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Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology Author Josefine Liljeruhm
ISBN-10 9789814579568
Release 2014-04-24
Pages 204
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Synthetic Biology: A Lab Manual is the first manual for laboratory work in the new and rapidly expanding field of synthetic biology. Aimed at non-specialists, it details protocols central to synthetic biology in both education and research. In addition, it provides all the information that teachers and students from high schools and tertiary institutions need for a colorful lab course in bacterial synthetic biology using chromoproteins and designer antisense RNAs. As a bonus, practical material is provided for students of the annual international Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition. The manual is based upon a highly successful course at Sweden's Uppsala University and is coauthored by one of the pioneers of synthetic biology and two bioengineering postgraduate students. An inspiring foreword is written by another pioneer in the field, Harvard's George Church: “Synthetic biology is to early recombinant DNA as a genome is to a gene. Is there anything that SynBio will not impact? There was no doubt that the field of SynBio needed ‘A Lab Manual’ such as the one that you now hold in your hands.” Read about the interview with the authors! Contents:Introduction:What is Synthetic Biology, Exactly?The iGEM OutbreakA Synthetic Biology Lab ManualGenes, Chromoproteins and Antisense RNAs:E. coli DNA: Chromosomes, Plasmids and Copy NumberCoupling of Transcription and Translation in BacteriaPromoter and Terminator for TranscriptionRibosome Binding Site (RBS)Codon BiasChromoproteinsSmall Regulatory RNAs (sRNAs)Lab Rooms and Equipment:The Physical Lab SpacesEquipmentSafety is Priority #1:FiresChemicalsBiological Safety and DisposalDangerous EquipmentLab Course Projects:Time and ResourcesProject Overview and Learning ObjectivesThe Lab NotebookLab Section 1. Preparation of Chemical Solutions and Agar PlatesLab Section 2. Coloring Bacteria by Adding a Promoter to a Chromoprotein GeneLab Section 3: Rational Engineering of Chromoprotein Expression LevelLab Section 4. Other ExperimentsThe “Dreaded” ExamProtocols:IntroductionProtocol 1. Preparation of Solutions and Agar PlatesProtocol 2. Overnight Cultures with Antibiotics, and Glycerol StocksProtocol 3. BioBrick™ 3A Assembly and Gel AnalysisProtocol 4. Agarose Gel ElectrophoresisProtocol 5. Preparation of Competent E. coli Cells Using CaCl2Protocol 6. Transformation of CaCl2-Competent E. coli CellsProtocol 7. Bacterial Re-Streaking TechniquesProtocol 8. Lysis of E. coli Cells with LysozymeProtocol 9. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)Protocol 10. Inverse PCR MutagenesisProtocol 11. Colony PCRProtocol 12. Gibson AssemblyAdvanced Methods:Flow Cytometry and Cell SortingRecombination in Plasmids and the ChromosomeElectrocompetent CellsThe International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Competition:How to Start an iGEM TeamUppsala iGEM 2011 — Show Color with ColorUppsala iGEM 2012 — Resistance is FutileUppsala iGEM 2013 — Lactonutritious — It's DeliciousAppendices Readership: Students and researchers in biotechnology, cell/molecular biology and genetics. Keywords:Synthetic Biology;Genetic Engineering;DNA Cloning;Polymerase Chain Reaction;Molecular Biology;Laboratory;Biobrick;Chromoprotein;Manual;CourseReviews: It provides an introductory workflow for common techniques and would be of definite use to educators wanting to bring synthetic biology into the classroom or for motivated undergraduate students with the desire to start thir own iGEM team.” Synthetic Biology See Full Review



