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Structural and Residual Stress Analysis by Nondestructive Methods

Structural and Residual Stress Analysis by Nondestructive Methods Author V. Hauk
ISBN-10 008054195X
Release 1997-11-10
Pages 640
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The field of stress analysis has gained its momentum from the widespread applications in industry and technology and has now become an important part of materials science. Various destructive as well as nondestructive methods have been developed for the determination of stresses. This timely book provides a comprehensive review of the nondestructive techniques for strain evaluation written by experts in their respective fields. The main part of the book deals with X-ray stress analysis (XSA), focussing on measurement and evaluation methods which can help to solve the problems of today, the numerous applications of metallic, polymeric and ceramic materials as well as of thin-film-substrate composites and of advanced microcomponents. Furthermore it contains data, results, hints and recommendations that are valuable to laboratories for the certification and accreditation of their stress analysis. Stress analysis is an active field in which many questions remain unsettled. Accordingly, unsolved problems and conflicting results are discussed as well. The assessment of the experimentally determined residual and structural stress states on the static and dynamic behavior of materials and components is handled in a separate chapter. Students and engineers of materials science and scientists working in laboratories and industries will find this book invaluable.



Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of Steel

Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of Steel Author George E. Totten
ISBN-10 9781615032273
Release 2002
Pages 499
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Annotation Examines the factors that contribute to overall steel deformation problems. The 27 articles address the effect of materials and processing, the measurement and prediction of residual stress and distortion, and residual stress formation in the shaping of materials, during hardening processes, and during manufacturing processes. Some of the topics are the stability and relaxation behavior of macro and micro residual stresses, stress determination in coatings, the effects of process equipment design, the application of metallo- thermo-mechanic to quenching, inducing compressive stresses through controlled shot peening, and the origin and assessment of residual stresses during welding and brazing. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)



Analysis of Residual Stress by Diffraction using Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation

Analysis of Residual Stress by Diffraction using Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation Author M.E. Fitzpatrick
ISBN-10 0203608992
Release 2003-02-06
Pages 320
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While residual stress can be a problem in many industries and lead to early failure of component, it can also be introduced deliberately to improve lifetimes. Knowledge of the residual stress state in a component can be critical for quality control of surface engineering processes or vital to performing an accurate assessment of component life under fatigue loading. Neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction have emerged as leading techniques for stress analysis, as they can penetrate many millimetres or centimetres into components, allowing nondestructive measurement of the internal strains. Both methods require the use of costly facility-based equipment, but great advantages are obtained from the ability to probe the stress state deep below a specimen's surface. Analysis of Residual Stress by Diffraction Using Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation gives an overview of the principles of these techniques and examples of their applications to a range of materials and engineering problems. It contains 20 chapter contributed by leading international experts in residual stress analysis, who explore the theoretical basis of stress analysis by diffraction methods, the practical implementation of the methods, and examples of key applications. The applications discussed include the determination of internal stresses in weldments, in composite materials, following shot peening, and in ceramics. This book will be useful for engineers and scientists who work in any field where residual stresses are of importance, and for anyone involved with the application of neutron or synchrotron radiation for stress management. As the techniques become a basic component of the measurement toolkit for stress analysis, an appreciation of the practicalities and limitations of these methods in practice will be important throughout a range of engineering and scientific fields.



Dynamics of Civil Structures Volume 2

Dynamics of Civil Structures  Volume 2 Author Shamim Pakzad
ISBN-10 9783319297514
Release 2016-05-03
Pages 340
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Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 2. Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Dynamics of Multiphysical Systems: From Active Materials to Vibroacoustics, 2016, the second volume of ten from the Conference brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. Th e collection presents early fi ndings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Structural Dynamics, including papers on: • Modal Parameter Identifi cation • Dynamic Testing of Civil Structures • Human Induced Vibrations of Civil Structures • Model Updating • Operational Modal Analysis • Damage Detection • Bridge Dynamics • Experimental Techniques for Civil Structures • Hybrid testing • Vibration Control of Civil Structures



Advanced Nanoindentation in Materials

Advanced Nanoindentation in Materials Author Ting Tsui
ISBN-10 9783038427490
Release 2018-03-05
Pages 236
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Advanced Nanoindentation in Materials" that was published in Materials



Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation  NDE  Methods Author Gerhard Huebschen
ISBN-10 9780081000571
Release 2016-03-23
Pages 320
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Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures. Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries. Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress. Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials



Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods

Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods Author Gary S. Schajer
ISBN-10 9781118402825
Release 2013-08-01
Pages 328
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An introductory and intermediate level handbook written in pragmatic style to explain residual stresses and to provide straightforward guidance about practical measurement methods. Residual stresses play major roles in engineering structures, with highly beneficial effects when designed well, and catastrophic effects when ignored. With ever-increasing concern for product performance and reliability, there is an urgent need for a renewed assessment of traditional and modern measurement techniques. Success critically depends on being able to make the most practical and effective choice of measurement method for a given application. Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods provides the reader with the information needed to understand key residual stress concepts and to make informed technical decisions about optimal choice of measurement technique. Each chapter, written by invited specialists, follows a focused and pragmatic format, with subsections describing the measurement principle, residual stress evaluation, practical measurement procedures, example applications, references and further reading. The chapter authors represent both international academia and industry. Each of them brings to their writing substantial hands-on experience and expertise in their chosen field. Fully illustrated throughout, the book provides a much-needed practical approach to residual stress measurements. The material presented is essential reading for industrial practitioners, academic researchers and interested students. Key features: • Presents an overview of the principal residual stress measurement methods, both destructive and non-destructive, with coverage of new techniques and modern enhancements of established techniques • Includes stand-alone chapters, each with its own figures, tables and list of references, and written by an invited team of international specialists



Sci tech News

Sci tech News Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015082972459
Release 1998
Pages
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Sci tech News has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Sci tech News also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Sci tech News book for free.



Single Crystal large Grain Niobium Technology

Single Crystal large Grain Niobium Technology Author Ganapati Rao Myneni
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822034349258
Release 2007
Pages 202
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SRF Technology based accelerators, FEL's, and ERL's, are becoming common worldwide. Several new frontier technologies and applications are expected to be evolving in coming years as the cost of SRF technology comes. Terra Hertz (THz) Science could benefit from these advances, and many applications are likely to be developed in the fields of medical imaging, material science, pharmaceuticals, communications etc.



Developments in X ray Tomography

Developments in X ray Tomography Author U. Bonse
ISBN-10 0819463973
Release 2006
Pages 696
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.



Fitness for Service Fracture Assessment of Structures Containing Cracks

Fitness for Service Fracture Assessment of Structures Containing Cracks Author Uwe Zerbst
ISBN-10 0080552838
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 320
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The purpose of Fitness-for-Service Fracture Assessment of Structures Containing Cracks is to facilitate the use of fracture mechanics based failure assessment procedures for the evaluation and design of structures and components. All practical structures contain flaws and the optimum combination of cost efficiency and safety whilst achieving the required capability, can only be realised by using state of the art methods such as that represented by the European flaw assessment method SINTAP/FITNET to analyse the safety risk. This book is written by practitioners with extensive experience in both the development and use of integrity assessment methods and provides comprehensive information on the basic principles and use of analytical flaw assessment. It provides an introduction to the method, its background, how it can be applied, its potential and, importantly, its limitations. The explanations are complimented by using a large number of worked examples and validation exercises which illustrate all aspects of the procedure. In addition, for students and engineers who are new to the subject, a comprehensive glossary of basic terms used in fracture mechanics based integrity evaluations is included. The topics addressed include: Crack driving force (CDF) and failure assessment diagram (FAD) type analyses Preparation of the input parameters (crack dimensions, stress-strain properties, fracture toughness, statistical aspects) Determination of the model parameters, (stress intensity factor and yield load solutions) Treatment of combined primary and secondary loading, together with residual stress effects Analysis of the effect of constraint effects (treatment of small defects and section size effects) Treatment of mixed mode loading Consideration of the influences of strength mismatch Reliability aspects Comprehensive description of the use of structural integrity methods to optimise cost effectiveness and safety Detailed description of how to evaluate the integrity of structures containing cracks Valuable background information for understanding the methods, their potential and limitations Large number of worked examples, which demonstrate all aspects of the methods Descriptive, readable writing style Applicable to a wide range of interests, from the student (university or self study) to the expert who requires a 'state of the art' document



Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures

Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures Author Oral Büyüköztürk
ISBN-10 9789400707238
Release 2012-09-14
Pages 1278
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Condition assessment and characterization of materials and structures by means of nondestructive testing (NDT) methods is a priority need around the world to meet the challenges associated with the durability, maintenance, rehabilitation, retrofitting, renewal and health monitoring of new and existing infrastructures including historic monuments. Numerous NDT methods that make use of certain components of the electromagnetic and acoustic spectrum are currently in use to this effect with various levels of success and there is an intensive worldwide research effort aimed at improving the existing methods and developing new ones. The knowledge and information compiled in this book captures the current state of the art in NDT methods and their application to civil and other engineering materials and structures. Critical reviews and advanced interdisciplinary discussions by world-renowned researchers point to the capabilities and limitations of the currently used NDT methods and shed light on current and future research directions to overcome the challenges in their development and practical use. In this respect, the contents of this book will equally benefit practicing engineers and researchers who take part in characterization, assessment and health monitoring of materials and structures.



Residual Stresses 2016

Residual Stresses 2016 Author Thomas M. Holden
ISBN-10 9781945291173
Release 2017-03-15
Pages 630
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This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Residual Stresses 10 and is devoted to the prediction/modelling, evaluation, control, and application of residual stresses in engineering materials. New developments, on stress-measurement techniques, on modelling and prediction of residual stresses and on progress made in the fundamental understanding of the relation between the state of residual stress and the material properties, are highlighted. The proceedings offer an overview of the current understanding of the role of residual stresses in materials used in wide ranging application areas.



Marine Structural Design

Marine Structural Design Author Yong Bai
ISBN-10 9780081000076
Release 2015-09-18
Pages 1008
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Marine Structural Design, Second Edition, is a wide-ranging, practical guide to marine structural analysis and design, describing in detail the application of modern structural engineering principles to marine and offshore structures. Organized in five parts, the book covers basic structural design principles, strength, fatigue and fracture, and reliability and risk assessment, providing all the knowledge needed for limit-state design and re-assessment of existing structures. Updates to this edition include new chapters on structural health monitoring and risk-based decision-making, arctic marine structural development, and the addition of new LNG ship topics, including composite materials and structures, uncertainty analysis, and green ship concepts. Provides the structural design principles, background theory, and know-how needed for marine and offshore structural design by analysis Covers strength, fatigue and fracture, reliability, and risk assessment together in one resource, emphasizing practical considerations and applications Updates to this edition include new chapters on structural health monitoring and risk-based decision making, and new content on arctic marine structural design



Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Author Donald O. Thompson
ISBN-10 0735403120
Release 2006-03-16
Pages 2019
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This series provides a comprehensive review of the latest research results in quantitative nondestructive evaluation (NDE). Leading investigators working in government agencies, major industries, and universities present a broad spectrum of work extending from basic research to early engineering applications. Papers cover recent developments in essentially all measuring techniques and their applications to flaw detection and structural reliability.



Residual Stresses

Residual Stresses Author A. Niku-Lari
ISBN-10 9781483191003
Release 2014-05-17
Pages 586
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Residual Stresses presents a collection of articles that provides information regarding the use of surface treatment systems. It discusses the developments in the technology and application of surface treatment. It addresses the influence of minor stresses on the performance of materials. Some of the topics covered in the book are the introduction to self-equilibrating stresses existing in materials, the stresses that form as a consequence of welding, the stresses made by machining, and the mechanical generation of self-stresses. The analysis of the stresses caused by thermal and thermochemical surface treatments is covered. The minor stresses in composite materials are discussed. The text describes the stresses in uranium and uranium alloys. The Trepan or ring core method, centre-hole method, and Sach's method are presented. A chapter of the volume is devoted to the measurement of residual stresses. Another section of the book focuses on the application of shot peened plates to residual stress distribution. The book will provide useful information to mechanics, engineers, students, and researchers.



Metal treatments against wear corrosion fretting fatigue

Metal treatments against wear  corrosion  fretting   fatigue Author Robert Barry Waterhouse
ISBN-10 0080359167
Release 1988
Pages 238
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Metal treatments against wear corrosion fretting fatigue has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Metal treatments against wear corrosion fretting fatigue also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Metal treatments against wear corrosion fretting fatigue book for free.