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The Earth Moves Galileo and the Roman Inquisition

The Earth Moves  Galileo and the Roman Inquisition Author Dan Hofstadter
ISBN-10 9780393071313
Release 2010-05-10
Pages 240
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A cogent portrayal of a turning point in the evolution of the freedom of thought and the beginnings of modern science. Celebrated, controversial, condemned, Galileo Galilei is a seminal figure in the history of science. Both Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein credit him as the first modern scientist. His 1633 trial before the Holy Office of the Inquisition is the prime drama in the history of the conflict between science and religion. Galileo was then sixty-nine years old and the most venerated scientist in Italy. Although subscribing to an anti-literalist view of the Bible, as per Saint Augustine, Galileo considered himself a believing Catholic. Playing to his own strengths—a deep knowledge of Italy, a longstanding interest in Renaissance and Baroque lore—Dan Hofstadter explains this apparent paradox and limns this historic moment in the widest cultural context, portraying Galileo as both humanist and scientist, deeply versed in philosophy and poetry, on easy terms with musicians, writers, and painters.



The Earth Moves

The Earth Moves Author Dan Hofstadter
ISBN-10 0393066509
Release 2009
Pages 240
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An analysis of Galileo Galilei's historic 1633 trial evaluates the period as a turning point in the history of science and places events against a backdrop of the Renaissance and Baroque eras, in an account that covers such topics as the execution of Giordano Bruno in 1600, Galileo's Catholic faith, and Rome's Holy Office of the Inquisition.



Galileo in Rome

Galileo in Rome Author William R. Shea
ISBN-10 9780190292218
Release 2004-10-21
Pages 272
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Galileo's trial by the Inquisition is one of the most dramatic incidents in the history of science and religion. Today, we tend to see this event in black and white--Galileo all white, the Church all black. Galileo in Rome presents a much more nuanced account of Galileo's relationship with Rome. The book offers a fascinating account of the six trips Galileo made to Rome, from his first visit at age 23, as an unemployed mathematician, to his final fateful journey to face the Inquisition. The authors reveal why the theory that the Earth revolves around the Sun, set forth in Galileo's Dialogue, stirred a hornet's nest of theological issues, and they argue that, despite these issues, the Church might have accepted Copernicus if there had been solid proof. More interesting, they show how Galileo dug his own grave. To get the imprimatur, he brought political pressure to bear on the Roman Censor. He disobeyed a Church order not to teach the heliocentric theory. And he had a character named Simplicio (which in Italian sounds like simpleton) raise the same objections to heliocentrism that the Pope had raised with Galileo. The authors show that throughout the trial, until the final sentence and abjuration, the Church treated Galileo with great deference, and once he was declared guilty commuted his sentence to house arrest. Here then is a unique look at the life of Galileo as well as a strikingly different view of an event that has come to epitomize the Church's supposed antagonism toward science.



Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems Ptolemaic and Copernican

Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems  Ptolemaic and Copernican Author Galileo Galilei
ISBN-10 9780375757662
Release 1953
Pages 586
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This classic work proves the truth of the Copernican system over the Ptolemaic one, that the Earth revolves around the Sun.



Quantum Man Richard Feynman s Life in Science Great Discoveries

Quantum Man  Richard Feynman s Life in Science  Great Discoveries Author Lawrence M. Krauss
ISBN-10 9780393340655
Release 2012-03-26
Pages 368
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Traces the colorful, turbulent life of the Nobel Prize-winning physicist, from the death of his childhood sweetheart during the Manhattan Project to his rise as an icon in the scientific community.



Galileo s Daughter

Galileo s Daughter Author Dava Sobel
ISBN-10 9780802779656
Release 2011-08-30
Pages 432
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Presents a biography of the scientist through the surviving letters of his illegitimate daughter Maria Celeste, who wrote him from the Florence convent where she lived from the age of thirteen.



