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The Elephant in the Room

The Elephant in the Room Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 9780195332605
Release 2007-10-01
Pages 162
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The Elephant in the Room looks at how, why, and with what consequences it is possible for things to be known and 'not known' at the same time by individuals in a group. Zerubavel marshals a host of examples - from families that avoid discussing a member's cancer to the military's 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' policy - to identify the common features of conspiracies of silence at all levels of society. He unravels the normative as well as political underpinnings of silence and denial, as well as the social dynamics of conspiracies of silence. Noting how each 'conspirator's' actions are symbiotically complemented by the others', he shows that silence is usually more intense when there are more people conspiring to maintain it and especially when there are significant power differences among them. He concludes by showing that the longer we ignore 'elephants' the larger they loom in our minds, as each avoidance typically triggers an indefinitely recursive spiral of denial.



Living in Denial

Living in Denial Author Kari Marie Norgaard
ISBN-10 9780262294980
Release 2011-03-11
Pages 304
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Global warming is the most significant environmental issue of our time, yet public response in Western nations has been meager. Why have so few taken any action? In Living in Denial, sociologist Kari Norgaard searches for answers to this question, drawing on interviews and ethnographic data from her study of "Bygdaby," the fictional name of an actual rural community in western Norway, during the unusually warm winter of 2000-2001.In 2000-2001 the first snowfall came to Bygdaby two months later than usual; ice fishing was impossible; and the ski industry had to invest substantially in artificial snow-making. Stories in local and national newspapers linked the warm winter explicitly to global warming. Yet residents did not write letters to the editor, pressure politicians, or cut down on use of fossil fuels. Norgaard attributes this lack of response to the phenomenon of socially organized denial, by which information about climate science is known in the abstract but disconnected from political, social, and private life, and sees this as emblematic of how citizens of industrialized countries are responding to global warming.Norgaard finds that for the highly educated and politically savvy residents of Bygdaby, global warming was both common knowledge and unimaginable. Norgaard traces this denial through multiple levels, from emotions to cultural norms to political economy. Her report from Bygdaby, supplemented by comparisons throughout the book to the United States, tells a larger story behind our paralysis in the face of today's alarming predictions from climate scientists.



Ancestors and Relatives

Ancestors and Relatives Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 9780199773954
Release 2012-01-26
Pages 226
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Noted social scientist Eviatar Zerubavel casts a critical eye on how we trace our past-individually and collectively arguing that rather than simply find out who our ancestors are from genetics or history, we actually create the stories that make them our ancestors.



Hidden in Plain Sight

Hidden in Plain Sight Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 9780199366613
Release 2015
Pages 199
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While examining its neuro-cognitive hardware, psychology usually ignores the socio-cognitive software underlying human attention. Yet although it is nature that equips us with our sense organs, it is nevertheless society that shapes the way we actually use them. The book explores the social underpinnings of attention, the way in which we focus our attention (and thereby notice and ignore things) not just as individuals and as humans but also as social beings, members of particular communities with specific traditions and conventions of attending to certain parts of reality while ignoring others.



Economic Lives

Economic Lives Author Viviana A. Zelizer
ISBN-10 1400836255
Release 2010-09-27
Pages 496
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Over the past three decades, economic sociology has been revealing how culture shapes economic life even while economic facts affect social relationships. This work has transformed the field into a flourishing and increasingly influential discipline. No one has played a greater role in this development than Viviana Zelizer, one of the world's leading sociologists. Economic Lives synthesizes and extends her most important work to date, demonstrating the full breadth and range of her field-defining contributions in a single volume for the first time. Economic Lives shows how shared cultural understandings and interpersonal relations shape everyday economic activities. Far from being simple responses to narrow individual incentives and preferences, economic actions emerge, persist, and are transformed by our relations to others. Distilling three decades of research, the book offers a distinctive vision of economic activity that brings out the hidden meanings and social actions behind the supposedly impersonal worlds of production, consumption, and asset transfer. Economic Lives ranges broadly from life insurance marketing, corporate ethics, household budgets, and migrant remittances to caring labor, workplace romance, baby markets, and payments for sex. These examples demonstrate an alternative approach to explaining how we manage economic activity--as well as a different way of understanding why conventional economic theory has proved incapable of predicting or responding to recent economic crises. Providing an important perspective on the recent past and possible futures of a growing field, Economic Lives promises to be widely read and discussed.