BioBuilder

BioBuilder Author Natalie Kuldell PhD.
ISBN-10 9781491907535
Release 2015-06-22
Pages 238
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Today’s synthetic biologists are in the early stages of engineering living cells to help treat diseases, sense toxic compounds in the environment, and produce valuable drugs. With this manual, you can be part of it. Based on the BioBuilder curriculum, this valuable book provides open-access, modular, hands-on lessons in synthetic biology for secondary and post-secondary classrooms and laboratories. It also serves as an introduction to the field for science and engineering enthusiasts. Developed at MIT in collaboration with award-winning high school teachers, BioBuilder teaches the foundational ideas of the emerging synthetic biology field, as well as key aspects of biological engineering that researchers are exploring in labs throughout the world. These lessons will empower teachers and students to explore and be part of solving persistent real-world challenges. Learn the fundamentals of biodesign and DNA engineering Explore important ethical issues raised by examples of synthetic biology Investigate the BioBuilder labs that probe the design-build-test cycle Test synthetic living systems designed and built by engineers Measure several variants of an enzyme-generating genetic circuit Model "bacterial photography" that changes a strain’s light sensitivity Build living systems to produce purple or green pigment Optimize baker’s yeast to produce ?-carotene



Synthetic Biology Handbook

Synthetic Biology Handbook Author Darren N. Nesbeth
ISBN-10 9781466568488
Release 2016-04-06
Pages 318
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The Synthetic Biology Handbook explains the major goals of the field of synthetic biology and presents the technical details of the latest advances made in achieving those goals. Offering a comprehensive overview of the current areas of focus in synthetic biology, this handbook: Explores the standardisation of classic molecular bioscience approaches Addresses the societal context and potential impacts of synthetic biology Discusses the use of legacy systems as tools for new product development Examines the design and construction of de novo cells and genetic codes Describes computational methods for designing genes and gene networks Thus, the Synthetic Biology Handbook provides an accurate sense of the scope of synthetic biology today. The handbook also affords readers with an opportunity to scrutinize the underlying science and decide for themselves what aspects of synthetic biology are most valuable to their research and practice.



Synthetic Biology A Primer

Synthetic Biology     A Primer Author
ISBN-10 9781783268818
Release 2015-08-24
Pages 196
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Synthetic Biology — A Primer (Revised Edition) presents an updated overview of the field of synthetic biology and the foundational concepts on which it is built. This revised edition includes new literature references, working and updated URL links, plus some new figures and text where progress in the field has been made. The book introduces readers to fundamental concepts in molecular biology and engineering and then explores the two major themes for synthetic biology, namely 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' engineering approaches. 'Top-down' engineering uses a conceptual framework of systematic design and engineering principles focused around the Design-Build-Test cycle and mathematical modelling. The 'bottom-up' approach involves the design and building of synthetic protocells using basic chemical and biochemical building blocks from scratch exploring the fundamental basis of living systems. Examples of cutting-edge applications designed using synthetic biology principles are presented, including: the production of novel, microbial synthesis of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicalsthe design and implementation of biosensors to detect infections and environmental waste. The book also describes the Internationally Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition, which brings together students and young researchers from around the world to carry out summer projects in synthetic biology. Finally, the primer includes a chapter on the ethical, legal and societal issues surrounding synthetic biology, illustrating the integration of social sciences into synthetic biology research. Final year undergraduates, postgraduates and established researchers interested in learning about the interdisciplinary field of synthetic biology will benefit from this up-to-date primer on synthetic biology. Contents:List of ContributorsPrefaceIntroduction to BiologyBasic Concepts in Engineering BiologyFoundational TechnologiesMinimal Cells and Synthetic LifeParts, Devices and SystemsModelling Synthetic Biology SystemsApplications of Designed Biological SystemsiGEMThe Societal Impact of Synthetic BiologyAppendices:Proforma of Common Laboratory TechniquesGlossaryIndex Readership: Students, professionals, researchers in biotechnology and bioengineering. Keywords:Synthetic Biology;Engineering Principles;Biosociety;Biological Engineering;BiotechnologyKey Features:The book is written in a way that is accessible to students and researchers from different disciplinesThe authors are part of the internationally recognised Centre for Synthetic Biology and Innovation and are among the leaders in this field



Forensic DNA Biology

Forensic DNA Biology Author Kelly M. Elkins
ISBN-10 9780123945853
Release 2012
Pages 198
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A collection of forensic DNA typing laboratory experiments designed for academic and training courses at the collegiate level.



