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The Descent of Darwin

The Descent of Darwin Author Alfred Kelly
ISBN-10 9781469610139
Release 2012-12-01
Pages 196
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In Germany, more than anywhere else, Darwinism was a sensational success. Setting his analysis against the background of popular science, Kelly follows popular Darwinism as it permeated education, religion, politics, and social thought in Germany. He explains how the popularizers changed Darwin's thought in subtle ways and how these changes colored their perceptions of Darwinism. Among the first purveyors of mass culture, the Germans provide valuable clues as to how seminal ideas move through a society. Originally published in 1981. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

Nietzsche s Anti Darwinism

Nietzsche s Anti Darwinism Author Dirk R. Johnson
ISBN-10 9781139490399
Release 2010-08-12
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Friedrich Nietzsche's complex connection to Charles Darwin has been much explored, and both scholarly and popular opinions have tended to assume a convergence in their thinking. In this study, Dirk Johnson challenges that assumption and takes seriously Nietzsche's own explicitly stated 'anti-Darwinism'. He argues for the importance of Darwin for the development of Nietzsche's philosophy, but he places emphasis on the antagonistic character of their relationship and suggests that Nietzsche's mature critique against Darwin represents the key to understanding his broader (anti-)Darwinian position. He also offers an original reinterpretation of the Genealogy of Morals, a text long considered sympathetic to Darwinian naturalism, but which he argues should be taken as Nietzsche's most sophisticated critique of both Darwin and his followers. His book will appeal to all who are interested in the philosophy of Nietzsche and its cultural context.

The Art of Evolution

The Art of Evolution Author Barbara Jean Larson
ISBN-10 1584657758
Release 2009
Pages 332
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A timely and stimulating collection of essays about the impact of Darwin's ideas on visual culture

Europe 1850 1914

Europe 1850 1914 Author Jonathan Sperber
ISBN-10 9781317866602
Release 2014-01-14
Pages 422
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This innovative survey of European history from the middle of the nineteenth century to the outbreak of the First World War tells the story of an era of outward tranquillity that was also a period of economic growth, social transformation, political contention and scientific, and artistic innovation. During these years, the foundations of our present urban-industrial society were laid, the five Great Powers vied in peaceful and violent fashion for dominance in Europe and throughout the world, and the darker forces that were to dominate the twentieth century – violent nationalism, totalitarianism, racism, ethnic cleansing – began to make themselves felt. Jonathan Sperber sets out developments in this period across the entire European continent, from the Atlantic to the Urals, from the Baltic to the Mediterranean. To help students of European history grasp the main dynamics of the period, he divides the book into three overlapping sections covering the periods from 1850-75, 1871-95 and 1890-1914. In each period he identifies developments and tendencies that were common in varying degrees to the whole of Europe, while also pointing the unique qualities of specific regions and individual countries. Throughout, his argument is supported by illustrative material: tables, charts, case studies and other explanatory features, and there is a detailed bibliography to help students to explore further in those areas that interest them.

The Comparative Reception of Darwinism

The Comparative Reception of Darwinism Author Thomas F. Glick
ISBN-10 0226299775
Release 1988-09-24
Pages 505
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The reaction to Darwin's Origin of Species varied in many countries according to the roles played by national scientific institutions and traditions and the attitudes of religious and political groups. The contributors to this volume, including M. J. S. Hodge, David Hull, and Roberto Moreno, gathered in 1972 at an international conference on the comparative reception of Darwinism. Their essays look at early pro- and anti-Darwinism arguments, and three additional comparative essays and appendices add a larger perspective. For this paperback edition, Thomas F. Glick has added a new preface commenting on recent research.

Structures of Knowing

Structures of Knowing Author Katherine Arens
ISBN-10 9789400926417
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 430
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Structures of Knowing has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Structures of Knowing also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Structures of Knowing book for free.

The Origins of the First World War

The Origins of the First World War Author Gordon Martel
ISBN-10 WISC:89083709790
Release 2003
Pages 162
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The Origins of the First World War summarises and analyses the policies, issues and crises that brought Europe to war in 1914. The position of each of the great powers is clearly explained, including their place in the system of alliances that dominated international politics. The strategic and political problems that confronted each power are considered, as is the way in which society and economics influenced the decision-making process. As well as being revised throughout to incorporate the latest scholarship on the subject, this third edition provides a completely new Guide to Further Reading and an expanded selection of Documents that includes key treaties, crises and representations of popular militarism and nationalism. It provides students with the clearest, most concise, accessible and up-to-date account of the origins of the First World War available.