Galileo

Galileo Author David Wootton
ISBN-10 9780300170061
Release 2010-10-26
Pages 354
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Galileo (1564–1642) is one of the most important and controversial figures in the history of science. A hero of modern science and key to its birth, he was also a deeply divided man: a scholar committed to the establishment of scientific truth yet forced to concede the importance of faith, and a brilliant analyst of the elegantly mathematical workings of nature yet bungling and insensitive with his own family. Tackling Galileo as astronomer, engineer, and author, David Wootton places him at the center of Renaissance culture. He traces Galileo through his early rebellious years; the beginnings of his scientific career constructing a “new physics” his move to Florence seeking money, status, and greater freedom to attack intellectual orthodoxies; his trial for heresy and narrow escape from torture; and his house arrest and physical (though not intellectual) decline. Wootton reveals much that is new—from Galileo’s premature Copernicanism to a previously unrecognized illegitimate daughter—and, controversially, rejects the long-established orthodoxy which holds that Galileo was a good Catholic. Absolutely central to Galileo’s significance—and to science more broadly—is the telescope, the potential of which Galileo was the first to grasp. Wootton makes clear that it totally revolutionized and galvanized scientific endeavor to discover new and previously unimagined facts. Drawing extensively on Galileo’s voluminous letters, many of which were self-censored and sly, this is an original, arresting, and highly readable biography of a difficult, remarkable Renaissance genius.



Galileo s Inquisition Trial Revisited

Galileo s Inquisition Trial Revisited Author Jules Speller
ISBN-10 3631562292
Release 2008
Pages 431
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This book shows that the known accounts of Galileo's trial leave many important facts unexplained or even clash with them. A most careful reading of the relevant documents and treatises backs an interpretation which has Pope Urban VIII sue Galileo for denying God's omnipotence or His omniscience by admitting the -absolute truth- of Copernicanism. The Pope's opinion results from an argument he fully trusts, together with his belief that Galileo failed to fulfill a condition to which the publication of the "Dialogue" was subjected. That the trial does not end with a conviction for Urban's awful -formal heresy- but merely for -vehement suspicion of heresy-, with the -heresy- consisting in the pseudo-heretical belief in a doctrine contrary to the Bible, all this is due to the existence of a Galileo-friendly party inside the Holy Office, led by Cardinal Francesco Barberini and powerful enough to wring a compromise from the Pope."



Selected Writings

Selected Writings Author Galileo,
ISBN-10 9780199583690
Release 2012-02-09
Pages 431
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The first entirely new translation of Galileo's major writings for more than fifty years, this marvelous volume includes selections from all of his important writings on science, including virtually the complete text of A Sidereal Message and a substantial part of his masterpiece, the Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems. The book contains all of Galileo's contributions to the debate on science and religion, including the letters to Benedetto Castelli and the Grand Duchess Christina, plus key documents from Galileo's trial before the Inquisition. William R. Shea's introduction gives a clear, lively overview of Galileo's career and achievements, and his notes explain the scientific and philosophical background. About the Series: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the broadest spectrum of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, voluminous notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.



Galileo s Mistake

Galileo s Mistake Author Wade Rowland
ISBN-10 9781611451566
Release 2012
Pages 298
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A provocative examination of the 1633 trial of Galileo by the Inquisition contends that the Galileo incited the opinions of his prosecutors by arguing against spirituality and that the disagreement was more about the nature of truth than about religious differences. 15,000 first printing.



On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres

On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres Author Nicolaus Copernicus
ISBN-10 PSU:000026291611
Release 1995
Pages 336
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The Ptolemaic system of the universe, with the earth at the center, had held sway since antiquity as authoritative in philosophy, science, and church teaching. Following his observations of the heavenly bodies, Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) abandoned the geocentric system for a heliocentric model, with the sun at the center. His remarkable work, "On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres," stands as one of the greatest intellectual revolutions of all time, and profoundly influenced, among others, Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton.



Lavoisier in the Year One The Birth of a New Science in an Age of Revolution Great Discoveries

Lavoisier in the Year One  The Birth of a New Science in an Age of Revolution  Great Discoveries Author Madison Smartt Bell
ISBN-10 9780393341102
Release 2010-12-06
Pages 256
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"Fresh…solid…full of suspense and intrigue." —Publishers Weekly Antoine Lavoisier reinvented chemistry, overthrowing the long-established principles of alchemy and inventing an entirely new terminology, one still in use by chemists. Madison Smartt Bell’s enthralling narrative reads like a race to the finish line, as the very circumstances that enabled Lavoisier to secure his reputation as the father of modern chemistry—a considerable fortune and social connections with the likes of Benjamin Franklin—also caused his glory to be cut short by the French Revolution.



