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The Friar and the Cipher

The Friar and the Cipher Author Lawrence Goldstone
ISBN-10 9780385515153
Release 2005-02-15
Pages 336
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A compulsively readable account of the most mysterious manuscript in the world, one that has stumped the world’s greatest scholars and codebreakers. The Voynich Manuscript, a mysterious tome discovered in 1912 by the English book dealer Wilfrid Michael Voynich, has puzzled scholars for a century. A small six inches by nine inches, but over two hundred pages long, with odd illustrations of plants, astrological diagrams, and naked women, it is written in so indecipherable a language and contains so complicated a code that mathematicians, book collectors, linguists, and historians alike have yet to solve the mysteries contained within. However, in The Friar and the Cipher, the acclaimed bibliophiles and historians Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone describe, in fascinating detail, the theory that Roger Bacon, the noted thirteenth-century, pre-Copernican astronomer, was its author and that the perplexing alphabet was written in his hand. Along the way, they explain the many proposed solutions that scholars have put forth and the myriad attempts at labeling the manuscript's content, from Latin or Greek shorthand to Arabic numerals to ancient Ukrainian to a recipe for the elixir of life to good old-fashioned gibberish. As we journey across centuries, languages, and countries, we meet a cast of impassioned characters and case-crackers, including, of course, Bacon, whose own personal scientific contributions, Voynich author or not, were literally and figuratively astronomical. The Friar and the Cipher is a wonderfully entertaining and historically wide-ranging book that is one part The Code Book, one part Possession, and one part The Da Vinci Code and will appeal to bibliophiles and laypeople alike.



Dark Bargain

Dark Bargain Author Lawrence Goldstone
ISBN-10 1985665166
Release 2018-03-13
Pages 272
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On September 17, 1787, at the State House in Philadelphia, thirty-nine men from twelve states, after months of often bitter debate, signed America's Constitution. Yet very few of the delegates, at the start, had had any intention of creating a nation that would last. Most were driven more by pragmatic, regional interests than by idealistic vision. Many were meeting for the first time, others after years of contention, and the inevitable clash of personalities would be as intense as the advocacy of ideas or ideals. No issue was of greater concern to the delegates than that of slavery: it resounded through debates on the definition of treason, the disposition of the rich lands west of the Alleghenies and the admission of new states, representation and taxation, the need for a national census, and the very make-up of the legislative and executive branches of the new government. As is provocatively made clear in Dark Bargain, "to a significant and disquieting degree, America's most sacred document was molded and shaped by the most notorious institution in its history." Dark Bargain chronicles the forging of the Constitution through the prism of the crucial compromises made by men consumed with the needs of the slave economy. As the daily debates and backroom conferences in inns and taverns stretched through July and August of that hot summer--and as the philosophical leadership of James Madison waned--Lawrence Goldstone clearly reveals how tenuous the document was, and how an agreement between unlikely collaborators--John Rutledge of South Carolina, and Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut--got the delegates past their most difficult point. Dark Bargain recounts an event as dramatic and compelling as any in our nation's history.



Unsolved

Unsolved Author Craig P. Bauer
ISBN-10 9781400884797
Release 2017-05-22
Pages 624
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A mathematical tour of some of the greatest unsolved ciphers of all time In 1953, a man was found dead from cyanide poisoning near the Philadelphia airport with a picture of a Nazi aircraft in his wallet. Taped to his abdomen was an enciphered message. In 1912, a book dealer named Wilfrid Voynich came into possession of an illuminated cipher manuscript once belonging to Emperor Rudolf II, who was obsessed with alchemy and the occult. Wartime codebreakers tried—and failed—to unlock the book's secrets, and it remains an enigma to this day. In this lively and entertaining book, Craig Bauer examines these and other vexing ciphers yet to be cracked. Some may reveal the identity of a spy or serial killer, provide the location of buried treasure, or expose a secret society—while others may be elaborate hoaxes. Unsolved! begins by explaining the basics of cryptology, and then explores the history behind an array of unsolved ciphers. It looks at ancient ciphers, ciphers created by artists and composers, ciphers left by killers and victims, Cold War ciphers, and many others. Some are infamous, like the ciphers in the Zodiac letters, while others were created purely as intellectual challenges by figures such as Nobel Prize–winning physicist Richard P. Feynman. Bauer lays out the evidence surrounding each cipher, describes the efforts of geniuses and eccentrics—in some cases both—to decipher it, and invites readers to try their hand at puzzles that have stymied so many others. Unsolved! takes readers from the ancient world to the digital age, providing an amazing tour of many of history's greatest unsolved ciphers.



