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Statistical Analysis and Data Display

Statistical Analysis and Data Display Author Richard M. Heiberger
ISBN-10 9781493921225
Release 2015-12-23
Pages 898
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This contemporary presentation of statistical methods features extensive use of graphical displays for exploring data and for displaying the analysis. The authors demonstrate how to analyze data—showing code, graphics, and accompanying tabular listings—for all the methods they cover. They emphasize how to construct and interpret graphs. They discuss principles of graphical design. They identify situations where visual impressions from graphs may need confirmation from traditional tabular results. All chapters have exercises. The authors provide and discuss R functions for all the new graphical display formats. All graphs and tabular output in the book were constructed using these functions. Complete R scripts for all examples and figures are provided for readers to use as models for their own analyses. This book can serve as a standalone text for statistics majors at the master’s level and for other quantitatively oriented disciplines at the doctoral level, and as a reference book for researchers. In-depth discussions of regression analysis, analysis of variance, and design of experiments are followed by introductions to analysis of discrete bivariate data, nonparametrics, logistic regression, and ARIMA time series modeling. The authors illustrate classical concepts and techniques with a variety of case studies using both newer graphical tools and traditional tabular displays. The Second Edition features graphs that are completely redrawn using the more powerful graphics infrastructure provided by R's lattice package. There are new sections in several of the chapters, revised sections in all chapters and several completely new appendices. New graphical material includes: • an expanded chapter on graphics • a section on graphing Likert Scale Data to build on the importance of rating scales in fields from population studies to psychometrics • a discussion on design of graphics that will work for readers with color-deficient vision • an expanded discussion on the design of multi-panel graphics • expanded and new sections in the discrete bivariate statistics capter on the use of mosaic plots for contingency tables including the n×2×2 tables for which the Mantel–Haenszel–Cochran test is appropriate • an interactive (using the shiny package) presentation of the graphics for the normal and t-tables that is introduced early and used in many chapters The new appendices include discussions of R, the HH package designed for R (the material in the HH package was distributed as a set of standalone functions with the First Edition of this book), the R Commander package, the RExcel system, the shiny package, and a minimal discussion on writing R packages. There is a new appendix on computational precision illustrating and explaining the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) about the differences between the familiar real number system and the less-familiar floating point system used in computers. The probability distributions appendix has been expanded to include more distributions (all the distributions in base R) and to include graphs of each. The editing appendix from the First Edition has been split into four expanded appendices—on working style, writing style, use of a powerful editor, and use of LaTeX for document preparation.



Statistical Analysis and Data Display

Statistical Analysis and Data Display Author Richard M. Heiberger
ISBN-10 0387402705
Release 2004-07-28
Pages 729
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This contemporary presentation of statistical methods features extensive use of graphical displays for exploring data and for displaying the analysis. The authors demonstrate how to analyze data—showing code, graphics, and accompanying computer listings—for all the methods they cover. They emphasize how to construct and interpret graphs, discuss principles of graphical design, and show how accompanying traditional tabular results are used to confirm the visual impressions derived directly from the graphs. Many of the graphical formats are novel and appear here for the first time in print. All chapters have exercises. This book can serve as a standalone text for statistics majors at the master's level and for other quantitatively oriented disciplines at the doctoral level, and as a reference book for researchers. In-depth discussions of regression analysis, analysis of variance, and design of experiments are followed by introductions to analysis of discrete bivariate data, nonparametrics, logistic regression, and ARIMA time series modeling. The authors illustrate classical concepts and techniques with a variety of case studies using both newer graphical tools and traditional tabular displays. The authors provide and discuss S-Plus, R, and SAS executable functions and macros for all new graphical display formats. All graphs and tabular output in the book were constructed using these programs. Complete transcripts for all examples and figures are provided for readers to use as models for their own analyses. Richard M. Heiberger and Burt Holland are both Professors in the Department of Statistics at Temple University and elected Fellows of the American Statistical Association. Richard M. Heiberger participated in the design of the S-Plus linear model and analysis of variance commands while on research leave at Bell Labs in 1987–88 and has been closely involved as a beta tester and user of S-Plus. Burt Holland has made many research contributions to linear modeling and simultaneous statistical inference, and frequently serves as a consultant to medical investigators. Both teach the Temple University course sequence that inspired them to write this text.



