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The Battery

The Battery Author Henry Schlesinger
ISBN-10 9780061985294
Release 2010-03-16
Pages 320
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“Henry Schlesinger is playful and intelligent and obscenely well read.” — Richard Zacks, author of The Pirate Hunter "Henry Schlesinger’s fascinating and superbly researched history of the battery is the story of civilization as we know it." — Michael Belfiore, author of The Department of Mad Scientists Henry Schlesinger’s The Battery is the first popular history of the technology that harnessed electricity and powered the greatest scientific and technological advances of our time. If you like Wired Magazine and popular science books, you'll love the "hidden history" of The Battery.



Bottled Lightning

Bottled Lightning Author Seth Fletcher
ISBN-10 1429922915
Release 2011-05-10
Pages 272
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The sleek electronic tools that have become so ubiquitous—laptops, iPods, eReaders, and smart phones—are all powered by lithium batteries. Chances are you've got some lithium on your person right now. But aside from powering a mobile twenty first-century lifestyle, the third element on the periodic table may also hold the key to an environmentally sustainable, oil-independent future. From electric cars to a "smart" power grid that can actually store electricity, letting us harness the powers of the sun and the wind and use them when we need them, lithium—a metal half as dense as water, created in the first minutes after the Big Bang and found primarily in some of the most uninhabitable places on earth—is the key to setting us on a path toward a low-carbon energy future. It's also shifting the geopolitical chessboard in profound ways. In Bottled Lightning, the science reporter Seth Fletcher takes us on a fascinating journey, from the salt flats of Bolivia to the labs of MIT and Stanford, from the turmoil at GM to cutting-edge lithium-ion battery start-ups, introducing us to the key players and ideas in an industry with the power to reshape the world. Lithium is the thread that ties together many key stories of our time: the environmental movement; the American auto industry, staking its revival on the electrification of cars and trucks; the struggle between first-world countries in need of natural resources and the impoverished countries where those resources are found; and the overwhelming popularity of the portable, Internet-connected gadgets that are changing the way we communicate. With nearly limitless possibilities, the promise of lithium offers new hope to a foundering American economy desperately searching for a green-tech boom to revive it.



The Powerhouse

The Powerhouse Author Steve Levine
ISBN-10 9780143128328
Release 2016-01-26
Pages 310
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The United States, China and virtually every other nation with an industrial base have concluded that powerful advanced batteries and the product that will chiefly use them - affordable, long-distance electric cars - will be the world's next great engine of economic growth. The Powerhouse tells the story of a group of U.S. scientists working towards this great technological breakthrough, following them over a two year period of emotional highs, setbacks and innovation. This is the story of cutting-edge science, and the people working towards a world-changing battery.



Discrete Subgroups of Lie Groups

Discrete Subgroups of Lie Groups Author Madabusi S. Raghunathan
ISBN-10 3642864287
Release 2012-11-09
Pages 230
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This book originated from a course of lectures given at Yale University during 1968-69 and a more elaborate one, the next year, at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Its aim is to present a detailed ac count of some of the recent work on the geometric aspects of the theory of discrete subgroups of Lie groups. Our interest, by and large, is in a special class of discrete subgroups of Lie groups, viz., lattices (by a lattice in a locally compact group G, we mean a discrete subgroup H such that the homogeneous space GJ H carries a finite G-invariant measure). It is assumed that the reader has considerable familiarity with Lie groups and algebraic groups. However most of the results used frequently in the book are summarised in "Preliminaries"; this chapter, it is hoped, will be useful as a reference. We now briefly outline the contents of the book. Chapter I deals with results of a general nature on lattices in locally compact groups. The second chapter is an account of the fairly complete study of lattices in nilpotent Lie groups carried out by Ma1cev. Chapters III and IV are devoted to lattices in solvable Lie groups; most of the theorems here are due to Mostow. In Chapter V we prove a density theorem due to Borel: this is the first important result on lattices in semisimple Lie groups.



