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Temporal Data Mining

Temporal Data Mining Author Theophano Mitsa
ISBN-10 1420089773
Release 2010-03-10
Pages 395
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Temporal data mining deals with the harvesting of useful information from temporal data. New initiatives in health care and business organizations have increased the importance of temporal information in data today. From basic data mining concepts to state-of-the-art advances, Temporal Data Mining covers the theory of this subject as well as its application in a variety of fields. It discusses the incorporation of temporality in databases as well as temporal data representation, similarity computation, data classification, clustering, pattern discovery, and prediction. The book also explores the use of temporal data mining in medicine and biomedical informatics, business and industrial applications, web usage mining, and spatiotemporal data mining. Along with various state-of-the-art algorithms, each chapter includes detailed references and short descriptions of relevant algorithms and techniques described in other references. In the appendices, the author explains how data mining fits the overall goal of an organization and how these data can be interpreted for the purpose of characterizing a population. She also provides programs written in the Java language that implement some of the algorithms presented in the first chapter. Check out the author's blog at http://theophanomitsa.wordpress.com/



Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams

Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams Author Joao Gama
ISBN-10 9781439826126
Release 2010-05-25
Pages 255
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Since the beginning of the Internet age and the increased use of ubiquitous computing devices, the large volume and continuous flow of distributed data have imposed new constraints on the design of learning algorithms. Exploring how to extract knowledge structures from evolving and time-changing data, Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams presents a coherent overview of state-of-the-art research in learning from data streams. The book covers the fundamentals that are imperative to understanding data streams and describes important applications, such as TCP/IP traffic, GPS data, sensor networks, and customer click streams. It also addresses several challenges of data mining in the future, when stream mining will be at the core of many applications. These challenges involve designing useful and efficient data mining solutions applicable to real-world problems. In the appendix, the author includes examples of publicly available software and online data sets. This practical, up-to-date book focuses on the new requirements of the next generation of data mining. Although the concepts presented in the text are mainly about data streams, they also are valid for different areas of machine learning and data mining.



Computational Business Analytics

Computational Business Analytics Author Subrata Das
ISBN-10 9781439890707
Release 2013-12-14
Pages 516
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Learn How to Properly Use the Latest Analytics Approaches in Your Organization Computational Business Analytics presents tools and techniques for descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive analytics applicable across multiple domains. Through many examples and challenging case studies from a variety of fields, practitioners easily see the connections to their own problems and can then formulate their own solution strategies. The book first covers core descriptive and inferential statistics for analytics. The author then enhances numerical statistical techniques with symbolic artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) techniques for richer predictive and prescriptive analytics. With a special emphasis on methods that handle time and textual data, the text: Enriches principal component and factor analyses with subspace methods, such as latent semantic analyses Combines regression analyses with probabilistic graphical modeling, such as Bayesian networks Extends autoregression and survival analysis techniques with the Kalman filter, hidden Markov models, and dynamic Bayesian networks Embeds decision trees within influence diagrams Augments nearest-neighbor and k-means clustering techniques with support vector machines and neural networks These approaches are not replacements of traditional statistics-based analytics; rather, in most cases, a generalized technique can be reduced to the underlying traditional base technique under very restrictive conditions. The book shows how these enriched techniques offer efficient solutions in areas, including customer segmentation, churn prediction, credit risk assessment, fraud detection, and advertising campaigns.



Biological Data Mining

Biological Data Mining Author Jake Y. Chen
ISBN-10 1420086855
Release 2009-09-01
Pages 733
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Like a data-guzzling turbo engine, advanced data mining has been powering post-genome biological studies for two decades. Reflecting this growth, Biological Data Mining presents comprehensive data mining concepts, theories, and applications in current biological and medical research. Each chapter is written by a distinguished team of interdisciplinary data mining researchers who cover state-of-the-art biological topics. The first section of the book discusses challenges and opportunities in analyzing and mining biological sequences and structures to gain insight into molecular functions. The second section addresses emerging computational challenges in interpreting high-throughput Omics data. The book then describes the relationships between data mining and related areas of computing, including knowledge representation, information retrieval, and data integration for structured and unstructured biological data. The last part explores emerging data mining opportunities for biomedical applications. This volume examines the concepts, problems, progress, and trends in developing and applying new data mining techniques to the rapidly growing field of genome biology. By studying the concepts and case studies presented, readers will gain significant insight and develop practical solutions for similar biological data mining projects in the future.



