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The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence Author Robert J. Sternberg
ISBN-10 9781139498388
Release 2011-05-30
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This volume provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date compendium of theory and research in the field of human intelligence. Each of the 42 chapters is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields, and collectively, they cover the full range of topics of contemporary interest in the study of intelligence. The handbook is divided into nine parts: Part I covers intelligence and its measurement; Part II deals with the development of intelligence; Part III discusses intelligence and group differences; Part IV concerns the biology of intelligence; Part V is about intelligence and information processing; Part VI discusses different kinds of intelligence; Part VII covers intelligence and society; Part VIII concerns intelligence in relation to allied constructs; and Part IX is the concluding chapter, which reflects on where the field is currently and where it still needs to go.

The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity

The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity Author James C. Kaufman
ISBN-10 9781139490610
Release 2010-08-23
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The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity is a comprehensive scholarly handbook on creativity from the most respected psychologists, researchers and educators. This handbook serves both as a thorough introduction to the field of creativity and as an invaluable reference and current source of important information. It covers such diverse topics as the brain, education, business, and world cultures. The first section, 'Basic Concepts', is designed to introduce readers to both the history of and key concepts in the field of creativity. The next section, 'Diverse Perspectives of Creativity', contains chapters on the many ways of approaching creativity. Several of these approaches, such as the functional, evolutionary, and neuroscientific approaches, have been invented or greatly reconceptualized in the last decade. The third section, 'Contemporary Debates', highlights ongoing topics that still inspire discussion. Finally, the editors summarize and discuss important concepts from the book and look to what lies ahead.

The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance Author K. Anders Ericsson
ISBN-10 9781108625708
Release 2018-05-17
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In this updated and expanded edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance, some of the world's foremost experts on expertise share their scientific knowledge of expertise and expert performance and show how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of development, training, reasoning, knowledge, and social support. The book reviews innovative methods for measuring experts' knowledge and performance in relevant tasks. Sixteen major domains of expertise are covered, including sports, music, medicine, business, writing, and drawing, with leading researchers summarizing their knowledge about the structure and acquisition of expert skills and knowledge, and discussing future prospects. General issues that cut across most domains are reviewed in chapters on various aspects of expertise, such as general and practical intelligence, differences in brain activity, self-regulated learning, deliberate practice, aging, knowledge management, and creativity.

The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning Author Keith J. Holyoak
ISBN-10 0521824176
Release 2005-04-18
Pages 858
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The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning is a comprehensive and authoritative 2005 handbook covering all the core topics of the field of thinking and reasoning. Written by the foremost experts from cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and cognitive neuroscience, individual chapters summarize basic concepts and findings for a major topic, sketch its history, and give a sense of the directions in which research is currently heading. The volume also includes work related to developmental, social and clinical psychology, philosophy, economics, artificial intelligence, linguistics, education, law, and medicine. Scholars and students in all these fields and others will find this to be a valuable collection.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Neuroscience of Creativity

The Cambridge Handbook of the Neuroscience of Creativity Author Rex E. Jung
ISBN-10 9781108340458
Release 2018-01-25
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Historically, the brain bases of creativity have been of great interest to scholars and the public alike. However, recent technological innovations in the neurosciences, coupled with theoretical and methodological advances in creativity assessment, have enabled humans to gain unprecedented insights into the contributions of the brain to creative thought. This unique volume brings together contributions by the very best scholars to offer a comprehensive overview of cutting edge research on this important and fascinating topic. The chapters discuss creativity's relationship with intelligence, motivation, psychopathology and pharmacology, as well as the contributions of general psychological processes to creativity, such as attention, memory, imagination, and language. This book also includes specific and novel approaches to understanding creativity involving musicians, polymaths, animal models, and psychedelic experiences. The chapters are meant to give the reader a solid grasp of the diversity of approaches currently at play in this active and rapidly growing field of inquiry.

The Cambridge Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking

The Cambridge Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking Author Priti Shah
ISBN-10 9781316450499
Release 2005-07-18
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The ability to navigate across town, comprehend an animated display of the functioning of the human heart, view complex multivariate data on a company's website, or to read an architectural blueprint and form a three-dimensional mental picture of a house are all tasks involving visuospatial thinking. The field of visuospatial thinking is a relatively diverse interdisciplinary research enterprise. An understanding of visuospatial thinking, and in particular, how people represent and process visual and spatial information, is relevant not only to cognitive psychology but also education, geography, architecture, medicine, design computer science/artificial intelligence, semiotics and animal cognition. The goal of this book, first published in 2005, is to present a broad overview of research on visuospatial thinking that can be used by researchers as well as students interested in this topic in both basic research and applied/naturalistic contexts.