The Elements of Power

The Elements of Power Author David S. Abraham
ISBN-10 9780300216714
Release 2015-10-28
Pages 336
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Our future hinges on a set of elements that few of us have even heard of. In this surprising and revealing book, David S. Abraham unveils what rare metals are and why our electronic gadgets, the most powerful armies, and indeed the fate of our planet depend on them. These metals have become the building blocks of modern society; their properties are now essential for nearly all our electronic, military, and “green” technologies. But their growing use is not without environmental, economic, and geopolitical consequences. Abraham traces these elements’ hidden paths from mines to our living rooms, from the remote hills of China to the frozen Gulf of Finland, providing vivid accounts of those who produce, trade, and rely on rare metals. He argues that these materials are increasingly playing a significant role in global affairs, conferring strength to countries and companies that can ensure sustainable supplies. Just as oil, iron, and bronze revolutionized previous eras, so too will these metals. The challenges this book reveals, and the plans it proposes, make it essential reading for our rare metal age.



Science Fair Season

Science Fair Season Author Judy Dutton
ISBN-10 9781401303754
Release 2011-04-19
Pages 288
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“Dutton goes behind the scenes with twelve extraordinary kids. We are talking fourteen-year-olds who build nuclear reactors in their basements and train cockroaches to sniff for drugs. Two-year-olds who ask Santa for an extension cord. Their stories converge at the biggest science competition in the world, a sort of American Idol for geeks like me. An inspiring tale, deftly told.” —Mary Roach, author of Stiff and Packing for Mars “A genuine delight! It’s exhilarating to see the spirit of history’s great scientists in these students. Judy Dutton’s tale is filled with drama and the adventure of scientific discovery. Glee with test tubes!” —Henry R. Schlesinger, author of The Battery: How Portable Power Sparked a Technological Revolution "Despite the attention placed on athletics, our future will not be made by the boys and girls who play on America's lavish playing fields. Instead, everything we cherish depends on the sturdy young people who compete in the dusty halls of our science fairs. Within the book’s pages are tales of true heroism, that of courageous students who are willing to struggle and persevere and finally succeed." —Homer Hickam, author of the #1 New York Times bestseller October Sky "I'm a big fan of international science fairs and have longed for a book that sings their praises. This book delivers in spades. These kids prove that the creativity and drive that make this country great are alive and well. If you're tired of hearing how American kids have fallen behind in terms of science education and otherwise, read this book for a renewed sense of hope." —Leon Lederman, Nobel Laureate and author of The God Particle: If the Universe is the Answer, What Is the Question? "We must teach our kids that it's not just the winner of the Superbowl that needs to be celebrated but the winner of the science fair."—President Obama, State of the Union Address This is the engaging true story of kids competing in the high-stakes, high-drama world of international science fairs. Every year the Intel International Science & Engineering Fair brings together 1,500 high schoolers from more than 50 countries to compete for over $4 million dollars in prizes and scholarships. These amazing kids are doing everything from creating bionic prosthetics to conducting groundbreaking stem cell research, from training drug-sniffing cockroaches to building a nuclear reactor. In Science Fair Season, Judy Dutton follows twelve teens looking for science fair greatness and tells the gripping stories of their road to the big competition. Some will win, some will lose, but all of their lives are changed forever. The Intel International Science & Engineering Fair is the most prominent science fair in the country, and it takes a special blend of drive, heart, and smarts to win there. Dutton goes inside the inner sanctum of science fair competitions and reveals the awe-inspiring projects and the competitors there. Each of the kids—ranging from a young Erin Brokovich who made the FBI watch list for taking on a big corporation, to a quietly driven boy who lives in a run-down trailer on a Navajo reservation, to a wealthy Connecticut girl who dreams of being an actress and finds her calling studying bees, to a troubled teenager in a juvenile detention facility, to the next Bill Gates—take readers on an unforgettable journey. Along the way, Science Fair Season gives readers a glimpse of America’s brightest young minds and shows how our country is still a place for inventors and dreamers—the “geeks” our future depends upon.



