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Symbolism in Terrorism

Symbolism in Terrorism Author Jonathan Matusitz
ISBN-10 9781442235793
Release 2014-09-16
Pages 352
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The symbolic character of terrorism is the focus of this textbook. A comprehensive analysis, it incorporates descriptions, definitions, case studies, and theories. This groundbreaking text encompasses all major aspects of symbolism in terrorism and will be an essential resource for anyone studying the subject.



Aspiration and Ambivalence

Aspiration and Ambivalence Author Vanda Felbab-Brown
ISBN-10 9780815724414
Release 2013
Pages 358
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After more than a decade of great effort and sacrifice by America and its allies, the Taliban still has not been defeated, and many Afghans believe that a civil war is coming.Aspiration and Ambivalence analyzes the U.S. and international efforts in Afghanistan and offers detailed recommendations for dealing with the precarious situation leading up to the 2014 transition to Afghan control and beyond. Vanda Felbab-Brown argues that allied efforts in Afghanistan have put far too little emphasis on good governance, concentrating too much on short-term military goals to the detriment of long-term peace and stability. The Western tendency to ally with bullies, warlords, smugglers, and other shady characters in pursuit of short-term military advantage actually empowers the forces working against good governance and long-term political stability. Rampant corruption and mafia rule thus persist, making it impossible for Afghans to believe in the institutional reforms and rule of law that are clearly necessary. This must change-- otherwise, the chances of building responsive and sustainable governmental structures are slim, indeed. Felbab-Brown combines thorough research and analysis with vivid personal accounts of her time spent in the war-torn nation--powerful vignettes illustrating the Afghan aspirations for peace, stability, and sovereignty and the stubborn obstacles to securing them. "The year 2014 will mark a critical juncture in Afghanistan's odyssey. After more than a decade of arduous fighting and political involvement, the U.S. and international presence there will be significantly reduced and circumscribed. Although the international community has committed itself not to abandon Afghanistan as it did in the 1990s, the onus will be on the Afghan government to provide for the security of the country, its economic development, and governance that attempts to meet the needs of the Afghan people. Difficult challenges, major unresolved questions, and worrisome trends surround all three sets of processes. The biggest hole in the U.S. strategy and international efforts to stabilize the country is the failure to adequately address the country's fractured and brittle political system and very poor governance."--fromAspiration and Ambivalence



Terrorism and Communication

Terrorism and Communication Author Jonathan Matusitz
ISBN-10 9781452289557
Release 2012-08-30
Pages 520
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Based on the premise that terrorism is essentially a message, Terrorism and Communication: A Critical Introduction examines terrorism from a communication perspective—making it the first text to offer a complete picture of the role of communication in terrorist activity. Through the extensive examination of state-of-the-art research on terrorism as well as recent case studies and speech excerpts, communication and terrorism scholar Jonathan Matusitz explores the ways that terrorists communicate messages through actions and discourse. Using a multifaceted approach, he draws valuable insights from relevant disciplines, including mass communication, political communication, and visual communication, as he illustrates the key role that media outlets play in communicating terrorists' objectives and examines the role of global communication channels in both spreading and combating terrorism. This is an essential introduction to understanding what terrorism is, how it functions primarily through communication, how we talk about it, and how we prevent it.



Suicide Terrorism

Suicide Terrorism Author Ami Pedahzur
ISBN-10 0745633838
Release 2005
Pages 261
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Suicide terrorism in its modern form made its first appearance in Lebanon in the early 1980s. Over the last quarter century, terrorist attacks perpetrated by suicide bombers have spread to many corners of the world and have become a major threat for both the governments and citizens of numerous countries. Can this devastating phenomenon be attributed to a specific religion or culture? What are the causes and motivations that lead ordinary people to embark upon suicide attacks? How are potential bombers trained for their mission? And is it possible for democratic governments to effectively cope with this challenge? In this compelling book, Ami Pedazhur investigates the root causes of suicide terrorism and its rapid proliferation in recent years. Drawing on a variety of sources, the book explores the use of human bombs in Lebanon, Israel, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Chechnya, Iraq, and the ostentatious attacks of Al–Qaeda and the global jihad. It is the only book to offer such an in–depth, up–to–date, cross cultural analysis of suicide terrorism in the twenty–first Century.



Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic Interactionism Author Herbert Blumer
ISBN-10 0520056760
Release 1986
Pages 208
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Symbolic Interactionism has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Symbolic Interactionism also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Symbolic Interactionism book for free.



