed on the interaction between spin and charge currents in magnetic nanostructures.



Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology Author
ISBN-10 9780080932286
Release 2011-01-28
Pages 3608
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Semiconductors are at the heart of modern living. Almost everything we do, be it work, travel, communication, or entertainment, all depend on some feature of semiconductor technology. Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology captures the breadth of this important field, and presents it in a single source to the large audience who study, make, and exploit semiconductors. Previous attempts at this achievement have been abbreviated, and have omitted important topics. Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts, this work delivers an objective yet cohesive global review of the semiconductor world. The work is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the fundamental physics of semiconductors, showing how the electronic features and the lattice dynamics change drastically when systems vary from bulk to a low-dimensional structure and further to a nanometer size. Throughout this section there is an emphasis on the full understanding of the underlying physics. The second section deals largely with the transformation of the conceptual framework of solid state physics into devices and systems which require the growth of extremely high purity, nearly defect-free bulk and epitaxial materials. The last section is devoted to exploitation of the knowledge described in the previous sections to highlight the spectrum of devices we see all around us. Provides a comprehensive global picture of the semiconductor world Each of the work's three sections presents a complete description of one aspect of the whole Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts



Spin Current

Spin Current Author Sadamichi Maekawa
ISBN-10 9780198787075
Release 2017
Pages 544
Download Link Click Here

Since the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect in magnetic multilayers in 1988, a new branch of physics and technology, called spin-electronics or spintronics, has emerged, where the flow of electrical charge as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called "spin current," are manipulated and controlled together. Recent progress in the physics of magnetism and the application of spin current has progressed in tandem with the nanofabrication technology of magnets and the engineering of interfaces and thin films. This book is intended to provide an introduction and guide to the new physics and applications of spin current. The emphasis is placed on the interaction between spin and charge currents in magnetic nanostructures.



Concepts in Spin Electronics

Concepts in Spin Electronics Author Sadamichi Maekawa
ISBN-10 9780198568216
Release 2006-01-26
Pages 398
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Recently, a new branch of physics and nanotechnology called spin electronics has emerged, which aims at simultaneously exploiting the charge and spin of electrons in the same device. The aim of this book is to present new directions in the development of spin electronics in both the basic physics and the technology which will become the foundation of future electronics.



Microcavities

Microcavities Author Alexey Kavokin
ISBN-10 9780191620737
Release 2011-04-28
Pages 440
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Rapid development of microfabrication and assembly of nanostructures has opened up many opportunities to miniaturize structures that confine light, producing unusual and extremely interesting optical properties. This book addresses the large variety of optical phenomena taking place in confined solid state structures: microcavities. Realisations include planar and pillar microcavities, whispering gallery modes, and photonic crystals. The microcavities represent a unique laboratory for quantum optics and photonics. They exhibit a number of beautiful effects including lasing, superfluidity, superradiance, entanglement etc. Written by four practitioners strongly involved in experiments and theories of microcavities, it is addressed to any interested reader having a general physical background, but in particular to undergraduate and graduate students at physics faculties.



Spin Current

Spin Current Author Sadamichi Maekawa
ISBN-10 0198744242
Release 2015-08-01
Pages 464
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Since the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect in magnetic multilayers in 1988, a new branch of physics and technology, called spin-electronics or spintronics, has emerged, where the flow of electrical charge as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called "spin current", are manipulated and controlled together. Recent progress in the physics of magnetism and the application of spin current has progressed in tandem with the nanofabrication technology of magnets and the engineering of interfaces and thin films. This book is intended to provide an introduction and guide to the new physics and applications of spin current. The emphasis is placed on the interaction between spin and charge currents in magnetic nanostructures.



III Nitride Semiconductors and Their Modern Devices

III Nitride Semiconductors and Their Modern Devices Author Bernard Gil
ISBN-10 9780199681723
Release 2013-08-22
Pages 638
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All recent developments of nitrides and of their technology are gathered here in a single book, with chapters written by world leaders in the field.