Handbook of Educational Data Mining

Handbook of Educational Data Mining Author Cristobal Romero
ISBN-10 1439804583
Release 2010-10-25
Pages 535
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Handbook of Educational Data Mining (EDM) provides a thorough overview of the current state of knowledge in this area. The first part of the book includes nine surveys and tutorials on the principal data mining techniques that have been applied in education. The second part presents a set of 25 case studies that give a rich overview of the problems that EDM has addressed. Researchers at the Forefront of the Field Discuss Essential Topics and the Latest Advances With contributions by well-known researchers from a variety of fields, the book reflects the multidisciplinary nature of the EDM community. It brings the educational and data mining communities together, helping education experts understand what types of questions EDM can address and helping data miners understand what types of questions are important to educational design and educational decision making. Encouraging readers to integrate EDM into their research and practice, this timely handbook offers a broad, accessible treatment of essential EDM techniques and applications. It provides an excellent first step for newcomers to the EDM community and for active researchers to keep abreast of recent developments in the field.



Foundations of Predictive Analytics

Foundations of Predictive Analytics Author James Wu
ISBN-10 9781439869468
Release 2012-02-15
Pages 337
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Drawing on the authors’ two decades of experience in applied modeling and data mining, Foundations of Predictive Analytics presents the fundamental background required for analyzing data and building models for many practical applications, such as consumer behavior modeling, risk and marketing analytics, and other areas. It also discusses a variety of practical topics that are frequently missing from similar texts. The book begins with the statistical and linear algebra/matrix foundation of modeling methods, from distributions to cumulant and copula functions to Cornish–Fisher expansion and other useful but hard-to-find statistical techniques. It then describes common and unusual linear methods as well as popular nonlinear modeling approaches, including additive models, trees, support vector machine, fuzzy systems, clustering, naïve Bayes, and neural nets. The authors go on to cover methodologies used in time series and forecasting, such as ARIMA, GARCH, and survival analysis. They also present a range of optimization techniques and explore several special topics, such as Dempster–Shafer theory. An in-depth collection of the most important fundamental material on predictive analytics, this self-contained book provides the necessary information for understanding various techniques for exploratory data analysis and modeling. It explains the algorithmic details behind each technique (including underlying assumptions and mathematical formulations) and shows how to prepare and encode data, select variables, use model goodness measures, normalize odds, and perform reject inference. Web Resource The book’s website at www.DataMinerXL.com offers the DataMinerXL software for building predictive models. The site also includes more examples and information on modeling.



Data Classification

Data Classification Author Charu C. Aggarwal
ISBN-10 9781498760584
Release 2015-09-15
Pages 707
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Comprehensive Coverage of the Entire Area of Classification Research on the problem of classification tends to be fragmented across such areas as pattern recognition, database, data mining, and machine learning. Addressing the work of these different communities in a unified way, Data Classification: Algorithms and Applications explores the underlying algorithms of classification as well as applications of classification in a variety of problem domains, including text, multimedia, social network, and biological data. This comprehensive book focuses on three primary aspects of data classification: Methods: The book first describes common techniques used for classification, including probabilistic methods, decision trees, rule-based methods, instance-based methods, support vector machine methods, and neural networks. Domains: The book then examines specific methods used for data domains such as multimedia, text, time-series, network, discrete sequence, and uncertain data. It also covers large data sets and data streams due to the recent importance of the big data paradigm. Variations: The book concludes with insight on variations of the classification process. It discusses ensembles, rare-class learning, distance function learning, active learning, visual learning, transfer learning, and semi-supervised learning as well as evaluation aspects of classifiers.



