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Street Politics

Street Politics Author Asef Bayat
ISBN-10 0231108591
Release 1997-01
Pages 232
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Why are living things alive? As a theoretical biologist, Robert Rosen saw this as the most fundamental of all questions-and yet it had never been answered satisfactorily by science. The answers to this question would allow humanity to make an enormous leap forward in our understanding of the principles at work in our world. For centuries, it was believed that the only scientific approach to the question "What is life?" must proceed from the Cartesian metaphor (organism as machine). Classical approaches in science, which also borrow heavily from Newtonian mechanics, are based on a process called "reductionism." The thinking was that we can better learn about an intricate, complicated system (like an organism) if we take it apart, study the components, and then reconstruct the system-thereby gaining an understanding of the whole. However, Rosen argues that reductionism does not work in biology and ignores the complexity of organisms. Life Itself, a landmark work, represents the scientific and intellectual journey that led Rosen to question reductionism and develop new scientific approaches to understanding the nature of life. Ultimately, Rosen proposes an answer to the original question about the causal basis of life in organisms. He asserts that renouncing the mechanistic and reductionistic paradigm does not mean abandoning science. Instead, Rosen offers an alternate paradigm for science that takes into account the relational impacts of organization in natural systems and is based on organized matter rather than on particulate matter alone. Central to Rosen's work is the idea of a "complex system," defined as any system that cannot be fully understood by reducing it to its parts. In this sense, complexity refers to the causal impact of organization on the system as a whole. Since both the atom and the organism can be seen to fit that description, Rosen asserts that complex organization is a general feature not just of the biosphere on Earth-but of the universe itself.



Making Islam Democratic

Making Islam Democratic Author Asef Bayat
ISBN-10 0804755957
Release 2007
Pages 291
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This book looks anew at the vexing question of whether Islam is compatible with democracy, examining histories of Islamic politics and social movements in the Middle East since the 1970s.



The Iranian Reform Movement

The Iranian Reform Movement Author Majid Mohammadi
ISBN-10 9783319909691
Release 2018-07-10
Pages 342
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This book analyzes the reform movement in Iran and traces its political roots from the beginning of the 20th century to its relative demise with the purging of the Green Movement after the 2009 disputed elections. The author explains how this movement was shaped in a country with an authoritarian Islamist regime, how it grew, and what its achievements are, including its failures and setbacks. The project will appeal to scholars and students in the fields of Middle Eastern politics and sociology, Iranian politics, democracy, and the US-Iran relations.



Social Movements in Egypt and Iran

Social Movements in Egypt and Iran Author Tara Povey
ISBN-10 9781137379016
Release 2015-03-24
Pages 256
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The contemporary movements seen on the streets of the Middle East today have their roots in a rich history of social and political struggle in the region. Since the 1990s, large-scale social movements have mobilised millions in opposition to authoritarian regimes often backed by the West. In Egypt, diverse movements opposed the Mubarak regime and its dependence on the US, and have gone on to fight for further transformative change. In Iran, an Islamic reform movement, women's movement and democracy movement has challenged the undemocratic and exclusivist nature of the Islamic state since the 1990s. This book analyses the reform movement in Iran and the groups and organisations that form the basis of the Egyptian opposition movement in their historical contexts. It argues that the contemporary movements have not arisen out of a vacuum but represent the culmination of over twenty years of mobilisation by social movements. This mobilisation is itself part of a history of struggle for democracy, social justice and freedom in the region that dates back over a century.



Religion Culture and Politics in Iran

Religion  Culture and Politics in Iran Author Joanna De Groot
ISBN-10 1860645712
Release 2007-10-15
Pages 305
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A new and original interpretation of the social history of religion in Iran from the 1870s to the 1970s. Drawing together religion and other social and cultural issues, it places the revolutionary upheavals of 1977-82 in the context of historical developments over the preceding century. De Groot argues that Iran's revolution was not the inevitable outcome of the nature of the Iranian state or of religion in Iran but was much more complex and resulted from a wider range of factors than is traditionally believed. She focuses on the human responses of Iranians to their experiences and on the rich variety and complexity of the relationship between religion and other aspects of society, thought and culture in their daily life. Stimulating and engaging, Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran makes an important contribution to the study of Iranian society.