Plasmonic Effects in Metal Semiconductor Nanostructures

Plasmonic Effects in Metal Semiconductor Nanostructures Author Alexey A. Toropov
ISBN-10 9780199699315
Release 2015
Pages 369
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Metal-semiconductor nanostructures represent an important new class of materials employed in designing advanced optoelectronic and nanophotonic devices, such as plasmonic nanolasers, plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes and solar cells, plasmonic emitters of single photons, and quantum devices operating in infrared and terahertz domains. The combination of surface plasmon resonances in conducting structures, providing strong concentration of an electromagnetic optical field nearby, with sharp optical resonances in semiconductors, which are highly sensitive to external electromagnetic fields, creates a platform to control light on the nanoscale. The design of the composite metal-semiconductor system imposes the consideration of both the plasmonic resonances in metal and the optical transitions in semiconductors - a key issue being their resonant interaction providing a coupling regime. In this book the reader will find descriptions of electrodynamics of conducting structures, quantum physics of semiconductor nanostructures, and guidelines for advanced engineering of metal-semiconductor composites. These constituents form together the physical basics of the metal-semiconductor plasmonics, underlying many effective practical applications. The list of covered topics also includes the review of recent results, such as the achievement of a strong coupling regime, and the preservation of non-classical statistics of photons in plasmonic cavities combined with semiconductor nanostructures.



Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors

Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors Author Prasanta Kumar Basu
ISBN-10 0198526202
Release 2002-10-01
Pages 448
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Semiconductor optoelectronic devices are at the heart of all information generation and processing systems and are likely to be essential components of future optical computers. With more emphasis on optoelectronics and photonics in graduate programmes in physics and engineering, there is a need for a text providing a basic understanding of the important physical phenomena involved. Such a training is necessary for the design, optimization, and search for new materials, devices, and application areas. This book provides a simple quantum mechanical theory of important optical processes, i.e. band-to-band, intersubband, and excitonic absorption and recombination in bulk, quantum wells, wires, dots, superlattices, and strained layers including electro-optic effects. The classical theory of absorption, quantization of radiation, and band picture based on k.p perturbation has been included to provide the necessary background. Prerequisites for the book are a knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid state theory. Problems have been set at the end of each chapter, some of which may guide the reader to study processes not covered in the book. The application areas of the phenomena are also indicated.



Spintronic Materials and Technology

Spintronic Materials and Technology Author Yongbing Xu
ISBN-10 9781420021257
Release 2006-10-25
Pages 423
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Few books exist that cover the hot field of second-generation spintronic devices, despite their potential to revolutionize the IT industry.Compiling the obstacles and progress of spin-controlled devices into one source, Spintronic Materials and Technology presents an in-depth examination of the most recent technological spintronic developments. Featuring contributions from active researchers and leading experts, the book chronicles the main research challenges in spintronics. It first depicts the different classes of materials systems currently under investigation for use in spintronic devices. The contributors also address issues concerning the operation of spintronic devices, such as the new principle for future devices that use spin-polarized current. This promises to enable switching of individual spin components of the device while avoiding crosstalk at the nanoscale. The book concludes with descriptions of both Si and III-V semiconductor-based spin transistors and the integration of spin technology with photonics. The second-generation spintronic devices discussed in Spintronic Materials and Technology will not only improve the existing capabilities of electronic transistors, but will enable future computers to run faster and consume less power.



Introduction to Spintronics Second Edition

Introduction to Spintronics  Second Edition Author Supriyo Bandyopadhyay
ISBN-10 9781482255577
Release 2015-09-18
Pages 636
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Introduction to Spintronics provides an accessible, organized, and progressive presentation of the quantum mechanical concept of spin and the technology of using it to store, process, and communicate information. Fully updated and expanded to 18 chapters, this Second Edition: Reflects the explosion of study in spin-related physics, addressing seven important physical phenomena with spintronic device applications Discusses the recently discovered field of spintronics without magnetism, which allows one to manipulate spin currents by purely electrical means Explores lateral spin-orbit interaction and its many nuances, as well as the possibility to implement spin polarizers and analyzers using quantum point contacts Introduces the concept of single-domain-nanomagnet-based computing, an ultra-energy-efficient approach to compute and store information using nanomagnets, offering a practical rendition of single-spin logic architecture ideas and an alternative to transistor-based computing hardware Features many new drill problems, and includes a solution manual and figure slides with qualifying course adoption Still the only known spintronics textbook written in English, Introduction to Spintronics, Second Edition is a must read for those interested in the science and technology of storing, processing, and communicating information via the spin degree of freedom of electrons.



Physics of Semiconductors in High Magnetic Fields

Physics of Semiconductors in High Magnetic Fields Author Noboru Miura
ISBN-10 9780198517566
Release 2008
Pages 360
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This book summarizes most of the fundamental physical phenomena which semiconductors and their modulated structures exhibit in high magnetic fields. Readers can learn not only the basic theoretical background but also the present state of the art from the most advanced data in this rapidly growing research area.



Low dimensional Nitride Semiconductors

Low dimensional Nitride Semiconductors Author Bernard Gil
ISBN-10 019850974X
Release 2002
Pages 467
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'Review from other book by this author 'One suspects this book[Group III Nitride Semiconductor Compounds, OUP 1998] will be the first in an extremely valuable series'. ' -Paul D. Brown, Materials World, Oct. 1998Opto-electronics and electronics are likely to change dramatically in the future. This superb text, written by a collection of acclaimed international researchers, is dedicated to low-dimensional nitride semiconductors, and provides the key to modern electronics, opto-electronics, and nanotechnology. Gil explores why nitride semiconductors are so promising over such a wide range of applications, what the current issues are in the research laboratories, and what the prospects of new electronic devices are in the dawn of the twenty-first century.



Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures Author Alexander V. Latyshev
ISBN-10 9780128105139
Release 2016-11-10
Pages 552
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Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Growth, Characterization, Properties and Applications focuses on the physical aspects of semiconductor nanostructures, including growth and processing of semiconductor nanostructures by molecular-beam epitaxy, ion-beam implantation/synthesis, pulsed laser action on all types of III–V, IV, and II–VI semiconductors, nanofabrication by bottom-up and top-down approaches, real-time observations using in situ UHV-REM and high-resolution TEM of atomic structure of quantum well, nanowires, quantum dots, and heterostructures and their electrical, optical, magnetic, and spin phenomena. The very comprehensive nature of the book makes it an indispensable source of information for researchers, scientists, and post-graduate students in the field of semiconductor physics, condensed matter physics, and physics of nanostructures, helping them in their daily research. Presents a comprehensive reference on the novel physical phenomena and properties of semiconductor nanostructures Covers recent developments in the field from all over the world Provides an International approach, as chapters are based on results obtained in collaboration with research groups from Russia, Germany, France, England, Japan, Holland, USA, Belgium, China, Israel, Brazil, and former Soviet Union countries



Semiconductor Physics and Applications

Semiconductor Physics and Applications Author M. Balkanski
ISBN-10 0198517408
Release 2000-08-31
Pages 487
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This textbook covers the basic physics of semiconductors and their applications to practical devices, with emphasis on the basic physical principles upon which these devices operate. Extensive use of figures is made to enhance the clarity of the presentation and to establish contact with the experimental side of the topic. Graduate students and lecturers in semiconductor physics, condensed matter physics, electromagnetic theory, and quantum mechanics will find this a useful textbook and reference work.



Spin Electronics

Spin Electronics Author Michael Ziese
ISBN-10 9783540452584
Release 2007-06-30
Pages 493
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For 50 years conventional electronics has ignored the electron spin. The manipulation and utilisation of the electron spin heralds an exciting and rapidly changing era in electronics, combining the disciplines of magnetism and traditional electronics. The first generation of "spintronic" devices (such as read heads based on giant magnetoresistance or non-volatile magnetic random access memories) have already gained dominant positions in the market place. This volume, the first of its kind on spin electronics describes all the essential topics for new researchers entering the field. It covers magnetism and semiconductor basics, micromagnetism, experimental techniques, materials science, device fabrication and new developments in spin-dependent processes. At the end of most chapters are a number of exercises and worked problems to aid the reader in understanding this fascinating new field.



Hybrid Phonons in Nanostructures

Hybrid Phonons in Nanostructures Author Brian K. Ridley
ISBN-10 9780198788362
Release 2017-02-02
Pages 176
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The book provides a technical account of the basic physics of nanostructures, which are the foundation of the hardware found in all manner of computers. It will be of interest to semiconductor physicists and electronic engineers and advanced research students. Crystalline nanostructures have special properties associated with electrons and lattice vibrations and their interaction. The result of spatial confinement of electrons is indicated in the nomenclature of nonostructures: quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots. Confinement also has a profound effect on lattice vibrations. The documentation of the confinement of acoustic modes goes back to Lord Rayleigh's work in the late nineteenth century, but no such documentation exists for optical modes. It is only comparatively recently that any theory of the elastic properties of optical modes exists, and a comprehensive account is given in this book. A model of the lattice dynamics of the diamond lattice is given that reveals the quantitative distinction between acoustic and optical modes and the difference of connection rules that must apply at an interface. The presence of interfaces in nanostructures forces the hybridization of longitudinally and transversely polarized modes, along with, in polar material, electromagnetic modes. Hybrid acoustic and optical modes are described, with an emphasis on polar-optical phonons and their interaction with electrons. Scattering rates in single heterostructures, quantum wells and quantum wires are described and the anharmonic interaction in quantum dots discussed. A description is given of the effects of dynamic screening of hybrid polar modes and the production of hot phonons.