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The Logica Yearbook 2017

The Logica Yearbook 2017 Author Pavel Arazim
ISBN-10 1848902816
Release 2018-05-24
Pages 298
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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2017, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.



The Logica Yearbook 2015

The Logica Yearbook 2015 Author Pavel Arazim
ISBN-10 1848902131
Release 2016-06-01
Pages 234
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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2015, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.



Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems

Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems Author Flavio Ferrarotti
ISBN-10 9783319900506
Release 2018-06-07
Pages 401
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems, FoIKS 2018, held in Budapest, Hungary, in May 2018.The 20 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. The papers address various topics such as big data; database design; dynamics of information; information fusion; integrity and constraint management; intelligent agents; knowledge discovery and information retrieval; knowledge representation, reasoning and planning; logics in databases and AI; mathematical foundations; security in information and knowledge systems; semi-structured data and XML; social computing; the semantic web and knowledge management; and the world wide web.​



Logic Language Information and Computation

Logic  Language  Information  and Computation Author Lawrence S. Moss
ISBN-10 9783662576694
Release 2018-06-26
Pages 325
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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2018, held inBogota, Colombia, in July 2018. The 16 full papers together with 3 short papers and 3 invited talks presented were fully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. The vision for the conference is to provide an annual forum which is large enough to provide meaningful interactions between logic and the sciences related to information and computation.



KI 2017 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

KI 2017  Advances in Artificial Intelligence Author Gabriele Kern-Isberner
ISBN-10 9783319671901
Release 2017-09-18
Pages 396
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 40th Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2017 held in Dortmund, Germany in September 2017. The 20 revised full technical papers presented together with 16 short technical communications were carefully reviewed and selected from 73 submissions. The conference cover a range of topics from, e. g., agents, robotics, cognitive sciences, machine learning, planning, knowledge representation, reasoning, and ontologies, with numerous applications in areas like social media, psychology, transportation systems and reflecting the richness and diversity of their field.



The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic

The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic Author Vladimir Markin
ISBN-10 9783319661629
Release 2017-11-21
Pages 221
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This volume offers a wide range of both reconstructions of Nikolai Vasiliev’s original logical ideas and their implementations in the modern logic and philosophy. A collection of works put together through the international workshop "Nikolai Vasiliev’s Logical Legacy and the Modern Logic," this book also covers foundations of logic in the light of Vasiliev’s contradictory ontology. Chapters range from a look at the Heuristic and Conceptual Background of Vasiliev's Imaginary Logic to Generalized Vasiliev-style Propositions. It includes works which cover Imaginary and Non-Aristotelian Logics, Inconsistent Set Theory and the Expansion of Mathematical Thinking, Plurivalent Logic, and the Impact of Vasiliev's Imaginary Logic on Epistemic Logic. The Russian logician, Vasiliev, was widely recognized as one of the forerunners of modern non-classical logic. His "imaginary logic" developed in some of his work at the beginning of 20th century is often considered to be one of the first systems of paraconsistent and multi-valued logic. The novelty of his logical project has opened up prospects for modern logic as well as for non-classical science in general. This volume contains a selection of papers written by modern specialists in the field and deals with various aspects of Vasiliev's logical ideas. The logical legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev can serve as a promising source for developing an impressive range of philosophical interpretations, as it marries promising technical innovations with challenging philosophical insights.



Logic Rationality and Interaction

Logic  Rationality  and Interaction Author Alexandru Baltag
ISBN-10 9783662556658
Release 2017-10-14
Pages 694
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This LNCS volume is part of FoLLI book serie and contains the papers presented at the 6th International Workshop on Logic, Rationality and Interaction/ (LORI-VI), held in September 2017 in Sapporo, Japan. The focus of the workshop is on following topics: Agency, Argumentation and Agreement, Belief Revision and Belief Merging, Belief Representation, Cooperation, Decision making and Planning, Natural Language, Philosophy and Philosophical Logic, and Strategic Reasoning.