Privacy Aware Knowledge Discovery

Privacy Aware Knowledge Discovery Author Francesco Bonchi
ISBN-10 9781439803660
Release 2010-12-02
Pages 542
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Covering research at the frontier of this field, Privacy-Aware Knowledge Discovery: Novel Applications and New Techniques presents state-of-the-art privacy-preserving data mining techniques for application domains, such as medicine and social networks, that face the increasing heterogeneity and complexity of new forms of data. Renowned authorities from prominent organizations not only cover well-established results—they also explore complex domains where privacy issues are generally clear and well defined, but the solutions are still preliminary and in continuous development. Divided into seven parts, the book provides in-depth coverage of the most novel reference scenarios for privacy-preserving techniques. The first part gives general techniques that can be applied to various applications discussed in the rest of the book. The second section focuses on the sanitization of network traces and privacy in data stream mining. After the third part on privacy in spatio-temporal data mining and mobility data analysis, the book examines time series analysis in the fourth section, explaining how a perturbation method and a segment-based method can tackle privacy issues of time series data. The fifth section on biomedical data addresses genomic data as well as the problem of privacy-aware information sharing of health data. In the sixth section on web applications, the book deals with query log mining and web recommender systems. The final part on social networks analyzes privacy issues related to the management of social network data under different perspectives. While several new results have recently occurred in the privacy, database, and data mining research communities, a uniform presentation of up-to-date techniques and applications is lacking. Filling this void, Privacy-Aware Knowledge Discovery presents novel algorithms, patterns, and models, along with a significant collection of open problems for future investigation.



Mining Software Specifications

Mining Software Specifications Author David Lo
ISBN-10 9781439806272
Release 2011-05-24
Pages 460
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An emerging topic in software engineering and data mining, specification mining tackles software maintenance and reliability issues that cost economies billions of dollars each year. The first unified reference on the subject, Mining Software Specifications: Methodologies and Applications describes recent approaches for mining specifications of software systems. Experts in the field illustrate how to apply state-of-the-art data mining and machine learning techniques to address software engineering concerns. In the first set of chapters, the book introduces a number of studies on mining finite state machines that employ techniques, such as grammar inference, partial order mining, source code model checking, abstract interpretation, and more. The remaining chapters present research on mining temporal rules/patterns, covering techniques that include path-aware static program analyses, lightweight rule/pattern mining, statistical analysis, and other interesting approaches. Throughout the book, the authors discuss how to employ dynamic analysis, static analysis, and combinations of both to mine software specifications. According to the US National Institute of Standards and Technology in 2002, software bugs have cost the US economy 59.5 billion dollars a year. This volume shows how specification mining can help find bugs and improve program understanding, thereby reducing unnecessary financial losses. The book encourages the industry adoption of specification mining techniques and the assimilation of these techniques in standard integrated development environments (IDEs).



Data Clustering

Data Clustering Author Charu C. Aggarwal
ISBN-10 9781498785778
Release 2016-04-08
Pages 652
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Research on the problem of clustering tends to be fragmented across the pattern recognition, database, data mining, and machine learning communities. Addressing this problem in a unified way, Data Clustering: Algorithms and Applications provides complete coverage of the entire area of clustering, from basic methods to more refined and complex data clustering approaches. It pays special attention to recent issues in graphs, social networks, and other domains. The book focuses on three primary aspects of data clustering: Methods, describing key techniques commonly used for clustering, such as feature selection, agglomerative clustering, partitional clustering, density-based clustering, probabilistic clustering, grid-based clustering, spectral clustering, and nonnegative matrix factorization Domains, covering methods used for different domains of data, such as categorical data, text data, multimedia data, graph data, biological data, stream data, uncertain data, time series clustering, high-dimensional clustering, and big data Variations and Insights, discussing important variations of the clustering process, such as semisupervised clustering, interactive clustering, multiview clustering, cluster ensembles, and cluster validation In this book, top researchers from around the world explore the characteristics of clustering problems in a variety of application areas. They also explain how to glean detailed insight from the clustering process—including how to verify the quality of the underlying clusters—through supervision, human intervention, or the automated generation of alternative clusters.



Event Mining

Event Mining Author Tao Li
ISBN-10 9781466568594
Release 2015-10-15
Pages 304
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Event mining encompasses techniques for automatically and efficiently extracting valuable knowledge from historical event/log data. The field, therefore, plays an important role in data-driven system management. Event Mining: Algorithms and Applications presents state-of-the-art event mining approaches and applications with a focus on computing system management. The book first explains how to transform log data in disparate formats and contents into a canonical form as well as how to optimize system monitoring. It then shows how to extract useful knowledge from data. It describes intelligent and efficient methods and algorithms to perform data-driven pattern discovery and problem determination for managing complex systems. The book also discusses data-driven approaches for the detailed diagnosis of a system issue and addresses the application of event summarization in Twitter messages (tweets). Understanding the interdisciplinary field of event mining can be challenging as it requires familiarity with several research areas and the relevant literature is scattered in diverse publications. This book makes it easier to explore the field by providing both a good starting point for readers not familiar with the topics and a comprehensive reference for those already working in this area.



