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Structure Based Drug Discovery

Structure Based Drug Discovery Author Roderick E Hubbard
ISBN-10 9781847552549
Release 2007-10-31
Pages 278
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Structure-based drug discovery is a collection of methods that exploits the ability to determine and analyse the three dimensional structure of biological molecules. These methods have been adopted and enhanced to improve the speed and quality of discovery of new drug candidates. After an introductory overview of the principles and application of structure-based methods in drug discovery, this book then describes the essential features of the various methods. Chapters on X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and computational chemistry and molecular modelling describe how these particular techniques have been enhanced to support rational drug discovery, with discussions on developments such as high throughput structure determination, probing protein-ligand interactions by NMR spectroscopy, virtual screening and fragment-based drug discovery. The concluding chapters complement the overview of methods by presenting case histories to demonstrate the major impact that structure-based methods have had on discovering drug molecules. Written by international experts from industry and academia, this comprehensive introduction to the methods and practice of structure-based drug discovery not only illustrates leading-edge science but also provides the scientific background for the non-expert reader. The book provides a balanced appraisal of what structure-based methods can and cannot contribute to drug discovery. It will appeal to industrial and academic researchers in pharmaceutical sciences, medicinal chemistry and chemical biology, as well as providing an insight into the field for recent graduates in the biomolecular sciences.



Structure based Drug Discovery

Structure based Drug Discovery Author Harren Jhoti
ISBN-10 9781402044076
Release 2007-05-24
Pages 250
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This book describes some of the most exciting developments for the discovery of new drugs, such as Fragment-based methods. It contains the latest developments in technologies that can be used to obtain the 3-D structures. This book includes experimental approaches using X-ray crystallography and NMR for Fragment-based screening as well as other biophysical methods for studying protein/ligand interactions.



Structure Based Drug Design

Structure Based Drug Design Author Pandi Veerapandian
ISBN-10 9781351413053
Release 2018-03-29
Pages 664
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Introducing the most recent advances in crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance, molecular modeling techniques, and computational combinatorial chemistry, this unique, interdisciplinary reference explains the application of three-dimensional structural information in the design of pharmaceutical drugs. Furnishing authoritative analyses by world-renowned experts, Structure-Based Drug Design discusses protein structure-based design in optimizing HIV protease inhibitors and details the biochemical, genetic, and clinical data on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase presents recent results on the high-resolution three-dimensional structure of the catalytic core domain of HIV-1 integrase as a foundation for divergent combination therapy focuses on structure-based design strategies for uncovering receptor antagonists to treat inflammatory diseases demonstrates a systematic approach to the design of inhibitory compounds in cancer treatment reviews current knowledge on the Interleukin-1 (IL-1) system and progress in the development of IL-1 modulators describes the influence of structure-based methods in designing capsid-binding inhibitors for relief of the common cold and much more!



Structure Based Drug Discovery

Structure Based Drug Discovery Author Leslie W. Tari
ISBN-10 1493961373
Release 2016-08-23
Pages 385
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The last decade has seen the confluence of several enabling technologies that have allowed protein crystallographic methods to live up to their true potential. Taken together, the numerous recent advances have made it possible to tackle difficult biological targets with a high probability of success: intact bacterial ribosomes have been structurally elucidated, as well as eukaryotic trans-membrane proteins like the potassium channel and GPCRs. It is now possible for medicinal chemists to have access to structural information on their latest small molecule candidates bound to the therapeutic target within days of compound synthesis, allowing structure guided ligand optimization to occur in "real time". Structure-Based Drug Discovery presents an array of methods used to generate crystal structures of biological macromolecules, how to leverage the structural information to design novel ligands anew, and how to iteratively optimize hits and convert them to leads. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Structure-Based Drug Discovery aims to provide scientists interested in adding SBDD to their arsenal of drug discovery methods with well-honed, up-to-date methodologies.