Taken for Granted

Taken for Granted Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 9781400889464
Release 2018-04-24
Pages 160
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How the words we use—and don’t use—reinforce dominant cultural norms Why is the term "openly gay" so widely used but "openly straight" is not? What are the unspoken assumptions behind terms like "male nurse," "working mom," and "white trash"? Offering a revealing and provocative look at the word choices we make every day without even realizing it, Taken for Granted exposes the subtly encoded ways we talk about race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, social status, and more. In this engaging and insightful book, Eviatar Zerubavel describes how the words we use--such as when we mark "the best female basketball player" but leave her male counterpart unmarked—provide telling clues about the things many of us take for granted. By marking "women's history" or "Black History Month," we are also reinforcing the apparent normality of the history of white men. When we mark something as being special or somehow noticeable, that which goes unmarked—such as maleness, whiteness, straightness, and able-bodiedness—is assumed to be ordinary by default. Zerubavel shows how this tacit normalizing of certain identities, practices, and ideas helps to maintain their cultural dominance—including the power to dictate what others take for granted. A little book about a very big idea, Taken for Granted draws our attention to what we implicitly assume to be normal—and in the process unsettles the very notion of normality.



The Fine Line

The Fine Line Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 0226981592
Release 1993-10-01
Pages 205
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Eviatar Zerubavel argues that most of the distinctions we make in our daily lives and in our culture are social constructs. He questions the notion that a clear line can be drawn to separate one time or object or concept from another, and presents witty and provocative counterexamples in defense of ambiguity and anomaly.



Social Mindscapes

Social Mindscapes Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 0674045432
Release 2009-06-01
Pages 176
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Why do we eat sardines, but never goldfish; ducks, but never parrots? Why does adding cheese make a hamburger a "cheeseburger" whereas adding ketchup does not make it a "ketchupburger"? By the same token, how do we determine which things said at a meeting should be included in the minutes and which ought to be considered "off the record" and officially disregarded? In this wide-ranging and provocative book, Eviatar Zerubavel argues that cognitive science cannot answer these questions, since it addresses cognition on only two levels: the individual and the universal. To fill the gap between the Romantic vision of the solitary thinker whose thoughts are the product of unique experience, and the cognitive-psychological view, which revolves around the search for the universal foundations of human cognition, Zerubavel charts an expansive social realm of mind--a domain that focuses on the conventional, normative aspects of the way we think. With witty anecdote and revealing analogy, Zerubavel illuminates the social foundation of mental actions such as perceiving, attending, classifying, remembering, assigning meaning, and reckoning the time. What takes place inside our heads, he reminds us, is deeply affected by our social environments, which are typically groups that are larger than the individual yet considerably smaller than the human race. Thus, we develop a nonuniversal software for thinking as Americans or Chinese, lawyers or teachers, Catholics or Jews, Baby Boomers or Gen-Xers. Zerubavel explores the fascinating ways in which thought communities carve up and classify reality, assign meanings, and perceive things, "defamiliarizing" in the process many taken-for-granted assumptions.



The Seven Day Circle

The Seven Day Circle Author Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN-10 0226981657
Release 1989-03-15
Pages 206
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Shows how an artificial system devised to order our activities, the seven-day week, has been shaped by religion, politics, and economics from the biblical era through varied, exotic civilizations and into the twentieth century



The Elephant in the Room

The Elephant in the Room Author Ed Baker
ISBN-10 0979365406
Release 2007-10-01
Pages 142
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In the spirit of TUESDAYS WITH MORRIE, travel with the main character on an allegorical journey toward realizing your dreams & securing your financial future.