The Logica Yearbook 2012

The Logica Yearbook 2012 Author Vit Puncochar
ISBN-10 1848901100
Release 2013
Pages 238
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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2012, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.



Quantifiers and Cognition Logical and Computational Perspectives

Quantifiers and Cognition  Logical and Computational Perspectives Author Jakub Szymanik
ISBN-10 9783319287492
Release 2016-02-19
Pages 211
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This volume on the semantic complexity of natural language explores the question why some sentences are more difficult than others. While doing so, it lays the groundwork for extending semantic theory with computational and cognitive aspects by combining linguistics and logic with computations and cognition. Quantifier expressions occur whenever we describe the world and communicate about it. Generalized quantifier theory is therefore one of the basic tools of linguistics today, studying the possible meanings and the inferential power of quantifier expressions by logical means. The classic version was developed in the 1980s, at the interface of linguistics, mathematics and philosophy. Before this volume, advances in "classic" generalized quantifier theory mainly focused on logical questions and their applications to linguistics, this volume adds a computational component, the third pillar of language use and logical activity. This book is essential reading for researchers in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, logic, AI, and computer science.



The Psychology of Argument

The Psychology of Argument Author Laura Bonelli
ISBN-10 184890195X
Release 2016-05-16
Pages 450
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Arguments have often been a topic of interest in the psychology of communication, typically with an emphasis on their persuasive features - an emphasis largely shared by at least one of the classical disciplines in argumentation studies, namely, rhetoric. Nonetheless, contemporary argumentation theory has mostly steered clear of psychological contributions, with only few (albeit notable) exceptions. While there are both historical and theoretical reasons for this lack of interaction, many nowadays seem to think it is past time we bury the hatchet for good, and recent years have witnessed a flourish of cognitive approaches to the study of argument. This volume aims to take stock of these recent developments, as well as paving the way to new promising directions of inquiry. In doing so, it also manages to organize this rich landscape around five main sub-themes: socio-cognitive models of argumentation, issues of rationality (or lack thereof), the study of biases and fallacies, the role of argumentation in persuasion (and vice versa), and how learning and development affect our argumentative attitudes.



Liber Amicorum Alberti a Tribute to Albert Visser

Liber Amicorum Alberti  a Tribute to Albert Visser Author Rosalie Iemhoff
ISBN-10 1848902042
Release 2016-03-22
Pages 252
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During his scientific life Albert Visser has contributed to a great variety of disciplines in logic, ranging from provability logics, interpretability, and formal arithmetic to philosophy, linguistics and formal language semantics. This Liber Amicorum is in honour of his long and distinguised career, and nicely bears tribute to the diversity of Albert Visser's interests. Filled with contriubitons from his colleagues, the book illustrates the important role that Albert Visser plays and has played as a logician in the Netherlands and abroad.



Advances in Modal Logic

Advances in Modal Logic Author Lev Beklemishev
ISBN-10 1848902018
Release 2016-06-30
Pages 584
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Logic deals with the fundamental notions oftruth and falsity. Modal logic arose from the philosophical study of "modes of truth" with the two most common modes being "necessarily true" and "possibly true." Research in modal logic now spans the spectrum from philosophy, computer science and mathematics using techniques from relational structures, universal algebra, topology, and proof theory. These proceedings record the papers presented at the 2016 conference on Advances in Modal Logic, a biennial conference series with an aim to report on important new developments in pure and applied modal logic. As indicated above, there are new developments in using modal logic to reason about obligations, about programs, about time, about combinations of modal logics and even about negation itself.