Computational and Structural Approaches to Drug Discovery

Computational and Structural Approaches to Drug Discovery Author Robert M. Stroud
ISBN-10 9780854043651
Release 2008
Pages 382
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This insightful book represents the experience and understanding of the global experts in the field and spotlights both the structural and medicinal chemistry aspects of drug design. The need to 'encode' the physiological factors of pharmacology, a key area, is explored.



Drug Design

Drug Design Author Kenneth M. Merz, Jr
ISBN-10 9780521887236
Release 2010-05-31
Pages 274
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This book provides a complete snapshot of various experimental approaches to structure-based and ligand-based drug design and is illustrated with more than 200 images.



Fragment based Drug Discovery

Fragment based Drug Discovery Author Daniel A. Erlanson
ISBN-10 9783527337750
Release 2016-02-23
Pages 528
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From its origins as a niche technique more than 15 years ago, fragment-based approaches have become a major tool for drug and ligand discovery, often yielding results where other methods have failed. Written by the pioneers in the field, this book provides a comprehensive overview of current methods and applications of fragment-based discovery, as well as an outlook on where the field is headed. The first part discusses basic considerations of when to use fragment-based methods, how to select targets, and how to build libraries in the chemical fragment space. The second part describes established, novel and emerging methods for fragment screening, including empirical as well as computational approaches. Special cases of fragment-based screening, e. g. for complex target systems and for covalent inhibitors are also discussed. The third part presents several case studies from recent and on-going drug discovery projects for a variety of target classes, from kinases and phosphatases to targeting protein-protein interaction and epigenetic targets.



Protein Crystallography in Drug Discovery

Protein Crystallography in Drug Discovery Author Robert E. Babine
ISBN-10 9783527606351
Release 2008-07-15
Pages 278
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The rational, structure-based approach has become standard in present-day drug design. As a consequence, the availability of high-resolution structures of target proteins is more often than not the basis for an entire drug development program. Protein structures suited for rational drug design are almost exclusively derived from crystallographic studies, and drug developers are relying heavily on the power of this method. Here, researchers from leading pharmaceutical companies present valuable first-hand information, much of it published for the first time. They discuss strategies to derive high-resolution structures for such important target protein classes as kinases or proteases, as well as selected examples of successful protein crystallographic studies. A special section on recent methodological developments, such as for high-throughput crystallography and microcrystallization, is also included. A valuable companion for crystallographers involved in protein structure determination as well as drug developers pursuing the structure-based approach for use in their daily work.



Structure Based Drug Discovery of Potent and Specific Antimicrobial Agents for Anthrax

Structure Based Drug Discovery of Potent and Specific Antimicrobial Agents for Anthrax Author Tammy M. Joska-Belden
ISBN-10 OCLC:242980516
Release 2006
Pages 276
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Structure Based Drug Discovery of Potent and Specific Antimicrobial Agents for Anthrax has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Structure Based Drug Discovery of Potent and Specific Antimicrobial Agents for Anthrax also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Structure Based Drug Discovery of Potent and Specific Antimicrobial Agents for Anthrax book for free.



Methods and Algorithms for Molecular Docking Based Drug Design and Discovery

Methods and Algorithms for Molecular Docking Based Drug Design and Discovery Author Dastmalchi, Siavoush
ISBN-10 9781522501169
Release 2016-05-03
Pages 456
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The role of technology in the medical field has resulted in significant developments within the pharmaceutical industry. Computational approaches have emerged as a crucial method in further advancing drug design and development. Methods and Algorithms for Molecular Docking-Based Drug Design and Discovery presents emerging research on the application of computer-assisted design methods for drugs, emphasizing the benefits and improvements that molecular docking has caused within the pharmaceutical industry. Focusing on validation methods, search algorithms, and scoring functions, this book is a pivotal resource for professionals, researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of theoretical and computational chemistry.



