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The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness

The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness Author Jonathan C. K. Wells
ISBN-10 9780521884204
Release 2010
Pages 382
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Integrates medical and evolutionary data on the role of body fat in human biology, including the current obesity epidemic.



Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology

Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology Author G. Richard Scott
ISBN-10 9781107011458
Release 2013-02-21
Pages 559
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This follow-up to The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth puts methods to use in interpreting human origins and affinities.



The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth Author G. Richard Scott
ISBN-10 9781107174412
Release 2018-03-31
Pages 450
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Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.



Somatotyping

Somatotyping Author J. E. Lindsay Carter
ISBN-10 0521351170
Release 1990-06-28
Pages 503
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Somatotyping is a method of description and assessment of the body on three shape and composition scales: endomorphy (relative fatness), mesomorphy (relative musculoskeletal robustness), and ectomorphy (relative linearity). This book (the first major account of the field for thirty years) presents a comprehensive history of somatotyping, beginning with W. J. Sheldon's introduction of the method in 1940. The controversies regarding the validity of Sheldon's method are described, as are the various attempts to modify the technique, particularly the Heath-Carter method, which has come into widespread use. The book reviews present knowledge of somatotypes around the world, how they change with growth, ageing and exercise, and the contributions of genetics and environment to the rating. Also reviewed are the relationships between somatotypes and sport, physical performance, health and behaviour. Students and research workers in human biology, physical and biological anthropology and physical education will all find valuable information in this book.



The Metabolic Ghetto

The Metabolic Ghetto Author Jonathan C. K. Wells
ISBN-10 9781316679364
Release 2016-07-21
Pages
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Chronic diseases have rapidly become the leading global cause of morbidity and mortality, yet there is poor understanding of this transition, or why particular social and ethnic groups are especially susceptible. In this book, Wells adopts a multidisciplinary approach to human nutrition, emphasising how power relations shape the physiological pathways to obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Part I reviews the physiological basis of chronic diseases, presenting a 'capacity-load' model that integrates the nutritional contributions of developmental experience and adult lifestyle. Part II presents an evolutionary perspective on the sensitivity of human metabolism to ecological stresses, highlighting how social hierarchy impacts metabolism on an intergenerational timescale. Part III reviews how nutrition has changed over time, as societies evolved and coalesced towards a single global economic system. Part IV integrates these physiological, evolutionary and politico-economic perspectives in a unifying framework, to deepen our understanding of the societal basis of metabolic ill-health.



Growth Maturation and Body Composition

Growth  Maturation  and Body Composition Author Alex F. Roche
ISBN-10 0521374499
Release 1992-08-27
Pages 282
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Growth, Maturation and Body Composition documents one of the most remarkable and significant studies in the field of human biology. The Fels Longitudinal Study is the longest, largest and most productive serial study of human growth, maturation and body composition. This book shows how data collected from more than 1000 participants during the past 60 years have been analysed to test a wide range of hypotheses, and describes how the findings have led to the development of improved research methods. Topics covered include the management and analysis of data, prenatal, familial and genetic studies, physical growth, development and maturation, bones and teeth, body composition, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. With more than 1000 specialized publications of Fels data, the present book provides a unique overview of this fascinating research programme, which will be of interest to a wide range of researchers, including those in the fields of physical anthropology, nutrition science, pediatrics, gerontology, epidemiology, endocrinology, human genetics, as well as statistics.



International Encyclopedia of Human Geography

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography Author
ISBN-10 9780080449104
Release 2009-07-16
Pages 8250
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The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography provides an authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the discipline of human geography and its constituent, and related, subject areas. The encyclopedia includes over 1,000 detailed entries on philosophy and theory, key concepts, methods and practices, biographies of notable geographers, and geographical thought and praxis in different parts of the world. This groundbreaking project covers every field of human geography and the discipline’s relationships to other disciplines, and is global in scope, involving an international set of contributors. Given its broad, inclusive scope and unique online accessibility, it is anticipated that the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography will become the major reference work for the discipline over the coming decades. The Encyclopedia will be available in both limited edition print and online via ScienceDirect - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit http://info.sciencedirect.com/content/books/ref_works/coming/ Available online on ScienceDirect and in limited edition print format Broad, interdisciplinary coverage across human geography: Philosophy, Methods, People, Social/Cultural, Political, Economic, Development, Health, Cartography, Urban, Historical, Regional Comprehensive and unique - the first of its kind in human geography