The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism

The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism Author Rex A. Hudson
ISBN-10 1410212777
Release 2005-01
Pages 178
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CONTENTS Preface Executive Summary: Mindsets of Mass Destruction New Types of Post-Cold War Terrorists -- New Forms of Terrorist-Threat Scenarios Introduction Terms of Analysis Defining Terrorism and Terrorists -- Terrorist Group Typologies Approaches to Terrorism Analysis The Multicausal Approach -- The Political Approach -- The Organizational Approach -- The Physiological Approach -- The Psychological Approach General Hypotheses of Terrorism Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis -- Negative Identity Hypothesis -- Narcissistic Rage Hypothesis The Psychology of the Terrorist Terrorist Motivation -- The Process of Joining a Terrorist Group -- The Terrorist as Mentally Ill --The Terrorist as Suicidal Fanatic -- Fanatics -- Suicide Terrorists -- Terrorist Group Dynamics -- Pressures to Conform -- Pressures to Commit Acts of Violence -- Terrorist Rationalization of Violence -- The Terrorist's Ideological or Religious Perception Terrorist Profiling Hazards of Terrorist Profiling -- Sociological Characteristics of Terrorists in the Cold War Period -- Characteristics of Female Terrorists -- Female Motivation for Terrorism Conclusion Terrorist Profiling -- Terrorist Group Mindset Profiling -- Promoting Terrorist Group Schisms -- How Guerrilla and Terrorist Groups End Appendix -- Sociopsychological Profiles: Case Studies Exemplars of International Terrorism in the Early 1970s -- Exemplars of International Terrorism in the Early 1990s -- Ethnic Separatist Groups -- Social Revolutionary Groups -- Religious Fundamentalist Groups Tables Educational Level and Occupational Background of Right-Wing Terrorists in West Germany, 1980 -- Ideological Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984 -- Prior Occupational Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984 -- Geographical Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984 -- Age and Relationships Profile of Italian Female Terrorists, January 1970-June 1984 -- Patterns of Weapons Use by the Revolutionary Organization 17 November, 1975-97 Glossary Bibliography



Women in Modern Terrorism

Women in Modern Terrorism Author Jessica Davis
ISBN-10 9781442274990
Release 2017-01-30
Pages 192
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Drawing from a unique dataset compiled over a decade, this text examines why women join terrorist organizations and why groups choose to incorporate them into their structures and operations, covering both religious and ethno-nationalist-motivated terrorism and conflict.



The Threat From Within

The Threat From Within Author Phil Gurski
ISBN-10 9781442255623
Release 2015-10-22
Pages 162
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This textbook examines what drives Al Qaeda-inspired radicalization to violence, how to detect it, and how to confront it. The chapters discuss behaviors and ideologies that are observable and tangible in radicalized individuals or those on the path to violent radicalization. These behaviors are drawn from a variety of cases, such as planning acts of terrorism, traveling to join terrorist groups, or participating in violent jihadi conflict outside the country. The main case study is Canada, and each chapter features many examples that range from Ted Kaczynski (the “Unabomber”) and Anders Brevik in Norway to Tamerlan Tsarnaev and Damian Clairmont, a Canadian citizen who died fighting in Syria. The text begins by introducing general concepts, such as terrorism, extremism, and radicalization, before presenting contributing factors to those embracing political violence. A comprehensive list of behavioral indicators that someone is becoming a violent extremist is provided, followed by a look at what is being done to confront this threat as well as what could be done.



The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research Author Alex P. Schmid
ISBN-10 9781136810404
Release 2011-02-25
Pages 736
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This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.



Essentials of Terrorism

Essentials of Terrorism Author Gus Martin
ISBN-10 9781483321868
Release 2013-02-14
Pages 368
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Captivating, concise, and accessible, this Third Edition of Gus Martin's popular text introduces readers to the modern landscape of terrorism. The text covers key foundational topics by defining terrorism and introducing its history and causes, as well as discussing terrorist environments (domestic, international, religious, etc.), tactics, targets, and counterterrorism. The Third Edition presents new information regarding homeland security, gender-selective terrorism, the Internet and terrorism, religious terrorism, and media coverage of terrorism. It also presents new data, case studies, photos, and maps that show readers the locations of major terrorist activities and the devastation they have causted.



Encyclopedia of Communication Theory

Encyclopedia of Communication Theory Author Stephen W. Littlejohn
ISBN-10 9781412959377
Release 2009-08-18
Pages 1105
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The Encyclopedia of Communication Theory provides students and researchers with a comprehensive two-volume overview of contemporary communication theory. Reference librarians report that students frequently approach them seeking a source that will provide them with a quick overview of a particular theory or theorist - just enough to help them grasp the general concept or theory and its relation to the discipline as a whole. Communication scholars and teachers also occasionally need a quick reference for theories. Edited by the co-authors of the best-selling textbook on communication theory and drawing on the expertise of an advisory board of 10 international scholars and nearly 200 contributors from 10 countries, this work finally provides such a resource. More than 300 entries address topics related not only to paradigms, traditions, and schools, but also metatheory, methodology, inquiry, and applications and contexts. Entries cover several orientations, including psycho-cognitive; social-interactional; cybernetic and systems; cultural; critical; feminist; philosophical; rhetorical; semiotic, linguistic, and discursive; and non-Western. Concepts relate to interpersonal communication, groups and organizations, and media and mass communication. In sum, this encyclopedia offers the student of communication a sense of the history, development, and current status of the discipline, with an emphasis on the theories that comprise it.



