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The Mind Possessed

The Mind Possessed Author Emma Cohen
ISBN-10 0198043473
Release 2007-08-09
Pages 256
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The cognitive science of religion has made a persuasive case for the view that a number of different psychological systems are involved in the construction and transmission of notions of extranatural agency such as deities and spirits. Until now this work has been based largely on findings in experimental psychology, illustrated mainly with hypothetical or anecdotal examples. In The Mind Possessed, Emma Cohen considers how the psychological systems undergirding spirit concepts are activated in real-world settings. Spirit possession practices have long had a magnetizing effect on academic researchers but there have been few, if any, satisfactory theoretical treatments of spirit possession that attempt to account for its emergence and spread globally. Drawing on ethnographic data collected during eighteen months of fieldwork in Bel?m, northern Brazil, Cohen combines fine-grained descriptions and analyses of mediumistic activities in an Afro-Brazilian cult house with a scientifically-grounded explanation for the emergence and spread of ideas about spirits, possession and healing. Cohen shows why spirit possession and its associated activities are inherently attention-grabbing. Making a radical departure from traditional anthropological, medicalist and sociological analyses, she argues that a cognitive approach offers more precise and testable hypotheses concerning the spread and appeal of spirit concepts and possession activities. This timely book presents new lines of enquiry for the cognitive science of religion (a rapidly growing field of interdisciplinary scholarship) and challenges the theoretical frameworks within which spirit possession practices have traditionally been understood.



Spirit Possession around the World Possession Communion and Demon Expulsion across Cultures

Spirit Possession around the World  Possession  Communion  and Demon Expulsion across Cultures Author Joseph P. Laycock
ISBN-10 9781610695909
Release 2015-05-26
Pages 414
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This book provides a fascinating historical and cultural overview of traditional beliefs about spirit possession and exorcism around the world, from Europe to Asia and the Middle East to the Americas. • Provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the subject of spirit possession, reflecting the work of scholars and experts from many fields • Covers a wide range of cultures, traditions, and phenomena with up-to-date, little-known information that is difficult to find through independent research • Includes primary documents that give students accounts of exorcism and spiritual possession and serve to foster critical thinking skills and media literacy • Features sidebars that illuminate key points and present related information, with special attention paid to exorcism and spirit possession in popular culture



Spirits and Trance in Brazil

Spirits and Trance in Brazil Author Bettina E. Schmidt
ISBN-10 9781474255684
Release 2016-06-16
Pages 224
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Bettina E. Schmidt explores experiences usually labelled as spirit possession, a highly contested and challenged term, using extensive ethnographic research conducted in São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil and home to a range of religions which practice spirit possession. The book is enriched by excerpts from interviews with people about their experiences. It focuses on spirit possession in Afro-Brazilian religions and spiritism, as well as discussing the notion of exorcism in Charismatic Christian communities. Spirits and Trance in Brazil: An Anthropology of Religious Experience is divided into three sections which present the three main areas in the study of spirit possession. The first section looks at the social dimension of spirit possession, in particular gender roles associated with spirit possession in Brazil and racial stratification of the communities. It shows how gender roles and racial composition have adapted alongside changes in society in the last 100 years. The second section focuses on the way people interpret their practice. It shows that the interpretations of this practice depend on the human relationship to the possessing entities. The third section explores a relatively new field of research, the Western discourse of mind/body dualism and the wide field of cognition and embodiment. All sections together confirm the significance of discussing spirit possession within a wider framework that embraces physical elements as well as cultural and social ones. Bringing together sociological, anthropological, phenomenological and religious studies approaches, this book offers a new perspective on the study of spirit possession.



Spirit Possession and Exorcism

Spirit Possession and Exorcism Author Patrick McNamara
ISBN-10 9780313384325
Release 2011
Pages 373
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This two-volume text reviews spirit possession throughout history, analyzes case studies from a cognitive neuroscience perspective, and examines rites for exorcism. * Provides a comprehensive bibliography of materials that gathers historical, anthropological, and archaeological sources, as well as comparative religionist and neurologic literature * Contains indexes that reference key religious events, rituals, and personalities, and cross-reference key characteristics of case studies



Praising His Name in the Dance

Praising His Name in the Dance Author Kenneth Anthony Lum
ISBN-10 9057026104
Release 2000
Pages 317
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The author provides a detailed portrait of the Spiritual Baptist Faith and Orisha Work, two religions that share a common basis in the traditional religion of the Yoruba in West Africa. Specifically, the author studies the phenomenon of spirit possession, an integral aspect of worship in both religions. In the Spiritual Baptist Faith, a person who is possessed by the Holy Spirit retains his or her own identity, while in Orisha Work, those who are possessed by the orishas (spirits), become the spirits. Both types of possession are based on the Yoruba concept of self in which identity is dependent on the spirit which animates a physical body. This common basis of religions enables the respective populations to interact extensively and explains why an individual can experience both types of spiritual possession.



