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The Earth Moves Galileo and the Roman Inquisition

The Earth Moves  Galileo and the Roman Inquisition Author Dan Hofstadter
ISBN-10 9780393071313
Release 2010-05-10
Pages 240
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A cogent portrayal of a turning point in the evolution of the freedom of thought and the beginnings of modern science. Celebrated, controversial, condemned, Galileo Galilei is a seminal figure in the history of science. Both Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein credit him as the first modern scientist. His 1633 trial before the Holy Office of the Inquisition is the prime drama in the history of the conflict between science and religion. Galileo was then sixty-nine years old and the most venerated scientist in Italy. Although subscribing to an anti-literalist view of the Bible, as per Saint Augustine, Galileo considered himself a believing Catholic. Playing to his own strengths—a deep knowledge of Italy, a longstanding interest in Renaissance and Baroque lore—Dan Hofstadter explains this apparent paradox and limns this historic moment in the widest cultural context, portraying Galileo as both humanist and scientist, deeply versed in philosophy and poetry, on easy terms with musicians, writers, and painters.

The Earth Moves

The Earth Moves Author Dan Hofstadter
ISBN-10 0393066509
Release 2009
Pages 240
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An analysis of Galileo Galilei's historic 1633 trial evaluates the period as a turning point in the history of science and places events against a backdrop of the Renaissance and Baroque eras, in an account that covers such topics as the execution of Giordano Bruno in 1600, Galileo's Catholic faith, and Rome's Holy Office of the Inquisition.

Galileo in Rome

Galileo in Rome Author William R. Shea
ISBN-10 9780190292218
Release 2004-10-21
Pages 272
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Galileo's trial by the Inquisition is one of the most dramatic incidents in the history of science and religion. Today, we tend to see this event in black and white--Galileo all white, the Church all black. Galileo in Rome presents a much more nuanced account of Galileo's relationship with Rome. The book offers a fascinating account of the six trips Galileo made to Rome, from his first visit at age 23, as an unemployed mathematician, to his final fateful journey to face the Inquisition. The authors reveal why the theory that the Earth revolves around the Sun, set forth in Galileo's Dialogue, stirred a hornet's nest of theological issues, and they argue that, despite these issues, the Church might have accepted Copernicus if there had been solid proof. More interesting, they show how Galileo dug his own grave. To get the imprimatur, he brought political pressure to bear on the Roman Censor. He disobeyed a Church order not to teach the heliocentric theory. And he had a character named Simplicio (which in Italian sounds like simpleton) raise the same objections to heliocentrism that the Pope had raised with Galileo. The authors show that throughout the trial, until the final sentence and abjuration, the Church treated Galileo with great deference, and once he was declared guilty commuted his sentence to house arrest. Here then is a unique look at the life of Galileo as well as a strikingly different view of an event that has come to epitomize the Church's supposed antagonism toward science.

Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems Ptolemaic and Copernican

Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems  Ptolemaic and Copernican Author Galileo Galilei
ISBN-10 9780375757662
Release 1953
Pages 586
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This classic work proves the truth of the Copernican system over the Ptolemaic one, that the Earth revolves around the Sun.

Galileo s Daughter

Galileo s Daughter Author Dava Sobel
ISBN-10 0802777473
Release 2009-05-26
Pages 432
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Inspired by a long fascination with Galileo, and by the remarkable surviving letters of Galileo's daughter, a cloistered nun, Dava Sobel has written a biography unlike any other of the man Albert Einstein called "the father of modern physics- indeed of modern science altogether." Galileo's Daughter also presents a stunning portrait of a person hitherto lost to history, described by her father as "a woman of exquisite mind, singular goodness, and most tenderly attached to me." Galileo's Daughter dramatically recolors the personality and accomplishment of a mythic figure whose seventeenth-century clash with Catholic doctrine continues to define the schism between science and religion. Moving between Galileo's grand public life and Maria Celeste's sequestered world, Sobel illuminates the Florence of the Medicis and the papal court in Rome during the pivotal era when humanity's perception of its place in the cosmos was about to be overturned. In that same time, while the bubonic plague wreaked its terrible devastation and the Thirty Years' War tipped fortunes across Europe, one man sought to reconcile the Heaven he revered as a good Catholic with the heavens he revealed through his telescope. With all the human drama and scientific adventure that distinguished Dava Sobel's previous book Longitude, Galileo's Daughter is an unforgettable story

Quantum Man Richard Feynman s Life in Science Great Discoveries

Quantum Man  Richard Feynman s Life in Science  Great Discoveries Author Lawrence M. Krauss
ISBN-10 9780393340655
Release 2012-03-26
Pages 368
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Traces the colorful, turbulent life of the Nobel Prize-winning physicist, from the death of his childhood sweetheart during the Manhattan Project to his rise as an icon in the scientific community.

