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Fundamentals of Shock Wave Propagation in Solids

Fundamentals of Shock Wave Propagation in Solids Author Lee Davison
ISBN-10 9783540745686
Release 2008-05-07
Pages 433
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My intent in writing this book is to present an introduction to the thermo- chanical theory required to conduct research and pursue applications of shock physics in solid materials. Emphasis is on the range of moderate compression that can be produced by high-velocity impact or detonation of chemical exp- sives and in which elastoplastic responses are observed and simple equations of state are applicable. In the interest of simplicity, the presentation is restricted to plane waves producing uniaxial deformation. Although applications often - volve complex multidimensional deformation fields it is necessary to begin with the simpler case. This is also the most important case because it is the usual setting of experimental research. The presentation is also restricted to theories of material response that are simple enough to permit illustrative problems to be solved with minimal recourse to numerical analysis. The discussions are set in the context of established continuum-mechanical principles. I have endeavored to define the quantities encountered with some care and to provide equations in several convenient forms and in a way that lends itself to easy reference. Thermodynamic analysis plays an important role in continuum mechanics, and I have included a presentation of aspects of this subject that are particularly relevant to shock physics. The notation adopted is that conventional in expositions of modern continuum mechanics, insofar as possible, and variables are explained as they are encountered. Those experienced in shock physics may find some of the notation unconventional.

Emerging Energetic Materials Synthesis Physicochemical and Detonation Properties

Emerging Energetic Materials  Synthesis  Physicochemical  and Detonation Properties Author Dabir S. Viswanath
ISBN-10 9789402412017
Release 2018-01-31
Pages 478
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This book summarizes science and technology of a new generation of high-energy andinsensitive explosives. The objective is to provide professionals with comprehensiveinformation on the synthesis and the physicochemical and detonation properties ofthe explosives. Potential technologies applicable for treatment of contaminated wastestreams from manufacturing facilities and environmental matrices are also be included.This book provides the reader an insight into the depth and breadth of theoreticaland empirical models and experimental techniques currently being developed in thefield of energetic materials. It presents the latest research by DoD engineers andscientists, and some of DoD’s academic and industrial researcher partners. The topicsexplored and the simulations developed or modified for the purposes of energetics mayfind application in other closely related fields, such as the pharmaceutical industry.One of the key features of the book is the treatment of wastewaters generated duringmanufacturing of these energetic materials.

Test Methods for Explosives

Test Methods for Explosives Author Muhamed Suceska
ISBN-10 9781461207979
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 225
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It seems that there is no book that treats the measurement of the physical pa rameters of explosives as its only subject, although limited information is avail able in a number of books. Therefore, I have tried to bridge this gap in the lit erature with this book. A large number of various physical parameters have to be determined ex perimentally in order to test or characterise an explosive. Various physical principles have been applied for such measurements. Accordingly, a large number of different experimental methods exist, as well as various testing appa ratuses and procedures. On the other hand, great progress has been made recently in the study of detonation phenomena. New measuring techniques can assess extremely short processes to below nanoseconds scale. They make it possible to determine im portant parameters in detonation physics. I have made a great attempt to cover the available literature data on the subject. Because it would be a highly demanding task to include in a single volume all the methods that are in use by various testing agencies, I have tried to give primarily the principles for determination of individual physical pa rameters of explosives by different measuring methods as well as data treatment procedures.

Shock Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter

Shock Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter Author Gennady I. Kanel
ISBN-10 9781475742824
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 322
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One of the main goals of investigations of shock-wave phenomena in condensed matter is to develop methods for predicting effects of explosions, high-velocity collisions, and other kinds of intense dynamic loading of materials and structures. Based on the results of international research conducted over the past 30 years, this book is addressed not only to experts in shock-wave physics, but also to interested representatives from adjacent fields of activity and to students who seek an introduction to the current issues.

Shock Wave Reflection Phenomena

Shock Wave Reflection Phenomena Author Gabi Ben-Dor
ISBN-10 9783540713821
Release 2007-08-28
Pages 342
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This book is a comprehensive state-of-the-knowledge summation of shock wave reflection phenomena from a phenomenological point of view. It includes a thorough introduction to oblique shock wave reflections, dealing with both regular and Mach types. It also covers in detail the corresponding two- and three-shock theories. The book moves on to describe reflection phenomena in a variety of flow types, as well as providing the resolution of the Neumann paradox.