The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies

The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies Author Sor-hoon Tan
ISBN-10 9781472580320
Release 2016-08-25
Pages 392
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The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies presents a new understanding of the changing methods used to study Chinese philosophy. By identifying the various different approaches and discussing the role, and significance of philosophical methods in the Chinese tradition, this collection identifies difficulties and exciting developments for scholars of Asian philosophy. Divided into four parts, the nature of Chinese philosophical thought is illuminated by discussing historical developments, current concerns and methodological challenges. Surveying recent methodological trends, this research companion explores and evaluates the methodologies that have been applied to Chinese philosophy. From these diverse angles, an international team of experts reflect on the considerations that enter their methodological choices and indicate new research directions. The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies is an important contribution to the education of the next generation of Chinese philosophers.



Umbanda

Umbanda Author Diana DeGroat Brown
ISBN-10 0231100051
Release 1986
Pages 256
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"Explores history and development of Umbanda from its beginnings in Rio de Janeiro during 1920s to late 1970s. Describes changes in ritual forms, geographic distribution, and increase in followers as Umbanda was transformed from marginal to a widely accepted religion"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.



Religion Anthropology and Cognitive Science

Religion  Anthropology  and Cognitive Science Author Harvey Whitehouse
ISBN-10 UOM:39015074080725
Release 2007
Pages 286
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Part of the Ritual Studies Monograph Series, this book examines longstanding debates in the anthropology of religion concerning the connections between ritual and meaning, belief, politics, emotion, development, and gender. But it examines these old topics from a radically new perspective: that of the cognitive science of religion. As such the volume identifies potential solutions to established problems but it also sets out a program for future research in the field. The volume includes a substantial introduction from Harvey Whitehouse and James Laidlaw who highlight the connections between key issues in the history of religious anthropology and the latest findings of scientific psychology. This volume, they argue, presents us with potential solutions to old problems but also with a series of new and exciting challenges.



American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066180442
Release 2007
Pages
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American Book Publishing Record has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Book Publishing Record also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Book Publishing Record book for free.



Why Would Anyone Believe in God

Why Would Anyone Believe in God Author Justin L. Barrett
ISBN-10 UOM:39015059101132
Release 2004
Pages 141
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Because of the design of our minds. That is Justin Barrett's simple answer to the question of his title. With rich evidence from cognitive science but without technical language, psychologist Barrett shows that belief in God is an almost inevitable consequence of the kind of minds we have. Most of what we believe comes from mental tools working below our conscious awareness. And what we believe consciously is in large part driven by these unconscious beliefs. Barrett demonstrates that beliefs in gods match up well with these automatic assumptions; beliefs in an all-knowing, all-powerful God match up even better. Barrett goes on to explain why beliefs like religious beliefs are so widespread and why it is very difficult for our minds to think without them. Anyone who wants a concise, clear, and scientific explanation of why anyone would believe in God should pick up Barrett's book.



The Evolution of Religion

The Evolution of Religion Author Joseph Bulbulia
ISBN-10 0978844114
Release 2008
Pages 406
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The Evolution of Religion is a unique transdisciplinary volume that gathers the latest research, debates, and programmatic visions of scholars studying religion from an evolutionary perspective. Anyone interested in the relationship of evolutionary science to religion will find insight and inspiration in this striking collection of fifty short essays from a diverse group of renowned international scolars. Here, God meets Darwin, and the conversation that ensues provides fascinating reading for those seeking to make sense of religion's place in nature.



Marang

Marang Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105132154209
Release 2001
Pages
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Marang has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Marang also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Marang book for free.



Spirits with scalpels

Spirits with scalpels Author Sidney M. Greenfield
ISBN-10 1598743686
Release 2008-10-15
Pages 239
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“The first time I witnessed a Spiritist surgery, a young man named Jose Carlos Ribeiro inserted a used scalpel taken from a tray that I was holding, and plunged it into the eye of an elderly man. The patient did not move….” Decades of fieldwork later, Sidney Greenfield presents a riveting ethnography of the complex world of religious healing in Brazil that challenges readers to grapple with the most fundamental concepts of anthropology and cross-cultural experience. In a major contribution to cultural biology, he analyses the complex social, economic, and political landscape of Brazil to understand dramatic healing practices that seem to defy medical explanation. This engrossing and provocative book will put students and scholars alike on the edge of their seats.