Essays on Husserl s Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics

Essays on Husserl s Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics Author Stefania Centrone
ISBN-10 9789402411324
Release 2017-09-07
Pages 526
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Essays on Husserl’s Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics sets out to fill up a lacuna in the present research on Husserl by presenting a precise account of Husserl’s work in the field of logic, of the philosophy of logic and of the philosophy of mathematics. The aim is to provide an in-depth reconstruction and analysis of the discussion between Husserl and his most important interlocutors, and to clarify pivotal ideas of Husserl’s by considering their reception and elaboration by some of his disciples and followers, such as Oskar Becker and Jacob Klein, as well as their influence on some of the most significant logicians and mathematicians of the past century, such as Luitzen E. J. Brouwer, Rudolf Carnap, Kurt Gödel and Hermann Weyl. Most of the papers consider Husserl and another scholar – e.g. Leibniz, Kant, Bolzano, Brentano, Cantor, Frege – and trace out and contextualize lines of influence, points of contact, and points of disagreement. Each essay is written by an expert of the field, and the volume includes contributions both from the analytical tradition and from the phenomenological one.



The Dialogue Between Sciences Philosophy and Engineering

The Dialogue Between Sciences  Philosophy and Engineering Author Raffaele Pisano
ISBN-10 1848902271
Release 2017-09-14
Pages 438
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Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716) has a prominent worldwide place in the history of scientific thought, from mathematics, logic, and physics to astronomy and engineering. In 2016, both his birth and death have been commemorated. Given the influence by Leibniz on Western sciences and philosophies and his polyhedric scientific activities, this special book chooses to focus on Leibniz's scientific works. In particular, we explore Leibniz's intellectual matrix and heritage within interdisciplinary fields, and present contributions from leading experts on the subject. The book offers much-needed insights into the subject from scientific, historical, philosophical and nature of science perspectives. It also provides authoritative introductions to scholarly contributions, which are often dispersed in journals and books not easily accessible to every reader. Therefore, this volume also contains excellent chapters on topics which, generally speaking, have their place in any rounded science, history or philosophy topic. It provides an absorbing and significant read for historians, philosophers and scientists alike. Editors Raffaele Pisano is full professor at the Lille University, France. Michel Fichant is Emeritus professor at the Sorbonne University, France. Paolo Bussotti is senior lecturer-researcher at the Udine University, Italy. Agamenon R. E. Oliveira is full professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Foreword Eberhard Knobloch is Emeritus professor at the Berlin University of Technology, Germany.



Inferentialism

Inferentialism Author J. Peregrin
ISBN-10 9781137452962
Release 2014-09-26
Pages 278
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In this study two strands of inferentialism are brought together: the philosophical doctrine of Brandom, according to which meanings are generally inferential roles, and the logical doctrine prioritizing proof-theory over model theory and approaching meaning in logical, especially proof-theoretical terms.



An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments

An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments Author Ali Almossawi
ISBN-10 9781615192267
Release 2014-09-23
Pages 64
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“A flawless compendium of flaws.” —Alice Roberts, PhD, anatomist, writer, and presenter of The Incredible Human Journey The antidote to fuzzy thinking, with furry animals! Have you read (or stumbled into) one too many irrational online debates? Ali Almossawi certainly had, so he wrote An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments! This handy guide is here to bring the internet age a much-needed dose of old-school logic (really old-school, a la Aristotle). Here are cogent explanations of the straw man fallacy, the slippery slope argument, the ad hominem attack, and other common attempts at reasoning that actually fall short—plus a beautifully drawn menagerie of animals who (adorably) commit every logical faux pas. Rabbit thinks a strange light in the sky must be a UFO because no one can prove otherwise (the appeal to ignorance). And Lion doesn’t believe that gas emissions harm the planet because, if that were true, he wouldn’t like the result (the argument from consequences). Once you learn to recognize these abuses of reason, they start to crop up everywhere from congressional debate to YouTube comments—which makes this geek-chic book a must for anyone in the habit of holding opinions.



Deontic Logic and Normative Systems 13th International Conference DEON 2016

Deontic Logic and Normative Systems  13th International Conference  DEON 2016 Author Olivier Roy
ISBN-10 1848902158
Release 2016-06-15
Pages 302
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The biennial DEON conferences are designed to promote interdisciplinary cooperation amongst scholars interested in linking the formal-logical study of normative concepts and normative systems with computer science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy, organisation theory and law. In addition to these general themes, DEON 2016 encouraged a special focus on the topic "Reasons, Argumentation and Justification."