An Introduction to Statistical Learning

An Introduction to Statistical Learning Author Gareth James
ISBN-10 9781461471387
Release 2013-06-24
Pages 426
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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.



SAS for Data Analysis

SAS for Data Analysis Author Mervyn G. Marasinghe
ISBN-10 038777372X
Release 2008-12-10
Pages 558
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This book is intended for use as the textbook in a second course in applied statistics that covers topics in multiple regression and analysis of variance at an intermediate level. Generally, students enrolled in such courses are p- marily graduate majors or advanced undergraduate students from a variety of disciplines. These students typically have taken an introductory-level s- tistical methods course that requires the use a software system such as SAS for performing statistical analysis. Thus students are expected to have an - derstanding of basic concepts of statistical inference such as estimation and hypothesis testing. Understandably, adequate time is not available in a ?rst course in stat- tical methods to cover the use of a software system adequately in the amount of time available for instruction. The aim of this book is to teach how to use the SAS system for data analysis. The SAS language is introduced at a level of sophistication not found in most introductory SAS books. Important features such as SAS data step programming, pointers, and line-hold spe- ?ers are described in detail. The powerful graphics support available in SAS is emphasized throughout, and many worked SAS program examples contain graphic components.



Time Series Analysis and Its Applications

Time Series Analysis and Its Applications Author Robert H. Shumway
ISBN-10 9783319524528
Release 2017-04-25
Pages 562
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The fourth edition of this popular graduate textbook, like its predecessors, presents a balanced and comprehensive treatment of both time and frequency domain methods with accompanying theory. Numerous examples using nontrivial data illustrate solutions to problems such as discovering natural and anthropogenic climate change, evaluating pain perception experiments using functional magnetic resonance imaging, and monitoring a nuclear test ban treaty. The book is designed as a textbook for graduate level students in the physical, biological, and social sciences and as a graduate level text in statistics. Some parts may also serve as an undergraduate introductory course. Theory and methodology are separated to allow presentations on different levels. In addition to coverage of classical methods of time series regression, ARIMA models, spectral analysis and state-space models, the text includes modern developments including categorical time series analysis, multivariate spectral methods, long memory series, nonlinear models, resampling techniques, GARCH models, ARMAX models, stochastic volatility, wavelets, and Markov chain Monte Carlo integration methods. This edition includes R code for each numerical example in addition to Appendix R, which provides a reference for the data sets and R scripts used in the text in addition to a tutorial on basic R commands and R time series. An additional file is available on the book’s website for download, making all the data sets and scripts easy to load into R.



Statistical Analysis of Financial Data in S Plus

Statistical Analysis of Financial Data in S Plus Author René Carmona
ISBN-10 9780387218243
Release 2006-04-18
Pages 455
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This is the first book at the graduate textbook level to discuss analyzing financial data with S-PLUS. Its originality lies in the introduction of tools for the estimation and simulation of heavy tail distributions and copulas, the computation of measures of risk, and the principal component analysis of yield curves. The book is aimed at undergraduate students in financial engineering; master students in finance and MBA's, and to practitioners with financial data analysis concerns.



All of Statistics

All of Statistics Author Larry Wasserman
ISBN-10 9780387217369
Release 2013-12-11
Pages 442
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Taken literally, the title "All of Statistics" is an exaggeration. But in spirit, the title is apt, as the book does cover a much broader range of topics than a typical introductory book on mathematical statistics. This book is for people who want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines. The book includes modern topics like non-parametric curve estimation, bootstrapping, and classification, topics that are usually relegated to follow-up courses. The reader is presumed to know calculus and a little linear algebra. No previous knowledge of probability and statistics is required. Statistics, data mining, and machine learning are all concerned with collecting and analysing data.