Innovators in Battery Technology

Innovators in Battery Technology Author Kevin Desmond
ISBN-10 9780786499335
Release 2016-05-20
Pages 280
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As the world's demand for electrical energy increases, it will be the ingenuity and skill of brilliant electrochemists that enable us to utilize the planet's mineral reserves responsibly. This biographical dictionary profiles 95 electrochemists from 19 nations who during the past 270 years have researched and developed ever more efficient batteries and energy cells. Each entry traces the subject's origin, education, discoveries and patents, as well as hobbies and family life. The breakthroughs of early innovators are cataloged and the work of living scientists and technicians is brought up to date. An appendix provides a cross-referenced timeline of innovation.



The Amazing Story of Quantum Mechanics

The Amazing Story of Quantum Mechanics Author James Kakalios
ISBN-10 9781101565513
Release 2011-11-01
Pages 336
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Most of us are unaware of how much we depend on quantum mechanics on a day-to-day basis. Using illustrations and examples from science fiction pulp magazines and comic books, The Amazing Story of Quantum Mechanics explains the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics that underlie the world we live in. Watch a Video



Power Hungry

Power Hungry Author Robert Bryce
ISBN-10 1610390431
Release 2011-04-26
Pages 448
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The promise of "green jobs" and a "clean energy future" has roused the masses. But as Robert Bryce makes clear in this provocative book, that vision needs a major re-vision. We cannot--and will not--quit using carbon-based fuels at any time in the near future for a simple reason: they provide the horsepower that we crave. The hard reality is that oil, coal, and natural gas are here to stay. Fueling our society requires that we make good decisions and smart investments based on facts. In Power Hungry, Bryce crushes a phalanx of energy myths, showing why renewables are not green, carbon capture and sequestration won't work, and even--surprise!--that the U.S. is leading the world in energy efficiency. Power Hungry delivers a clear-eyed view of what's needed to transform the gargantuan global energy sector.



Car Wars

Car Wars Author John J. Fialka
ISBN-10 9781250048707
Release 2015-09-22
Pages 288
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Starting with the early days of the electric car, Fialka documents the MIT/Caltech race between prototypes in the summer of 1968 and takes readers up to visionaries like Elon Musk and the upstart young Tesla Motors. Today, the electric has captured the imagination and pocketbooks of American consumers. Organisations like the US Department of Energy and the state of California, along with companies from the old-guard of General Motors and Toyota have embraced the once-extinct technology. The electric car has steadily gained traction in the US and around the world. We are watching the start of a trillion dollar, worldwide race to see who will dominate one of the biggest commercial upheavals of the 21st century.



