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Statistical Methods in Radiation Physics

Statistical Methods in Radiation Physics Author James E. Turner
ISBN-10 9783527646562
Release 2012-08-27
Pages 466
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This statistics textbook, with particular emphasis on radiation protection and dosimetry, deals with statistical solutions to problems inherent in health physics measurements and decision making. The authors begin with a description of our current understanding of the statistical nature of physical processes at the atomic level, including radioactive decay and interactions of radiation with matter. Examples are taken from problems encountered in health physics, and the material is presented such that health physicists and most other nuclear professionals will more readily understand the application of statistical principles in the familiar context of the examples. Problems are presented at the end of each chapter, with solutions to selected problems provided online. In addition, numerous worked examples are included throughout the text.



Radiation Physics for Nuclear Medicine

Radiation Physics for Nuclear Medicine Author Marie Claire Cantone
ISBN-10 3642113273
Release 2011-02-08
Pages 285
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The field of nuclear medicine is expanding rapidly, with the development of exciting new diagnostic methods and treatments. This growth is closely associated with significant advances in radiation physics. In this book, acknowledged experts explain the basic principles of radiation physics in relation to nuclear medicine and examine important novel approaches in the field. The first section is devoted to what might be termed the "building blocks" of nuclear medicine, including the mechanisms of interaction between radiation and matter and Monte Carlo codes. In subsequent sections, radiation sources for medical applications, radiopharmaceutical development and production, and radiation detectors are discussed in detail. New frontiers are then explored, including improved algorithms for image reconstruction, biokinetic models, and voxel phantoms for internal dosimetry. Both trainees and experienced practitioners and researchers will find this book to be an invaluable source of up-to-date information.



Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics Particle Transport Simulation and Applications

Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics  Particle Transport Simulation and Applications Author Andreas Kling
ISBN-10 9783642182112
Release 2014-02-22
Pages 1192
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This book focuses on the state of the art of Monte Carlo methods in radiation physics and particle transport simulation and applications. Special attention is paid to algorithm development for modeling, and the analysis of experiments and measurements in a variety of fields.



Radiation physics

Radiation physics Author Bose Research Institute (Calcutta, India)
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112101555073
Release 1977
Pages 259
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Radiation physics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Radiation physics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Radiation physics book for free.



Introductory Medical Statistics 3rd edition

Introductory Medical Statistics  3rd edition Author Richard F. Mould
ISBN-10 1439833680
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 216
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Introductory Medical Statistics, now in its third edition, is an introductory textbook on basic statistical techniques. It is written for physicians, surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical physicists, radiographers, hospital administrators, medical statisticians in training, biochemists, and other professionals allied to medicine. It is suitable as a teaching text for clinicians working towards their professional examinations. It is also suitable for Maters degree courses in medical physics. The third edition has been extensively revised and expanded to include: Clinical trial design and analysis] Multivariate analysis Cox proportional hazards model McNemar, Wicoxon, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Mantel-Haenszel, and Kappa tests Kaplan-Meier survival rates Sensitivity and Specificity Specification of treatment success, cure, and quality of life Risk specification Case-control and cohort epidemiological studies Glossary of terms The major change has been the advent of personal computing, so people rely on the power of their machine, and its software to number crunch. What is missing is that the software may not use the appropriate statistical error standard - Dick Mould



Physics for Radiation Protection

Physics for Radiation Protection Author James E. Martin
ISBN-10 9783527667086
Release 2013-04-09
Pages 670
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A practical guide to the basic physics that radiation protection professionals need A much-needed working resource for health physicists and other radiation protection professionals, this volume presents clear, thorough, up-to-date explanations of the basic physics necessary to address real-world problems in radiation protection. Designed for readers with limited as well as basic science backgrounds, Physics for Radiation Protection emphasizes applied concepts and carefully illustrates all topics through examples as well as practice problems. Physics for Radiation Protection draws substantially on current resource data available for health physics use, providing decay schemes and emission energies for approximately 100 of the most common radionuclides encountered by practitioners. Excerpts of the Chart of the Nuclides, activation cross sections, fission yields, fission-product chains, photon attenuation coefficients, and nuclear masses are also provided. Coverage includes: The atom as an energy system An overview of the major discoveries in radiation physics Extensive discussion of radioactivity, including sources and materials Nuclear interactions and processes of radiation dose Calculational methods for radiation exposure, dose, and shielding Nuclear fission and production of activation and fission products Specialty topics ranging from nuclear criticality and applied statistics to X rays Extensive and current resource data cross-referenced to standard compendiums Extensive appendices and more than 400 figures This complete discussion of the basic concepts allows readers to advance their professional skills.