The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia

The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia Author Peter Chalk
ISBN-10 9780833047595
Release 2009
Pages 238
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Building on prior RAND research analyzing the motives, drivers, and capabilities of the principal extremist groups operating in the Philippines, southern Thailand, and Indonesia, this study examined the historical roots of militancy in these countries, the development and perpetuation of extremist ideological frameworks, and national and international government response efforts.



International Tourism

International Tourism Author Yvette Reisinger, PhD
ISBN-10 9781136438882
Release 2010-08-27
Pages 416
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In recent years there has been a considerable interest in the cultural aspects of tourism such as the impacts of culture on tourism planning, development, management, and marketing. However, the focus has been on material forms of culture such as arts, music, or crafts. The impacts of national culture on tourist behavior and travel decision-making have not been paid much attention. Only in the last two years have cross-cultural issues begun to generate significant interest among academics. An examination of cultural characteristics and differences is extremely important to the tourism industry because today’s tourism environment is becoming increasingly international. Information on the nature of the cultural differences between international tourists and locals is not readily available in tourism literature. The concept of culture is very complex and includes such abstract concepts as satisfaction, attitude and loyalty. International Tourism brings these concepts to the undergraduate student in tourism, as well as students in the related fields of marketing, management, international business, and cross-cultural communication. Designed as a textbook, it isorganized and presented in an integrated and relevant way for the benefit of a worldwide audience.



Understanding Terrorism

Understanding Terrorism Author Gus Martin
ISBN-10 9781483379005
Release 2014-12-31
Pages 560
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Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues offers a multidisciplinary, comprehensive exploration of contemporary terrorism that helps readers develop the knowledge and skills they need to critically assess terrorism in general and terrorist incidents. The Fifth Edition has been comprehensively updated with new information on terrorist incidents, evolving terrorist environments, and emerging perspectives on counterterrorism and security. Author Gus Martin provides a fresh analysis of violent extremism throughout, with discussions of both international and domestic challenges and options. Focused discussion is provided on contemporary threats, new movements and tendencies, and the effectiveness of responses to these scenarios. Profiles are provided of prominent individuals, including updated information on longstanding extremist personalities. Discussion of policies and responses to terrorist environments has been augmented to include new perspectives on counterterrorist options, comparisons of domestic and international scenarios, and the contexts of promoting regional and national security. The effectiveness of policy options is discussed within the contexts of international threat scenarios, as well as domestic scenarios, including regional security challenges and responses.



Soil Science and Management

Soil Science and Management Author Edward Plaster
ISBN-10 9781285667485
Release 2013-03-11
Pages 544
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Gain a practical understanding of soil properties and the soil management techniques most important for the effective use of soils with SOIL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT, 6E. This non-technical, reader-friendly book details all aspects of effective soil usage, including management techniques, composition, fertility, erosion, conservation,and irrigation in this practical guide. This edition highlights horticultural uses of soil as well as the latest green methodologies in both agricultural and horticultural practice from the perspective of farmers, horticulturalists, environmentalists and others who are concerned about how soils work and how they can be used most effectively. This edition further examines nutrient management and best practices with the latest updates on legal issues and government programs that make it a useful resource now and invaluable reference for the future. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Film Piracy Organized Crime and Terrorism

Film Piracy  Organized Crime  and Terrorism Author Gregory F. Treverton
ISBN-10 9780833045652
Release 2009
Pages 162
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A study of the involvement of organized-crime and terrorist groups in product counterfeiting. Case studies of film piracy illustrate the problem of criminal and perhaps terrorist groups using this new high-payoff, low-risk way to fund their activities. Cooperation among law enforcement and governments worldwide is needed to combat intellectual-property theft, which threatens the global information economy, public safety, and national security.



Encyclopedia of Human Behavior

Encyclopedia of Human Behavior Author
ISBN-10 9780080961804
Release 2012-01-31
Pages 2518
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The Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Second Edition is an award-winning three-volume reference on human action and reaction, and the thoughts, feelings, and physiological functions behind those actions. Presented alphabetically by title, 300 articles probe both enduring and exciting new topics in physiological psychology, perception, personality, abnormal and clinical psychology, cognition and learning, social psychology, developmental psychology, language, and applied contexts. Written by leading scientists in these disciplines, every article has been peer-reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. The most comprehensive reference source to provide both depth and breadth to the study of human behavior, the encyclopedia will again be a much-used reference source. This set appeals to public, corporate, university and college libraries, libraries in two-year colleges, and some secondary schools. Carefully crafted, well written, and thoroughly indexed, the encyclopedia helps users—whether they are students just beginning formal study of the broad field or specialists in a branch of psychology—understand the field and how and why humans behave as we do. Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication Concise entries (ten pages on average) provide foundational knowledge of the field Each article features suggested further readings, a list of related websites, a 5-10 word glossary and a definition paragraph, and cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedi Newly expanded editorial board and a host of international contributors from the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom