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The Fortifications of Malta 1530 1945

The Fortifications of Malta 1530   1945 Author Charles Stephenson
ISBN-10 9781849080156
Release 2012-11-20
Pages 64
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The Island of Malta occupies a pivotal position in the Mediterranean, forming an outpost between North Africa and the soft underbelly of Europe. Such has been its strategic importance throughout the years that it has become one of the most fortified places in the world. Following the successful defence of the island during the Great Siege of 1565, the Knights Hospitaller built new walls and fortifications. These defences failed when Napoleon occupied Malta in 1798, and the island was retaken by the British in 1800. From this point onwards, Malta's defences were modernised throughout the 19th century and the island's final test came during World War II. This book examines all these different styles of fortification from the 16th to the 20th century.



The Fortress of Rhodes 1309 1522

The Fortress of Rhodes 1309   1522 Author Konstantin Nossov
ISBN-10 9781782000037
Release 2012-06-20
Pages 64
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First besieged in 305 BC, the island of Rhodes became part of the Roman Empire and was later fortified in the Byzantine style. Due to its strategic position in the Mediterranean, Rhodes was also attacked and besieged for over a century by Islamic forces. This title details the development of these fascinating fortifications, as well as the sieges that sought to reduce them.



The Fortifications of Gibraltar 1068 1945

The Fortifications of Gibraltar 1068   1945 Author Darren Fa
ISBN-10 9781849080514
Release 2013-09-20
Pages 64
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Gibraltar, located at the meeting points of Europe and Africa, preserves within its fortifications a rich testament to human conflict spanning 600 years. In 1068 the ruling Spanish Muslims built a large fort there. Between 1309 and 1374 Gibraltar underwent a period of intensive building and fortification, and following the Spanish reconquest of 1462 the inhabitants carried out further works. In 1704 the latest, uninterrupted period of British rule began. The 18th century saw three sieges including the most severe, known as the Great Siege, which lasted from 1779 to 1783. During World War II the 'Rock' served as a vital stop for supply convoys and naval staging base, complete with a veritable warren of secret tunnels. This book documents Gibraltar's rich history, and charts the development of these fascinating fortifications.



French Fortresses in North America 1535 1763

French Fortresses in North America 1535   1763 Author René Chartrand
ISBN-10 9781849080262
Release 2013-03-20
Pages 64
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Following the discovery of America by Columbus in 1492, European colonists brought their system of fortification to the New World in an attempt to ensure their safety and consolidate their conquests. French and British explorers came later to North America, and thus the establishment of their sizeable settlements only got under way during the 17th century. The inhabitants of New France built elaborate fortifications to protect their towns and cities. This book provides a detailed examination of the defenses of four of them: Québec, Montréal and Louisbourg in Canada, and New Orleans in Louisiana.



The Great Siege

The Great Siege Author Ernle Bradford
ISBN-10 1497637864
Release 2014-08-19
Pages 260
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The indispensable account of the Ottoman Empire's Siege of Malta from the author of Hannibal and Gibraltar. In the first half of the sixteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was thought to be invincible. Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman sultan, had expanded his empire from western Asia to southeastern Europe and North Africa. To secure control of the Mediterranean between these territories and launch an offensive into western Europe, Suleiman needed the small but strategically crucial island of Malta. But Suleiman's attempt to take the island from the Holy Roman Empire's Knights of St. John would emerge as one of the most famous and brutal military defeats in history. Forty-two years earlier, Suleiman had been victorious against the Knights of St. John when he drove them out of their island fortress at Rhodes. Believing he would repeat this victory, the sultan sent an armada to Malta. When they captured Fort St. Elmo, the Ottoman forces ruthlessly took no prisoners. The Roman grand master La Vallette responded by having his Ottoman captives beheaded. Then the battle for Malta began in earnest: no quarter asked, none given. Ernle Bradford's compelling and thoroughly researched account of the Great Siege of Malta recalls not just an epic battle, but a clash of civilizations unlike anything since the time of Alexander the Great. It is "a superior, readable treatment of an important but little-discussed epic from the Renaissance past . . . An astonishing tale" (Kirkus Reviews).