Methods of Quantum Field Theory in Statistical Physics

Methods of Quantum Field Theory in Statistical Physics Author A. A. Abrikosov
ISBN-10 9780486140155
Release 2012-05-04
Pages 384
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This comprehensive introduction to the many-body theory was written by three renowned physicists and acclaimed by American Scientist as "a classic text on field theoretic methods in statistical physics."



Statistical Methods for Physical Science

Statistical Methods for Physical Science Author
ISBN-10 0080860168
Release 1994-12-13
Pages 542
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This volume of Methods of Experimental Physics provides an extensive introduction to probability and statistics in many areas of the physical sciences, with an emphasis on the emerging area of spatial statistics. The scope of topics covered is wide-ranging-the text discusses a variety of the most commonly used classical methods and addresses newer methods that are applicable or potentially important. The chapter authors motivate readers with their insightful discussions. Examines basic probability, including coverage of standard distributions, time series models, and Monte Carlo methods Describes statistical methods, including basic inference, goodness of fit, maximum likelihood, and least squares Addresses time series analysis, including filtering and spectral analysis Includes simulations of physical experiments Features applications of statistics to atmospheric physics and radio astronomy Covers the increasingly important area of modern statistical computing



Statistical Physics

Statistical Physics Author Bernard H. Lavenda
ISBN-10 9780486810317
Release 2016-10-20
Pages 384
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Suitable for graduate students in chemical physics, statistical physics, and physical chemistry, this text develops an innovative, probabilistic approach to statistical mechanics. The treatment employs Gauss's principle and incorporates Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics to provide a powerful tool for the statistical analysis of physical phenomena. The treatment begins with an introductory chapter on entropy and probability that covers Boltzmann's principle and thermodynamic probability, among other topics. Succeeding chapters offer a case history of black radiation, examine quantum and classical statistics, and discuss methods of processing information and the origins of the canonical distribution. The text concludes with explorations of statistical equivalence, radiative and material phase transitions, and the kinetic foundations of Gauss's error law. Bibliographic notes complete each chapter.



Atoms Radiation and Radiation Protection

Atoms  Radiation  and Radiation Protection Author James E. Turner
ISBN-10 3527616985
Release 2008-01-08
Pages 606
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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.



Monte Carlo Methods in Statistical Physics

Monte Carlo Methods in Statistical Physics Author K. Murthy
ISBN-10 8173714991
Release 2004
Pages 144
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Monte Carlo simulations comprise a substantial part of the new and third major arm of investigation in the physical sciences that has emerged in recent times, to augment the traditional ones of experiment and theory. With the advent of high-speed digital computing, numerical simulations techniques like Monte Carlo have been very successful in extracting real world observations out of seemingly intractable theoretical models.



Statistical Physics

Statistical Physics Author Claudine Hermann
ISBN-10 9780387250991
Release 2006-01-26
Pages 278
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Statistical Physics bridges the properties of a macroscopic system and the microscopic behavior of its constituting particles, otherwise impossible due to the giant magnitude of Avogadro's number. Numerous systems of today's key technologies - such as semiconductors or lasers - are macroscopic quantum objects; only statistical physics allows for understanding their fundamentals. Therefore, this graduate text also focuses on particular applications such as the properties of electrons in solids with applications, and radiation thermodynamics and the greenhouse effect.



Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics

Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics Author F. Reif
ISBN-10 9781478610052
Release 2009-01-05
Pages 651
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All macroscopic systems consist ultimately of atoms obeying the laws of quantum mechanics. That premise forms the basis for this comprehensive text, intended for a first upper-level course in statistical and thermal physics. Reif emphasizes that the combination of microscopic concepts with some statistical postulates leads readily to conclusions on a purely macroscopic level. The authors writing style and penchant for description energize interest in condensed matter physics as well as provide a conceptual grounding with information that is crystal clear and memorable. Reif first introduces basic probability concepts and statistical methods used throughout all of physics. Statistical ideas are then applied to systems of particles in equilibrium to enhance an understanding of the basic notions of statistical mechanics, from which derive the purely macroscopic general statements of thermodynamics. Next, he turns to the more complicated equilibrium situations, such as phase transformations and quantum gases, before discussing nonequilibrium situations in which he treats transport theory and dilute gases at varying levels of sophistication. In the last chapter, he addresses some general questions involving irreversible processes and fluctuations. A large amount of material is presented to facilitate students later access to more advanced works, to allow those with higher levels of curiosity to read beyond the minimum given on a topic, and to enhance understanding by presenting several ways of looking at a particular question. Formatting within the text either signals material that instructors can assign at their own discretion or highlights important results for easy reference to them. Additionally, by solving many of the 230 problems contained in the text, students activate and embed their knowledge of the subject matter.