Beyond Engineering

Beyond Engineering Author Robert Pool
ISBN-10 9780190283070
Release 1997-07-17
Pages 368
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We have long recognized technology as a driving force behind much historical and cultural change. The invention of the printing press initiated the Reformation. The development of the compass ushered in the Age of Exploration and the discovery of the New World. The cotton gin created the conditions that led to the Civil War. Now, in Beyond Engineering, science writer Robert Pool turns the question around to examine how society shapes technology. Drawing on such disparate fields as history, economics, risk analysis, management science, sociology, and psychology, Pool illuminates the complex, often fascinating interplay between machines and society, in a book that will revolutionize how we think about technology. We tend to think that reason guides technological development, that engineering expertise alone determines the final form an invention takes. But if you look closely enough at the history of any invention, says Pool, you will find that factors unrelated to engineering seem to have an almost equal impact. In his wide-ranging volume, he traces developments in nuclear energy, automobiles, light bulbs, commercial electricity, and personal computers, to reveal that the ultimate shape of a technology often has as much to do with outside and unforeseen forces. For instance, Pool explores the reasons why steam-powered cars lost out to internal combustion engines. He shows that the Stanley Steamer was in many ways superior to the Model T--it set a land speed record in 1906 of more than 127 miles per hour, it had no transmission (and no transmission headaches), and it was simpler (one Stanley engine had only twenty-two moving parts) and quieter than a gas engine--but the steamers were killed off by factors that had little or nothing to do with their engineering merits, including the Stanley twins' lack of business acumen and an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease. Pool illuminates other aspects of technology as well. He traces how seemingly minor decisions made early along the path of development can have profound consequences further down the road, and perhaps most important, he argues that with the increasing complexity of our technological advances--from nuclear reactors to genetic engineering--the number of things that can go wrong multiplies, making it increasingly difficult to engineer risk out of the equation. Citing such catastrophes as Bhopal, Three Mile Island, the Exxon Valdez, the Challenger, and Chernobyl, he argues that is it time to rethink our approach to technology. The days are gone when machines were solely a product of larger-than-life inventors and hard-working engineers. Increasingly, technology will be a joint effort, with its design shaped not only by engineers and executives but also psychologists, political scientists, management theorists, risk specialists, regulators and courts, and the general public. Whether discussing bovine growth hormone, molten-salt reactors, or baboon-to-human transplants, Beyond Engineering is an engaging look at modern technology and an illuminating account of how technology and the modern world shape each other.



The Basics of Electric Charges

The Basics of Electric Charges Author John O. E. Clark
ISBN-10 9781477777695
Release 2014-07-15
Pages 96
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Electricity might seem like a modern convenience that provides us with light, heat, communications, and power, but readers will learn about the history of electricity, from its ancient discovery to the present. The text includes a full chapter extolling the important contributions by the one and only Benjamin Franklin and a handy timeline for visual reinforcement. In this instructive volume, readers learn how electricity is produced, whether it’s simple static electricity, bolts of lightning, or the movement of ions. Step-by-step projects give readers the chance to see new concepts in action.



Mad Like Tesla

Mad Like Tesla Author Tyler Hamilton
ISBN-10 9781770900738
Release 2011-09-01
Pages 252
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A search for the contemporary Nikola Tesla--considered a mad scientist by his society for predicting global warming more than 100 years ago--fuels this analysis of climate issues, which introduces thinkers and inventors who are working to find possible ways out of the energy crisis. From Louis Michaud, a retired refinery engineer who claims we can harness the energy of man-made tornadoes, to a professor and a businessman who are running a company that genetically modifies algae so it can secrete ethanol naturally, these individuals and their unorthodox methods are profiled through first-person interviews, exposing the social, economic, financial, and personal barriers that prevent them from making an impact with their ideas. The existing state of green energy technologies, such as solar, wind, biofuels, smart grid, and energy storage, is also explored, creating a sense of hope against a backdrop of climate dread.



Empires of Light

Empires of Light Author Jill Jonnes
ISBN-10 1588360008
Release 2003-08-19
Pages 432
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In the final decades of the nineteenth century, three brilliant and visionary titans of America’s Gilded Age—Thomas Edison, Nikola Tesla, and George Westinghouse—battled bitterly as each vied to create a vast and powerful electrical empire. In Empires of Light, historian Jill Jonnes portrays this extraordinary trio and their riveting and ruthless world of cutting-edge science, invention, intrigue, money, death, and hard-eyed Wall Street millionaires. At the heart of the story are Thomas Alva Edison, the nation’s most famous and folksy inventor, creator of the incandescent light bulb and mastermind of the world’s first direct current electrical light networks; the Serbian wizard of invention Nikola Tesla, elegant, highly eccentric, a dreamer who revolutionized the generation and delivery of electricity; and the charismatic George Westinghouse, Pittsburgh inventor and tough corporate entrepreneur, an industrial idealist who in the era of gaslight imagined a world powered by cheap and plentiful electricity and worked heart and soul to create it. Edison struggled to introduce his radical new direct current (DC) technology into the hurly-burly of New York City as Tesla and Westinghouse challenged his dominance with their alternating current (AC), thus setting the stage for one of the eeriest feuds in American corporate history, the War of the Electric Currents. The battlegrounds: Wall Street, the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair, Niagara Falls, and, finally, the death chamber—Jonnes takes us on the tense walk down a prison hallway and into the sunlit room where William Kemmler, convicted ax murderer, became the first man to die in the electric chair. Empires of Light is the gripping history of electricity, the “mysterious fluid,” and how the fateful collision of Edison, Tesla, and Westinghouse left the world utterly transformed. From the Hardcover edition.