Understanding the Universe

Understanding the Universe Author George Greenstein
ISBN-10 9781139618878
Release 2013-02-18
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A student-active introduction to astronomy, emphasizing inquiry learning so students will clearly understand our universe and the scientific method. Within-text and end-of-chapter questions check understanding of concepts and require the student to think critically through astronomy-based problems. 'Nature of Science' and 'Detectives on the Case' sections in each chapter encourage students to take on the role of a scientist and so develop an understanding of how scientific progress is made, leading students through a chain of arguments of forming and testing hypotheses, in the context of specific astronomical topics. By focusing on key topics, the student is able to develop a deeper understanding of the core areas of astronomy. Math is used to make intuitive points and kept simple by using a two-track system to first describe the logic of the calculation followed by a more detailed example. Simple illustrations support the text and step students through concepts visually.


Galileo Author David Wootton
ISBN-10 9780300170061
Release 2010-10-26
Pages 354
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Galileo (1564–1642) is one of the most important and controversial figures in the history of science. A hero of modern science and key to its birth, he was also a deeply divided man: a scholar committed to the establishment of scientific truth yet forced to concede the importance of faith, and a brilliant analyst of the elegantly mathematical workings of nature yet bungling and insensitive with his own family. Tackling Galileo as astronomer, engineer, and author, David Wootton places him at the center of Renaissance culture. He traces Galileo through his early rebellious years; the beginnings of his scientific career constructing a “new physics” his move to Florence seeking money, status, and greater freedom to attack intellectual orthodoxies; his trial for heresy and narrow escape from torture; and his house arrest and physical (though not intellectual) decline. Wootton reveals much that is new—from Galileo’s premature Copernicanism to a previously unrecognized illegitimate daughter—and, controversially, rejects the long-established orthodoxy which holds that Galileo was a good Catholic. Absolutely central to Galileo’s significance—and to science more broadly—is the telescope, the potential of which Galileo was the first to grasp. Wootton makes clear that it totally revolutionized and galvanized scientific endeavor to discover new and previously unimagined facts. Drawing extensively on Galileo’s voluminous letters, many of which were self-censored and sly, this is an original, arresting, and highly readable biography of a difficult, remarkable Renaissance genius.

Burned Alive

Burned Alive Author Alberto A. Martinez
ISBN-10 9781780239408
Release 2018-06-15
Pages 304
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In 1600, the Catholic Inquisition condemned the philosopher and cosmologist Giordano Bruno for heresy, and he was then burned alive in the Campo de’ Fiori in Rome. Historians, scientists, and philosophical scholars have traditionally held that Bruno’s theological beliefs led to his execution, denying any link between his study of the nature of the universe and his trial. But in Burned Alive, Alberto A. Martínez draws on new evidence to claim that Bruno’s cosmological beliefs—that the stars are suns surrounded by planetary worlds like our own, and that the Earth moves because it has a soul—were indeed the primary factor in his condemnation. Linking Bruno’s trial to later confrontations between the Inquisition and Galileo in 1616 and 1633, Martínez shows how some of the same Inquisitors who judged Bruno challenged Galileo. In particular, one clergyman who authored the most critical reports used by the Inquisition to condemn Galileo in 1633 immediately thereafter wrote an unpublished manuscript in which he denounced Galileo and other followers of Copernicus for their beliefs about the universe: that many worlds exist and that the Earth moves because it has a soul. Challenging the accepted history of astronomy to reveal Bruno as a true innovator whose contributions to the science predate those of Galileo, this books shows that is was cosmology, not theology, that led Bruno to his death.

Fox s Book of Martyrs A History of the Lives Sufferings and Triumphant Deaths of the Early Christian and Protestant Martyrs