Protein Structure

Protein Structure Author Daniel Chasman
ISBN-10 9780824748166
Release 2003-03-18
Pages 576
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This text offers in-depth perspectives on every aspect of protein structure identification, assessment, characterization, and utilization, for a clear understanding of the diversity of protein shapes, variations in protein function, and structure-based drug design. The authors cover numerous high-throughput technologies as well as computational methods to study protein structures and residues. A valuable reference, this book reflects current trends in the effort to solve new structures arising from genome initiatives, details methods to detect and identify errors in the prediction of protein structural models, and outlines challenges in the conversion of routine processes into high-throughput platforms.



Structure based Ligand Design

Structure based Ligand Design Author Klaus Gubernator
ISBN-10 9783527612161
Release 2008-11-21
Pages 167
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Most drugs bind to a clearly defined macromolecular target that is complementary in terms of structure and chemistry. This observation is the basic paradigm of structure-based ligand design. Although this method first emerged in the 1980s, it has already become a powerful tool for pharmaceutical research. Much has been learned, however, since the first attempts to discover drugs on the basis of available biochemical and structural data. Nowadays, structure-based ligand design is an established method for creating drugs with new structural features, for modifying binding activities and pharmacokinetic properties, and for elucidating binding modes and structure-activity relationships. This volume presents the underlying principles of the approach and highlights real-life applications such as the discovery of HIV-protease inhibitors. It shows that structure-based ligand design has many advantages over other more traditional approaches to designing new drugs, providing it is employed properly and with a thorough knowledge of the pitfalls to avoid. The straightforward presentation and extensive list of references to the original literature as well as numerous color figures illustrating structural relationships make this volume an indispensable tool for every scientist working in the area of drug discovery.



Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening Author Alexandre Varnek
ISBN-10 9780854041442
Release 2008
Pages 338
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Chemoinformatics is broadly a scientific discipline encompassing the design, creation, organization, management, retrieval, analysis, dissemination, visualization and use of chemical information. It is distinct from other computational molecular modeling approaches in that it uses unique representations of chemical structures in the form of multiple chemical descriptors; has its own metrics for defining similarity and diversity of chemical compound libraries; and applies a wide array of statistical, data mining and machine learning techniques to very large collections of chemical compounds in order to establish robust relationships between chemical structure and its physical or biological properties. Chemoinformatics addresses a broad range of problems in chemistry and biology; however, the most commonly known applications of chemoinformatics approaches have been arguably in the area of drug discovery where chemoinformatics tools have played a central role in the analysis and interpretation of structure-property data collected by the means of modern high throughput screening. Early stages in modern drug discovery often involved screening small molecules for their effects on a selected protein target or a model of a biological pathway. In the past fifteen years, innovative technologies that enable rapid synthesis and high throughput screening of large libraries of compounds have been adopted in almost all major pharmaceutical and biotech companies. As a result, there has been a huge increase in the number of compounds available on a routine basis to quickly screen for novel drug candidates against new targets/pathways. In contrast, such technologies have rarely become available to the academic research community, thus limiting its ability to conduct large scale chemical genetics or chemical genomics research. However, the landscape of publicly available experimental data collection methods for chemoinformatics has changed dramatically in very recent years. The term "virtual screening" is commonly associated with methodologies that rely on the explicit knowledge of three-dimensional structure of the target protein to identify potential bioactive compounds. Traditional docking protocols and scoring functions rely on explicitly defined three dimensional coordinates and standard definitions of atom types of both receptors and ligands. Albeit reasonably accurate in many cases, conventional structure based virtual screening approaches are relatively computationally inefficient, which has precluded them from screening really large compound collections. Significant progress has been achieved over many years of research in developing many structure based virtual screening approaches. This book is the first monograph that summarizes innovative applications of efficient chemoinformatics approaches towards the goal of screening large chemical libraries. The focus on virtual screening expands chemoinformatics beyond its traditional boundaries as a synthetic and data-analytical area of research towards its recognition as a predictive and decision support scientific discipline. The approaches discussed by the contributors to the monograph rely on chemoinformatics concepts such as: -representation of molecules using multiple descriptors of chemical structures -advanced chemical similarity calculations in multidimensional descriptor spaces -the use of advanced machine learning and data mining approaches for building quantitative and predictive structure activity models -the use of chemoinformatics methodologies for the analysis of drug-likeness and property prediction -the emerging trend on combining chemoinformatics and bioinformatics concepts in structure based drug discovery The chapters of the book are organized in a logical flow that a typical chemoinformatics project would follow - from structure representation and comparison to data analysis and model building to applications of structure-property relationship models for hit identification and chemical library design. It opens with the overview of modern methods of compounds library design, followed by a chapter devoted to molecular similarity analysis. Four sections describe virtual screening based on the using of molecular fragments, 2D pharmacophores and 3D pharmacophores. Application of fuzzy pharmacophores for libraries design is the subject of the next chapter followed by a chapter dealing with QSAR studies based on local molecular parameters. Probabilistic approaches based on 2D descriptors in assessment of biological activities are also described with an overview of the modern methods and software for ADME prediction. The book ends with a chapter describing the new approach of coding the receptor binding sites and their respective ligands in multidimensional chemical descriptor space that affords an interesting and efficient alternative to traditional docking and screening techniques. Ligand-based approaches, which are in the focus of this work, are more computationally efficient compared to structure-based virtual screening and there are very few books related to modern developments in this field. The focus on extending the experiences accumulated in traditional areas of chemoinformatics research such as Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) or chemical similarity searching towards virtual screening make the theme of this monograph essential reading for researchers in the area of computer-aided drug discovery. However, due to its generic data-analytical focus there will be a growing application of chemoinformatics approaches in multiple areas of chemical and biological research such as synthesis planning, nanotechnology, proteomics, physical and analytical chemistry and chemical genomics.



Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development Author Benjamin Blass
ISBN-10 9780124115255
Release 2015-04-24
Pages 580
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Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries



Drug Design Strategies

Drug Design Strategies Author Lee Banting
ISBN-10 9781849731676
Release 2012
Pages 239
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This book, aimed at academics, industrialists and post-graduates, documents the latest research into computer aided drug design.



Drug Discovery Strategies and Methods

Drug Discovery Strategies and Methods Author Alexandros Makriyannis
ISBN-10 9780824757670
Release 2003-11-04
Pages 348
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Navigate the complex and multidisciplinary path of drug discovery procedures with Drug Discovery Strategies and Methods-a well-organized and timely reference that analyzes methods in target identification and validation, lead detection, compound optimization, and biological testing. This volume addresses challenges encountered during the discovery of new pharmaceutical candidates including the use of cutting-edge techniques utilized in drug design and development. It considers key elements in the drug design cycle ranging from appropriateness of targets and disease models to compound characterization, safety, and efficacy and the role of protein crystallography in structure-based drug design.



Accounts in Drug Discovery

Accounts in Drug Discovery Author Joel Barrish
ISBN-10 9781849731263
Release 2010
Pages 379
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Accounts in Drug Discovery describes recent case studies in medicinal chemistry with a particular emphasis on how the inevitable problems that arise during any project can be surmounted or overcome. The Editors cover a wide range of therapeutic areas and medicinal chemistry strategies, including lead optimization starting from high-throughput screening "hits" as well as rational, structure-based design. The chapters include "follow-ons" and "next generation" compounds that aim to improve upon first-generation agents. This volume surveys the range of challenges commonly faced by medicinal chemistry researchers, including the optimization of metabolism and pharmacokinetics, toxicology, pharmaceutics and pharmacology, including proof-of-concept in the clinic for novel biological targets. The case studies include medicinal chemistry stories on recently approved and marketed drugs, but also chronicle "near-misses," i.e. exemplary compounds that may have proceeded well into the clinic but for various reasons did not result in a successful registration. As the vast majority of projects fail prior to registration, much can be learned from such narratives. By sharing a wide range of drug discovery experiences and information across the community of medicinal chemists in both industry and academia, the Editors believe that these accounts will provide insights into the art of medicinal chemistry as it is currently practiced and will help to serve the needs of active medicinal chemists.