Iran s Political Economy since the Revolution

Iran s Political Economy since the Revolution Author Suzanne Maloney
ISBN-10 9781316297872
Release 2015-08-13
Pages
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Over three decades after the Iranian Revolution reconfigured the strategic landscape in the Middle East, scholars are still trying to decipher its aftereffects. Suzanne Maloney provides the first comprehensive overview of Iran's political economy since the 1979 revolution and offers detailed examinations of two aspects of the Iranian economy of direct interest to scholars and non-specialist readers of Iran: the energy sector and the role of sanctions. Based on the author's research as both a scholar and government advisor, the book also features interviews with American and Iranian government officials. Moving chronologically from the early years under Khomeini, through the economic deprivations of the 1980s during the Iran-Iraq war, through liberalization under Khatami to the present, Maloney offers fascinating insights into Iran's domestic politics and how economic policies have affected ideology, leadership priorities, and foreign relations.



Life as Politics

Life as Politics Author Asef Bayat
ISBN-10 9780804786331
Release 2013-05-01
Pages 392
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Prior to 2011, popular imagination perceived the Muslim Middle East as unchanging and unchangeable, frozen in its own traditions and history. In Life as Politics, Asef Bayat argues that such presumptions fail to recognize the routine, yet important, ways in which ordinary people make meaningful change through everyday actions. First published just months before the Arab Spring swept across the region, this timely and prophetic book sheds light on the ongoing acts of protest, practice, and direct daily action. The second edition includes three new chapters on the Arab Spring and Iran's Green Movement and is fully updated to reflect recent events. At heart, the book remains a study of agency in times of constraint. In addition to ongoing protests, millions of people across the Middle East are effecting transformation through the discovery and creation of new social spaces within which to make their claims heard. This eye-opening book makes an important contribution to global debates over the meaning of social movements and the dynamics of social change.



The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History

The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History Author Touraj Daryaee
ISBN-10 9780190208820
Release 2012-02-16
Pages 432
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This Handbook is a current, comprehensive single-volume history of Iranian civilization. The authors, all leaders in their fields, emphasize the large-scale continuities of Iranian history while also describing the important patterns of transformation that have characterized Iran's past. Each of the chapters focuses on a specific epoch of Iranian history and surveys the general political, social, cultural, and economic issues of that era. The ancient period begins with chapters considering the anthropological evidence of the prehistoric era, through to the early settled civilizations of the Iranian plateau, and continuing to the rise of the ancient Persian empires. The medieval section first considers the Arab-Muslim conquest of the seventh century, and then moves on to discuss the growing Turkish influence filtering in from Central Asia beginning in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last third of the book covers Iran in the modern era by considering the rise of the Safavid state and its accompanying policy of centralization, the introduction of Shi'ism, the problems of reform and modernization in the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, and the revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath. The book is a collaborative exercise among scholars specializing in a variety of sub-fields, and across a number of disciplines, including history, art history, classics, literature, politics, and linguistics. Here, readers can find a reliable and accessible narrative that can serve as an authoritative guide to the field of Iranian studies.



Justice Interrupted

Justice Interrupted Author Elizabeth F. Thompson
ISBN-10 9780674076099
Release 2013-04-15
Pages 418
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The Arab Spring uprising of 2011 is portrayed as a dawn of democracy in the region. But the revolutionaries were—and saw themselves as—heirs to a centuries-long struggle for just government and the rule of law. In Justice Interrupted we see the complex lineage of political idealism, reform, and violence that informs today’s Middle East.



CIRA Bulletin

CIRA Bulletin Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015073536685
Release 1999
Pages
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CIRA Bulletin has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from CIRA Bulletin also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full CIRA Bulletin book for free.