Introductory Statistics with R

Introductory Statistics with R Author Peter Dalgaard
ISBN-10 9780387790541
Release 2008-06-27
Pages 364
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This book provides an elementary-level introduction to R, targeting both non-statistician scientists in various fields and students of statistics. The main mode of presentation is via code examples with liberal commenting of the code and the output, from the computational as well as the statistical viewpoint. Brief sections introduce the statistical methods before they are used. A supplementary R package can be downloaded and contains the data sets. All examples are directly runnable and all graphics in the text are generated from the examples. The statistical methodology covered includes statistical standard distributions, one- and two-sample tests with continuous data, regression analysis, one-and two-way analysis of variance, regression analysis, analysis of tabular data, and sample size calculations. In addition, the last four chapters contain introductions to multiple linear regression analysis, linear models in general, logistic regression, and survival analysis.



R Through Excel

R Through Excel Author Richard M. Heiberger
ISBN-10 9781441900524
Release 2010-01-23
Pages 344
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In this book, the authors build on RExcel, a free add-in for Excel that can be downloaded from the R distribution network. RExcel seamlessly integrates the entire set of R's statistical and graphical methods into Excel, allowing students to focus on statistical methods and concepts and minimizing the distraction of learning a new programming language.



Humanities Data in R

Humanities Data in R Author Taylor Arnold
ISBN-10 9783319207025
Release 2015-09-23
Pages 211
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​This pioneering book teaches readers to use R within four core analytical areas applicable to the Humanities: networks, text, geospatial data, and images. This book is also designed to be a bridge: between quantitative and qualitative methods, individual and collaborative work, and the humanities and social sciences. Humanities Data with R does not presuppose background programming experience. Early chapters take readers from R set-up to exploratory data analysis (continuous and categorical data, multivariate analysis, and advanced graphics with emphasis on aesthetics and facility). Following this, networks, geospatial data, image data, natural language processing and text analysis each have a dedicated chapter. Each chapter is grounded in examples to move readers beyond the intimidation of adding new tools to their research. Everything is hands-on: networks are explained using U.S. Supreme Court opinions, and low-level NLP methods are applied to short stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. After working through these examples with the provided data, code and book website, readers are prepared to apply new methods to their own work. The open source R programming language, with its myriad packages and popularity within the sciences and social sciences, is particularly well-suited to working with humanities data. R packages are also highlighted in an appendix. This book uses an expanded conception of the forms data may take and the information it represents. The methodology will have wide application in classrooms and self-study for the humanities, but also for use in linguistics, anthropology, and political science. Outside the classroom, this intersection of humanities and computing is particularly relevant for research and new modes of dissemination across archives, museums and libraries. ​



The R Book

The R Book Author Michael J. Crawley
ISBN-10 9781118448960
Release 2012-11-07
Pages 1080
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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)



Data Analysis and Graphics Using R

Data Analysis and Graphics Using R Author John Maindonald
ISBN-10 9781139486675
Release 2010-05-06
Pages
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Discover what you can do with R! Introducing the R system, covering standard regression methods, then tackling more advanced topics, this book guides users through the practical, powerful tools that the R system provides. The emphasis is on hands-on analysis, graphical display, and interpretation of data. The many worked examples, from real-world research, are accompanied by commentary on what is done and why. The companion website has code and datasets, allowing readers to reproduce all analyses, along with solutions to selected exercises and updates. Assuming basic statistical knowledge and some experience with data analysis (but not R), the book is ideal for research scientists, final-year undergraduate or graduate-level students of applied statistics, and practising statisticians. It is both for learning and for reference. This third edition expands upon topics such as Bayesian inference for regression, errors in variables, generalized linear mixed models, and random forests.



Elements of Large Sample Theory

Elements of Large Sample Theory Author E.L. Lehmann
ISBN-10 9780387227290
Release 2006-04-18
Pages 632
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Written by one of the main figures in twentieth century statistics, this book provides a unified treatment of first-order large-sample theory. It discusses a broad range of applications including introductions to density estimation, the bootstrap, and the asymptotics of survey methodology. The book is written at an elementary level making it accessible to most readers.