Approaches to Personal Identity in Kafka s Short Fiction

Approaches to Personal Identity in Kafka s Short Fiction Author Leena Eilittä
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105021843151
Release 1999
Pages 227
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This study examines the relationship between, on the one hand, Kafka's presentation of problems of human identity in selected works of his short fiction and, on the other, three important theoretical discourses of the time: Freudian psychoanalysis, Social Darwinism, and Kierkegaard's religious-existential philosophy. It is suggested that at various stages in Kafka's writing career these discourses were influential in shaping his developing attempts in his short fiction to cope with the problem of identity. Readings of selected works from Kafka's short fiction are incorporated into a framework of evidence which expands our knowledge about the intellectual contexts in which these works were composed and attests to the extent and nature of Kafka's knowledge of these discourses through his reading of literary and cultural journals.

Socialist Darwinism

Socialist Darwinism Author Richard Weikart
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105021931253
Release 1999
Pages 257
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Socialist Darwinism has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Socialist Darwinism also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Socialist Darwinism book for free.

The reception of Charles Darwin in Europe

The reception of Charles Darwin in Europe Author Eve-Marie Engels
ISBN-10 UOM:39015080822599
Release 2008
Pages 659
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Summary: This volume covers Darwin's reception across Europe and his influence on European science and culture.Charles Darwin is a crucial figure in nineteenth-century science with an extensive and varied reception in different countries and disciplines. His theory had a revolutionary impact not only on biology, but also on other natural sciences and the new social sciences. The term 'Darwinism', already popular in Darwin's lifetime, ranged across many different areas and ideological aspects, and his own ideas about the implications of evolution for human cognitive, emotional, social and ethical capacities were often interpreted in a way that did not mirror his own intentions. The implications for religious, philosophical and political issues and institutions remain as momentous today as in his own time.This volume conveys the many-sidedness of Darwin's reception and exhibit his far-reaching impact on our self-understanding as human beings.

History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences

History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105007450054
Release 1990
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History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences book for free.

Hammer Or Anvil

Hammer Or Anvil Author Holger H. Herwig
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106011030258
Release 1994
Pages 498
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Hammer or Anvil? explores the major forces shaping Germany during the modern era: the ongoing Austro-Prussian rivalry; the building of a nation-state; industrial and urban growth; and the formation of the modern bureaucratic and military state.

Historical Abstracts

Historical Abstracts Author
ISBN-10 UVA:X001623418
Release 1992
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Historical Abstracts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Historical Abstracts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Historical Abstracts book for free.

German Perceptions of Russia Before the First World War

German Perceptions of Russia Before the First World War Author Troy R. E. Paddock
ISBN-10 UCAL:C3383458
Release 1994
Pages 888
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German Perceptions of Russia Before the First World War has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from German Perceptions of Russia Before the First World War also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full German Perceptions of Russia Before the First World War book for free.

Darwin in Italy

Darwin in Italy Author Giuliano Pancaldi
ISBN-10 UOM:39015025015309
Release 1991
Pages 222
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Darwin in Italy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Darwin in Italy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Darwin in Italy book for free.

Nietzsche and the German tradition

Nietzsche and the German tradition Author Nicholas Martin
ISBN-10 UOM:39015058086813
Release 2003
Pages 314
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Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Wien. The essays collected in this volume are selected papers from the 7th Annual Conference of the Friedrich Nietzsche Society, which was held at the University of St Andrews in September 1997. The three distinct but related issues examined in this book are centrally important to the search for Nietzsche's intellectual and cultural roots. The first concerns Nietzsche's attitudes to his German cultural tradition, the second is Nietzsche's view of his German present, and the final issue is the extent to which dealing with Nietzsche and his legacies has itself become a tradition since his death in 1900. Implicitly or explicitly, the contributors reveal Nietzsche's ambivalent, double-edged attitude to tradition. All the essays collected here take account of the latest developments in Nietzsche scholarship and, together, make an important contribution both to understanding the ways in which Nietzsche problematises tradition and to recognising the difficulties, and opportunities, arising from the Nietschean tradition(s) of the last hundred years. Contents: Daniel W. Conway: Nietzsche's Germano-mania - Thomas H. Brobjer: Nietzsche as German Philosopher: His Reading of the Classical German Philosophers - Christa Davis Acampora: 'The Contest Between Nietzsche and Homer': Revaluing the Homeric Question - Duncan Large: 'Der Bauernaufstand des Geistes': Nietzsche, Luther and the Reformation - Ben Morgan: Fear and Self-Control in The Antichrist: Nietzsche's Prussian Past - Christopher Janaway: Schopenhauer as Nietzsche's Educator - Hans-Gerd von Seggern: Nietzsches (anti-)naturalistische Asthetik in der Geburt der Tragodie - Paul J. M. vanTongeren: Nietzsche's Naturalism - Jim Urpeth: Nietzsche and the Rapture of Aesthetic Disinterestedness: A Response to Heidegger - Gerd Schank: Race and Breeding in Nietzsche's Philosophy - Malcolm Humble: Heinrich Mann and Arnold Zweig: Left-Wing Nietzscheans? - Nicholas