The Siege of Tsingtau

The Siege of Tsingtau Author Charles Stephenson
ISBN-10 9781526702944
Release 2017-06-30
Pages 256
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The German-Japanese War was a key, yet often neglected, episode in the opening phase of the First World War. It had profound implications for the future, particularly in respect of Japans acquisition of Germanys Micronesian islands. Japans naval perimeter was extended and threatened the United States naval strategy of projecting force westward. The campaign to relieve Germany of Tsingtau, the port and naval base in China, and its hinterland posed a grave threat to Chinese independence. The course of the Second World War in China and the Pacific cannot be explained without reference to these events. Charles Stephenson's account makes fascinating reading. The siege of Tsingtau by the Japanese, with token British participation, forms the core of his story. He draws on Japanese and German primary sources to describe the defences, the landings, the course of the siege, and eventual German surrender. His study will be absorbing reading for anyone interested in the campaigns of the First World War outside of Europe, in German colonial expansion and the rise to power of Japan.



Castles

Castles Author Charles Stephenson
ISBN-10 1782406204
Release 2018-05-23
Pages 288
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Castles takes a uniquely architectural approach to deconstructing all forms of fortification, showing how the work of architect, stonemason, and engineer evolved to repel the increasingly destructive power of artillery. While the classic medieval castle is analyzed in detail, the book addresses a broad chronology of structures--from the most ancient fortified city at Jericho through to the point in the nineteenth century when modern weapons forced armies underground. Castles uses stylish two-tone engravings to dissect a wealth of examples; "anatomies" that annotate classic structures for both their architectural and military significance; and "riches to ruins" features that offer unique comparisons between castles in their pomp as depicted in illuminated manuscripts, and matching color photographs of those same castles as they stand in ruins today.



Germany s Asia Pacific Empire

Germany s Asia Pacific Empire Author Charles Stephenson
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105215311726
Release 2009
Pages 292
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An overview of Germany's naval and imperial activities in East Asia and the Pacific in the years leading up to the First World War.



Japanese Castles 1540 1640

Japanese Castles 1540   1640 Author Stephen Turnbull
ISBN-10 9781780962160
Release 2011-12-20
Pages 64
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The landscape of 16thand 17th-century Japan was dominated by the graceful and imposing castles constructed by the powerful 'daimyo' of the period. In this the most turbulent era in Japanese history, these militarily sophisticated structures provided strongholds for the consolidation and control of territory, and inevitably they became the focus for many of the great sieges of Japanese history: Nagashino (1575), Kitanosho (1583), Odawara (1590), Fushimi (1600), Osaka (1615) and Hara (1638), the last of the battles that brought an end to a period of intense civil war. This title traces their development from the earliest timber stockades to the immense structures that dominated the great centres of Osaka and Edo.



The Walls of Constantinople AD 324 1453

The Walls of Constantinople AD 324   1453 Author Stephen Turnbull
ISBN-10 9781782002246
Release 2012-08-20
Pages 64
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The walls of Constantinople are the greatest surviving example of European medieval military architecture in the world. They withstood numerous sieges until being finally overcome by the artillery of Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453, and exist today as a time capsule of Byzantine and Medieval history. This book examines the main defensive system protecting the landward side of the city, which consisted of three parallel walls about 5 miles long. The walls defended the city against intruders, including Attila the Hun, before finally being breached by European knights during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and, ultimately, destroyed by Turkish artillery in 1453.



American Civil War Fortifications 1

American Civil War Fortifications  1 Author Angus Konstam
ISBN-10 9781472800688
Release 2013-01-20
Pages 64
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The 50 years before the American Civil War saw a boom in the construction of coastal forts in the United States of America. These stone and brick forts stretched from New England to the Florida Keys, and as far as the Mississippi River. At the start of the war some were located in the secessionist states, and many fell into Confederate hands. Although a handful of key sites stayed in Union hands throughout the war, the remainder had to be won back through bombardment or assault. This book examines the design, construction and operational history of those fortifications, such as Fort Sumter, Fort Morgan and Fort Pulaski, which played a crucial part in the course of the Civil War.