Elephants in the Room

Elephants in the Room Author Charlene Wexler
ISBN-10 1523471964
Release 2016-01-27
Pages 194
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Elephants In The Room is award-winning author Charlene Wexler's latest collection of short fiction and essays examining life, love, and the tragedy and comedy of the human condition.Whether she is tackling fiction or essays, Charlene Wexler writes from the heart. With a keen eye for detail and a way of looking at the world a bit sideways, Wexler's writings in Elephants In The Room will entertain while they make you think.In Elephants In The Room, Wexler's fiction and essays are grouped in five categories.Coming of Age features essays and fiction about growing up and reaching some of life's milestones-whether you are ready or not.In Family and Friends, you'll meet some of the fun characters in Wexler's life and in her fiction, and inevitably you'll think about similar loved ones in your own world. The story "Elephants In The Room," from which the title of this book is derived, appears in this section.What would life be without our animal pals? Wexler shares some stories about four-footed friends and loved ones in Animal Magnetism.The Passing Parade features Wexler's fiction and prose observations on the changes in our fast-paced world.Senior Moments contains Wexler's wry, humorous, and even serious observations on the mature years.After reading Elephants In The Room, you'll see why Wexler's books and short stories have won multiple awards. Her style makes you feel as if you are reading about or talking to dear friends.Elephants In The Room is Wexler's second collection of fiction and essays published in book form. The first, Milk and Oranges, won several awards.Elephants In The Room is a collection of stories that will pluck at your heartstrings and tickle your funnybone.



Workshop Statistics

Workshop Statistics Author Allan J. Rossman
ISBN-10 9781475729269
Release 2013-12-01
Pages 486
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Shorn of all subtlety and led naked out of the protec tive fold of educational research literature, there comes a sheepish little fact: lectures don't work nearly as well as many of us would like to think. -George Cobb (1992) This book contains activities that guide students to discover statistical concepts, explore statistical principles, and apply statistical techniques. Students work toward these goals through the analysis of genuine data and through inter action with one another, with their instructor, and with technology. Providing a one-semester introduction to fundamental ideas of statistics for college and advanced high school students, Warkshop Statistics is designed for courses that employ an interactive learning environment by replacing lectures with hands on activities. The text contains enough expository material to stand alone, but it can also be used to supplement a more traditional textbook. Some distinguishing features of Workshop Statistics are its emphases on active learning, conceptual understanding, genuine data, and the use of technology. The following sections of this preface elaborate on each of these aspects and also describe the unusual organizational structure of this text.



Talk at the Brink

Talk at the Brink Author David R. Gibson
ISBN-10 9780691151311
Release 2012
Pages 218
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Examines, from a sociological perspective, the historic audio recordings of discussions between John F. Kennedy & his top advisers during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Reveals how conversational practices & dynamics shaped Kennedy's perception of the options available to him, thereby influencing his decisions & ultimately the outcome of the crisis.



Denial

Denial Author Ajit Varki
ISBN-10 9781455511921
Release 2013-06-04
Pages 384
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The history of science abounds with momentous theories that disrupted conventional wisdom and yet were eventually proven true. Ajit Varki and Danny Brower's "Mind over Reality" theory is poised to be one such idea-a concept that runs counter to commonly-held notions about human evolution but that may hold the key to understanding why humans evolved as we did, leaving all other related species far behind. At a chance meeting in 2005, Brower, a geneticist, posed an unusual idea to Varki that he believed could explain the origins of human uniqueness among the world's species: Why is there no humanlike elephant or humanlike dolphin, despite millions of years of evolutionary opportunity? Why is it that humans alone can understand the minds of others? Haunted by their encounter, Varki tried years later to contact Brower only to discover that he had died unexpectedly. Inspired by an incomplete manuscript Brower left behind, DENIAL presents a radical new theory on the origins of our species. It was not, the authors argue, a biological leap that set humanity apart from other species, but a psychological one: namely, the uniquely human ability to deny reality in the face of inarguable evidence-including the willful ignorance of our own inevitable deaths. The awareness of our own mortality could have caused anxieties that resulted in our avoiding the risks of competing to procreate-an evolutionary dead-end. Humans therefore needed to evolve a mechanism for overcoming this hurdle: the denial of reality. As a consequence of this evolutionary quirk we now deny any aspects of reality that are not to our liking-we smoke cigarettes, eat unhealthy foods, and avoid exercise, knowing these habits are a prescription for an early death. And so what has worked to establish our species could be our undoing if we continue to deny the consequences of unrealistic approaches to everything from personal health to financial risk-taking to climate change. On the other hand reality-denial affords us many valuable attributes, such as optimism, confidence, and courage in the face of long odds. Presented in homage to Brower's original thinking, DENIAL offers a powerful warning about the dangers inherent in our remarkable ability to ignore reality-a gift that will either lead to our downfall, or continue to be our greatest asset.



