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The Edge of Reason

The Edge of Reason Author Julian Baggini
ISBN-10 9780300222081
Release 2016-09-22
Pages 288
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An urgent defense of reason, the essential method for resolving—or even discussing—divisive issues Reason, long held as the highest human achievement, is under siege. According to Aristotle, the capacity for reason sets us apart from other animals, yet today it has ceased to be a universally admired faculty. Rationality and reason have become political, disputed concepts, subject to easy dismissal. Julian Baggini argues eloquently that we must recover our reason and reassess its proper place, neither too highly exalted nor completely maligned. Rationality does not require a sterile, scientistic worldview, it simply involves the application of critical thinking wherever thinking is needed. Addressing such major areas of debate as religion, science, politics, psychology, and economics, the author calls for commitment to the notion of a “community of reason,” where disagreements are settled by debate and discussion, not brute force or political power. Baggini's insightful book celebrates the power of reason, our best hope—indeed our only hope—for dealing with the intractable quagmires of our time.



The four agreements

The four agreements Author Miguel Ruiz
ISBN-10 9603641995
Release 2001
Pages 152
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The four agreements has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The four agreements also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The four agreements book for free.



Coaching for Rational Living

Coaching for Rational Living Author Michael E. Bernard
ISBN-10 9783319740676
Release 2018-06-11
Pages 483
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This eminently useful guide presents an up-to-date framework for Rational-Emotive Cognitive-Behavioral Coaching (RE-CBC), from basic concepts, techniques, and applications to evidence of how and why this versatile method works. It details how RE-CBC synthesizes the rational thinking, cognitive disputing, and semantic training traditions of RE and CB therapies into coaching strategies for solving problems or furthering personal development. The book’s sections on process and techniques demonstrate the flexibility of the method as used in a variety of settings toward a gamut of purposes, illustrating Albert Ellis’ central goal of long-term happiness through rational living. And specialized chapters offer applications of RE-CBC to familiar coaching domains (life, health, family, motivation) as well as to the complex worlds of business and organizations. Included in the coverage: · Coaching for rational living: rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral perspectives. · Psychological blockers to successful coaching outcomes. · Enhancing positive psychology coaching practice. · Assessment, case formulation, and intervention models. · A step-based framework for coaching practice. · Plus: applications of Rational-Emotive Cognitive-Behavioral Coaching, including motivational, parent/family, workplace stress management, organizational change, school success, and sports performance. Coaching for Rational Living is a robust practice-building resource for coaches, psychologists, counselors, and health professionals, particularly mental health practitioners who use rational-emotive and cognitive-behavioral therapy and coaching.



Islam and Secularism in Post Colonial Thought

Islam and Secularism in Post Colonial Thought Author Hadi Enayat
ISBN-10 9783319526119
Release 2017-08-04
Pages 122
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This book is a theoretically and historically informed exploration of 'secularism' in Muslim contexts. It does this through a critical assessment of an influential tradition of thinking about Islam and secularism, derived from the work of anthropologist Talal Asad and his followers. The study employs the tools of comparative historical sociology and sociology of knowledge to engage with the assumptions of Asadian theory. Ultimately, Enayat argues against nativist assertions drawn from the experience of Western modernity and provides a qualified defense of secularism.



Children Autonomy and the Courts

Children  Autonomy and the Courts Author Aoife Daly
ISBN-10 9789004355828
Release 2018-02-05
Pages 500
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Children Autonomy and the Courts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Children Autonomy and the Courts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Children Autonomy and the Courts book for free.



Skepticism and Humanism

Skepticism and Humanism Author Paul Kurtz
ISBN-10 1412834112
Release
Pages 306
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As we begin the third millennium there is cause for cautious optimism regarding the human prospect. Democratic revolutions and the doctrine of universal human rights have captured the imagination of large sectors of humanity, while major advances in science and technology continue to conquer disease and extend life, contributing to rising standards of living, affluence, and cultural freedom on a worldwide basis. Paradoxically, at the same time ancient authoritarian fundamentalist religions have grown in vitriolic intensity along with bizarre New Age, media-driven paranormal belief systems. Also surprising is the resurgence of primitive tribal and ethnic loyalties, unleashing wars of intolerance and bitterness. In Skepticism and Humanism, Paul Kurtz locates these threatening developments within a long-standing and largely unchallenged theological worldview. He proposes, as an alternative to religion, a new cultural paradigm rooted in scientific naturalism, rationalism, and a humanistic outlook. An estimated 60 percent of scientists are atheists or agnostics. However, the skeptical world view has been given little currency even in advanced societies, because of a cultural prohibition against the criticism of religion. At the same time, science has become increasingly narrow and specialized so that few people can draw on its broader intellectual and cultural implications. Skepticism and Humanism attempts to meet this need. It defends skepticism as a method for developing reliable knowledge by using scientific inquiry and reason to test all claims to truth. It also defends scientific naturalism-an evolutionary view of nature, life, and the human species. Kurtz sees the dominant religious doctrines as drawn from an agricultural/nomadic past, and emphasizes the need for a new outlook applicable to the postindustrial information age. At the same time, he rejects postmodernism for abandoning science and embracing a form of nihilism. There can be no doubt that as a new global civilization emerges, scientific naturalism, rationalism, and secular humanism have something significant to say about the meaning of life. Skepticism and Humanism shows how they can to foster democratic values and social prosperity. The book will be important for philosophers, scientists, and all those concerned with contemporary issues. Paul Kurtz taught at Trinity College, Vassar College, and State University of New York at Buffalo. He is founder of Prometheus Books, a major publisher of philosophical works. He is the author of some thirty books including Toward a New Enlightenment (available from Transaction) Humanist Manifesto 2000, and A Secular Humanist Declaration. He is chairman of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, and editor-in-chief of Free Inquiry magazine.