Passive Revolution

Passive Revolution Author Cihan Tuğal
ISBN-10 0804771170
Release 2009-04-10
Pages 320
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Over the last decade, pious Muslims all over the world have gone through contradictory transformations. Though public attention commonly rests on the turn toward violence, this book's stories of transformation to "moderate Islam" in a previously radical district in Istanbul exemplify another experience. In a shift away from distrust of the state to partial secularization, Islamists in Turkey transitioned through a process of absorption into existing power structures. With rich descriptions of life in the district of Sultanbeyli, this unique work investigates how religious activists organized, how authorities defeated them, and how the emergent pro-state Justice and Development Party incorporated them. As Tuğal reveals, the absorption of a radical movement was not simply the foregone conclusion of an inevitable world-historical trend but an outcome of contingent struggles. With a closing comparative look at Egypt and Iran, the book situates the Turkish case in a broad historical context and discusses why Islamic politics have not been similarly integrated into secular capitalism elsewhere.



Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah

Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah Author Afshin Matin-Asgari
ISBN-10 1568590792
Release 2002
Pages 286
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Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Iranian Student Opposition to the Shah book for free.



Political participation in the Middle East

Political participation in the Middle East Author Ellen Lust-Okar
ISBN-10 UOM:39015077650300
Release 2008
Pages 301
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Political participation in authoritarian regimes is usually considered insignificant, or important only insofar as it promotes democracy. Turning this common wisdom on its head, Political Participation in the Middle East demonstrates the vitality, variety, and significance of political activism across the MENA region. Through an in-depth exploration of seven countries, the authors address how formal and informal political institutions create opportunities for participation in venues as varied as trade unions, civic associations, political parties, and elections. And, without losing sight of the fact that authoritarian regimes manipulate participation to reinforce their rule, they reveal ways in which citizens do benefit?by influencing decision-making, for example, or obtaining state resources. An engaging read for scholars and students, this work vividly illustrates how citizens matter in the politics of authoritarian regimes.



Harvard Blackletter Law Journal

Harvard Blackletter Law Journal Author
ISBN-10 UCAL:B5075556
Release 2003
Pages
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Harvard Blackletter Law Journal has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Harvard Blackletter Law Journal also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Harvard Blackletter Law Journal book for free.



Becoming visible in Iran

Becoming visible in Iran Author Mehri Honarbin-Holliday
ISBN-10 UOM:39015080864922
Release 2008
Pages 205
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The state of women in Islamic societies is the subject of much interest and heated debate, even as representations in the media rely on inadequate information and misperceptions. Becoming Visible in Iran disputes the widespread stereotypes about Muslim women prevalent in the West, providing a vivid account of young women in contemporary Iran. Beginning at home, women are infusing dramatic change by challenging the patriarchal conceptions of their fathers, brothers, uncles and others within the intimate sphere of family and home. Empowered by education, they transport the power of their minds and being from the domestic to the public and political. Through detailed interviews and striking narratives, Mehri Honarbin-Holliday presents the experiences of these young women who wield a key if indirect political influence on the seemingly male dominated politics of this society, as they achieve a new visibility. For its direct presentation of women’s perspectives as well as its analysis and insight, this book is a vital contribution to our understanding of the lives of Muslim women and the possibilities before them today.



The Politics of the Middle East

The Politics of the Middle East Author Monte Palmer
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105111911678
Release 2002
Pages 427
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Political uprisings, religious significance, and petroleum resources have combined to make the political life of the Middle East crucially important to the rest of the world. This book begins with an introduction to key aspects of Middle Eastern politics, including the influences of tribalism, kinship, and the Islamic faith. The remaining chapters provide a closer look at six countries whose politics are likely to determine the region's future: Egypt, Israel, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran. Each chapter begins with an exploration of the country's history, then provides an overview of the major political institutions and groups that shape current events. Particular attention is paid to the influence of elite groups and individuals. Next, the discussion examines the context of the country's politics: political culture, political economy, and international influence. Each chapter concludes with a look at the probable course of the country's politics over the next decade and beyond.



Iran

Iran Author Mikko Canini
ISBN-10 0737717238
Release 2004-08
Pages 127
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Discusses the history of Iran and the current political situation in the country, covering such topics as the rise of democratic reform, the struggle for women's rights, and the possibility of a nuclear-armed Iran.