Castles

Castles Author Charles Stephenson
ISBN-10 1908005645
Release 2012-09-20
Pages 288
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Examines the development and function of castle, forts, walls, fortifications, and fortified cities throughout history.



Zeppelins

Zeppelins Author Charles Stephenson
ISBN-10 9781780965123
Release 2012-03-20
Pages 48
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On 2 July 1900 the people of Friedrichshafen, Germany, witnessed a momentous occasion the first flight of LZ 1, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's first airship. Although deemed a failure, a succession of better craft (LZ2 to 10) enabled the Zeppelin to expand into the consumer market of airship travel, whilst also providing military craft for the German Army and Navy. The years of the Great War saw the Zeppelins undertake strategic bombing missions against Great Britain. This title covers the post-war fate of the Zeppelins, including the crash of the Hindenburg, and their use by the Luftwaffe at the beginning of World War II.



The Malta Railway

The Malta Railway Author B.L. Rigby
ISBN-10 0853616213
Release 2004-11-01
Pages 120
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The Malta Railway has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Malta Railway also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Malta Railway book for free.



Spanish Colonial Fortifications in North America 1565 1822

Spanish Colonial Fortifications in North America 1565   1822 Author Alejandro de Quesada
ISBN-10 1846035074
Release 2010-04-20
Pages 64
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To maintain its imperial power in America, Spain built fortifications across the width of the continent. These outposts were established along Spanish borders from the late sixteenth century onwards to defend its interests against rival European powers and to suppress uprisings of the Native Americans and local population. By the eighteenth century, Spain's defenses spread from the northern area of the Gulf of Mexico through to California. Some of these imperial fortifications, such as the Alamo, played key roles in conflicts including the American Revolution and the Texan War of Independence. This book provides a cogent analysis of Spain's defensive network at the height of the country's imperial strength on the American continent.



Crusader Castles in Cyprus Greece and the Aegean 1191 1571

Crusader Castles in Cyprus  Greece and the Aegean 1191   1571 Author David Nicolle
ISBN-10 9781472803818
Release 2013-05-20
Pages 64
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The castles built by the Crusaders, Hospitallers, Venetians and Genoese in Cyprus, Greece, the Aegean, and on the Black Sea served to defend against a complex array of constantly changing threats: Mamluks, Catalan mercenaries, Ottoman Turks, Byzantines, independent Islamic states, Timur-i-Lenk, and widespread piracy, to name but few. The resulting fortifications some inherited from conquered the territories of the former Byzantine empire, some built from scratch were very different to those found in the Middle East. This superbly illustrated book explores their design, development and fate in detail, documenting the rich architectural heritage of this region and its complex history.



Siege Malta 1940 1943

Siege Malta 1940 1943 Author Ernie Bradford
ISBN-10 9781473818187
Release 2011-11-17
Pages 248
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Situated midway between Europe and Africa, Malta played a central role in the battles for the mastery of North Africa. The island was the vital supply base for British and Imperial troops in the to-and-fro desert campaigns against, first, Italy and then Germany and Rommel’s Afrika Korps. The three-year siege of Malta was one of the longest in history. In this thrilling account the author, who first came to know and love Malta whilst serving with the Royal Navy during the Second World War, paints a vivid picture of the suffering of the island and its population. He draws on personal accounts and reminiscences of the participants; he tells of the occasional despair that turned to joy when the convoys got through with much-needed supplies and of the bravery of both the civilians and the armed forces stationed there that uniquely won for Malta the George Cross. Ernle Bradford was born in Norfolk in 1922 and joined the Royal Navy at eighteen. He served with distinction throughout the Second World War. After the war he based himself in Malta, sailing the Mediterranean in a number of small boats and writing prolifically about its history. Among his other books are The Great Siege: Malta 1565, Ulysses Found, Mediterranean: Portrait of a Sea, Cleopatra, Hannibal, The Shield and the Sword and Christopher Columbus. He died in 1986.