The Architecture of Reason

The Architecture of Reason Author Robert Audi
ISBN-10 0198032358
Release 2001-03-22
Pages 304
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The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each separately. It sets out a comprehensive theory of rationality applicable to both practical and theoretical reason. In both domains, Audi explains how experience grounds rationality, delineates the structure of central elements, and attacks the egocentric conception of rationality. He establishes the rationality of altruism and thereby supports major moral principles. The concluding part describes the pluralism and relativity his conception of rationality accommodates and, taking the unified account of theoretical and practical rationality in that light, constructs a theory of global rationality--the overall rationality of persons. Rich in narrative examples, intriguing analogies, and intuitively appealing arguments, this beautifully crafted book will spur advances in ethics and epistemology as well in philosophy of mind and action and the theory of rationality itself.



Sicily as metaphor

Sicily as metaphor Author Leonardo Sciascia
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105006035229
Release 1994-04
Pages 143
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"All my books taken together form one", Leonardo Sciascia conceded in his 1967 preface to Le parrocchie di Regalpetra; they form "a Sicilian book which probes the wounds of past and present and develops as the history of the continuous defeat of reason and of those who have been personally overcome and destroyed in that defeat". Sicily as Metaphor, an intellectual autobiography and companion piece to Sciascia's imaginative writings, resulted from the conversations he had toward the end of the 1970s with the French journalist Marcelle Padovani, correspondent for Le Nouvel Observateur in Italy and author of a history of the Italian Communist Party. Sciascia spoke to her of his family, his childhood, his career as a teacher; he replied to her questions on his writings, on his idea of the writer's position in the world and his function there; to other questions that have to do with Sicilian realities - with the Mafia, the Church - and their relation to Italian politics generally; and finally he expressed himself on the social crises in his country and in the world. Some fifteen years have passed since then. In Sicily as Metaphor what remains perfectly unaffected by the evolution of affairs is this portrayal of the man who in his time so fully exemplified the European man of letters - who in Europe has always been a public figure, with implicit public responsibilities. Even when discussing issues that have been obscured or superseded by recent events, there is an uncommon durability in Sciascia's reflections; and this is bound up with style. Some time ago a critic writing in the Times Literary Supplement noted that Sciascia's "style shows how strongly, how single-mindedly and intelligentlyhe has reacted against the candyfloss fluffiness of so much around him. What he has to say is compressed so tightly that his writing is rock hard, sometimes dry; in contrast to the almost crazy carelessness in the use of words so often found in Italy, his words are picked so exactly that they form mosaics of their own, precise patterns of emotional or intellectual meaning beyond the precise sense of what they seem to be saying".



Morality Reason and Truth

Morality  Reason  and Truth Author David Copp
ISBN-10 UOM:39015008629811
Release 1985
Pages 331
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The thirteen papers...address various dimensions of the complex relationship between morality and rationality. Most of the papers are new and they are generally at the cutting edge of current research. The collection is a substantial and important contribution to metaethics.



Conspiracy Panics

Conspiracy Panics Author Jack Z. Bratich
ISBN-10 0791473341
Release 2008-02-07
Pages 229
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Examines contemporary anxiety over the phenomenon of conspiracy theories.



Is Believing in God Irrational

Is Believing in God Irrational Author Amy Orr-Ewing
ISBN-10 9780830879311
Release 2010-03-23
Pages 141
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Is God really real? And how can we know if anyone's experience of God is actually valid? Skeptics today are increasingly vocal in their assertion not only that God is unverifiable, but also that believing in God is irrational and even dangerous. Even those who believe wonder if they can speak objectively about the actual reality of God or if they can only appeal to a subjective belief in God. Amy Orr-Ewing addresses key questions and objections that many people today have about God. She explores whether our understanding of God is delusional or merely a psychological crutch. She probes whether the Christian claim to a unique personal relationship with God is plausible in light of other world religions, and how anyone can continue to believe in God in a world of pain and suffering. If you have questions about God, you're not alone. Come consider some possible answers.