Shock Wave Compression of Condensed Matter

Shock Wave Compression of Condensed Matter Author Jerry W Forbes
ISBN-10 9783642325359
Release 2013-02-01
Pages 374
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This book introduces the core concepts of the shock wave physics of condensed matter, taking a continuum mechanics approach to examine liquids and isotropic solids. The text primarily focuses on one-dimensional uniaxial compression in order to show the key features of condensed matter’s response to shock wave loading. The first four chapters are specifically designed to quickly familiarize physical scientists and engineers with how shock waves interact with other shock waves or material boundaries, as well as to allow readers to better understand shock wave literature, use basic data analysis techniques, and design simple 1-D shock wave experiments. This is achieved by first presenting the steady one-dimensional strain conservation laws using shock wave impedance matching, which insures conservation of mass, momentum and energy. Here, the initial emphasis is on the meaning of shock wave and mass velocities in a laboratory coordinate system. An overview of basic experimental techniques for measuring pressure, shock velocity, mass velocity, compression and internal energy of steady 1-D shock waves is then presented. In the second part of the book, more advanced topics are progressively introduced: thermodynamic surfaces are used to describe equilibrium flow behavior, first-order Maxwell solid models are used to describe time-dependent flow behavior, descriptions of detonation shock waves in ideal and non-ideal explosives are provided, and lastly, a select group of current issues in shock wave physics are discussed in the final chapter.

Blast Waves

Blast Waves Author Charles E. Needham
ISBN-10 3642052886
Release 2010-03-17
Pages 320
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As an editor of the international scienti?c journal Shock Waves, I was asked whether I might document some of my experience and knowledge in the ?eld of blast waves. I began an outline for a book on the basis of a short course that I had been teaching for several years. I added to the outline, ?lling in details and including recent devel- ments, especially in the subjects of height of burst curves and nonideal explosives. At a recent meeting of the International Symposium on the Interaction of Shock Waves, I was asked to write the book I had said I was working on. As a senior advisor to a group working on computational ?uid dynamics, I found that I was repeating many useful rules and conservation laws as new people came into the group. The transfer of knowledge was hit and miss as questions arose during the normal work day. Although I had developed a short course on blast waves, it was not practical to teach the full course every time a new member was added to the group. This was suf?cient incentive for me to undertake the writing of this book. I cut my work schedule to part time for two years while writing the book. This allowed me to remain heavily involved in ongoing and leading edge work in hydrodynamics while documenting this somewhat historical perspective on blast waves.

Physics of Shock Waves and High Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena

Physics of Shock Waves and High Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena Author I?A?kov Borisovich Zel?dovich
ISBN-10 9780486420028
Release 2002-03-15
Pages 916
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Physical, chemical processes in gases at high temperatures are focus of outstanding text by two distinguished physicists. Combines material from gas dynamics, shock-wave theory, thermodynamics and statistical physics, molecular physics, spectroscopy, radiation theory, other fields for comprehensive treatment. 284 black-and-white illustrations. 1966–1967 edition, originally published in two volumes.

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids III

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids III Author Lee W. Davison
ISBN-10 0387982922
Release 1998
Pages 341
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Developments in experimental methods are providing an increasingly detailed understanding of shock compression phenomena on the bulk, intermediate, and molecular scales. This third volume in a series of reviews of the curent state of knowledge covers several diverse areas. The first group of chapters addresses fundamental physical and chemical aspects of the response of condensed matter to shock comression: equations of state, molecular-dynamic analysis, deformation of materials, spectroscopic methods. Two further chapters focus on a particular group of materials: ceramics. Another chapter discusses shock-induced reaction of condensed-phase explosives. And a final pair of chapters considers shock phenomena at low stresses from the point of view of continuum mechanics.

Metallurgical and materials applications of shock wave and high strain rate phenomena

Metallurgical and materials applications of shock wave and high strain rate phenomena Author Lawrence Eugene Murr
ISBN-10 UOM:39015037695973
Release 1995-12-01
Pages 931
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Metallurgical and materials applications of shock wave and high strain rate phenomena has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Metallurgical and materials applications of shock wave and high strain rate phenomena also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Metallurgical and materials applications of shock wave and high strain rate phenomena book for free.

Explosion shock wave and hypervelocity phenomena in materials II

Explosion  shock wave and hypervelocity phenomena in materials II Author Sanae I Itoh
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822036077733
Release 2008-01
Pages 377
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Explosion shock wave and hypervelocity phenomena in materials II has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Explosion shock wave and hypervelocity phenomena in materials II also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Explosion shock wave and hypervelocity phenomena in materials II book for free.

Hydrodynamics of Explosion

Hydrodynamics of Explosion Author V. K. Kedrinskiĭ
ISBN-10 3540224815
Release 2005-07-22
Pages 362
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PRELIMINARY TEXT: The book includes results of experimental studies and mathematical models of wide class of nonstationary processes developing in liquid under pulse (explosive) loading. The author addresses engineers and scientists from scientific computation. Experimental results on structure and parameters of wave fields generated by explosions of cord and spiral charges, description of formation mechanisms of high speed cumulative flows at underwater explosions near free surface as well as studies on dynamics of spherical, cylindrical and ring cavities are presented. The features of shock wave transformation in bubbly liquids, their amplification as a result of collision and focusing, bubbly detonation wave formation in reactive bubbly liquids are in detail analyzed. The results of studies of real liquid microstructure as two-phase medium, bubbly cavitation development, rarefaction waves in real liquids, notion of their strength, relaxation of tensile stresses and process of liquid fructure under pulse (explosive) loading are discussed in detail.

