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The Brazilian Economy

The Brazilian Economy Author Werner Baer
ISBN-10 027596678X
Release 2001
Pages 498
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Bringing the analysis of Brazil's economic performance up to date, Baer's classic text remains the only book in English to provide a thorough historical, statistical, and institutional description of the Brazilian economy. After touching on such issues as Brazil's early exporting economy, the impact of the industrialization process, and the historical struggle to bring inflation under control, the book turns to contemporary issues, the changing nature of Brazil's international trading and investment links, the process of privatization, environmental issues, and the economics of the health delivery system. Scholars, students, international institutions dealing with development, and corporate officers dealing with Latin America will welcome this up-to-date, definitive book on one of the world's largest economies.



The Brazilian Economy

The Brazilian Economy Author Werner Baer
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822034245266
Release 2008
Pages 443
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?Baer?s book has become the standard, authoritative reference for those who need to understand the current workings, as well as the historical evolution, of the Brazilian economy. This timely and welcome new edition sheds important light on the policy challenges facing Brazil in the 21st century.??Riordan Roett, Johns Hopkins UniversityIn this thorough description and analysis of Latin America?s largest economy, Werner Baer traces the trajectory of Brazil?s economic development from the colonial period through the current Lula administration.The sixth edition includes vast amounts of new statistical and institutional information, as well as a detailed assessment of the country?s economic performance over the last decade. Current, and often contentious, issues such as privatization, income and regional inequalities, and the environmental impact of development are also extensively explored.Designed to be broadly accessible, this new edition will be valuable in a wide range of venues, from universities to the corporate world to the libraries of development organizations. Werner Baer is Jorge Lemann Professor of Economics at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. Among his most recent publications are Liberalization and its Consequences and Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America: Its Changing Nature at the Turn of the Century.Contents: Introduction. The Historical Trajectory. The Colonial Period and the Nineteenth Century. Early Industrial Growth. Post?World War II Industrialization: 1946?1961. From Stagnation and Boom to the Debt Crisis: 1961?1985. Inflation and Economic Drift: 1985?1994. The Real Plan and the End of Inflation: 1994?2002. Economic Orthodoxy vs. Social Development: 2002?2007. Exploring Central Issues. The External Sector: Trade and Foreign Investments. The Changing Public Sector and the Impact of Privatization. Regional Inequalities. The Agricultural Sector. The Environmental Impact of Development. Healthcare. Neoliberalism and Market Concentration: The Emergence of a Contradiction? Conclusion. Structural Changes in Brazil?s Economy: 1960?2006.



The Brazilian Economy

The Brazilian Economy Author Werner Baer
ISBN-10 0275925056
Release 1989
Pages 400
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Baer's text on the Brazilian economy has been revised and expanded to incorporate new scholarship and events that have occurred since the publication of the previous edition. In addition to updating the historical chapters based on information gleaned from current research, Baer has added new discussions on the growth of the Brazilian debt crisis, the resurgence of inflation in the 1980s, the ill-fated Cruzado Plan, and changes in the industrial structure of the country.



Inequality Democracy and Growth in Brazil

Inequality  Democracy  and Growth in Brazil Author Marcos Mendes
ISBN-10 9780128019658
Release 2014-11-20
Pages 280
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In terms accessible to non-economists, Marcos José Mendes describes the ways democracy and inequality produce low growth in the short and medium terms. In the longer term, he argues that Brazil has two paths in front of it. One is to create the conditions necessary to boost economic performance and drive the country toward a high level of development. The other is to fail in untying the political knot that blocks growth, leaving it a middle-income country. The source of his contrasting futures for Brazil is inequality, which he demonstrates is a relevant variable in any discussion of economic growth. Inequality illuminates causes of seemingly-unconnected problems. This book, which includes freely-accessible documents and datasets, is the first in-depth analysis of an issue that promises to become increasingly prominent. Contrasting visions of Brazil’s future described in economic terms Easy-to-understand graphs and tables illustrate analytical arguments All Excel-based data available on a freely-accessible website



The New Brazilian Economy

The New Brazilian Economy Author Elias C. Grivoyannis
ISBN-10 9781137462978
Release 2016-12-12
Pages 331
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This edited collection provides a thorough historical, statistical, and institutional description of the current Brazilian economy and the previous economic structure from which it is emerging. The contributions explore the institutional economic and cultural forces shaping the current development of the Brazilian economy and discuss how they will influence future progress. Together, the chapters form a picture of the international implications of Brazil’s emergence as a major world economic power. Topics covered include the growth and shrinkage of industry, the consumption boom and the financial crisis, sustainable financial growth and public debt management, the evolution of antitrust policy and the privatization of state-owned firms, and more. Academics and researchers of BRICS countries and Latin American and Caribbean studies will find these contributions a valuable addition to their research.



Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness

Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness Author Alexandre Rands Barros
ISBN-10 9780128097571
Release 2016-07-19
Pages 292
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Roots of Brazil’s Relative Economic Backwardness explains Brazil’s development level in light of modern theories regarding economic growth and international economics. It focuses on both the proximate and fundamental causes of Brazil’s slow development, turning currently dominant hypotheses upside down. To support its arguments, the book presents extensive statistical analysis of Brazilian long-term development, with some new series on per capita GDP, population ethnical composition, and human capital stock, among others. It is an important resource in the ongoing debate on the causes of Latin American underdeveloped economies. Argues that low human capital accumulation is the major source of Brazilian relative underdevelopment Considers class conflict as the major determinant of Brazil’s historically low human capital accumulation and underdevelopment Presents new statistical information about Brazilian early development



Foreign Direct Investment in Brazil

Foreign Direct Investment in Brazil Author Mohamed Amal
ISBN-10 9780128020968
Release 2016-06-02
Pages 230
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Foreign Direct Investment in Brazil: Post-Crisis Economic Development in Emerging Markets explores both the inward and outward ways foreign direct investment (FDI) can help Brazil sustain economic growth and development in the sometimes hostile post-global crisis era. Inward and outward FDI have major roles to play in reviving Brazil’s growth momentum and the country’s transition to a new growth paradigm less dependent on commodity exports. The book provides a comprehensive discussion on the analytical framework of FDI and the policy environment influencing the patterns and development of FDI in Brazil. It compares Brazil to other developing countries, but its focus rests on how, and to what extent, the global crisis is shaping the Brazilian institutional environment and its implications for FDI. Covers an important contemporary development issue focusing on the experience of one of the fastest growing and largest emerging economies in the world Presents econometric findings using data at different levels of aggregation Provides an in-depth study on the determinants of FDI and their relations to institutions Explores both the inward and outward ways foreign direct investment (FDI) can help Brazil sustain economic growth and development in the sometimes hostile post-global crisis era



New Order and Progress

New Order and Progress Author Ben Ross Schneider
ISBN-10 9780190462888
Release 2016-03-11
Pages 328
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Ben Ross Schneider's volume, New Order and Progress takes a thorough look at the political economy of Brazil. The distinctive perspective of the 11 chapters is historical, comparative, and theoretical. Collectively, the chapters offer sobering insight into why Brazil has not been the rising economic star of the BRIC that many predicted it would be, but also documents the gains that Brazil has made toward greater equality and stability. The book is grouped into four parts covering Brazil's development strategy, governance, social change, and political representation. The authors -18 leading experts from Brazil and the United States - analyze core issues in Brazil's evolving political economy, including falling inequality, the new middle class, equalizing federalism, the politicization of the federal bureaucracy, resurgent state capitalism, labor market discrimination, survival of political dynasties, the expansion of suffrage, oil and the resource curse, exchange rates and capital controls, protest movements, and the frayed social contract.



The Dynamics of Deforestation and Economic Growth in the Brazilian Amazon

The Dynamics of Deforestation and Economic Growth in the Brazilian Amazon Author Lykke E. Andersen
ISBN-10 052181197X
Release 2002-12-12
Pages 259
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An economic analysis of the costs and benefits of deforestation in the Amazon.



Brazil in Transition

Brazil in Transition Author Lee J. Alston
ISBN-10 9781400880942
Release 2016-05-24
Pages 280
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Brazil is the world's sixth-largest economy, and for the first three-quarters of the twentieth century was one of the fastest-growing countries in the world. While the country underwent two decades of unrelenting decline from 1975 to 1994, the economy has rebounded dramatically. How did this nation become an emerging power? Brazil in Transition looks at the factors behind why this particular country has successfully progressed up the economic development ladder. The authors examine the roles of beliefs, leadership, and institutions in the elusive, critical transition to sustainable development. Analyzing the last fifty years of Brazil's history, the authors explain how the nation's beliefs, centered on social inclusion yet bound by orthodox economic policies, led to institutions that altered economic, political, and social outcomes. Brazil's growth and inflation became less variable, the rule of law strengthened, politics became more open and competitive, and poverty and inequality declined. While these changes have led to a remarkable economic transformation, there have also been economic distortions and inefficiencies that the authors argue are part of the development process. Brazil in Transition demonstrates how a dynamic nation seized windows of opportunity to become a more equal, prosperous, and rules-based society.



The Economies of Argentina and Brazil

The Economies of Argentina and Brazil Author Werner Baer
ISBN-10 9781849809979
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 512
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This book compares the successes and failures of the development and growth processes of Argentina and Brazil. It provides important insights into the different performances of these economies through a series of comparative essays written by Argentinian and Brazilian economists. In the last 60 years Argentina and Brazil have both undergone a dramatic process of urbanization and industrialization. While there are similarities between the two, each country has dealt with the side effects in a different manner. In this insightful book, Argentinean and Brazilian economists expertly analyze their country's experiences with processes of industrialization, the performance of the agricultural and service sectors, the impact of foreign investments, the distribution of income, the roles of the state and the privatization experience, and inflationary and stabilization experiences. The contrast of the two emerging countries addressing these challenges will offer students, economists and other social scientists significant new insights into the economic development process. Many of the articles will also appeal to individuals in multinational corporations and banks that have to deal with emerging market economies.