The Medieval New

The Medieval New Author Patricia Clare Ingham
ISBN-10 9780812291230
Release 2015-04-07
Pages 288
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Despite the prodigious inventiveness of the Middle Ages, the era is often characterized as deeply suspicious of novelty. But if poets and philosophers urged caution about the new, Patricia Clare Ingham contends, their apprehension was less the result of a blind devotion to tradition than a response to radical expansions of possibility in diverse realms of art and science. Discovery and invention provoked moral questions in the Middle Ages, serving as a means to adjudicate the ethics of invention and opening thorny questions of creativity and desire. The Medieval New concentrates on the preoccupation with newness and novelty in literary, scientific, and religious discourses of the twelfth through sixteenth centuries. Examining a range of evidence, from the writings of Roger Bacon and Geoffrey Chaucer to the letters of Christopher Columbus, and attending to histories of children's toys, the man-made marvels of romance, the utopian aims of alchemists, and the definitional precision of the scholastics, Ingham analyzes the ethical ambivalence with which medieval thinkers approached the category of the new. With its broad reconsideration of what the "newfangled" meant in the Middle Ages, The Medieval New offers an alternative to histories that continue to associate the medieval era with conservation rather than with novelty, its benefits and liabilities. Calling into question present-day assumptions about newness, Ingham's study demonstrates the continued relevance of humanistic inquiry in the so-called traditional disciplines of contemporary scholarship.



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has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full book for free.



The Complete Voynich Manuscript Reference Edition

The Complete Voynich Manuscript Reference Edition Author Dr. Jay Winter
ISBN-10 9781329800274
Release 2016-01-01
Pages
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This digitally enhanced version of the full Voynich Manuscript (VM) has been packaged in a 22.5MB ePUB and made highly accessible to researchers. With page formatting setup in individual XML files with one Voynich page each this reference edition establishes the feeling that you are actually reading the VM. Included is a brief introduction, external sources to consider, and information regarding a VM think tank for active researchers. The VM has been organized into a "no-impression" style presentation; no references to any possible theory or suggestion is presented with each page itself, only a page number and the actual VM page - no additional, possibly distracting or incorrect data presentations. Designed as a standard reference material for the researcher on the go this edition is to assist in the global decoding effort.



The Complete Voynich Manuscript Digitally Enhanced Researchers Edition

The Complete Voynich Manuscript Digitally Enhanced Researchers Edition Author Dr. Jay Winter
ISBN-10 9781329607743
Release 2015-10-17
Pages
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The world's most mysterious literary enigma has now been digitally remastered and packaged into an eBook to assist researchers in decoding it comfortably on their tablets. Imaging has been enhanced and optimized into a 22mb ePUB as well as organized into a reference material style paging system. This version is intended to make the Voynich Manuscript (VM) more widely available to researchers by giving them easy access to the full enhanced book on a very mobile tablet platform. Designed for the researcher on the go or for any intellectual seeking to get away from their computer screen for awhile. With a brief introduction for new comers to the VM as well as a list of theories and access to a Voynich online thinktank community this book intends to assist in the global decoding effort. This cover to cover version of the VM was made primarily for those seriously invested in deciphering the VM and is intended to aid those in their quest to unlock the secrets of the world's most mysterious book.



Warmly Inscribed

Warmly Inscribed Author Lawrence Goldstone
ISBN-10 031226268X
Release 2001-06-20
Pages 215
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Writings on the world of books and book collecting include a personal tour of the Library of Congress, trips to the Folger Shakespeare Library and Yale's Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and stories of famous forgeries.



The Voynich Manuscript

The Voynich Manuscript Author Archival Reprint Company
ISBN-10 1619810913
Release 2013-10-30
Pages
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ARCHIVAL REPRINT: LIMITED EDITION



Great Lives from History Abbas ibn Firnas Philip Emeagwali

Great Lives from History    Abbas ibn Firnas   Philip Emeagwali Author Alvin K. Benson
ISBN-10 1587655233
Release 2010
Pages 1376
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Provides in-depth critical essays on important men and women in all areas of achievement, from around the world and throughout history, and includes 409 essays covering 413 individual inventors (including 27 women).--From publisher's note, p. vii.



Out of the Flames

Out of the Flames Author Lawrence Goldstone
ISBN-10 0307489248
Release 2008-12-10
Pages 368
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Out of the Flames tracks the history of The Chrisitianismi Restituto, examining Michael Servetus's life and times and the politics of the first information during the sixteenth century. It is an extraordinary story providing testament to the power of ideas, the enduring legacy of books, and the triumph of individual courage. The Chrisitianismi Restituto, a heretical work of biblical scholarship, written in 1553, aimed to refute the orthodox Christianity that Michael Servetus' old colleague, John Calvin, supported. After the book spread through the ranks of Protestant hierarchy, Servetus was tried and agonizingly burned at the stake, the last known copy of the Restitutio chained to his leg. Servetus's execution marked a turning point in the quest for freedom of expression, due largely to the development of the printing press and the proliferation of books in Renaissance Europe. Three copies of the Restitutio managed to survive the burning, despite every effort on the part of his enemies to destroy them. As a result, the book became almost a surrogate for its author, going into hiding and relying on covert distribution until it could be read freely, centuries later. Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone follow the clandestine journey of the three copies through the subsequent centuries and explore its author's legacy and influence over the thinkers that shared his spirit and genius, such as Leibniz, Voltaire, Rousseau, Jefferson, Clarence Dorrow, and William Osler.



Roger Bacon

Roger Bacon Author Brian Clegg
ISBN-10 9781472112125
Release 2013-08-29
Pages 160
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Back in thirteenth-century Europe, in the early years of the great universities, learning was spiced with the danger of mob violence and a terrifyingly repressive religious censorship. Roger Bacon, a humble and devout English friar, seems an unlikely figure to challenge the orthodoxy of his day - yet he risked his life to establish the basis for true knowledge. Born c.1220, Bacon was passionately interested in the natural world and how things worked. Such dangerous topics were vetoed by his Order, and it was only when a new Pope proved sympathetic that he began compiling his encyclopaedia on everything from optics to alchemy - the synopsis took a year and ran to 800,000 words and he was never to complete the work itself. Sadly, the enlightened Pope died, and Bacon was tried as a magician and incarcerated for ten years. Legend transformed Bacon into a sorcerer, 'Doctor Mirabilis', yet he taught that all magic was based on fraud, and his books were the first flowering of the scientific thinking that would transform our world. He advanced the understanding of optics, made geographical breakthroughs later used by Columbus, predicted everything from horseless carriages to the telescope, and stressed the importance of mathematics to science, a significance ignored for 400 years. His biggest contribution was to insist that a study of the natural world by observation and exact measurement was the surest foundation for truth. Clegg uncovers the realities of life in a medieval university and friary, setting out the shadowy facts of Bacon's life alongside his writings. The result is both a fascinating biography and a picture of the age.



Choice

Choice Author
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106018289618
Release 2005
Pages
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Choice has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Choice also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Choice book for free.



Painted optics symposium Re examining the Hockney Falco Thesis 7 years on

Painted optics symposium  Re examining the Hockney Falco Thesis 7 years on Author David Hockney
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105115348554
Release 2009
Pages 142
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Painted optics symposium Re examining the Hockney Falco Thesis 7 years on has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Painted optics symposium Re examining the Hockney Falco Thesis 7 years on also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Painted optics symposium Re examining the Hockney Falco Thesis 7 years on book for free.