Analysis of Categorical Data with R

Analysis of Categorical Data with R Author Christopher R. Bilder
ISBN-10 9781439855676
Release 2014-08-11
Pages 547
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Learn How to Properly Analyze Categorical Data Analysis of Categorical Data with R presents a modern account of categorical data analysis using the popular R software. It covers recent techniques of model building and assessment for binary, multicategory, and count response variables and discusses fundamentals, such as odds ratio and probability estimation. The authors give detailed advice and guidelines on which procedures to use and why to use them. The Use of R as Both a Data Analysis Method and a Learning Tool Requiring no prior experience with R, the text offers an introduction to the essential features and functions of R. It incorporates numerous examples from medicine, psychology, sports, ecology, and other areas, along with extensive R code and output. The authors use data simulation in R to help readers understand the underlying assumptions of a procedure and then to evaluate the procedure’s performance. They also present many graphical demonstrations of the features and properties of various analysis methods. Web Resource The data sets and R programs from each example are available at www.chrisbilder.com/categorical. The programs include code used to create every plot and piece of output. Many of these programs contain code to demonstrate additional features or to perform more detailed analyses than what is in the text. Designed to be used in tandem with the book, the website also uniquely provides videos of the authors teaching a course on the subject. These videos include live, in-class recordings, which instructors may find useful in a blended or flipped classroom setting. The videos are also suitable as a substitute for a short course.



An R and S Plus Companion to Multivariate Analysis

An R and S Plus   Companion to Multivariate Analysis Author Brian S. Everitt
ISBN-10 9781846281242
Release 2006-03-30
Pages 221
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Applied statisticians often need to perform analyses of multivariate data; for these they will typically use one of the statistical software packages, S-Plus or R. This book sets out how to use these packages for these analyses in a concise and easy-to-use way, and will save users having to buy two books for the job. The author is well-known for this kind of book, and so buyers will trust that he’s got it right.



Statistical Rethinking

Statistical Rethinking Author Richard McElreath
ISBN-10 9781315362618
Release 2018-01-03
Pages 487
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Statistical Rethinking: A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan builds readers’ knowledge of and confidence in statistical modeling. Reflecting the need for even minor programming in today’s model-based statistics, the book pushes readers to perform step-by-step calculations that are usually automated. This unique computational approach ensures that readers understand enough of the details to make reasonable choices and interpretations in their own modeling work. The text presents generalized linear multilevel models from a Bayesian perspective, relying on a simple logical interpretation of Bayesian probability and maximum entropy. It covers from the basics of regression to multilevel models. The author also discusses measurement error, missing data, and Gaussian process models for spatial and network autocorrelation. By using complete R code examples throughout, this book provides a practical foundation for performing statistical inference. Designed for both PhD students and seasoned professionals in the natural and social sciences, it prepares them for more advanced or specialized statistical modeling. Web Resource The book is accompanied by an R package (rethinking) that is available on the author’s website and GitHub. The two core functions (map and map2stan) of this package allow a variety of statistical models to be constructed from standard model formulas.



The Elements of Statistical Learning

The Elements of Statistical Learning Author Trevor Hastie
ISBN-10 9780387216065
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 536
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During the past decade there has been an explosion in computation and information technology. With it have come vast amounts of data in a variety of fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. The challenge of understanding these data has led to the development of new tools in the field of statistics, and spawned new areas such as data mining, machine learning, and bioinformatics. Many of these tools have common underpinnings but are often expressed with different terminology. This book describes the important ideas in these areas in a common conceptual framework. While the approach is statistical, the emphasis is on concepts rather than mathematics. Many examples are given, with a liberal use of color graphics. It should be a valuable resource for statisticians and anyone interested in data mining in science or industry. The book’s coverage is broad, from supervised learning (prediction) to unsupervised learning. The many topics include neural networks, support vector machines, classification trees and boosting---the first comprehensive treatment of this topic in any book. This major new edition features many topics not covered in the original, including graphical models, random forests, ensemble methods, least angle regression & path algorithms for the lasso, non-negative matrix factorization, and spectral clustering. There is also a chapter on methods for “wide” data (p bigger than n), including multiple testing and false discovery rates. Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, and Jerome Friedman are professors of statistics at Stanford University. They are prominent researchers in this area: Hastie and Tibshirani developed generalized additive models and wrote a popular book of that title. Hastie co-developed much of the statistical modeling software and environment in R/S-PLUS and invented principal curves and surfaces. Tibshirani proposed the lasso and is co-author of the very successful An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Friedman is the co-inventor of many data-mining tools including CART, MARS, projection pursuit and gradient boosting.