Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Stable Radicals

Stable Radicals Author Robin Hicks
ISBN-10 9781119956969
Release 2011-08-02
Pages 606
Download Link Click Here

Stable radicals - molecules with odd electrons which are sufficiently long lived to be studied or isolated using conventional techniques - have enjoyed a long history and are of current interest for a broad array of fundamental and applied reasons, for example to study and drive novel chemical reactions, in the development of rechargeable batteries or the study of free radical reactions in the body. In Stable Radicals: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects of Odd-Electron Compounds a team of international experts provide a broad-based overview of stable radicals, from the fundamental aspects of specific classes of stable neutral radicals to their wide range of applications including synthesis, materials science and chemical biology. Topics covered include: triphenylmethyl and related radicals polychlorinated triphenylmethyl radicals: towards multifunctional molecular materials phenalenyls, cyclopentadienyls, and other carbon-centered radicals the nitrogen oxides: persistent radicals and van der Waals complex dimers nitroxide radicals: properties, synthesis and applications the only stable organic sigma radicals: di-tert-alkyliminoxyls. delocalized radicals containing the hydrazyl [R2N-NR] unit metal-coordinated phenoxyl radicals stable radicals containing the thiazyl unit: synthesis, chemical, and materials properties stable radicals of the heavy p-block elements application of stable radicals as mediators in living-radical polymerization nitroxide-catalyzed alcohol oxidations in organic synthesis metal-nitroxide complexes: synthesis and magneto-structural correlations rechargeable batteries using robust but redox-active organic radicals spin labeling: a modern perspective functional in vivo EPR spectroscopy and imaging using nitroxides and trityl radicals biologically relevant chemistry of nitroxides Stable Free Radicals: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects of Odd-Electron Compounds is an essential guide to this fascinating area of chemistry for researchers and students working in organic and physical chemistry and materials science.



Organic chemistry of stable free radicals

Organic chemistry of stable free radicals Author A. R. Forrester
ISBN-10 UOM:39015010967886
Release 1968
Pages 405
Download Link Click Here

Organic chemistry of stable free radicals has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Organic chemistry of stable free radicals also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Organic chemistry of stable free radicals book for free.



Statistical Gradient Block and Graft Copolymers by Controlled Living Radical Polymerizations

Statistical  Gradient  Block and Graft Copolymers by Controlled Living Radical Polymerizations Author Kelly A. Davis
ISBN-10 3540432442
Release 2002-08-07
Pages 192
Download Link Click Here

The design and the realisation of well defined polymer architectures has become an important goal in macromolecular science. The prerequisite for achieving this goal is the availability of controlled polymerisation reactions. Living anionic polymerisation was the first reaction fulfilling these requirements. Cationic polymerisation only came into play when it was realised that it was possible to create an equilibrium between active and dormant species with the fraction of the dormant species being far superior to that of active ones. A corresponding principle applies to controlled radical polymerisation per formed in quite a number of modes such as nitroxide mediated polymerisation (NMP), atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP), reversible addition frag mentation chain transfer (RAFT) or catalytic chain transfer (CCT) reactions. All of these variants of controlled radical polymerisation lead to well defined archi tectures with the particular advantage that a much larger number of monomers are suitable and the reaction conditions are much less demanding than those of living ionic polymerisation reactions. Although in controlled radical polymerisation, termination reactions cannot be excluded completely, they are limited in their extent and consequently the mol ecular weight is controlled, the polydispersity index is small and functionalities can be attached to the macromolecules. These features are indicative of the real isation of well defined polymer architectures such as block copolymers, star shaped and comb shaped copolymers.



Organic Mechanisms

Organic Mechanisms Author Reinhard Bruckner
ISBN-10 9783642036507
Release 2010-01-20
Pages 855
Download Link Click Here