Basics of Statistical Physics

Basics of Statistical Physics Author Harald J W Müller-Kirsten
ISBN-10 9789814449557
Release 2013-03-25
Pages 248
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Statistics links microscopic and macroscopic phenomena, and requires for this reason a large number of microscopic elements like atoms. The results are values of maximum probability or of averaging. This introduction to statistical physics concentrates on the basic principles, and attempts to explain these in simple terms supplemented by numerous examples. These basic principles include the difference between classical and quantum statistics, a priori probabilities as related to degeneracies, the vital aspect of indistinguishability as compared with distinguishability in classical physics, the differences between conserved and non-conserved elements, the different ways of counting arrangements in the three statistics (Maxwell–Boltzmann, Fermi–Dirac, Bose–Einstein), the difference between maximization of the number of arrangements of elements, and averaging in the Darwin–Fowler method. Significant applications to solids, radiation and electrons in metals are treated in separate chapters, as well as Bose–Einstein condensation. This revised second edition contains an additional chapter on the Boltzmann transport equation along with appropriate applications. Also, more examples have been added throughout, as well as further references to literature.



Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter

Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter Author V.N. Popov
ISBN-10 9789400929838
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 215
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Material particles, electrons, atoms, molecules, interact with one another by means of electromagnetic forces. That is, these forces are the cause of their being combined into condensed (liquid or solid) states. In these condensed states, the motion of the particles relative to one another proceeds in orderly fashion; their individual properties as well as the electric and magnetic dipole moments and the radiation and absorption spectra, ordinarily vary little by comparison with their properties in the free state. Exceptiotls are the special so-called collective states of condensed media that are formed under phase transitions of the second kind. The collective states of matter are characterized to a high degree by the micro-ordering that arises as a result of the interaction between the particles and which is broken down by chaotic thermal motion under heating. Examples of such pheonomena are the superfluidity of liquid helium, and the superconductivity and ferromagnetism of metals, which exist only at temperatures below the critical temperature. At low temperature states the particles do not exhibit their individual characteristics and conduct themselves as a single whole in many respects. They flow along capillaries in ordered fashion and create an undamped current in a conductor or a macroscopic magnetic moment. In this regard the material acquires special properties that are not usually inherent to it.



Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport

Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport Author Oleg N. Vassiliev
ISBN-10 9783319441412
Release 2016-10-17
Pages 281
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This book is a guide to the use of Monte Carlo techniques in radiation transport. This topic is of great interest for medical physicists. Praised as a "gold standard" for accurate radiotherapy dose calculations, Monte Carlo has stimulated a high level of research activity that has produced thousands of papers within the past few years. The book is designed primarily to address the needs of an academically inclined medical physicist who wishes to learn the technique, as well as experienced users of standard Monte Carlo codes who wish to gain insight into the underlying mathematics of Monte Carlo algorithms. The book focuses on the fundamentals—giving full attention to and explaining the very basic concepts. It also includes advanced topics and covers recent advances such as transport of charged particles in magnetic fields and the grid-based solvers of the Boltzmann equation.



A Monte Carlo Primer

A Monte Carlo Primer Author Stephen A. Dupree
ISBN-10 0306467488
Release 2001-12-31
Pages 341
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This book introduces the reader to the use of Monte Carlo methods for solving practical problems in radiation transport, and will also serve as a reference work for practitioners in the field. It assumes the reader has a general knowledge of calculus and radiation physics, and a knowledge of Fortran programming, but assumes no prior knowledge of stochastic methods or statistical physics. The subject is presented by a combination of theoretical development and practical calculations. Because Monte Carlo methods are closely linked to the use of computers, from the beginning the reader is taught to convert the theoretical constructs developed in the text into functional software for use on a personal computer. Example problems provide the reader with an in-depth understanding of the concepts presented and lead to the production of a unique learning tool, a probabilistic framework code that models in a simple manner the features of production of Monte Carlo transport codes. This framework code is developed in stages such that every function is understood, tested, and demonstrated - random sampling, generating random numbers, implementing geometric models, using variance reduction, tracking particles in a random walk, testing the thoroughness with which the problem phase space is sampled, scoring detectors, and obtaining estimates of uncertainty in results. Advanced topics covered include criticality, correlated sampling, adjoint transport, and neutron thermalization. Monte Carlo codes can produce highly precise wrong answers. The probability of this occurring is increased if production codes are run as opaque, `black boxes' of software. This text attempts to make Monte Carlo into a comprehensible, usable tool for solving practical transport problems. It is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers who wish to expand their knowledge of the Monte Carlo technique.