The Holocaust as Active Memory

The Holocaust as Active Memory Author Dr Claudia Lenz
ISBN-10 9781409484875
Release 2013-06-28
Pages 208
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The ways in which memories of the Holocaust have been communicated, represented and used have changed dramatically over the years. From such memories being neglected and silenced in most of Europe until the 1970s, each country has subsequently gone through a process of cultural, political and pedagogical awareness-rising. This culminated in the ‘Stockholm conference on Holocaust commemoration’ in 2000, which resulted in the constitution of a task force dedicated to transmitting and teaching knowledge and awareness about the Holocaust on a global scale. The silence surrounding private memories of the Holocaust has also been challenged in many families. What are the catalysts that trigger a change from silence to discussion of the Holocaust? What happens when we talk its invisibility away? How are memories of the Holocaust reflected in different social environments? Who asks questions about memories of the Holocaust, and which answers do they find, at which point in time and from which past and present positions related to their societies and to the phenomenon in question? This book highlights the contexts in which such questions are asked. By introducing the concept of ‘active memory’, this book contributes to recent developments in memory studies, where memory is increasingly viewed not in isolation but as a dynamic and relational part of human lives.



You Don t Have to Be Buddhist to Know Nothing

You Don t Have to Be Buddhist to Know Nothing Author Joan Konner
ISBN-10 9781615929733
Release
Pages
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Travel in mid-air, discover naught! Joan Konner brings us delightful little nothings packed in a vacuum: we now have the world's nothingness at our feet.-Philippe Petit, high wire artistA choice selection from language's higher vineyards, that almost makes you comfortable with the unthinkable.-Robert Kaplan, author of The Nothing That Is, and co-founder, with his wife Ellen, of The Math CircleThis is a book about Nothing. It is full of Nothing and I have learned more about Nothing from this book than I could have imagined-or could not have.-Edward Albee***'Nothing' is the forceThat renovates the World.-EMILY DICKINSONI love talking about nothing....It is the only thing I know anything about. -OSCAR WILDENothingness lies coiled in the heart of being-like a worm. -JEAN-PAUL SARTREWho in this world has not felt the power of this: a nothing!-VICTOR HUGOWhether a subject of dread or of fascination, nothing (often spelled with a capital N) has intrigued writers, philosophers, and scientists since ancient times. In this sound-bite history of the concept of nothing, distinguished journalist Joan Konner-author of the bestselling The Atheist's Bible-has created a unique anthology devoted to, well, ... nothing. The collection brings together, in one portable volume, the thoughts of well-known writers and philosophers, artists and musicians, poets and playwrights, geniuses and jokers, demonstrating that some of the finest minds explored, feared, confronted, experienced, and played with the real or imagined presence of nothing in their lives.Paradoxical? Yes, indeed. You Don't Have to Be Buddhist to Know Nothing shows that, like many Eastern sages, deep thinkers in the West also recognized and pondered nonexistence as an essential component and complement of existence itself. Organized in short topical chapters from Knowing Nothing to the Joy of Unknowing and Nothing is Sacred, the verbal snapshots captured in this collection create a coherent work of insight, wisdom, humor and wonder.You Don't Have to Be Buddhist to Know Nothing is compelling enough to be read all at once or in short bursts, as the spirit moves.Joan Konner (New York, NY) conceived and edited The Atheist's Bible, which became a national bestseller in 2007. She is Dean Emerita and Professor Emerita of the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism, as well as the former publisher and currently an honorary cochair of the Columbia Journalism Review.



The Pursuit of Attention

The Pursuit of Attention Author Charles Derber
ISBN-10 019503368X
Release 1979
Pages 110
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Examines the dynamics of everyday face-to-face behavior and discusses the techniques used by individuals to turn the topic of conversations to themselves