Regenesis

Regenesis Author George M. Church
ISBN-10 9780465038657
Release 2014-04-08
Pages 304
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“Bold and provocative… Regenesis tells of recent advances that may soon yield endless supplies of renewable energy, increased longevity and the return of long-extinct species.”—New Scientist In Regenesis, Harvard biologist George Church and science writer Ed Regis explore the possibilities—and perils—of the emerging field of synthetic biology. Synthetic biology, in which living organisms are selectively altered by modifying substantial portions of their genomes, allows for the creation of entirely new species of organisms. These technologies—far from the out-of-control nightmare depicted in science fiction—have the power to improve human and animal health, increase our intelligence, enhance our memory, and even extend our life span. A breathtaking look at the potential of this world-changing technology, Regenesis is nothing less than a guide to the future of life.



Molecular Biology Techniques

Molecular Biology Techniques Author Heather Miller
ISBN-10 9780123855459
Release 2011-10-18
Pages 232
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This manual is an indispensable tool for introducing advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students to the techniques of recombinant DNA technology, or gene cloning and expression. The techniques used in basic research and biotechnology laboratories are covered in detail. Students gain hands-on experience from start to finish in subcloning a gene into an expression vector, through purification of the recombinant protein. The third edition has been completely re-written, with new laboratory exercises and all new illustrations and text, designed for a typical 15-week semester, rather than a 4-week intensive course. The “project approach to experiments was maintained: students still follow a cloning project through to completion, culminating in the purification of recombinant protein. It takes advantage of the enhanced green fluorescent protein - students can actually visualize positive clones following IPTG induction. Cover basic concepts and techniques used in molecular biology research labs Student-tested labs proven successful in a real classroom laboratories Exercises simulate a cloning project that would be performed in a real research lab "Project" approach to experiments gives students an overview of the entire process Prep-list appendix contains necessary recipes and catalog numbers, providing staff with detailed instructions



Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology Author Clyde A. Hutchinson, III
ISBN-10 1621821188
Release 2017-04-30
Pages 350
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Synthetic biology involves the rational design and construction of biological components and systemsfrom genetic elements and metabolic pathways to entirely new organisms. Progress in this field has been rapid, and it promises to significantly expand our capabilities in biotechnology, medicine, and agriculture. Written and edited by experts in the field, this collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology examines the tools and techniques employed by synthetic biologists, how these may be used to develop new drugs, diagnostic approaches, food sources, and clean energy, and what the field of synthetic biology has taught us about natural living systems. The contributors discuss advances in DNA synthesis and assembly, genome editing (e.g., CRISPR/Cas9), and artificial genetic systems. Progress in designing complex genetic switches and circuits, expanding the genetic code, modifying cellular organization, producing proteins using cell-free systems, and developing biodesign automation tools is also covered. The authors also explore ways to produce new organisms and products that have particular attributesfor example, microbial "molecular factories," synthetic organs and tissues, and plants with novel traits. This volume is an essential resource for molecular, cell, and systems biologists who seek to engineer living systems for human benefit.



Designing Human Practices

Designing Human Practices Author Paul Rabinow
ISBN-10 9780226703152
Release 2012-05-21
Pages 200
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In 2006 anthropologists Paul Rabinow and Gaymon Bennett set out to rethink the role that human sciences play in biological research, creating the Human Practices division of the Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center—a facility established to create design standards for the engineering of new enzymes, genetic circuits, cells, and other biological entities—to formulate a new approach to the ethical, security, and philosophical considerations of controversial biological work. They sought not simply to act as watchdogs but to integrate the biosciences with their own discipline in a more fundamentally interdependent way, inventing a new, dynamic, and experimental anthropology that they could bring to bear on the center’s biological research. Designing Human Practices is a detailed account of this anthropological experiment and, ultimately, its rejection. It provides new insights into the possibilities and limitations of collaboration, and diagnoses the micro-politics which effectively constrained the potential for mutual scientific flourishing. Synthesizing multiple disciplines, including biology, genetics, anthropology, and philosophy, alongside a thorough examination of funding entities such as the National Science Foundation, Designing Human Practices pushes the social study of science into new and provocative territory, utilizing a real-world experience as a springboard for timely reflections on how the human and life sciences can and should transform each other.



