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The Materials and Craft of Early Iconographers

The Materials and Craft of Early Iconographers Author Mihaela D. Leonida
ISBN-10 9783319048284
Release 2014-03-25
Pages 136
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This book describes in detail the materials and techniques used by medieval iconographers. It offers information about the natural sources, the raw materials, the tools and the technologies involved in preparing them. The book allows entry into the secretive world of very knowledgeable and skilled artisans, about which very little is known. Topics covered include raw materials, pigments, binders, solvents, adhesives, inks and varnishes. Special chapters will be dedicated to the fresco technique as practiced by the early iconographers, grinding, painting on glass and the training/apprenticeship of these craftsmen.



Metals in Past Societies

Metals in Past Societies Author Shadreck Chirikure
ISBN-10 9783319116419
Release 2015-03-18
Pages 166
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This book seeks to communicate to both a global and local audience, the key attributes of pre-industrial African metallurgy such as technological variation across space and time, methods of mining and extractive metallurgy and the fabrication of metal objects. These processes were transformative in a physical and metaphoric sense, which made them total social facts. Because the production and use of metals was an accretion of various categories of practice, a chaine operatoire conceptual and theoretical framework that simultaneously considers the embedded technological and anthropological factors was used. The book focuses on Africa’s different regions as roughly defined by cultural geography. On the one hand there is North Africa, Egypt, the Egyptian Sudan, and the Horn of Africa which share cultural inheritances with the Middle East and on the other is Africa south of the Sahara and the Sudan which despite interacting with the former is remarkably different in terms of technological practice. For example, not only is the timing of metallurgy different but so is the infrastructure for working metals and the associated symbolic and sociological factors. The cultural valuation of metals and the social positions of metal workers were different too although there is evidence of some values transfer and multi-directional technological cross borrowing. The multitude of permutations associated with metals production and use amply demonstrates that metals participated in the production and reproduction of society. Despite huge temporal and spatial differences there are so many common factors between African metallurgy and that of other regions of the world. For example, the role of magic and ritual in metal working is almost universal be it in Bolivia, Nepal, Malawi, Timna, Togo or Zimbabwe. Similarly, techniques of mining were constrained by the underlying geology but this should not in any way suggest that Africa’s metallurgy was derivative or that the continent had no initiative. Rather it demonstrates that when confronted with similar challenges, humanity in different regions of the world responded to identical challenges in predictable ways mediated as mediated by the prevailing cultural context. The success of the use of historical and ethnographic data in understanding variation and improvisation in African metallurgical practices flags the potential utility of these sources in Asia, Latin America and Europe. Some nuance is however needed because it is simply naïve to assume that everything depicted in the history or ethnography has a parallel in the past and vice versa. Rather, the confluence of archaeology, history and ethnography becomes a pedestal for dialogue between different sources, subjects and ideas that is important for broadening our knowledge of global categories of metallurgical practice.



Playable Cities

Playable Cities Author Anton Nijholt
ISBN-10 9789811019623
Release 2016-11-16
Pages 253
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This book addresses the topic of playable cities, which use the ‘smartness’ of digital cities to offer their citizens playful events and activities. The contributions presented here examine various aspects of playable cities, including developments in pervasive and urban games, the use of urban data to design games and playful applications, architecture design and playability, and mischief and humor in playable cities. The smartness of digital cities can be found in the sensors and actuators that are embedded in their environment. This smartness allows them to monitor, anticipate and support our activities and increases the efficiency of the cities and our activities. These urban smart technologies can offer citizens playful interactions with streets, buildings, street furniture, traffic, public art and entertainment, large public displays and public events.



Archaeological Human Remains

Archaeological Human Remains Author Barra Odonnabhain
ISBN-10 9783319063706
Release 2014-06-10
Pages 252
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This volume addresses the directions that studies of archaeological human remains have taken in a number of different countries, where attitudes range from widespread support to prohibition. Overlooked in many previous publications, this diversity in attitudes is examined through a variety of lenses, including academic origins, national identities, supporting institutions, archaeological context and globalization. The volume situates this diversity of attitudes by examining past and current tendencies in studies of archaeologically-retrieved human remains across a range of geopolitical settings. In a context where methodological approaches have been increasingly standardized in recent decades, the volume poses the question if this standardization has led to a convergence in approaches to archaeological human remains or if significant differences remain between practitioners in different countries. The volume also explores the future trajectories of the study of skeletal remains in the different jurisdictions under scrutiny.