Electromagnetics Explained

Electromagnetics Explained Author Ron Schmitt
ISBN-10 0080505236
Release 2002-06-12
Pages 410
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Based on familiar circuit theory and basic physics, this book serves as an invaluable reference for both analog and digital engineers alike. For those who work with analog RF, this book is a must-have resource. With computers and networking equipment of the 21st century running at such high frequencies, it is now crucial for digital designers to understand electromagnetic fields, radiation and transmission lines. This knowledge is necessary for maintaining signal integrity and achieving EMC compliance. Since many digital designers are lacking in analog design skills, let alone electromagnetics, an easy-to-read but informative book on electromagnetic topics should be considered a welcome addition to their professional libraries. Covers topics using conceptual explanations and over 150 lucid figures, in place of complex mathematics Demystifies antennas, waveguides, and transmission line phenomena Provides the foundation necessary to thoroughly understand signal integrity issues associated with high-speed digital design



Dolphin Confidential

Dolphin Confidential Author Maddalena Bearzi
ISBN-10 9780226040189
Release 2012-03-05
Pages 216
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Who hasn’t fantasized about the unique thrill of working among charismatic and clever dolphins in the wild? Now we no longer have to rely solely on our imaginations . With Dolphin Confidential, Maddalena Bearzi invites all of us shore-bound dreamers to join her and travel alongside the dolphins. In this fascinating account, she takes us inside the world of a marine scientist and offers a firsthand understanding of marine mammal behavior, as well as the frustrations, delights, and creativity that make up dolphin research. In this intimate narrative, Bearzi recounts her experiences at sea, tracing her own evolution as a woman and a scientist from her earliest travails to her transformation into an advocate for conservation and dolphin protection. These compelling, in-depth descriptions of her fieldwork also present a captivating look into dolphin social behavior and intelligence. The central part of the book is devoted to the metropolitan bottlenose dolphins of California, as Bearzi draws on her extensive experience to offer insights into the daily lives of these creatures—as well as the difficulties involved in collecting the data that transforms hunches into hypotheses and eventually scientific facts. The book closes by addressing the critical environmental and conservation problems facing these magnificent, socially complex, highly intelligent, and emotional beings. An honest, down-to-earth analysis of what it means to be a marine biologist in the field today, Dolphin Confidential offers an entertaining, refreshingly candid, and always informative description of life among the dolphins.



Thomas Paine and the Literature of Revolution

Thomas Paine and the Literature of Revolution Author Edward Larkin
ISBN-10 1139445987
Release 2005-06-27
Pages
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Although the impact of works such as Common Sense and The Rights of Man has led historians to study Thomas Paine's role in the American Revolution and political scientists to evaluate his contributions to political theory, scholars have tacitly agreed not to treat him as a literary figure. This book not only redresses this omission, but also demonstrates that Paine's literary sensibility is particularly evident in the very texts that confirmed his importance as a theorist. And yet, because of this association with the 'masses', Paine is often dismissed as a mere propagandist. Thomas Paine and the Literature of Revolution recovers Paine as a transatlantic popular intellectual who would translate the major political theories of the eighteenth century into a language that was accessible and appealing to ordinary citizens on both sides of the Atlantic.