Chemistry

Chemistry Author John Kenkel
ISBN-10 1420032992
Release 2000-06-23
Pages 225
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Have you ever had a discussion with an industrial chemist about the job? Have you ever shadowed a chemist or chemical technician in an industrial or government laboratory for a day? If you have done these things, you were likely surprised at how foreign the language seemed or startled at how unfamiliar the surroundings were. Was there any talk of the quantum mechanical model of the atom? No. Was there any activity relating to Molecular Orbital Theory of bonding? No. Was the lab a large room with six 12-foot lab benches capable of accommodating up to two dozen chemists? No, not usually. Unless you took an "industry based" chemistry course, you probably came away from this experience with the thought "Why don't textbooks and lab manuals do a better job of communicating what real-world chemists do?" Chemistry: An Industry-Based Laboratory Manual does just that. It covers laboratory safety, record-keeping, control charts, certified reference materials, and much more. "Who uses this stuff anyway?" you may ask. Chemistry: An Industry-Based Laboratory Manual supplies the answer. It features applications of basic chemistry concepts to the real-world work of chemistry professionals. It brings real-world examples to laboratory experiences and covers voluntary industry standards for laboratory workers in the chemical process industries. It places a strong emphasis on the real work of chemistry professionals.



Illustrated Guide to Home Forensic Science Experiments

Illustrated Guide to Home Forensic Science Experiments Author Robert Bruce Thompson
ISBN-10 9781449334475
Release 2012-08-07
Pages 448
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Have you ever wondered whether the forensic science you’ve seen on TV is anything like the real thing? There’s no better way to find out than to roll up your sleeves and do it yourself. This full-color book offers advice for setting up an inexpensive home lab, and includes more than 50 hands-on lab sessions that deal with forensic science experiments in biology, chemistry, and physics. You’ll learn the practical skills and fundamental knowledge needed to pursue forensics as a lifelong hobby—or even a career. The forensic science procedures in this book are not merely educational, they’re the real deal. Each chapter includes one or more lab sessions devoted to a particular topic. You’ll find a complete list of equipment and chemicals you need for each session. Analyze soil, hair, and fibers Match glass and plastic specimens Develop latent fingerprints and reveal blood traces Conduct drug and toxicology tests Analyze gunshot and explosives residues Detect forgeries and fakes Analyze impressions, such as tool marks and footprints Match pollen and diatom samples Extract, isolate, and visualize DNA samples Through their company, The Home Scientist, LLC (thehomescientist.com/forensics), the authors also offer inexpensive custom kits that provide specialized equipment and supplies you’ll need to complete the experiments. Add a microscope and some common household items and you’re good to go.



The Fusarium Laboratory Manual

The Fusarium Laboratory Manual Author John F. Leslie
ISBN-10 9780470276464
Release 2008-02-15
Pages 388
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For the first time in over 20 years, a comprehensive collection of photographs and descriptions of species in the fungal genus Fusarium is available. This laboratory manual provides an overview of the biology of Fusarium and the techniques involved in the isolation, identification and characterization of individual species and the populations in which they occur. It is the first time that genetic, morphological and molecular approaches have been incorporated into a volume devoted to Fusarium identification. The authors include descriptions of species, both new and old, and provide protocols for genetic, morphological and molecular identification techniques. The Fusarium Laboratory Manual also includes some of the evolutionary biology and population genetics thinking that has begun to inform the understanding of agriculturally important fungal pathogens. In addition to practical “how-to” protocols it also provides guidance in formulating questions and obtaining answers about this very important group of fungi. The need for as many different techniques as possible to be used in the identification and characterization process has never been greater. These approaches have applications to fungi other than those in the genus Fusarium. This volume presents an introduction to the genus Fusarium, the toxins these fungi produce and the diseases they can cause. “The Fusarium Laboratory Manual is a milestone in the study of the genus Fusarium and will help bridge the gap between morphological and phylogenetic taxonomy. It will be used by everybody dealing with Fusarium in the Third Millenium.” --W.F.O. Marasas, Medical Research Council, South Africa