Introduction to Privacy Preserving Data Publishing

Introduction to Privacy Preserving Data Publishing Author Benjamin C.M. Fung
ISBN-10 1420091506
Release 2010-08-02
Pages 376
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Gaining access to high-quality data is a vital necessity in knowledge-based decision making. But data in its raw form often contains sensitive information about individuals. Providing solutions to this problem, the methods and tools of privacy-preserving data publishing enable the publication of useful information while protecting data privacy. Introduction to Privacy-Preserving Data Publishing: Concepts and Techniques presents state-of-the-art information sharing and data integration methods that take into account privacy and data mining requirements. The first part of the book discusses the fundamentals of the field. In the second part, the authors present anonymization methods for preserving information utility for specific data mining tasks. The third part examines the privacy issues, privacy models, and anonymization methods for realistic and challenging data publishing scenarios. While the first three parts focus on anonymizing relational data, the last part studies the privacy threats, privacy models, and anonymization methods for complex data, including transaction, trajectory, social network, and textual data. This book not only explores privacy and information utility issues but also efficiency and scalability challenges. In many chapters, the authors highlight efficient and scalable methods and provide an analytical discussion to compare the strengths and weaknesses of different solutions.



Healthcare Data Analytics

Healthcare Data Analytics Author Chandan K. Reddy
ISBN-10 9781482232127
Release 2015-06-23
Pages 760
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At the intersection of computer science and healthcare, data analytics has emerged as a promising tool for solving problems across many healthcare-related disciplines. Supplying a comprehensive overview of recent healthcare analytics research, Healthcare Data Analytics provides a clear understanding of the analytical techniques currently available to solve healthcare problems. The book details novel techniques for acquiring, handling, retrieving, and making best use of healthcare data. It analyzes recent developments in healthcare computing and discusses emerging technologies that can help improve the health and well-being of patients. Written by prominent researchers and experts working in the healthcare domain, the book sheds light on many of the computational challenges in the field of medical informatics. Each chapter in the book is structured as a "survey-style" article discussing the prominent research issues and the advances made on that research topic. The book is divided into three major categories: Healthcare Data Sources and Basic Analytics - details the various healthcare data sources and analytical techniques used in the processing and analysis of such data Advanced Data Analytics for Healthcare - covers advanced analytical methods, including clinical prediction models, temporal pattern mining methods, and visual analytics Applications and Practical Systems for Healthcare - covers the applications of data analytics to pervasive healthcare, fraud detection, and drug discovery along with systems for medical imaging and decision support Computer scientists are usually not trained in domain-specific medical concepts, whereas medical practitioners and researchers have limited exposure to the data analytics area. The contents of this book will help to bring together these diverse communities by carefully and comprehensively discussing the most relevant contributions from each domain.



Data Mining for Design and Marketing

Data Mining for Design and Marketing Author Yukio Ohsawa
ISBN-10 1420070223
Release 2009-01-26
Pages 336
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Data Mining for Design and Marketing shows how to design and integrate data mining tools into human thinking processes in order to make better business decisions, especially in designing and marketing products and systems. The expert contributors discuss how data mining can identify valuable consumer patterns, which aid marketers and designers in detecting consumers’ needs. They also explore visualization tools based on the computational methods of data mining. Discourse analysis, chance discovery, knowledge discovery, formal concept analysis, and an adjacency matrix are just some of the novel approaches covered. The book explains how these methods can be applied to website design, the retrieval of scientific articles from a database, personalized e-commerce support tools, and more. Through the techniques of data mining, this book demonstrates how to effectively design business processes and develop competitive products and services. By embracing data mining tools, businesses can better understand the behavior and needs of their customers.