The Lady Queen

The Lady Queen Author Nancy Goldstone
ISBN-10 0802719627
Release 2009-11-03
Pages 384
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On March 15, 1348, Joanna I, the queen of Naples, stood trial for her life before the Pope and his court in Avignon. She was 20, and accused of murdering her cousin and husband, Hungarian prince Andrew. That she won her acquittal--arguing her own case in Latin--was remarkable in its own right; that she would go on to rule over one of Europe's most glittering courts for more than 30 years was extraordinary. For the first time, Nancy Goldstone tells the full story of one of the most courageous and accomplished women in history, who challenged the powers of her time, and whose life highlights the dynastic rivalries and alliances across Europe in the dramatic 14th century. She was the only woman in her time to rule in her own name. Dedicated to the welfare of her subjects and realm, Joanna reduced crime, built hospitals and churches, encouraged the licensing of women physicians, and lured some of the most important writers and artists of the century to her glamorous, elegant court, which rivaled that of Elizabeth I of England in power and scope. Around her also swirled war, plague, and the intrigue and treachery that would ultimately be her downfall. As Nancy Goldstone reveals, in Joanna's legacy are found the seeds of both the Renaissance and the Reformation. For anyone who has enjoyed the works of Alison Weir, Amanda Foreman, and Antonia Fraser,The Lady Queen will be must reading.



Manoscritto Voynich e Castel del Monte

Manoscritto Voynich e Castel del Monte Author Giuseppe Fallacara
ISBN-10 9788849277494
Release 2013-12-02T23:00:00+01:00
Pages 180
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Sono rimasto colpito dalla interpretazione che Fallacara e Occhinegro danno dei disegni contenuti nel folio 85r-2 come meta—progetto di Castel del Monte: se si assume questa chiave di lettura, tutto sembra andare al suo posto nella realizzazione architettonica, disvelando il complesso programma simbolico, scientifico, esoterico e funzionale che ne fu alla base: la complessa "macchina idraulica" federiciana, unico esempio del medioevo occidentale, composta intrinsecamente di tubazioni, canalizzazioni, sanitari, docce, camini ed altro sembra essere a tutti gli effetti la trasposizione reale e concreta di ciò che viene "descritto" nelle pagine del Manoscritto Voynich. I was particularly impressed by the authors interpretation of folio 85 1-2 [of the Voynich Manuscript] as a meta-project of Castel del Monte. With this illustration as a key to reading the monument, everything falls into place: the architectural design is revealed in its full symbolic, scientific, esoteric and functional nature. Frederick ll's "hydraulic machine", a unique exemplum in Western Medieval architecture, made of pipes, tubes, channels, cisterns, showers and fireplaces, does indeed appear as the concrete transposition of that which is 'described' in the Voynich Manuscript of real and tangible what is "described" in the pages of the Voynich Manuscript.



Four Queens

Four Queens Author Nancy Goldstone
ISBN-10 1101202173
Release 2007-04-19
Pages 368
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For fans of Alison Weir and Antonia Fraser,acclaimed author Nancy Goldstone’s thrilling history of the royal daughters who succeeded in ruling—and shaping—thirteenth-century Europe Set against the backdrop of the thirteenth century, a time of chivalry and crusades, troubadors, knights and monarchs, Four Queens is the story of four provocative sisters—Marguerite, Eleanor, Sanchia, and Beatrice of Provence—who rose from near obscurity to become the most coveted and powerful women in Europe. Each sister in this extraordinary family was beautiful, cultured, and accomplished but what made these women so remarkable was that each became queen of a principal European power—France, England, Germany and Sicily. During their reigns, they exercised considerable political authority, raised armies, intervened diplomatically and helped redraw the map of Europe. Theirs is a drama of courage, sagacity and ambition that re-examines the concept of leadership in the Middle Ages.