Fox s Book of Martyrs   A History of the Lives  Sufferings and Triumphant Deaths of the Early Christian and Protestant Martyrs Author William Byron Forbush
ISBN-10 9781446547847
Release 2013-04-16
Pages 392
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FOXS BOOK OF MARTYRS- A HISTORY OF THE LIVES, SUFFERINGS AND TRIUMPHANT DEATHS OF THE EARLY CHRISTIAN AND THE PROTESTANT MARTYRS Edited by WILLIAM BYRON FORBUSH. Originally published in 1926. FOXS BOOK OF MARTYRS: When one recollects that until the appearance of the Pilgrims Progress the common people had almost no other reading matter except the Bible and Foxs Book of Martyrs, we can understand the deep impression that this book produced and how it served to mold the national character. Those who could read for themselves learned the full details of all the atrocities performed on the Protes tant reformers the illiterate could see the rude illustrations of the various instruments of torture, the rack, the gridiron, the boiling oil, and then the holy ones breathing out their souls amid the flames. Take a people just awakening to a new intellectual and religious life let several generations of them, from childhood to old age, pore over such a book, and its stories become traditions as individual and almost as potent as songs and customs on a nations life DOUGLAS CAMPBELL, The Puritan in Holland, England, and America. c If we divest the book of its accidental character of feud between churches, it yet stands, in the first years of Elizabeths reign, a mon ument that marks the growing strength of a desire for spiritual freedom, defiance of those forms that seek to stifle conscience and fetter thought HENRY MORLEY, English Writers. After the Bible itself, no book so profoundly influenced early-Protestant sentiment as the Book of Martyrs. Even in our own time it is still a living force. It is more than a record of persecution. It is an arsenal of controversy, a storehouse of romance, as well as a source of edification. JAMES MILLER DODDS, English Prose. Contents include: SKETCH OF THE AUTHOR ix-xiv CHAPTER PAGE I HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN MARTYRS TO THE FIRST GENERAL PERSECUTION UNDER NERO The Glorious Company of the Apostles .... 1-II THE TEN PRIMITIVE PERSECUTIONS Nero Burns Christians in the Imperial Gardens Ignatius, The Wheat of Christ Polycarp Re fuses to Deny Christ The Beheading of Justin, Martyr Christians in the Catacombs Origen Suffers by Fire Saint Lawrences Bed of Iron Sebastian is Pierced with Arrows 5 III PERSECUTIONS OF THE CHRISTIANS IN PERSIA The Emperor Constantine Protests The Fury of Julian the Apostate The Goths and Vandals The Last Roman Triumph The Noble Gothic Prince The Sacrificing of Boniface Bishop Alphege Defends Canterbury 33 IV PAPAL PERSECUTIONS Persecutions of the Brave Waldenses The Pope Wars against the Albigenses The Massacres of Saint Bartholomew Sufferings after the Revoca tion of the Edict of Nantes Martyrdom of John Galas 43 V AN ACCOUNT OF THE INQUISITION The Fierce Zeal of Dominic The Hounds of the Lord A Typical Inquisitory The Cruel Handling of Nicholas Burton Some Private Enormities of the Inquisition The Persecution of Dr. JEgidio The Tormenting of Dr. Gardiner The Sufferings of William Lithgow The Story of Galileo Summary of the Inquisition ... 60 CONTENTS CHAPTER PAGE VI AN ACCOUNT OF THE PERSECUTIONS IN ITALY UNDER THE PAPACY The Courageous End of Arnold of Brescia Hounding of Calabrian Peasants Extermina tions at St. Xist Persecutions in the Valleys of Piedmont Remarkable Individuals who were Martyred The Piedmontese War Persecutions of Michael de Molinos of the Quiet Life .....

Life Of Galileo

Life Of Galileo Author Bertolt Brecht
ISBN-10 9781408160916
Release 2015-02-13
Pages 192
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This Student Edition of Brecht's classic dramatisation of the conflict between free enquiry and official ideology features an extensive introduction and commentary that includes a plot summary, discussion of the context, themes, characters, style and language as well as questions for further study and notes on words and phrases in the text. It is the perfect edition for students of theatre and literature Along with Mother Courage, the character of Galileo is one of Brecht's greatest creations, immensely live, human and complex. Unable to resist his appetite for scientific investigation, Galileo's heretical discoveries about the solar system bring him to the attention of the Inquisition. He is scared into publicly abjuring his theories but, despite his self-contempt, goes on working in private, eventually helping to smuggle his writings out of the country. As an examination of the problems that face not only the scientist but also the whole spirit of free inquiry when brought into conflict with the requirements of government or official ideology, Life of Galileo has few equals. Written in exile in 1937-9 and first performed in Zurich in 1943, Galileo was first staged in English in 1947 by Joseph Losey in a version jointly prepared by Brecht and Charles Laughton, who played the title role. Printed here is the complete translation by John Willett.