Falling Palace

Falling Palace Author Dan Hofstadter
ISBN-10 9780307484598
Release 2010-02-10
Pages 272
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A portrait of the sun-drenched volcanic city from an American who has lost his heart to the place and to a beguiling Neapolitan woman. In Falling Palace Dan Hofstadter brilliantly reveals Naples, from the dilapidated architectural beauty to the irrepressible theater of everyday life. We witness the centuries-old festivals that regularly crowd the city’s jumbled streets, and eavesdrop on conversations that continue deep into the night. We browse the countless curio shops where treasures mingle with kitsch, and meet the locals he befriends. In and out of these encounters slips Benedetta, the object of the author’s affections, at once inviting and unfathomable. Weaving the tale of an elusive love together with a vivid portrayal of a legendary metropolis, this is a startling evocation of a magical place. From the Trade Paperback edition.



If A Then B

If A  Then B Author Michael Shenefelt
ISBN-10 9780231161053
Release 2013-06-11
Pages 352
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While logical principles seem timeless, placeless, and eternal, their discovery is a story of personal accidents, political tragedies, and broad social change. If A, Then B begins with logic's emergence twenty-three centuries ago and tracks its expansion as a discipline ever since. It explores where our sense of logic comes from and what it really is a sense of. It also explains what drove human beings to start studying logic in the first place. Logic is more than the work of logicians alone. Its discoveries have survived only because logicians have also been able to find a willing audience, and audiences are a consequence of social forces affecting large numbers of people, quite apart from individual will. This study therefore treats politics, economics, technology, and geography as fundamental factors in generating an audience for logic -- grounding the discipline's abstract principles in a compelling material narrative. The authors explain the turbulent times of the enigmatic Aristotle, the ancient Stoic Chrysippus, the medieval theologian Peter Abelard, and the modern thinkers René Descartes, David Hume, Jeremy Bentham, George Boole, Augustus De Morgan, John Stuart Mill, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Alan Turing. Examining a variety of mysteries, such as why so many branches of logic (syllogistic, Stoic, inductive, and symbolic) have arisen only in particular places and periods, If A, Then B is the first book to situate the history of logic within the movements of a larger social world. If A, Then B is the 2013 Gold Medal winner of Foreword Reviews' IndieFab Book of the Year Award for Philosophy.



Life Of Galileo

Life Of Galileo Author Bertolt Brecht
ISBN-10 9781408160916
Release 2015-02-13
Pages 192
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This Student Edition of Brecht's classic dramatisation of the conflict between free enquiry and official ideology features an extensive introduction and commentary that includes a plot summary, discussion of the context, themes, characters, style and language as well as questions for further study and notes on words and phrases in the text. It is the perfect edition for students of theatre and literature Along with Mother Courage, the character of Galileo is one of Brecht's greatest creations, immensely live, human and complex. Unable to resist his appetite for scientific investigation, Galileo's heretical discoveries about the solar system bring him to the attention of the Inquisition. He is scared into publicly abjuring his theories but, despite his self-contempt, goes on working in private, eventually helping to smuggle his writings out of the country. As an examination of the problems that face not only the scientist but also the whole spirit of free inquiry when brought into conflict with the requirements of government or official ideology, Life of Galileo has few equals. Written in exile in 1937-9 and first performed in Zurich in 1943, Galileo was first staged in English in 1947 by Joseph Losey in a version jointly prepared by Brecht and Charles Laughton, who played the title role. Printed here is the complete translation by John Willett.



A Force of Nature The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford

A Force of Nature  The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford Author Richard Reeves
ISBN-10 9780393076042
Release 2008-12-17
Pages 208
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"Starred Review. Reeves deploys his considerable writing skill in portraying Rutherford's personality ... capturing the full aspect of the man."—Booklist Born in colonial New Zealand, Ernest Rutherford grew up on the frontier—a different world from Cambridge, to which he won a scholarship at the age of twenty-four. His work revolutionized modern physics. Among his discoveries were the orbital structure of the atom and the concept of the "half-life" of radioactive materials. Rutherford and the young men working under him were the first to split the atom, unlocking tremendous forces—forces, as Rutherford himself predicted, that would bring us the atomic bomb. In Richard Reeves's hands, Rutherford comes alive, a ruddy, genial man and a pivotal figure in scientific history.



Galileo

Galileo Author Michael Sharratt
ISBN-10 0521566711
Release 1996-04-11
Pages 247
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An entertaining, accessible biography of one of the greatest innovators ever known.