Shock Waves

Shock Waves Author W. M. Isbell
ISBN-10 9781860944710
Release 2005
Pages 324
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This book presents, in a concise and comprehensive manner, the essential techniques by which shock wave physicists probe the boundaries of material response to impulsive loads. The author is a well-known figure in shock wave physics, having worked for over forty years with many of the outstanding researchers in the field.The book acquaints readers both with modern instrumentation techniques including interferometers such as the DISAR and the VISAR ? and with methods that have been established by previous generations of experimentalists ? including acoustic measurement techniques and low to moderate strain rate machines.Besides an exposition of the theoretical aspects of shock wave phenomena, it contains large amounts of data on equations of state, spallation thresholds, shock wave attenuation from very high pressures, and elastic constants. Much of this information has been previously unavailable in open publications.The text documents the transition from testing performed with explosives to the use of modern compressed gas guns, which permit much more detailed diagnostics and controlled conditions. In particular, the author pioneered the use of two-stage light gas guns which launch high-density plates against specimens located at the muzzle. The high launch velocity of these guns produced data that represents the highest pressures obtained in the free world at that time.

Static Compression of Energetic Materials

Static Compression of Energetic Materials Author Suhithi M. Peiris
ISBN-10 9783540681519
Release 2009-01-03
Pages 330
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Developing and testing novel energetic materials is an expanding branch of the materials sciences. Reaction, detonation or explosion of such materials invariably produce extremely high pressures and temperatures. To study the equations-of-state (EOS) of energetic materials in extreme regimes both shock and static high pressure studies are required. The present volume is an introduction and review of theoretical, experimental and numerical aspects of static compression of such materials. Chapter 1 introduces the basic experimental tool, the diamond anvil pressure cell and the observational techniques used with it such as optical microscopy, infrared spectrometry and x-ray diffraction. Chapter 2 outlines the principles of high-nitrogen energetic materials synthesis. Chapters 3 and 4, examine and compare various EOS formalisms and data fitting for crystalline and non-crystalline materials, respectively. Chapter 5 details the reaction kinetics of detonating energetic materials. Chapter 6 investigates the interplay between static and dynamic (shock) studies. Finally, Chapters 7 and 8 introduce numerical simulations: molecular dynamics of energetic materials under either hydrostatic or uni-axial stress and ab-inito treatments of defects in crystalline materials. This timely volume meets the growing demand for a state-of-the art introduction and review of the most relevant aspects of static compression of energetic materials and will be a valuable reference to researchers and scientists working in academic, industrial and governmental research laboratories.

Thermo Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion

Thermo Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion Author Boris E. Gelfand
ISBN-10 9783642253522
Release 2012-02-09
Pages 326
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The potential of hydrogen as an important future energy source has generated fresh interest in the study of hydrogenous gas mixtures. Indeed, both its high caloricity and reactivity are unique properties, the latter underscoring safety considerations when handling such mixtures. The present monograph is devoted to the various aspects of hydrogen combustion and explosion processes. In addition to theoretical and phenomenological considerations, this work also collates the results of many experiments from less well known sources. The text reviews the literature in this respect, thereby providing valuable information about the thermo-gas-dynamical parameters of combustion processes for selected experimental settings in a range of scientific and industrial applications.

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VIII

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VIII Author L.C. Chhabildas
ISBN-10 9783540271680
Release 2006-03-30
Pages 380
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Research in the field of shock physics and ballistic impact has always been intimately tied to progress in development of facilities for accelerating projectiles to high velocity and instrumentation for recording impact phenomena. The chapters of this book, written by leading US and European experts, cover a broad range of topics and address researchers concerned with questions of material behaviour under impulsive loading and the equations of state of matter, as well as the design of suitable instrumentation such as gas guns and high-speed diagnostics. Applications include high-speed impact dynamics, the inner composition of planets, syntheses of new materials and materials processing. Among the more technologically oriented applications treated is the testing of the flight characteristics of aeroballistic models and the assessment of impacts in the aerospace industry.

Shock Wave and High Strain Rate Phenomena in Materials

Shock Wave and High Strain Rate Phenomena in Materials Author Meyers
ISBN-10 0824785797
Release 1992-05-12
Pages 1184
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These proceedings of EXPLOMET 90, the International Conference on the Materials Effects of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, held August 1990, in La Jolla, California, represent a global and up-to-date appraisal of this field. Contributions (more than 100) deal with high-strain-rate deforma