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Student Financing of Higher Education

Student Financing of Higher Education Author Donald E. Heller
ISBN-10 9781135069452
Release 2013-06-07
Pages 288
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The financing of higher education is undergoing great change in many countries around the world. In recent years many countries are moving from a system where the costs of funding higher education are shouldered primarily by taxpayers, through government subsidies, to one where students pay a larger share of the costs. There are a number of factors driving these trends, including: A push for massification of higher education, in the recognition that additional revenue streams are required above and beyond those funds available from governments in order to achieve higher participation rates Macroeconomic factors, which lead to constraints on overall government revenues Political factors, which manifest in demands for funding of over services, thus restricting the funding available for higher (tertiary) education A concern that the returns to higher education accrue primarily to the individual, rather than to society, and thus students should bear more of the burden of paying for it This volume will help to contribute to an understanding of how these trends occur in various countries and regions around the world, and the impact they have on higher education institutions, students, and society as a whole. With contributions for the UK, USA, South Africa and China this vital new book gives a truly global picture of the rapidly changing situation



Higher Education Policy An International Comparative Perspective

Higher Education Policy  An International Comparative Perspective Author F. Kaiser
ISBN-10 9781483297163
Release 2014-06-28
Pages 379
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Tremendous changes are affecting the structure and funding of higher education in many countries. This volume attempts to identify and analyze the principles, structural features and modes of work of the different higher education policies operating in eleven countries, as well as their commonalities and differences in the light of both general international trends and country-specific factors. In order to gather the relevant information for the project, national correspondents were provided with an overarching framework to guide them in their work and to ensure maximum comparability of the resulting reports. Each country report is broken down into four sections: the structure and goals of higher education systems; authority in the system; higher education policy; and the impact of each on institutional governance and management. The final chapter draws together the general trends which have emerged: a move towards less state control; a strengthening of institutional autonomy and increased governance; competition between institutions; privatization of funding; greater market orientation and growing institutional accountability for quality and service.



New Languages and Landscapes of Higher Education

New Languages and Landscapes of Higher Education Author Peter Scott
ISBN-10 9780198787082
Release 2017-01-08
Pages 304
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The landscapes of higher education have been changing rapidly, with enormous growths in participation rates in many countries across the world, and major developments and changes within institutions. But the languages that we need to conceptualise and understand these changes have not been keeping pace. The central argument in this book is that new ways of thinking about higher education, the new languages of its title, are needed to understand the role of universities and colleges in contemporary society and culture and the global economy, new landscapes. Over-reliance on existing conceptualisations of higher education, has made it difficult to understand fully the nature of 21st-century higher education. It may also have encouraged a view that there is no alternative to the development of more marketized forms of higher education. The analysis offered suggests that the future is much more open. It argues that familiar categories, normally accepted as givens, are actually more fluid. 'Systems' of higher education, whether expressed through direct public funding or through regulatory regimes, are being eroded. 'Institutions', often assumed to be to be given enhanced agency by more corporate forms of management and governance), are no longer powerful actors, if they ever were. 'Research', often corralled by assessment and management systems, is becoming more diffuse and distributed. 'Learning', supposedly more focused on skill outcomes and employability, retains a more broadly educative function. The 'publicness' of higher education has not disappeared as public funding has diminished, but taken on new forms. With contributions from leading figures, drawn from a wide range of countries, this book provides an authoritative analysis of many of the major issues which dominate discussion with respect to policy, practice and research in the field of higher education, and it can expect to become a major source book for all who are interested in the development of higher education in the 21st Century.



International Faculty in Higher Education

International Faculty in Higher Education Author Maria Yudkevich
ISBN-10 9781134857739
Release 2016-11-25
Pages 320
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In an interconnected and globally competitive environment, faculty mobility across countries has become widespread, yet is little understood. Grounded in qualitative methodology, this volume offers a cutting-edge examination of internationally mobile academics today and explores the approaches and strategies that institutions pursue to recruit and integrate international teachers and scholars into local universities. Providing a range of research-based insights from case studies in key countries, this resource offers higher education scholars and administrators a comparative perspective, helping to explain the impact that international faculty have on the local university, as well as issues of retention, promotion, salaries, and the challenges faced by these internationally mobile academics.



Critical Perspectives on Global Competition in Higher Education

Critical Perspectives on Global Competition in Higher Education Author Portnoi
ISBN-10 9781119017509
Release 2014-12-18
Pages 112
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This volume delivers a cutting-edge analysis on vernacular globalization, or how local forces mediate global trends. It delves into the vital facets of the quest for global competitiveness, including: Global university rankings World-class universities University mergers Quality assurance Cross-border higher education International education hubs. The authors situate their topics within current international scholarship and demonstrate the myriad avenues through which local actors in higher education may respond to global competition. They pose critical questions about the impact of global competition in an increasingly hierarchical higher education environment, interrogating the potential for social injustice that arises. By providing an alternative perspective to the descriptive, normative approach that dominates the scholarship on global competition in higher education, the chapters in this volume open a fresh and invaluable dialogue in this arena. This is the 168th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Higher Education. Addressed to presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other higher education decision makers on all kinds of campuses, it provides timely information and authoritative advice about major issues and administrative problems confronting every institution.