Practical Graph Mining with R

Practical Graph Mining with R Author Nagiza F. Samatova
ISBN-10 9781439860854
Release 2013-07-15
Pages 495
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Discover Novel and Insightful Knowledge from Data Represented as a Graph Practical Graph Mining with R presents a "do-it-yourself" approach to extracting interesting patterns from graph data. It covers many basic and advanced techniques for the identification of anomalous or frequently recurring patterns in a graph, the discovery of groups or clusters of nodes that share common patterns of attributes and relationships, the extraction of patterns that distinguish one category of graphs from another, and the use of those patterns to predict the category of new graphs. Hands-On Application of Graph Data Mining Each chapter in the book focuses on a graph mining task, such as link analysis, cluster analysis, and classification. Through applications using real data sets, the book demonstrates how computational techniques can help solve real-world problems. The applications covered include network intrusion detection, tumor cell diagnostics, face recognition, predictive toxicology, mining metabolic and protein-protein interaction networks, and community detection in social networks. Develops Intuition through Easy-to-Follow Examples and Rigorous Mathematical Foundations Every algorithm and example is accompanied with R code. This allows readers to see how the algorithmic techniques correspond to the process of graph data analysis and to use the graph mining techniques in practice. The text also gives a rigorous, formal explanation of the underlying mathematics of each technique. Makes Graph Mining Accessible to Various Levels of Expertise Assuming no prior knowledge of mathematics or data mining, this self-contained book is accessible to students, researchers, and practitioners of graph data mining. It is suitable as a primary textbook for graph mining or as a supplement to a standard data mining course. It can also be used as a reference for researchers in computer, information, and computational science as well as a handy guide for data analytics practitioners.



Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Second Edition

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery  Second Edition Author Harvey J. Miller
ISBN-10 1420073982
Release 2009-05-27
Pages 486
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The Definitive Volume on Cutting-Edge Exploratory Analysis of Massive Spatial and Spatiotemporal Databases Since the publication of the first edition of Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, new techniques for geographic data warehousing (GDW), spatial data mining, and geovisualization (GVis) have been developed. In addition, there has been a rise in the use of knowledge discovery techniques due to the increasing collection and storage of data on spatiotemporal processes and mobile objects. Incorporating these novel developments, this second edition reflects the current state of the art in the field. New to the Second Edition Updated material on geographic knowledge discovery (GKD), GDW research, map cubes, spatial dependency, spatial clustering methods, clustering techniques for trajectory data, the INGENS 2.0 software, and GVis techniques New chapter on data quality issues in GKD New chapter that presents a tree-based partition querying methodology for medoid computation in large spatial databases New chapter that discusses the use of geographically weighted regression as an exploratory technique New chapter that gives an integrated approach to multivariate analysis and geovisualization Five new chapters on knowledge discovery from spatiotemporal and mobile objects databases Geographic data mining and knowledge discovery is a promising young discipline with many challenging research problems. This book shows that this area represents an important direction in the development of a new generation of spatial analysis tools for data-rich environments. Exploring various problems and possible solutions, it will motivate researchers to develop new methods and applications in this emerging field.



Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery for Engineering Systems Health Management

Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery for Engineering Systems Health Management Author Ashok N. Srivastava
ISBN-10 9781439841792
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 502
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Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery for Engineering Systems Health Management presents state-of-the-art tools and techniques for automatically detecting, diagnosing, and predicting the effects of adverse events in an engineered system. With contributions from many top authorities on the subject, this volume is the first to bring together the two areas of machine learning and systems health management. Divided into three parts, the book explains how the fundamental algorithms and methods of both physics-based and data-driven approaches effectively address systems health management. The first part of the text describes data-driven methods for anomaly detection, diagnosis, and prognosis of massive data streams and associated performance metrics. It also illustrates the analysis of text reports using novel machine learning approaches that help detect and discriminate between failure modes. The second part focuses on physics-based methods for diagnostics and prognostics, exploring how these methods adapt to observed data. It covers physics-based, data-driven, and hybrid approaches to studying damage propagation and prognostics in composite materials and solid rocket motors. The third part discusses the use of machine learning and physics-based approaches in distributed data centers, aircraft engines, and embedded real-time software systems. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the field, this book shows how various machine learning and knowledge discovery techniques are used in the analysis of complex engineering systems. It emphasizes the importance of these techniques in managing the intricate interactions within and between the systems to maintain a high degree of reliability.