Photosynthetic Microorganisms

Photosynthetic Microorganisms Author Shailendra Kumar Singh
ISBN-10 9783319091235
Release 2014-08-25
Pages 123
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This book provides a cohesive overview of carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM) of photosynthetic microorganisms such as cyanobacteria and microalgae. This unique mechanism is by far the most spectacular physiological process in algal growth and productivity. Due to this fact, the study of CCM has captivated phycologists, algal molecular and cellular biologists, botanists, agriculturalists, crop growers, and most recently algal biofuel researchers, around the world. In the brief, the authors draw a contextual in-depth overview, on the basis of the latest findings, to develop an account of the core concepts regarding state-of-the-art of CCM. Subsequent chapters use this account to explore carbon concentrating mechanism of cyanobacteria and microalgae. They highlight the concise summaries of cutting-edge research and integrated industrial applications of photosynthetic microorganism based CO2 mitigation system, across a wide spectrum of energy and environment. The brief also presents sustainable perspectives of carbon concentrating mechanism in the context of current global energy and environmental challenges.



The Intangible Elements of Culture in Ethnoarchaeological Research

The Intangible Elements of Culture in Ethnoarchaeological Research Author Stefano Biagetti
ISBN-10 9783319231532
Release 2016-06-02
Pages 323
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This volume focuses on the intangible elements of human cultures, whose relevance in the study of archaeology has often been claimed but rarely practiced. In this book, the authors successfully show how the adoption of ethnoarchaeological perspectives on non-material aspects of cultures can support the development of methodologies aimed at refining the archaeological interpretation of ancient items, technologies, rituals, settlements and even landscape. The volume includes a series of new approaches that can foster the dialogue between archaeology and anthropology in the domain of the intangible knowledge of rural and urban communities. The role of ethnoarchaeology in the study of the intangible heritage is so far largely underexplored, and there is a considerable lack of ethnoarchaeological studies explicitly focused on the less tangible evidence of present and past societies. Fresh case studies will revitalize the theoretical debate around ethnoarchaeology and its applicability in the archaeological and heritage research in the new millennium. Over the past decade, ‘intangible’ has become a key word in anthropological research and in heritage management. Archaeological theories and methods regarding the explorations of the meaning and the significance of artifacts, resources, and settlement patterns are increasingly focusing on non-material evidence. Due to its peculiar characteristics, ethnoarchaeology can effectively foster the development of the study of the intangible cultural heritage of living societies, and highlight its relevance to the study of those of the past.



Tourism and Archaeological Heritage Management at Petra

Tourism and Archaeological Heritage Management at Petra Author Douglas C Comer
ISBN-10 9781461414810
Release 2011-12-08
Pages 187
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Once visited only by the cognoscenti of the ancient world, over the last decade Petra has drawn almost a million visitors in some years. Petra burst into popular consciousness with the release of enormously popular motion picture Raiders of the Lost Ark in 1981. Moviegoers all over the world were introduced to some of the spectacular scenic wonders of Petra: the Siq, a narrow chasm with colorful, towering sandstone walls, and Al-Khazna, the exquisitely carved tomb for a Nabataean king. For centuries, the Nabataeans controlled the trade in precious commodities across the Arabian Peninsula, bring spices from Southeast Asia, incense from present-day Yemen, gold and ivory from Africa, and silk from the Far East across the Empty Quarter to ports on the western Mediterranean. In 1985, Petra was included on the list of World Heritage Sites. Since then, low cost jet travel and a fast highway from the capital city of Amman have made the site increasingly accessible. The Jordanian government has made attracting tourists to Jordan a top priority. For all of the attention that Petra has received, it is still surprisingly poorly understood. A widely accepted chronology of the city, even the dates of major tombs and monuments, has yet to be established. Even the mystery of why and how Arab nomads adopted a sedentary lifestyle and built a great city has yet to be fully explained. Will Petra’s popularity as a tourism destination overshadow the importance of addressing these questions, and, more importantly, will tourism damage the archaeological remains there in ways that make answers more difficult or even impossible to find?



Architecture and Power in the Ancient Andes

Architecture and Power in the Ancient Andes Author Jerry D. Moore
ISBN-10 0521553636
Release 1996-08-22
Pages 256
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"Compares plans of 22 structures on the Peruvian north coast dating from preceramic to Chimu. Uses objective criteria to assess social purpose (centrality, ubiquity); symbolic intent (scale, permanence); and social control (visibility, access pattern)"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.



The Chemical History of Color

The Chemical History of Color Author Mary Virginia Orna
ISBN-10 9783642326424
Release 2012-10-05
Pages 153
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In this brief, Mary Virginia Orna details the history of color from the chemical point of view. Beginning with the first recorded uses of color and ending in the development of our modern chemical industry, this rich, yet concise exposition shows us how color pervades every aspect of our lives. Our consciousness, our perceptions, our useful appliances and tools, our playthings, our entertainment, our health, and our diagnostic apparatus – all involve color and are based in no small part on chemistry.