The Brazilian Economy

The Brazilian Economy Author Maria Jose Fernandes Willumsen
ISBN-10 0935501983
Release 1997
Pages 288
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The emphasis of this book is on the structural aspects of the Brazilian economy, although analyses of economic performance are also covered. A central theme is that growth with social development requires structural reforms, such as the reorganisation of public finances and other matters.



Brazil s Economy

Brazil   s Economy Author Werner Baer
ISBN-10 9781351705875
Release 2017-08-09
Pages 180
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The past century has witnessed profound transitions in Brazil’s economy: from a surge of industrialization connected to export economy, to state projects of importsubstitution industrialization, followed by a process of neoliberal global market integration. How have Brazilian entrepreneurs and businesses navigated these contexts? This comprehensive text explores the institutional and sectoral structure of the Brazilian economy through a collection of new case studies, examining how key institutions work within Brazil’s specific economic, political and cultural context. Offering a long-term evolutionary perspective, the book explores Brazil’s economic past in order to offer insights on its present and future trajectory. The contributions gathered here offer fresh insights into representative sectors of Brazil’s economy, from aerospace to software, television, music and banking, paying particular attention to sectors that are likely to drive future growth. Chapters include questions about the roles of foreign and state capital, changes in market regulation, the emergence of new technologies, the opening of markets, institutional and organizational frameworks, and changing management paradigms. When examined together, the contributions shed light not only on Brazilian business history, but also on the country as a whole. Brazil’s Economy: An Institutional and Sectoral Approach offers fascinating reading for anyone with an interest in: Latin American Economics; the business history of the region; and in doing business in present-day Latin America.



Liberalization and Its Consequences

Liberalization and Its Consequences Author Werner Baer
ISBN-10 9781781952832
Release 2000-11-27
Pages 323
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The essays in this volume describe, analyse and compare the achievements and the failures of societies that adopted market-based economies within a democratic polity after a long period of communist rule (Russia and Eastern Europe) or military authoritarianism (Latin America). Together, they also trace the rocky course of liberal economic policies over the whole twentieth century.



Employment and Development under Globalization

Employment and Development under Globalization Author S. Cohn
ISBN-10 9781137001412
Release 2012-07-24
Pages 236
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Cohn lays out a new strategy of how states can produce economic development in poor nations – by considering barber shops, beauty parlours, hotels and restaurants in Brazil. Cohn considers the case of nations with budgetary limits that cannot afford to follow the East Asian model, and finds alternative policies that create jobs and reduce poverty.



Transforming Brazil

Transforming Brazil Author Rafael R. Ioris
ISBN-10 9781317680031
Release 2014-05-09
Pages 270
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In this book, Rafael R. Ioris critically revisits the postwar context in Brazil to reexamine traditional questions and notions pertaining to the nature of Latin America’s political culture and institutions. It was in this period that the region lived some of its most intense and successful experiences of fast economic growth, which was paradoxically marred by heightened ideological divisions, political disruptions, and the emergence of widespread authoritarian rule. Combining original sources of political, diplomatic, intellectual, cultural, and labor histories, Ioris provides a comprehensive history of the fruitful debates concerning national development in postwar Brazil, a time when the so-called country of the future faced one of its best moments for consolidating political democracy and economic prosperity. He argues that traditional views on political instability have been excessively grounded on an institutional focus, which should be replaced by in-depth analysis of events on the ground. In so doing, he reveals that as national development meant very different things to multiple different social segments of the Brazilian society, no unified support could have been provided to the democratically elected political regime when things rapidly became socially and politically divisive early in the 1960s. Innovating in its multidimensional analytical scope and interdisciplinary focus, Transforming Brazil provides a rich political, cultural, and intellectual examination of a historical period characterized by rapid socio-economic changes amidst significant political instability and the heightened ideological polarization shaping the political scenario of Brazil and much of Latin America in the Cold War era.



The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture

The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture Author Fabio Chaddad
ISBN-10 9780128018071
Release 2015-09-11
Pages 178
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The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture: Recent Evolution and Productivity Gains presents insights on Brazilian agriculture and its impressive gains in productivity and international competitiveness, also providing insightful examples for global policymakers. In Brazil, as in many countries, many economists and policymakers believe that agriculture is a traditional, low-tech sector that crowds out the development of other economic sectors and the country. This book shows that this anti-agriculture bias is ill-informed, and with population growth, rising incomes, urbanization and diet changes – especially in developing countries like China and India – on the rise, the demand for food is expected to double in the next 40 years. Brazil has the natural resources, technology and management systems in place to benefit from this expected growth in food consumption and trade. Through real-world examples, the book shows how other low-latitude countries with tropical climate and soils like Brazil – especially in sub-Saharan Africa – can benefit from the agricultural technology, production, and management systems developed in Brazil. Case studies in each of three key categories, including technology, resource management, and effective government programs provide valuable insights into effective decision-making to maximize the effect of each. Provides important and practical insights into achievable agricultural options via case studies Addresses the use of natural resources, technological advances, and management systems to create viable, adaptive economic growth Applies lessons learned in Brazil to improving both economic and ecological resource-sustainable agriculture for other regions and countries