Secrets Gossip and Gods

Secrets  Gossip  and Gods Author Paul Christopher Johnson
ISBN-10 0195188225
Release 2005-10-01
Pages 225
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In this wide-ranging book Paul Christopher Johnson explores the changing, hidden face of the Afro-Brazilian indigenous religion of Candomblé. Despite its importance in Brazilian society, Candomblé has received far less attention than its sister religions Vodou and Santeria. Johnson seeks to fill this void by offering a comprehensive look at the development, beliefs, and practices of Candomblé and exploring its transformation from a secret society of slaves--hidden, persecuted, and marginalized--to a public religion that is very much a part of Brazilian culture. Johnson traces this historical shift and locates the turning point in the creation of Brazilian national identity and a public sphere in the first half of the twentieth century. His major focus is on the ritual practice of secrecy in Candomblé. Like Vodou and Santeria and the African Yoruba religion from which they are descended, Candomblé features a hierarchic series of initiations, with increasing access to secret knowledge at each level. As Johnson shows, the nature and uses of secrecy evolved with the religion. First, secrecy was essential to a society that had to remain hidden from authorities. Later, when Candomblé became known and actively persecuted, its secrecy became a form of resistance as well as an exotic hidden power desired by elites. Finally, as Candomblé became a public religion and a vital part of Brazilian culture, the debate increasingly turned away from the secrets themselves and toward their possessors. It is speech about secrets, and not the content of those secrets, that is now most important in building status, legitimacy and power in Candomblé. Offering many first hand accounts of the rites and rituals of contemporary Candomblé, this book provides insight into this influential but little-studied group, while at the same time making a valuable contribution to our understanding of the relationship between religion and society.



Supernatural Agents

Supernatural Agents Author Iikka Pyysiainen
ISBN-10 019970175X
Release 2009-04-27
Pages 304
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The cognitive science of religion is a rapidly growing field whose practitioners apply insights from advances in cognitive science in order to provide a better understanding of religious impulses, beliefs, and behaviors. In this book Ilkka Pyysi?inen shows how this methodology can profitably be used in the comparative study of beliefs about superhuman agents. He begins by developing a theoretical outline of the basic, modular architecture of the human mind and especially the human capacity to understand agency. He then goes on to discuss examples of supernatural agency in detail, arguing that the human ability to attribute beliefs and desires to others forms the basis of conceptions of supernatural agents and of such social cognition in which supernatural agents are postulated as interested parties in social life. Beliefs about supernatural agency are natural, says Pyysi?inen, in the sense that such concepts are used in an intuitive and automatic fashion. Two dots and a straight line below them automatically trigger the idea of a face, for example. Given that the mind consists of a host of such modular mechanisms, certain kinds of beliefs will always have a selective advantage over others. Abstract theological concepts are usually elaborate versions of such simpler and more contagious folk conceptions. Pyysi?inen uses ethnographical and survey materials as well as doctrinal treatises to show that there are certain recurrent patterns in beliefs about supernatural agents both at the level of folk-religion and of formal theology.



Spirit Possession Theology and Identity

Spirit Possession  Theology  and Identity Author Elaine Mary Wainwright
ISBN-10 192151163X
Release 2010
Pages 298
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The growing contemporary interest in spirit possession prompted eleven past and present faculty members of The University of Auckland's School of Theology along with two of the School's recent post-graduate students to offer essays that in some way explored the reality of spirit possession in Oceania today. Authors were chosen because of their particular research teaching or ministry competencies, and this explains the division of the book into three sections. The first section draws on the experiences of those engaged in pastoral ministry with people who believe they are possessed or those whose particular research interests are the relationship of faith culture and praxis. In the second section, the function and place of spirit language in the biblical texts is examined, while the last section's focus is somewhat broader, addressing some of the historical responses to spirit possession, as well as emerging pneumatologies of good and bad spirits and their impact on the human condition. The George Sainsbury Foundation was established in 1989, `for research into and treatment of spirit possession as it relates to mental illness for the benefit of those persons suffering from such sickness.' In 2006, a legal representative for the Foundation approached the School of Theology at the University of Auckland, asking if the School could conduct research into spirit possession. The research project undertaken in response to the grant of funds from the George Sainbury Foundation was conducted in Aotearoa New Zealand for the `benefit of those suffering' from spirit possession in this particular context.



Book Review Index 2009

Book Review Index 2009 Author Dana Ferguson
ISBN-10 1414419120
Release 2009-08
Pages 1262
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Book Review Index 2009 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Book Review Index 2009 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Book Review Index 2009 book for free.