Sceptical Essays

Sceptical Essays Author Bertrand Russell
ISBN-10 0415325080
Release 2004
Pages 225
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'These propositions may seem mild, yet, if accepted, they would absolutely revolutionize human life.' With these words Bertrand Russell introduces what is indeed a revolutionary book. Taking as his starting-point the irrationality of the world, he offers by contrast something 'wildly paradoxical and subversive' - a belief that reason should determine human actions. Today, besieged as we are by the numbing onslaught of twenty-first-century capitalism, Russell's defence of scepticism and independence of mind is as timely as ever. In clear, engaging prose, he guides us through the key philosophical issues that affect our daily lives - freedom, happiness, emotions, ethics and beliefs - and offers no-nonsense advice.



Atheism

Atheism Author George H. Smith
ISBN-10 9781615929955
Release 2010-11-02
Pages 200
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"Does a god exist? This question has undoubtedly been asked, in one form or another, since man has had the ability to communicate. . . Thousands of volumes have been written on the subject of a god, and the vast majority have answered the questions with a resounding 'Yes!' " "You are about to read a minority viewpoint." With this intriguing introduction, George H. Smith sets out to demolish what he considers the most widespread and destructive of all the myths devised by man - the concept of a supreme being. With painstaking scholarship and rigorous arguments, Mr. Smith examines, dissects, and refutes the myriad "proofs" offered by theists - the defenses of sophisticated, professional theologians, as well as the average religious layman. He explores the historical and psychological havoc wrought by religion in general - and concludes that religious belief cannot have any place in the life of modern, rational man. "It is not my purpose to convert people to atheism . . . (but to) demonstrate that the belief in God is irrational to the point of absurdity. If a person wishes to continue believing in a god, that is his prerogative, but he can no longer excuse his belief in the name of reason and moral necessity."



Making Moral Sense

Making Moral Sense Author Logi Gunnarsson
ISBN-10 1139428446
Release 2000-09-18
Pages
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Is it rational to be moral? Can moral disputes be settled rationally? Which criteria determine what we have a good reason to do? In this innovative book, Logi Gunnarsson takes issue with the assumption made by many philosophers faced with the problem of reconciling moral norms with a scientific world view, namely that morality must be offered a non-moral justification based on a formal concept of rationality. He argues that the criteria for the rationality of an action are irreducibly substantive, rather than purely formal, and that assuming that morality must be given a non-moral justification amounts to a distortion of both rationality and morality. His discussion includes substantial critical engagement with major thinkers from two very different philosophical traditions, and is notable for its clear and succinct account of Habermas' discourse ethics. It will appeal to anyone interested in practical reason and the rational credentials of morality.



Early modern skepticism and the origins of toleration

Early modern skepticism and the origins of toleration Author Alan Levine
ISBN-10 UOM:39015043045007
Release 1999-04-22
Pages 282
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Early modern skepticism and the origins of toleration has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Early modern skepticism and the origins of toleration also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Early modern skepticism and the origins of toleration book for free.



The 7 Laws of Magical Thinking

The 7 Laws of Magical Thinking Author Matthew Hutson
ISBN-10 9781101561737
Release 2012-04-12
Pages 304
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In this witty and perceptive debut, a former editor at Psychology Today shows us how magical thinking makes life worth living. Psychologists have documented a litany of cognitive biases- misperceptions of the world-and explained their positive functions. Now, Matthew Hutson shows us that even the most hardcore skeptic indulges in magical thinking all the time-and it's crucial to our survival. Drawing on evolution, cognitive science, and neuroscience, Hutson shows us that magical thinking has been so useful to us that it's hardwired into our brains. It encourages us to think that we actually have free will. It helps make us believe that we have an underlying purpose in the world. It can even protect us from the paralyzing awareness of our own mortality. In other words, magical thinking is a completely irrational way of making our lives make rational sense. With wonderfully entertaining stories, personal reflections, and sharp observations, Hutson reveals our deepest fears and longings. He also assures us that it is no accident his surname contains so many of the same letters as this imprint.



A World Without Values

A World Without Values Author Richard Joyce
ISBN-10 9048133394
Release 2009-12-01
Pages 238
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What kind of properties are moral qualities, such as rightness, badness, etc? Some ethicists doubt that there are any such properties; they maintain that thinking that something is morally wrong (for example) is comparable to thinking that something is a unicorn or a ghost. These "moral error theorists" argue that the world simply does not contain the kind of properties or objects necessary to render our moral judgments true. This radical form of moral skepticism was championed by the philosopher John Mackie (1917-1981). This anthology is a collection of philosophical essays critically examining Mackie’s view.