Molecular Cloning

Molecular Cloning Author Joseph Sambrook
ISBN-10 0879695773
Release 2001
Pages 2344
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The first two editions of this manual have been mainstays of molecular biology for nearly twenty years, with an unrivalled reputation for reliability, accuracy, and clarity. In this new edition, authors Joseph Sambrook and David Russell have completely updated the book, revising every protocol and adding a mass of new material, to broaden its scope and maintain its unbeatable value for studies in genetics, molecular cell biology, developmental biology, microbiology, neuroscience, and immunology. Handsomely redesigned and presented in new bindings of proven durability, this three–volume work is essential for everyone using today’s biomolecular techniques. The opening chapters describe essential techniques, some well–established, some new, that are used every day in the best laboratories for isolating, analyzing and cloning DNA molecules, both large and small. These are followed by chapters on cDNA cloning and exon trapping, amplification of DNA, generation and use of nucleic acid probes, mutagenesis, and DNA sequencing. The concluding chapters deal with methods to screen expression libraries, express cloned genes in both prokaryotes and eukaryotic cells, analyze transcripts and proteins, and detect protein–protein interactions. The Appendix is a compendium of reagents, vectors, media, technical suppliers, kits, electronic resources and other essential information. As in earlier editions, this is the only manual that explains how to achieve success in cloning and provides a wealth of information about why techniques work, how they were first developed, and how they have evolved.



RNA

RNA Author Donald Charles Rio
ISBN-10 087969890X
Release 2011
Pages 586
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Almost all molecular and cellular biology laboratories now handle RNA and this manual is an authoritative source of information and protocols for this purpose, from the basic to the advanced. Required reading for every research laboratory in the life sciences.



Antibodies

Antibodies Author Edward Harlow
ISBN-10 0879693142
Release 1988-01-01
Pages 726
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Introduction to immunochemistry for molecular biologists and other nonspecialists. Spiral.



CRISPR Cas

CRISPR Cas Author University Jennifer Doudna
ISBN-10 1621821307
Release 2016-03-23
Pages 192
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The development of CRISPR-Cas technology is revolutionizing biology. Based on machinery bacteria use to target foreign nucleic acids, these powerful techniques allow investigators to edit nucleic acids and modulate gene expression more rapidly and accurately than ever before. Featuring contributions from leading figures in the CRISPR-Cas field, this laboratory manual presents a state-of-the-art guide to the technology. It includes step-by-step protocols for applying CRISPR-Cas-based techniques in various systems, including yeast, zebrafish, Drosophila, mice, and cultured cells (e.g., human pluripotent stem cells). The contributors cover web-based tools and approaches for designing guide RNAs that precisely target genes of interest, methods for preparing and delivering CRISPR-Cas reagents into cells, and ways to screen for cells that harbor the desired genetic changes. Strategies for optimizing CRISPR-Cas in each system--especially for minimizing off-target effects--are also provided. Authors also describe other applications of the CRISPR-Cas system, including its use for regulating genome activation and repression, and discuss the development of next-generation CRISPR-Cas tools. The book is thus an essential laboratory resource for all cell, molecular, and developmental biologists, as well as biochemists, geneticists, and all who seek to expand their biotechnology toolkits.



Gene Synthesis

Gene Synthesis Author Jean Peccoud
ISBN-10 1617795631
Release 2012-02-10
Pages 297
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The de novo fabrication of custom DNA molecules is a transformative technology that significantly affects the biotechnology industry. Basic genetic engineering techniques for manipulating DNA in vitro opened an incredible field of opportunity in the life sciences. In, Gene Synthesis: Methods and Protocols expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used to fabricate DNA . These include methods and techniques for the assembly of oligonucleotide, cloning of synthons into larger fragments, protocols and software applications, and educational and biosecurity impacts of gene synthesis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results in the laboratory. Thorough and intuitive, Gene Synthese: Methods and Protocols aids scientists in understanding all the different stages of a complex gene synthesis process, while refining their understanding of gene synthesis and determine what part of the process they can or should do in their laboratory and what parts should be contracted to a specialized service provider.