This English edition of a best-selling and award-winning German textbook Reaction Mechanisms: Organic Reactions · Stereochemistry · Modern Synthetic Methods is aimed at those who desire to learn organic chemistry through an approach that is facile to understand and easily committed to memory. Michael Harmata, Norman Rabjohn Distinguished Professor of Organic Chemistry (University of Missouri) surveyed the accuracy of the translation, made certain contributions, and above all adapted its rationalizations to those prevalent in the organic chemistry community in the English-speaking world. Throughout the book fundamental and advanced reaction mechanisms are presented with meticulous precision. The systematic use of red "electron-pushing arrows" allows students to follow each transformation elementary step by elementary step. Mechanisms are not only presented in the traditional contexts of rate laws and substituent effects but, whenever possible, are illustrated using practical, useful and state-of-the-art reactions. The abundance of stereoselective reactions included in the treatise makes the reader familiar with key concepts of stereochemistry. The fundamental topics of the book address the needs of upper-level undergraduate students, while its advanced sections are intended for graduate-level audiences. Accordingly, this book is an essential learning tool for students and a unique addition to the reference desk of practicing organic chemists, who as life-long learners desire to keep abreast of both fundamental and applied aspects of our science. In addition, it will well serve ambitious students in chemistry-related fields such as biochemistry, medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry. From the reviews: "Professor Bruckner has further refined his already masterful synthetic organic chemistry classic; the additions are seamless and the text retains the magnificent clarity, rigour and precision which were the hallmark of previous editions. The strength of the book stems from Professor Bruckner’s ability to provide lucid explanations based on a deep understanding of physical organic chemistry and to limit discussion to very carefully selected reaction classes illuminated by exquisitely pertinent examples, often from the recent literature. The panoply of organic synthesis is analysed and dissected according to fundamental structural, orbital, kinetic and thermodynamic principles with an effortless coherence that yields great insight and never over-simplifies. The perfect source text for advanced Undergraduate and Masters/PhD students who want to understand, in depth, the art of synthesis ." Alan C. Spivey, Imperial College London "Bruckner’s ‘Organic Mechanisms’ accurately reflects the way practicing organic chemists think and speak about organic reactions. The figures are beautifully drawn and show the way organic chemists graphically depict reactions. It uses a combination of basic valence bond pictures with more sophisticated molecular orbital treatments. It handles mechanisms both from the "electron pushing perspective" and from a kinetic and energetic view. The book will be very useful to new US graduate students and will help bring them to the level of sophistication needed to be serious researchers in organic chemistry." Charles P. Casey, University of Wisconsin-Madison "This is an excellent advanced organic chemistry textbook that provides a key resource for students and teachers alike." Mark Rizzacasa, University of Melbourne, Australia.



Handbook of Chalcogen Chemistry

Handbook of Chalcogen Chemistry Author Francesco A. Devillanova
ISBN-10 9780854043668
Release 2007
Pages 884
Download Link Click Here

Provides an overview of the developments on the chemistry of the chalcogen group elements (S, Se and Te). Organised into two parts, this book deals systematically with the chemistry of chalcogens in relation to other group elements in the periodic table, and also includes an overview of metal-chalcogenides and metal-polychalcogenides.



Synthetic Chemistry of Stable Nitroxides

Synthetic Chemistry of Stable Nitroxides Author L. B. Volodarsky
ISBN-10 0849345901
Release 1993-10-25
Pages 240
Download Link Click Here

This important book is devoted to covering the synthetic aspects of nitroxide chemistry. The problems of application and physicochemical properties of nitroxides are considered in the context of the choice of necessary radical structures, convenient precursors, and strategy of the synthesis. The book offers comparisons of the concrete classes of nitroxides to help reveal the structural peculiarities and synthetic abilities of compounds of different classes. It also summarizes data on the magneto-structural correlation for the metal complexes with 3-imidazoline nitroxides and considers the ways in which the molecular design of 2- and 3-dimensional heterospin compounds is capable of magnetic phase transfer in a ferromagnetic state. The book will be a significant reference for chemists, biochemists, spectroscopists, and other users of nitroxides, spin labels, probes, and paramagnetic ligands.



Inorganic Rings and Polymers of the P block Elements

Inorganic Rings and Polymers of the P block Elements Author Tristram Chivers
ISBN-10 9781847559067
Release 2009
Pages 335
Download Link Click Here

This unique book provides comprehensive coverage of monocyclic inorganic ring systems of the p-block elements and the polymers that are derived from them.



Investigation of stable free radicals formed by electroreduction of n alkylpyridinium salts

Investigation of stable free radicals formed by electroreduction of n alkylpyridinium salts Author William Merlin Schwarz
ISBN-10 WISC:89011039880
Release 1961
Pages 286
Download Link Click Here

Investigation of stable free radicals formed by electroreduction of n alkylpyridinium salts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Investigation of stable free radicals formed by electroreduction of n alkylpyridinium salts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Investigation of stable free radicals formed by electroreduction of n alkylpyridinium salts book for free.