If A Then B

If A  Then B Author Michael Shenefelt
ISBN-10 9780231161053
Release 2013-06-11
Pages 352
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While logical principles seem timeless, placeless, and eternal, their discovery is a story of personal accidents, political tragedies, and broad social change. If A, Then B begins with logic's emergence twenty-three centuries ago and tracks its expansion as a discipline ever since. It explores where our sense of logic comes from and what it really is a sense of. It also explains what drove human beings to start studying logic in the first place. Logic is more than the work of logicians alone. Its discoveries have survived only because logicians have also been able to find a willing audience, and audiences are a consequence of social forces affecting large numbers of people, quite apart from individual will. This study therefore treats politics, economics, technology, and geography as fundamental factors in generating an audience for logic -- grounding the discipline's abstract principles in a compelling material narrative. The authors explain the turbulent times of the enigmatic Aristotle, the ancient Stoic Chrysippus, the medieval theologian Peter Abelard, and the modern thinkers René Descartes, David Hume, Jeremy Bentham, George Boole, Augustus De Morgan, John Stuart Mill, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Alan Turing. Examining a variety of mysteries, such as why so many branches of logic (syllogistic, Stoic, inductive, and symbolic) have arisen only in particular places and periods, If A, Then B is the first book to situate the history of logic within the movements of a larger social world. If A, Then B is the 2013 Gold Medal winner of Foreword Reviews' IndieFab Book of the Year Award for Philosophy.

American Trinity

American Trinity Author Larry Len Peterson
ISBN-10 9781591521884
Release 2017-08-01
Pages 728
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In the spirit of Guns, Germs, and Steel, author and cultural historian Larry Len Peterson details the collision of European and Native American civilizations and the bloody aftermath that doomed a once-thriving people. Wide-ranging and brimming with fresh insights, American Trinity focuses on how the West was shaped by three implacable forces: Christian imperialism, Thomas Jefferson's Doctrine of Discovery, and George Armstrong Custer's hubris. As Peterson says, "History is important. When there is no knowledge of the past, there cannot be a vision of the future." Includes chapter endnotes, bibliography, and index.

Selected Writings

Selected Writings Author Galileo,
ISBN-10 9780199583690
Release 2012-02-09
Pages 431
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The first entirely new translation of Galileo's major writings for more than fifty years, this marvelous volume includes selections from all of his important writings on science, including virtually the complete text of A Sidereal Message and a substantial part of his masterpiece, the Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems. The book contains all of Galileo's contributions to the debate on science and religion, including the letters to Benedetto Castelli and the Grand Duchess Christina, plus key documents from Galileo's trial before the Inquisition. William R. Shea's introduction gives a clear, lively overview of Galileo's career and achievements, and his notes explain the scientific and philosophical background. About the Series: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the broadest spectrum of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, voluminous notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Early Modern Europe 1450 1789

Early Modern Europe  1450 1789 Author Merry E. Wiesner
ISBN-10 0521005213
Release 2006-03-06
Pages 495
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Accessible, engaging textbook offering an innovative account of people's lives in the early modern period.

Essays and Reviews

Essays and Reviews Author William Whitla
ISBN-10 0813918693
Release 2000
Pages 1057
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Essays and Reviews is a collection of seven articles that appeared in 1860, sparking a Victorian culture war that lasted for at least a decade. With pieces written by such prominent Oxford and Cambridge intellectuals as Benjamin Jowett, Mark Pattison, Baden Powell, and Frederick Temple (later archbishop of Canterbury), the volume engaged the relations between religious faith and current topics of the day in education, the classics, theology, science, history, literature, biblical studies, hermeneutics, philology, politics, and philosophy. Upon publication, the church, the university, the press, the government, and the courts, both ecclesiastical and secular, joined in an intense dispute. The book signaled an intellectual and religious crisis, raised influential issues of free speech, and questioned the authority and control of the Anglican Church in Victorian society. The collection became a best-seller and led to three sensational heresy trials. Although many historians and literary critics have identified Essays and Reviews as a pivotal text of high Victorianism, until now it has been almost inaccessible to modern readers. This first critical edition, edited by Victor Shea and William Whitla, provides extensive annotation to map the various positions on the controversies that the book provoked. The editors place the volume in its complex social context and supply commentary, background materials, composition and publishing history, textual notes, and a broad range of new supporting documents, including material from the trials, manifestos, satires, and contemporary illustrations. Not only does such an annotated critical edition of Essays and Reviews indicate the impact that the volume had on Victorian society; it also sheds light on our own contemporary cultural institutions and controversies.

The Crime of Galileo

The Crime of Galileo Author Giorgio de Santillana
ISBN-10 0226734811
Release 1955-01
Pages 338
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A biography of the Italian scientist, concentrating on his prosecution for urging belief in revolutionary astronomical discoveries