The Idea of National Superiority in Central Europe 1880 1918

The Idea of National Superiority in Central Europe  1880 1918 Author Marius Turda
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105114154045
Release 2004
Pages 193
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This book focuses on the ways in which biological discourses of race and ethnicity affected and shaped nationalism and the idea of national superiority in Central Europe between 1880 and 1918. Preface; In this book, Marius Turda shifts a familiar and topical debate on to unfamiliar and neglected ground. Since the shattering events of the 1930s and 1940s much has been written about the genesis of notions of race in Central Europe. The blending of organic and collectivist traditions in German thought with the evolutionary arguments which derived especially from Darwin and with biological ideas about heredity was catalysed from the 1860s onward by increasingly intense nationalist sentiments. None of this led directly to Nazism, but it did create a climate in which such racist conceptions might be able to thrive. Their relation to forms of ethnic self-assertion was direct and immediate. Here is Turda's starting-point. Austria-Hungary in its last decades became notorious for nationality conflicts, but hitherto it has been generally held that racial theories played a comparatively minor role there. Austria as a pressure-group. Their rabid anti-Semitism shaded into a more broadly-shared dislike of the salient role of the Jews in the country's public life. Turda expands on the theoretical and quasi-scientific context for this, demonstrating in particular the influence of Houston Stewart Chamberlain, who lived for some time in Vienna, and of Ludwig Gumplowicz, the cult sociologist of his day. But Turda's real novelty is to extend to the other half of the Dual Monarchy his analysis of the growing role of race. Hungary had some essential preconditions for it to infect national ideology. There was acute competition between ethnic groups, mainly a series of bilateral contests between the dominant Magyar interest, with its relative majority of the population, and the half-dozen other significant nationalities. Moreover, there was still an inherited discourse of an essentially tribal kind: the Magyars as a pristine blood-brotherhood, as conquerors and warriors, or (to their opponents) as Asian immigrants and uncultivated barbarians. nineteenth century from vindication of the nobles and their political and social privileges to cover a whole ethnic community bound by fierce adherence to Hungarian integral statehood and to Magyar linguistic culture. Yet the racial element has usually appeared to be balanced for historians by another long-established feature of Magyar hegemony: its attractiveness to many born outside the Magyar camp and the concomitant willingness of the latter to accept on equal terms those who assimilated to its values. Over the centuries that had been a historical reality, as well as (equally importantly) a perception of Magyar hospitableness, magnanimity, and adaptability. With most of the commentators whom Turda examines it remains a clear principle. This is hardly surprising: whereas only one of them, Zsolt Beothy, was the scion of an ancestral noble or gentry family, fully half came themselves from a non-Magyar background. Anti-Semitism, in particular, was largely absent from the Hungarian debate. of his innovative account of racial thinking among influential representatives of the ruling culture of Dualist Hungary. He sets it in relief with his concluding portrait of a Romanian, Aurel Popovici, whose ideas about race likewise drew on a traditional national agenda, in this case defensive attitudes specifically resistant to Hungarian assimilatory pressures and stressing purity of descent as distinctive of Romanians' ethnic identity. Popovici's work was a milestone in the heightened sensitivity to issues of national degeneracy which set in after the turn of the twentieth century; and as such anticipated one of the principal obsessions of later fascist ideology. In 1908 a 'wandering Scotsman, ' Scotus Viator, nom de plume of the young historian Robert William Seton-Watson, published a devastating critique of the politics of integration being pursued by Magyars. He called it Racial Problems in Hungary. Thus the most significant work of the leading foreign contributor to the debate on the nationality issue in the Habsburg Monarchy carried the keyword of Turda's investigation in its very title. been called 'peoples', and in our day are often known as 'ethnic groups: ' there is no imputation for this British liberal of blood descent, common physical characteristics, or claims to inborn superiority. Yet the terminology itself could easily become loaded with fresh meanings. That would take place dramatically a decade later, when the whole Habsburg edifice collapsed, and a resultant new structure (which Seton-Watson had a share in creating) unleashed yet more embittered nationalist clashes on the region. Marius Turda has been uniquely placed to bring this project to fruition. Bringing good knowledge of all the relevant languages, including German and Hungarian, as well as his native Romanian, he has studied and researched in a number of different environments and acquired a notable scholarly detachment for dealing with these highly controversial issues. and opens up broad and rich new perspectives on the political thought and intellectual culture of a part of Europe which contributed greatly to the instability of the whole continent in the early twentieth century. R.J.W. Evans Regius Professor of History Oxford Universi