Handbook of Intelligence

Handbook of Intelligence Author Robert J. Sternberg
ISBN-10 0521596483
Release 2000-03-13
Pages 677
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This volume provides complete, up-to-date, authoritative, accessible information regarding all aspects of theory, research, and measurement in the field of intelligence.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice

The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice Author Chris G. Sibley
ISBN-10 9781316889336
Release 2016-10-31
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The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice aims to answer the questions: why is prejudice so persistent? How does it affect people exposed to it? And what can we do about it? Providing a comprehensive examination of prejudice from its evolutionary beginnings and environmental influences through to its manifestations and consequences, this handbook is an essential resource for scholars and students who are passionate about understanding prejudice, social change, collective action, and prejudice reduction. Featuring cutting-edge research from top scholars in the field, the chapters provide an overview of psychological models of prejudice; investigate prejudice in specific domains such as race, religion, gender, and appearance; and develop explicit, evidence-based strategies for disrupting the processes that produce and maintain prejudice. This handbook challenges researchers and readers to move beyond their comfort zone, and sets the agenda for future avenues of research, policy, and intervention.

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology Author Ron Sun
ISBN-10 9780521674102
Release 2008-04-28
Pages 753
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This book is a definitive reference source for the growing, increasingly more important, and interdisciplinary field of computational cognitive modeling, that is, computational psychology. It combines breadth of coverage with definitive statements by leading scientists in this field. Research in computational cognitive modeling explores the essence of cognition and various cognitive functionalities through developing detailed, process-based understanding by specifying computational mechanisms, structures, and processes. Given the complexity of the human mind and its manifestation in behavioral flexibility, process-based computational models may be necessary to explicate and elucidate the intricate details of the mind. The key to understanding cognitive processes is often in fine details. Computational models provide algorithmic specificity: detailed, exactly specified, and carefully thought-out steps, arranged in precise yet flexible sequences. These models provide both conceptual clarity and precision at the same time. This book substantiates this approach through overviews and many examples.

The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing

The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing Author Malcolm L. Johnson
ISBN-10 9781139447492
Release 2005-12-01
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The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing, first published in 2005, is a guide to the body of knowledge, theory, policy and practice relevant to age researchers and gerontologists around the world. It contains almost 80 original chapters, commissioned and written by the world's leading gerontologists from 16 countries and 5 continents. The broad focus of the book is on the behavioural and social sciences but it also includes important contributions from the biological and medical sciences. It provides comprehensive, accessible and authoritative accounts of all the key topics in the field ranging from theories of ageing, to demography, physical aspects of ageing, mental processes and ageing, nursing and health care for older people, the social context of ageing, cross cultural perspectives, relationships, quality of life, gender, and financial and policy provision. This handbook will be a must-have resource for all researchers, students and professionals with an interest in age and ageing.

Teaching for Wisdom Intelligence Creativity and Success

Teaching for Wisdom  Intelligence  Creativity  and Success Author Robert J. Sternberg
ISBN-10 9781632209887
Release 2015-08-18
Pages 192
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The essential guide for teaching beyond the test! Students with strong higher-order thinking skills are more likely to become successful, lifelong learners. Based on extensive, collaborative research by leading authorities in the field, this book shows how to implement teaching and learning strategies that nurture intelligence, creativity, and wisdom. This practical teaching manual offers an overview of the WICS model—Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, Synthesized—which helps teachers foster students' capacities for effective learning and problem solving. Teachers will find examples for language arts, history, mathematics, and science in Grades K–12, as well as: Hands-on strategies for enhancing students' memory, analytical, creative, and practical skills Guidelines on teaching and assessing for successful intelligence Details on how to apply the model in the classroom Teacher reflection sections, suggested readings, and sample planning checklists Teaching for Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, and Success is ideal for educators seeking to broaden their teaching repertoire as they expand the skills and abilities of students at all levels.

The Cambridge Handbook of Sociocultural Psychology

The Cambridge Handbook of Sociocultural Psychology Author Jaan Valsiner
ISBN-10 9781139463959
Release 2007-06-04
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This book, first published in 2007, is an international overview of the state of our knowledge in sociocultural psychology - as a discipline located at the crossroads between the natural and social sciences and the humanities. Since the 1980s, the field of psychology has encountered the growth of a new discipline - cultural psychology - that has built new connections between psychology, sociology, anthropology, history and semiotics. The handbook integrates contributions of sociocultural specialists from fifteen countries, all tied together by the unifying focus on the role of sign systems in human relations with the environment. It emphasizes theoretical and methodological discussions on the cultural nature of human psychological phenomena, moving on to show how meaning is a natural feature of action and how it eventually produces conventional symbols for communication. Such symbols shape individual experiences and create the conditions for consciousness and the self to emerge; turn social norms into ethics; and set history into motion.