Synthesis of Stable Free Radicals as Potential Organic Metals Synthesis of Oxygenated Indacene Derivatives Reactions of Aromatic Poly N N dimethyl Amides with Electrophiles

Synthesis of Stable Free Radicals as Potential Organic Metals  Synthesis of Oxygenated Indacene Derivatives  Reactions of Aromatic Poly  N  N dimethyl Amides  with Electrophiles Author Mark Wayne Armstrong
ISBN-10 OCLC:11051163
Release 1982
Pages 396
Download Link Click Here

Synthesis of Stable Free Radicals as Potential Organic Metals Synthesis of Oxygenated Indacene Derivatives Reactions of Aromatic Poly N N dimethyl Amides with Electrophiles has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Synthesis of Stable Free Radicals as Potential Organic Metals Synthesis of Oxygenated Indacene Derivatives Reactions of Aromatic Poly N N dimethyl Amides with Electrophiles also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Synthesis of Stable Free Radicals as Potential Organic Metals Synthesis of Oxygenated Indacene Derivatives Reactions of Aromatic Poly N N dimethyl Amides with Electrophiles book for free.



Toxicology of the Human Environment

Toxicology of the Human Environment Author Chris J Rhodes
ISBN-10 0748409165
Release 2000-02-24
Pages 512
Download Link Click Here

The environment in which human beings live is complex and we may encounter many different potentially toxic chemical substances during the course of our lives. These xenobiotic agents may invade the living system in the form of environmental pollutants, in the diet, as pharmaceutically administered compounds or even as chemical weapons and it is becoming widely recognised that free radicals are often involved in this toxicity. The book covers all aspects of toxic agents in the environment from their detection to their effects. Final year undergraduates and postgraduates studying toxicology, biochemistry, cell biology or environmental science will find this book valuable reading, whilst researchers in academia, the pharmaceutical industry, and public health laboratories will appreciate it as a comprehensive reference.



Free Radicals in Biology and Environment

Free Radicals in Biology and Environment Author F. Minisci
ISBN-10 0792345029
Release 1997-03-31
Pages 500
Download Link Click Here

Our understanding of the quantitative aspects of free radical chemistry and the involvement of radicals in such areas as biology, medicine, the environment, etc., has developed spectacularly over recent years, yet the various topics are commonly discussed separately, in specific meetings and specialised publications. Free Radicals in Biology and Environment draws together two important areas of free radical chemistry, using as a bridge the fundamental physical chemistry of free radicals (spectroscopic detection of free radicals, evaluation of absolute rate constants, elucidation of mechanisms of free radical reactions and catalysis, photochemical and radiation processes, etc.). The most relevant topics covered are the EPR detection of radicals in biochemical systems and in pollutant formation and degradation, oxidation processes in biology and in the troposphere, radiation and induced damage, and atmospheric pollutants arising from incomplete combustion. Also covered are the chemistry and biochemistry of nitric oxide and peroxynitrite, the chemistry and biochemistry of DNA radicals, the role of radicals in myeloperoxidase, lignineperoxidase, radicals and cardiovascular injury, radiation and the fragmentation of cells and tissues.



Organophosphorus Chemistry

Organophosphorus Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 9780851860466
Release 1974-10-01
Pages 313
Download Link Click Here

Organophosphorus Chemistry provides a comprehensive annual review of the literature. Coverage includes phosphines and their chalcogenides, phosphonium salts, low coordination number phosphorus compounds, penta- and hexa-coordinated compounds, tervalent phosphorus acids, nucleotides and nucleic acids, ylides and related compounds, and phosphazenes. The series will be of value to research workers in universities, government and industrial research organisations, whose work involves the use of organophosphorus compounds. It provides a concise but comprehensive survey of a vast field of study with a wide variety of applications, enabling the reader to rapidly keep abreast of the latest developments in their specialist areas. Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage of progress in the major areas of chemical research. Written by experts in their specialist fields the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, supplying regular critical in-depth accounts of progress in particular areas of chemistry. For over 80 years the Royal Society of Chemistry and its predecessor, the Chemical Society, have been publishing reports charting developments in chemistry, which originally took the form of Annual Reports. However, by 1967 the whole spectrum of chemistry could no longer be contained within one volume and the series Specialist Periodical Reports was born. The Annual Reports themselves still existed but were divided into two, and subsequently three, volumes covering Inorganic, Organic and Physical Chemistry. For more general coverage of the highlights in chemistry they remain a 'must'. Since that time the SPR series has altered according to the fluctuating degree of activity in various fields of chemistry. Some titles have remained unchanged, while others have altered their emphasis along with their titles; some have been combined under a new name whereas others have had to be discontinued. The current list of Specialist Periodical Reports can be seen on the inside flap of this volume.