Virality

Virality Author Tony D. Sampson
ISBN-10 9780816670055
Release 2012
Pages 235
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In this thought-provoking work, Tony D. Sampson presents a contagion theory fit for the age of networks. Unlike memes and microbial contagions,Virality does not restrict itself to biological analogies and medical metaphors. It instead points toward a theory of contagious assemblages, events, and affects. For Sampson, contagion is not necessarily a positive or negative force of encounter; it is how society comes together and relates. Sampson argues that a biological knowledge of contagion has been universally distributed by way of the rhetoric of fear used in the antivirus industry and other popular discourses surrounding network culture. This awareness is also detectable in concerns over too much connectivity, such as problems of global financial crisis and terrorism. Sampson's “virality” is as established as that of the biological meme and microbe but is not understood through representational thinking expressed in metaphors and analogies. Rather, Sampson interprets contagion theory through the social relationalities first established in Gabriel Tarde's microsociology and subsequently recognized in Gilles Deleuze's ontological worldview. According to Sampson, the reliance on representational thinking to explain the social behavior of networking—including that engaged in by nonhumans such as computers—allows language to overcategorize and limit analysis by imposing identities, oppositions, and resemblances on contagious phenomena. It is the power of these categories that impinges on social and cultural domains. Assemblage theory, on the other hand, is all about relationality and encounter, helping us to understand the viral as a positively sociological event, building from the molecular outward, long before it becomes biological.



The Fetal Matrix Evolution Development and Disease

The Fetal Matrix  Evolution  Development and Disease Author Peter Gluckman
ISBN-10 0521834570
Release 2005
Pages 257
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New discoveries reveal how crucial interactions which determine our destiny occur before birth, when our genes interact with their environment as the embryo and fetus develop. These processes - in the matrix of the womb - are evolutionary echoes of mechanisms which allowed our hunter-gatherer ancestors to survive. These exciting insights into predictive adaptive responses suggest new ways of protecting the health of the fetus, infant and adult. If inappropriate they can trigger obesity, diabetes and heart disease, formerly thought to result solely from adult lifestyle. The new concepts in this book are crucial to understanding the daunting public health burden in societies undergoing rapid transition from poverty to affluence. They add an important new dimension to evolutionary theory. Synthesising developmental biology, evolutionary history, medical science, public health and social policy, this is a ground-breaking and fascinating account by two of the world's leading pioneers in this important emerging field.



Feeling Bodies Embodying Psychology

Feeling Bodies  Embodying Psychology Author John Cromby
ISBN-10 9781137380586
Release 2015-07-16
Pages 221
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Before we are anything else, we are feeling bodies. In fact, feelings are an important part of every experience we ever have. This book explains what feelings are, describes their relationship with other psychological phenomena, and shows how their analysis transforms understandings of some key topics related to health and illness.



The Politics of Possibility

The Politics of Possibility Author Louise Amoore
ISBN-10 9780822377269
Release 2013-10-23
Pages 232
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Since September 11, 2001, the imagination of "low probability, high consequence" events has become a distinctive feature of contemporary politics. Uncertain futures—devastation by terrorist attack, cyber crime, flood, financial market collapse—must be discerned and responded to as possibilities, however improbable they may be. In The Politics of Possibility, Louise Amoore examines this development, tracing its genealogy through the diverse worlds of risk management consulting, computer science, commercial logistics, and data visualization. She focuses on the increasingly symbiotic relationship between commercial opportunities and state security threats, a relation that turns the trusted, iris-scanned traveler into "a person of national security interest," and the designer of risk algorithms for casino and insurance fraud into a homeland security resource. Juxtaposing new readings of Agamben, Foucault, Derrida, Massumi, and Connolly with interpretations of post–9/11 novels and artworks, Amoore analyzes the "politics of possibility" and its far-reaching implications for society, associative life, and political accountability.



Sacred Economics

Sacred Economics Author Charles Eisenstein
ISBN-10 9781583943984
Release 2011-07-12
Pages 496
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Sacred Economics traces the history of money from ancient gift economies to modern capitalism, revealing how the money system has contributed to alienation, competition, and scarcity, destroyed community, and necessitated endless growth. Today, these trends have reached their extreme—but in the wake of their collapse, we may find great opportunity to transition to a more connected, ecological, and sustainable way of being. This book is about how the money system will have to change—and is already changing—to embody this transition. A broadly integrated synthesis of theory, policy, and practice, Sacred Economics explores avant-garde concepts of the New Economics, including negative-interest currencies, local currencies, resource-based economics, gift economies, and the restoration of the commons. Author Charles Eisenstein also considers the personal dimensions of this transition, speaking to those concerned with "right livelihood" and how to live according to their ideals in a world seemingly ruled by money. Tapping into a rich lineage of conventional and unconventional economic thought, Sacred Economics presents a vision that is original yet commonsense, radical yet gentle, and increasingly relevant as the crises of our civilization deepen. Sacred Economics official website: http://sacred-economics.com/ About the Imprint: EVOLVER EDITIONS promotes a new counterculture that recognizes humanity's visionary potential and takes tangible, pragmatic steps to realize it. EVOLVER EDITIONS explores the dynamics of personal, collective, and global change from a wide range of perspectives. EVOLVER EDITIONS is an imprint of North Atlantic Books and is produced in collaboration with Evolver, LLC. From the Trade Paperback edition.