Democratizing Higher Education

Democratizing Higher Education Author Patrick Blessinger
ISBN-10 9781317695554
Release 2015-03-12
Pages 250
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Higher education systems around the world are undergoing fundamental change and reform due to external pressures—including internationalization of higher education, increased international competition for students, less reliance on public funding, and calls to create greater access opportunities for citizens. How are higher education systems evolving structurally as a result of these and other pressures? In light of these changes, how can higher education be a positive force for democratizing societies? This book examines the emerging trends taking place in higher education systems around the world, focusing on the most salient political and social forces that underlie these trends. Each chapter provides a case study of a country, exploring its cultural and political history, the political and social developments that have affected its higher education system, and the result of these changes on the higher education system. In a fast-changing, knowledge-intensive, democratic society, Democratizing Higher Education explores how higher education systems can be developed to provide access, affordability, participation, and quality life-long learning for all.



Education Loan and Inclusive Growth

Education Loan and Inclusive Growth Author Jacob John
ISBN-10 9781443854320
Release 2013-11-18
Pages 125
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The book discusses the significance of the education loan as a tool for financing the higher education of students of all backgrounds in developing countries with special reference to India. The academic cost of providing greater access to higher education with emphasis on quality is disproportionately high in several developing countries and, as such, there is a need to raise more resources to meet the different components of costs of higher education such as academic costs, academic support cost and student welfare costs. There is also an emerging need for raising resources from non-government sources to fund higher education. The education loan within an appropriate framework of inclusiveness is a significant non-government source of finance. The book deals with different models of education loan systems prevailing in various countries and covers Indian experiences in the area of education loans, as a case study of a developing country. Based on field studies conducted in four Indian states, the book explains that the higher education loan system in India has not been inclusive of poorer sections of society, particularly people from rural areas. The book also includes an elaborate discussion on the operation of education loans given by banks in four Indian states and examines various issues of the education loan system and formulates an action plan to popularize it as a tool for financing higher education in developing countries. The book will interest scholars and practitioners in the areas of education, banking and finance generally, and development economics in particular.



Understanding Mass Higher Education

Understanding Mass Higher Education Author Ted Tapper
ISBN-10 0415354919
Release 2005
Pages 269
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In recent years most western democracies have experienced a shift from elite to mass higher education, with the United States leading the way. This text compares the experience of this very important social change within different nation states. Whilst recognising the critical global economic forces that appear to explain the international nature of the change, it sees the issues as rooted within different national traditions. There is a particular focus upon the discourse of access, especially the political discourse. The book addresses questions such as: * How has expansion been explained? * Has expansion been generated by state intervention or by a combination of economic and social forces? * What are the forms of political intervention? * What points of agreement and conflict are generated within the wider society by expanding access? Leading academic experts explore the ways in which different systems of higher education have accommodated mass access, constructing comparative pictures and comparative interpretations and lessons in an accessible and informative style. This book should be critical reading for students in education, sociology and politics, as well as policy-makers and academics.



Managing Universities

Managing Universities Author Ivar Bleiklie
ISBN-10 9783319538655
Release 2017-08-25
Pages 329
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This book asks how modern universities are organized and managed, and questions whether 30 years of university reforms have resulted in stronger managerial structures and leadership control. It further asks whether current organisational and decision-making structures can be explained by public reform policies. The book offers a coherent, empirically grounded and theoretically driven presentation of data and core ideas behind a large scale comparative study of 26 universities across eight European countries. It focuses on the strength of university managerial structures, the role of academics, and how universities relate to and depend on their environment: to governments and other actors; to funders; to evaluators; and to external stakeholders. It further explores how higher education policies are shaped by and affect universities. Written by a cross-disciplinary team of European scholars, this book is unique both in its wide coverage and the depth of its analyses. It will be of great interest to scholars, graduate students and advanced undergraduates in the fields of organisation theory and sociology, policy studies, comparative public policy and administration, and higher education studies. It will also be of interest to higher education policy makers and administrators.



Financing Higher Education Worldwide

Financing Higher Education Worldwide Author D. Bruce Johnstone
ISBN-10 9780801894572
Release 2010-05-06
Pages 322
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No issue in higher education is as salient, or as controversial, as finance. As demand for higher education around the world grows, so do the costs associated with it, especially as governments shoulder less of the burden. Tuition fees rise and student loan debt grows. Who pays for these surging costs? Who should pay? D. Bruce Johnstone and Pamela N. Marcucci examine the universal phenomenon of cost-sharing in higher education—where financial responsibility shifts from governments and taxpayers to students and families. They find that growing costs for education far outpace public revenue streams that once supported it. Even with financial aid and scholarships defraying some of these costs, students are responsible for a greater share of the cost of higher education. Featuring comprehensive economic and policy data, the authors' international comparative approach shows how economically diverse countries all face similar cost-sharing challenges. So, who should pay for higher education? While cost-sharing is both politically and ideologically debated, Johnstone and Marcucci contend that, for almost all countries, it is imperative for the financial health of colleges and universities, bringing better efficiency, equity, and responsiveness. Financing Higher Education Worldwide combines sophisticated economic explanations with sensitive political and cultural analyses of the financial pressures facing higher education throughout the world.