Essentials of Organic Chemistry

Essentials of Organic Chemistry Author Paul M. Dewick
ISBN-10 9781118681961
Release 2013-03-20
Pages 704
Download Link Click Here

Essentials of Organic Chemistry is an accessible introduction to the subject for students of Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry and Biological Chemistry. Designed to provide a thorough grounding in fundamental chemical principles, the book focuses on key elements of organic chemistry and carefully chosen material is illustrated with the extensive use of pharmaceutical and biochemical examples. In order to establish links and similarities the book places prominence on principles and deductive reasoning with cross-referencing. This informal text also places the main emphasis on understanding and predicting reactivity rather than synthetic methodology as well as utilising a mechanism based layout and featuring annotated schemes to reduce the need for textual explanations. * tailored specifically to the needs of students of Pharmacy Medical Chemistry and Biological Chemistry * numerous pharmaceutical and biochemical examples * mechanism based layout * focus on principles and deductive reasoning This will be an invaluable reference for students of Pharmacy Medicinal and Biological Chemistry.



Chemical kinetics

Chemical kinetics Author Elena Burlakova
ISBN-10 9781466564602
Release 2005-10-28
Pages 528
Download Link Click Here

The volume is devoted to the problem of chemical kinetics on modern level. The book includes information on chemical physics of nanocomposites, degradation, stabilization and flammability of polymeric materials as well as free radical mechanism of oxidation of organic compounds, thermostability, mechanism of action of catalytical systems and inhibitors in free radical reactions in liquid and solid phase, pure and applied chemistry of antioxidants (synthesis and application), ionic reactions, effect of chemoluminescence in the processes of oxidation, biodegradation and application of polymers in medicine, problems of adhesion of microorganisms on the surface of materials, thermo-, photo- and hydrolitic reactions, creation of new ecologically friendly flame retaradnts for polymers, polymer composites and polymer blends as well as filled polymers.



Oxygen Free Radicals in Tissue Damage

Oxygen Free Radicals in Tissue Damage Author TARR,M.
ISBN-10 9781461598404
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 297
Download Link Click Here

Oxygen free radicals and other reactive oxygen species are being postulated as causal agents in an increasing number of pathological conditions. Indeed, some investigators are suggesting that highly destructive reactive oxygen species are the final common path lead ing to tissue damage following a wide variety of insults including trauma, hypoxia, ischemia, hyperoxia, radiation, some toxins, and even strenuous athletic pursuits. But, as Robert Floyd points out, "Proof of the importance of oxygen free radicals and the oxidative damage they initiate depend on unequivocal evidence for the pres ence of free radicals and a clear association of their formation with the induction of the dysfunction of pathological conditions. " Since such proof does not come easily, there have been and will continue to be many controversies regarding the role played by reactive oxygen species in tissue damage. There have been many recent reviews of the chemistry and pos sible role of reactive oxygen species in many types of organ dys functions, tissue damage, degenerative diseases, and aging. This book is not such a review. Rather it presents for a diverse audience of physical-organic chemists, biochemists, medical researchers, and other investigators of pathophysiology, discussions of a variety of is sues important for understanding reactive oxygen species and their role in tissue damage.



Organic Reaction Mechanisms 1974

Organic Reaction Mechanisms 1974 Author A. R. Butler
ISBN-10 9780470318867
Release 2008-04-30
Pages 660
Download Link Click Here

The only book series to summarize the latest progress on organic reaction mechanisms, Organic Reaction Mechanisms, 1974 surveys the development in understanding of the main classes of organic reaction mechanisms reported in the primary scientific literature in 1974. The 10th annual volume in this highly successful series highlights mechanisms of stereo-specific reactions. Reviews are compiled by a team of experienced editors and authors, allowing advanced undergraduates, graduate students, postdocs, and chemists to rely on the volume's continuing quality of selection and presentation.



Organosilanes in Radical Chemistry

Organosilanes in Radical Chemistry Author Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
ISBN-10 9780470094259
Release 2004-04-02
Pages 240
Download Link Click Here

In recent years silicon-centered radicals have played an important role in organic synthesis, polymer chemistry and material sciences. The aim of this book is to offer for the first time a description of silyl radicals within an interdisciplinary context, connecting structural characteristics and chemical properties to their application in different areas of chemistry. The first time different aspects of silyl radicals have been brought together Excellent reference tool for experienced practitioners of radical and/or silicon chemistry Presents various aspects of these intermediates in an original, comprehensive fashion This book is essential for anyone working in free radical and/or silicon chemistry as well as for those who want to approach these fields for the first time.