                                               Author Robert J. Sternberg
ISBN-10 9786035039499
Release 2017-03-18
Pages 1488
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لقد جمع ستيرنبيرج وكوفمان معظم بحوث الذكاء ونظرياته تقريبًا لتأليف كتاب لا غنى عنه لأي شخص يرغب في معرفة الذكاء -طبيعةً وتنشئةً- بمظاهره المختلفة؛ إنه من أكثر الكتب المرجعية الشاملة والسهلة عن علم الذكاء التي قرأتها في حياتي. جوشوا آرونسون Joshua Aronson- جامعة نيويورك، محرر كتاب تحسين التحصيل الدراسي Improving Academic Achievement. كتاب كيمبريدج للذكاء إنجاز استثنائي، إنه عمل شامل وشيّق وملهم، واستفزازي في بعض الأحيان؛ كتاب لم يترك شاردة ولا واردة ولا أي جانب أو مظهر من مظاهر الذكاء إلا وتناولها. ما الذكاء؟ من أين يأتي؟ هل يمكن تطويره، وكيف؟ إذا كنت تبحث عن إجابات لأسئلة مثل هذه، فلن تجد مصدرًا للعثور عليها أفضل من خبراء المجال المعروفين الذين وردت أعمالهم في هذا الكتاب المدهش. هايدي جرانت هالفورسون Heidi Grant Halvorson، خبيرة علم نفس، مؤلفة كتاب (كيف نحقق أهدافناHow We Can Reach Our Goals)

The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology

The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology Author David L. Sam
ISBN-10 1139458221
Release 2006-08-03
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In recent years the topic of acculturation has evolved from a relatively minor research area to one of the most researched subjects in the field of cross-cultural psychology. This edited handbook compiles and systemizes the current state of the art by exploring the broad international scope of acculturation. A collection of the world's leading experts in the field review the various contexts for acculturation, the central theories, the groups and individuals undergoing acculturation (immigrants, refugees, indigenous people, expatriates, students and tourists) and discuss how current knowledge can be applied to make both the process and its outcome more manageable and profitable. Building on the theoretical and methodological framework of cross-cultural psychology, the authors focus specifically on the issues that arise when people from one culture move to another culture and the reciprocal adjustments, tensions and benefits involved.

The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity and Personality Research

The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity and Personality Research Author Gregory J. Feist
ISBN-10 9781108138635
Release 2017-03-06
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As individual subjects, creativity and personality have been the focus of much research and many publications. This Cambridge Handbook is the first to bring together these two topics and explores how personality and behavior affects creativity. Contributors from around the globe present cutting-edge research about how personality traits and motives make creative behavior more likely. Many aspects of personality and behavior are examined in the chapters, including genius, emotions, psychopathology, entrepreneurship, and multiculturalism, to analyse the impact of these on creativity. The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity and Personality Research will be the definitive resource for researchers, students and academics who study psychology, personality, and creativity.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness Author Philip David Zelazo
ISBN-10 9781139464062
Release 2007-05-14
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The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

Cambridge Handbook of Psychology Health and Medicine

Cambridge Handbook of Psychology  Health and Medicine Author Susan Ayers
ISBN-10 9781139465267
Release 2007-08-23
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Health psychology is a rapidly expanding discipline at the interface of psychology and clinical medicine. This new edition is fully reworked and revised, offering an entirely up-to-date, comprehensive, accessible, one-stop resource for clinical psychologists, mental health professionals and specialists in health-related matters. There are two new editors: Susan Ayers from the University of Sussex and Kenneth Wallston from Vanderbilt University Medical Center. The prestigious editorial team and their international, interdisciplinary cast of authors have reconceptualised their much-acclaimed handbook. The book is now in two parts: part I covers psychological aspects of health and illness, assessments, interventions and healthcare practice. Part II covers medical matters listed in alphabetical order. Among the many new topics added are: diet and health, ethnicity and health, clinical interviewing, mood assessment, communicating risk, medical interviewing, diagnostic procedures, organ donation, IVF, MMR, HRT, sleep disorders, skin disorders, depression and anxiety disorders.