General Relativity from A to B

General Relativity from A to B Author Robert Geroch
ISBN-10 9780226190792
Release 2013-02-06
Pages 233
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"This beautiful little book is certainly suitable for anyone who has had an introductory course in physics and even for some who have not."—Joshua N. Goldberg, Physics Today "An imaginative and convincing new presentation of Einstein's theory of general relativity. . . . The treatment is masterful, continual emphasis being placed on careful discussion and motivation, with the aim of showing how physicists think and develop their ideas."—Choice



Bionanomaterials for Skin Regeneration

Bionanomaterials for Skin Regeneration Author Mihaela D. Leonida
ISBN-10 9783319391687
Release 2016-06-21
Pages 144
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This book gives a concise overview of bionanomaterials with applications for skin regeneration. The advantages and challenges of nanoscale materials are covered in detail, giving a basic view of the skin structure and conditions that require transdermal or topical applications. Medical applications, such as wound healing, care for burns, skin disease, and cosmetic care, such as aging of the skin and photodamage, and how they benefit from bionanomaterials, are described in detail. A final chapter is devoted to the ethical and social issues related to the use of bionanomaterials for skin regeneration. This is an ideal book for researchers in materials science, medical scientists specialized in dermatology, and cosmetic chemists working in formulations. It can also serve as a reference for nanotechnologists, dermatologists, microbiologists, engineers, and polymer chemists, as well as students studying in these fields.



Lost Secrets of Flemish Painting

Lost Secrets of Flemish Painting Author Sir Théodore Turquet de Mayerne
ISBN-10 0971650004
Release 2001
Pages 386
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Lost Secrets of Flemish Painting has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Lost Secrets of Flemish Painting also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Lost Secrets of Flemish Painting book for free.



The Technique of Icon Painting

The Technique of Icon Painting Author Guillem Ramos-Poqui
ISBN-10 0855326875
Release 1994
Pages 80
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Explores the history, meaning and techniques of icon paintings



The Organic Artist

The Organic Artist Author Nick Neddo
ISBN-10 9781592539260
Release 2015-01-15
Pages 160
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This is an art book which highlights the possibility of using natural, organic materials as art supplies and inspiration.



Techniques of Traditional Icon Painting

Techniques of Traditional Icon Painting Author Gilles Weissmann
ISBN-10 1844487946
Release 2012
Pages 127
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Focusing on the classic methods of icon painting and its rich history, this detailed and practical guide covers everything, from the materials needed and how to prepare a panel to adding inscriptions and finishing off using traditional Byzantine techniques. It explains the origins and principles of icon painting; how to choose a subject; the technique of sacred geometry; the use of color, varnishing, and egg tempera; and how to use traditional gilding techniques. Part of the icon's symbolism is transmitted in the techniques used to create it and this is explored throughout. With in-depth information, step-by-step demonstrations, invaluable advice, and many superb examples of finished icons, this is the most comprehensive guide to the philosophy and practice of icon painting.



Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire

Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire Author William Honeychurch
ISBN-10 9781493918157
Release 2014-11-05
Pages 321
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This monograph uses the latest archaeological results from Mongolia and the surrounding areas of Inner Asia to propose a novel understanding of nomadic statehood, political economy, and the nature of interaction with ancient China. In contrast to the common view of the Eurasian steppe as a dependent periphery of Old World centers, this work views Inner Asia as a locus of enormous influence on neighboring civilizations, primarily through the development and transmission of diverse organizational models, technologies, and socio-political traditions. This work explores the spatial management of political relationships within the pastoral nomadic setting during the first millennium BCE and argues that a culture of mobility, horse-based transport, and long-distance networking promoted a unique variant of statehood. Although states of the eastern steppe were geographically large and hierarchical, these polities also relied on techniques of distributed authority, multiple centers, flexible structures, and ceremonialism to accommodate a largely mobile and dispersed populace. This expertise in “spatial politics” set the stage early on for the expansionistic success of later Asian empires under the Mongols and Manchus. Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire brings a distinctly anthropological treatment to the prehistory of Mongolia and is the first major work to explore key issues in the archaeology of eastern Eurasia using a comparative framework. The monograph adds significantly to anthropological theory on interaction between states and outlying regions, the emergence of secondary complexity, and the growth of imperial traditions. Based on this approach, the window of Inner Asian prehistory offers a novel opportunity to investigate the varied ways that complex societies grow and the processes articulating adjacent societies in networks of mutual transformation.



Colors of the World

Colors of the World Author Jean-Philippe Lenclos
ISBN-10 0393731472
Release 2004
Pages 288
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"Through the visual evidence of over six hundred radiant color photographs, supplemented by watercolor sketches and color synthesis charts, the Lencloses explain their system and provide a pertinent and objective comparison of assorted chromatic microcosms worldwide, as well as a fascinating look at the infinite diversity with which color expresses itself. From the delicate tones of bamboo roofs in Japan to the tangy-hued house facades created from mineral pigments in African soils, Colors of the World offers a visually alluring survey of the significant chromatic personalities within local geographies, histories, and traditions in countries around the world."--BOOK JACKET.