Applied Eugenics

Applied Eugenics Author Paul Popenoe
ISBN-10 UOM:39015064559209
Release 1918
Pages 459
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Applied Eugenics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Applied Eugenics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Applied Eugenics book for free.



Handbook of Cultural Developmental Science

Handbook of Cultural Developmental Science Author Marc H. Bornstein
ISBN-10 9781136648472
Release 2014-06-03
Pages 624
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Researchers and theoreticians commonly acknowledge the profound impact of culture on all aspects of development. However, many in the field are often unaware of the latest cultural literatures or how development proceeds in places other than their home locations. This comprehensive handbook covers all domains of developmental science from a cultural point of view and in all regions of the globe. Part 1 covers domains of development across cultures, and Part 2 focuses on development in different places around the world. The Handbook documents child and caregiver characteristics associated with cultural variation, and it charts relations between cultural and developmental variations in physical, mental, emotional, and social development in children, parents, and cultural groups. This contemporary and scholarly resource of culture in development covers theoretical, methodological, substantive, and ethnic issues as well as geographic approaches. Each chapter includes an introduction, historical and demographic considerations, theory, an overview of the most important classical and modern research studies, recommended future directions in theory and research, and a conclusion. The chapters focus on children from the prenatal stage through adolescence. Interdisciplinary in nature, the Handbook will appeal to human development theoreticians, researchers, and students in psychology, education, and pediatrics. Ideal for those new to the field, readers will appreciate the plethora of cultural examples from all fields of child and human development and developmental examples from all fields of cultural study.



Anthropometric Standards

Anthropometric Standards Author A. Roberto Frisancho
ISBN-10 047211591X
Release 2008
Pages 335
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". . . a useful and long-needed stand-alone clinical manual for nutritional assessment." ---American Journal of Physical Anthropology This is a revised and updated 2nd edition of Anthropometric Standards for the Assessment of Growth and Nutritional Status. The data is based on the most recent available from the government (2003), and reflects the demographic change in the U.S. The easy-to-use tables and graphs have been expanded from age 2 months to 90 years. Designed for physicians, medical students, pediatricians, family doctors, and nutritionists interested in the physical growth and development of adults and children, this book presents in one volume the compilation of the largest database of material on anthropometric standards from National Health Examination surveys. Because the information is presented in tabular and graphic form, medical investigators can easily compare and interpret their findings with the collection of normative values. No other book is as inclusive, as soundly based, or as potentially useful to people interested in nutrition, cardiovascular diseases, anthropometry, and epidemiology. This is a resource that no health care worker should be without. A compact disc (CD) is included with the book for interactive evaluation of nutritional anthropometry in order to determine an individual's percentile and Z-score of the measurements of body size and composition. The CD is divided into three sections: Section 1 is based on anthropometric data source derived from the 3rd National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 1994-98. Section 2 is based on weight, height, and body-mass index information developed by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for children ages 2 months to 20 years. Section 3 contains information developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) on weight and length for children ranging in age from birth to 5 years. All three sections are presented in Excel spreadsheets formatted to allow calculation of age- and sex-specific Z-scores and percentiles directly without the need for additional computer programs or software. A. Roberto Frisancho is Thurnau Professor of Anthropology at University of Michigan.



U S Health in International Perspective

U S  Health in International Perspective Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 9780309264143
Release 2013-04-12
Pages 420
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The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.



Green Sisters

Green Sisters Author Sarah McFarland Taylor
ISBN-10 9780674027107
Release 2009-06-30
Pages 384
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Green sisters are environmentally active Catholic nuns working to heal the earth as they cultivate new forms of religious culture. Inviting us into their world, Taylor offers a firsthand understanding of the experiences of women whose lives bring together orthodoxy and activism, and whose lifestyle provides a compelling view of sustainable living.