The Political Dimension in Teacher Education

The Political Dimension in Teacher Education Author Mark B. Ginsburg
ISBN-10 0750703938
Release 1995-01
Pages 284
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First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Higher Education and Lifelong Learners

Higher Education and Lifelong Learners Author Hans Georg Schütze
ISBN-10 9780415247931
Release 2000
Pages 244
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Responding to the emerging needs of lifelong learners arguably represents one of the most fundamental challenges facing higher education systems of the countries of the developing world. At the start of the new century the concept of Lifelong Learning may indeed be counted as one of the the key organising concepts underlying public policy in many countries. The interpretation of the concept, however, remains highly contested. This timely book throws new light on the dramatic changes taking place in higher education through an exploration of the participation of "non-traditional" students in ten countries. Among others, the following areas are explored: * the complex reality behind the statistics on participation in higher education in five European countries (Austria, Germany, Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom), North America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand * contrasting perceptions of lifelong learning * changing patterns of participation by adults in higher education * national and institutional policies and innovations to accommodate non-traditional students and new forms of study * conclusions for policy, practice and research Higher Education for Lifelong Learners will be of interest to academics, researchers and students involved with higher education, lifelong learning, and comparative education as well as policy makers, educational managers and administrators. The contributions reveal a remarkable transformation in the student body and in the way learners pursue their studies, highlighting the international impact of increasing marketisation and differentiation on the nature of the higher education accessible to potential lifelong learners.



Global Issues and Comparative Education

Global Issues and Comparative Education Author Wendy Bignold
ISBN-10 9781844455690
Release 2009-06-30
Pages 136
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Almost every Education Studies degree includes an element of comparative education, and this book provides an accessible undergraduate-level introduction to the theme. It begins by defining what is meant by the term 'comparative education' and examines the benefits of studying it to students, policy makers, educators and academics. The book then takes a largely age-phase approach with a comparative analysis of selected education systems from around the world, including the impact of globalisation.



Third Delight

Third Delight Author Rui Yang
ISBN-10 0415933722
Release 2002
Pages 268
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Globalization and internationalization are salient features of our times in significant modern and post-modern social theories. This study contributes to the literature, and delineates a comprehensive picture of China's higher education internationalization, with an analysis of its costs and benefits, set in an international comparative perspective.



Transforming Higher Education

Transforming Higher Education Author Maurice Kogan
ISBN-10 9781853028823
Release 2000
Pages 240
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Transforming Higher Education: A Comparative Study is the final volume of the mini-series on the International Study of Higher Education. This unique series is based upon documents, statistics and extensive interviews with politicians, institutional leaders and academics from a varied range of institutions and disciplines. This book consolidates the findings of the international research project on the radical higher education reforms since the 1970s. Drawing together the implications of studies of Sweden, Norway and Britain in a set of comparative analyses, the authors assess the reforms of the higher education system on three distinct levels, the state, the institution and the individual. They examine change in government policy, in the leadership and management of higher education institutions and the impact on academic identities and the academic profession.



Global Perspectives on Higher Education

Global Perspectives on Higher Education Author Philip G. Altbach
ISBN-10 9781421419268
Release 2016-03-03
Pages 352
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Over the past half-century, globalization has had a profound impact on postsecondary education. The twin forces of mass higher education and the global knowledge economy have driven an unprecedented transformation. These fundamental changes have pulled in opposite directions: one pushes for wider access and accompanying challenges of quality, the other toward exclusive, "world class" research-oriented universities. In Global Perspectives on Higher Education, renowned higher education scholar Philip G. Altbach offers a wide-ranging perspective on the implications of these key forces and explores how they influence academe everywhere. Altbach begins with a discussion of the global trends that increasingly affect higher education, including the implications of mass enrollments, the logic of mass higher education systems around the world, and specific challenges facing Brazil, Russia, India, and China. He considers the numerous implications of globalization, including the worldwide use of the English language, university cross-border initiatives, the role of research universities in developing countries, the impact of the West on Asian universities, and the expansion of private higher education. Provocative and wide-ranging, Global Perspectives on Higher Education considers how the international exchange of ideas, students, and scholars has fundamentally altered higher education.



The Politics of Higher Education in a Comparative Perspective

The Politics of Higher Education in a Comparative Perspective Author Rune Premfors
ISBN-10 UOM:39015025124671
Release 1980
Pages 260
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The Politics of Higher Education in a Comparative Perspective has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Politics of Higher Education in a Comparative Perspective also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Politics of Higher Education in a Comparative Perspective book for free.